19th Airlift Squadron

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19th Airlift Squadron
Lockheed C-141A-LM Starlifter 65-9403.jpg
19th Squadron C-141B Starlifter
Active 1941–1948; 1952–1955; 1984–1996
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Airlift
Motto(s) Orient Express (1992-1993)
Engagements Asiatic-Pacific Streamer.png
World War II (Asia-Pacific Theater)
Korean War Streamer.png
Korean War[1]
Decorations US Air Force Outstanding Unit Award - Stremer.jpg
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (2x)
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Streamer.png
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation[1]
Insignia
19th Airlift Squadron Emblem (approved 5 June 1953, reinstated 4 Oct 1993)[1][note 1] 19th Airlift Squadron Emblem.png
1403d Military Airlift Squadron emblem[2] (approved 26 June 1986)[3] 1403 Military Airlift Sq emblem.png

The 19th Airlift Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit, it was last assigned to the 60th Operations Group, Travis Air Force Base, California. It was inactivated on 19 July 1996.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

The 19th Airlift Squadron was constituted as the 19th Transport Squadron on 22 November 1940. Activated on 1 January 1941 at Hickam Field, Hawaii, the squadron was assigned to Hawaiian (later, Seventh) Air Force, flying the Douglas C-33 (DC-2), during the course of World War II, the squadron would conduct aerial transportation within the Hawaiian Islands and to forward bases in the Pacific. In May 1942, the squadron was moved over to the adjoining John Rogers Airport (now Honolulu International Airport) due to space issues at Hickam.

The squadron was re-designated the 19th Troop Carrier Squadron on 5 July 1942, that same year, the unit transitioned to the C-53 aircraft. The following year, it converted to the C-57 and C-47; in 1944, it added to its inventory the C-45. On August 15, the 19th became assigned to VI Air Service Area Command and the following year, on 15 December 1945, to AAF, Middle Pacific.

Cold War[edit]

With the end of the war, the 19th continued its intra-theater operations in the Hawaiian Islands, it was reassigned 4-engined C-54 Skymasters and also C-46 Commandos. In 1948 it was transferred to Bergstom AFB, Texas and assigned to Tactical Air Command, however in June 1948, in response to the urgent need for C-54 transports in Germany as a result of the Berlin Airlift, the squadron deployed to Wiesbaden Air Base where it flew constant missions in the Berlin Air Corridor to airports in West Berlin and back to Wiesbaden, it remained in Occupied Germany until it was inactivated on 26 Aug 1948, its aircraft assigned to other units in Occupied Germany.

Re designated as the 19th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium, on 23 May 1952, the squadron was reactivated on 10 June 1952 at Brady AB, Japan, the squadron flew with the C-46 aircraft under the 315th Troop Carrier Group. Its mission at Brady was to provide passenger transportation between South Korea, Japan and other US bases in the western Pacific, the squadron inactivated on 18 January 1955 due to budget reductions.

Modern era[edit]

The last generation of the squadron was activated as the 1403d Military Airlift Squadron, which was designated, and activated, on 1 August 1984 at Yokota Air Base, Japan, the squadron had been attached to 316th Tactical Airlift Group, and then the 374th Tactical Airlift Wing, starting 1 October 1989. Its mission was to provide intra-theater airlift for high-ranking PACAF and civilian officials and small mission–essential equipment, flying C-12 Huron twin-engine prop planes, and in 1985, upgrading to the C-21 Learjet, the squadron was designated the 19th Airlift Squadron on 1 April 1992 and assigned to the 316th Airlift Support Group, before being reassigned on 1 June 1992 to the 374th Operations Groups.

The 19th AS transferred on 1 November 1993 to the 60th Operations Group, Travis AFB, California in a name-only re-designation of the 7th Airlift Squadron, its VIP aircraft at Yokota were transferred back to the United States. In turn, the 19th took over the C-141B Starlifters and mission of the 7th as part of the re-designation as part of an Air Force initiative to retain low-numbered units on active duty; in July 1996 the squadron was inactivated with the retirement of the C-141 fleet.

Lineage[edit]

19th Airlift Squadron
  • Constituted 'as the 19th Transport Squadron on 22 November 1940
Activated on 1 January 1941
Redesignated: 19th Troop Carrier Squadron on 5 July 1942
Inactivated on 26 August 1948
  • Redesignated: 19th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 23 May 1952
Activated on 10 June 1952
Inactivated on 18 January 1955
  • Consolidated with the 1403d Military Airlift Squadron as the 19th Airlift Squadron on 1 April 1992
Inactivated on: 19 July 1996[1]


1403d Military Airlift Squadron
  • Designated as the 1403d Military Airlift Squadron and activated on 1 August 1984
  • Consolidated with the 19th Troop Carrier Squadron as the 19th Airlift Squadron on 1 April 1992[1]

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ The 1953 emblem replaced an emblem approved 30 May 1944, but brought all elements within the disc. Endicott, p. 463, Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 104-105
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "19 Airlift Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 4 January 2008. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "Approved insignia for: 1403d Military Airlift Squadron". National Archives Catalog. September 15, 1986. Retrieved December 23, 2017. 
  3. ^ Endicott, p. 463

Biblograohy[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links[edit]