2000 in Israel
Events in the year 2000 in Israel. Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak led the Israeli delegation and Foreign Minister Farouk al-Sharaa led the Syrian delegation, the Peace Conference finally came to a dead end and was on followed by failed negotiation attempts to renew it. January 28 – Yes, the satellite television provider in Israel. March 12–26 – Pope John Paul II visits Israel, and thus becomes the pope to visit the Jewish state. During his stay, the Pope visits Yad Vashem and the Western Wall placing a letter inside it in which he prayed for forgiveness for the actions against Jews in the past, march 14 – Israel formally deploys its Arrow 2 anti-ballistic missile system. The pilot, Major Yonatan Begin, was a son of parliamentarian Benny Begin, neither he nor his co-pilot, Lt. Lior Harari, had notified their ground controllers of any problems. May 25 – Israel withdraws IDF forces from the security zone in southern Lebanon, Resolution 425, to the international border after 22 years in which the area was occupied by Israeli forces.
Several thousand members of the South Lebanon Army withdraw to Israel as well with the Israeli forces and Lebanon insist that the withdrawal is incomplete, claiming the Shebaa Farms as Lebanese and still under occupation. The UN certifies full Israeli withdrawal, june 16 – Israel complies with UN Security Council Resolution 425 after 22 years of it issuance, which calls on Israel to completely withdraw from Lebanon. Israel withdraws from all of Lebanon, except the disputed Shebba farms, july 13 – Ezer Weizman resigns as president. Knesset Speaker, Avraham Burg is appointed as acting president, july 31 – The Israeli Knesset elects Moshe Katsav as the eighth president of the State of Israel, by a majority of 63 to 57, against Shimon Peres, to assume office on August 1,2000. August 1 – Moshe Katsav assumes office as the president of the State of Israel. September 3 – Former leader of Israels Shas Party Aryeh Deri starts his three-year jail sentence after his appeal is rejected, october 1–9,2000, Solidarity demonstrations held by Arab citizens of Israel escalate into clashes with Israeli police and Israeli Jewish citizens.
Twelve Israeli Arabs and one Palestinian Arab from the Gaza Strip are shot, one Israeli Jewish civilian was killed by a rock thought to have been thrown by an Arab citizen. December 10 – Prime minister Ehud Barak announces his resignation as prime minister, july 11–25 – The Camp David 2000 Summit is held which is aimed at reaching a final status agreement. The summit collapses after Yasser Arafat would not accept a proposal drafted by American, Arafat turns down the offer without making a counter-offer. September 28 – Israeli opposition leader Ariel Sharon visits the Temple Mount, riots by Palestinian Arabs erupt, leading to a full-fledged armed uprising. Islamic Jihad claims responsibility for the attack, november 20 – Kfar Darom bombing, an Israeli school bus was struck by a roadside bomb at the Jewish settlement of Kfar Darom killing 2 adults and injuring several others
2000 in Japan
The following lists events that happened during 2000 in Japan. February 6, Osaka gubernatorial election - Osakas first female governor, March 5, Sony Computer Entertainments PlayStation 2 goes on sale in Japan. March 8, Naka-Meguro train disaster March 31, Mount Usu in Hokkaido erupts for the first time in 23 years, april 1, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University opens in Ōita Prefecture. April 2, Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi suffers a stroke and is hospitalized. April 5, Yoshiro Mori is elected Prime Minister, may 15, Yoshiro Mori makes his first major gaffe, referring to Japan as a divine nation centering on the Emperor. July 8, Volcanic eruption on Miyakejima, july 19, Bank of Japan issues the first 2, 000-yen banknotes. July 21–23, G8 Summit held in Nago, august 1, New 500-yen coins enter circulation. September 2, Miyakejima is evacuated as the eruption continues, september 19, The Mizuho Financial Group is established, becoming Japans first bank holding company. October 1, The DDI Corporation, the KDD Corporation and the ODI Corporation merge to become KDDI, october 6, A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits the city of Yonago, injuring 182 people.
October 27, Chief Cabinet Secretary Hidenao Nakagawa resigns to take responsibility for a sex scandal he was embroiled in, november 8, Japanese Red Army leader Fusako Shigenobu is arrested in Osaka. February 21, Yuto Miyazawa, child singer
2000 in Malaysia
2000 in Malaysia is the 43rd anniversary of Malaysias independence. 1 January – Y2K passes without serious, widespread computer failures, as many experts, January – The KLSE Composite Index rises to 1,000 points. 20 February – Kota Kinabalu is granted city status,16 April – Raja of Perlis, Tuanku Syed Putra, died in National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur, age of 79. On 17 April, his son Tengku Syed Sirajuddin is elected as a new Raja of Perlis,22 April – Zeti Akhtiar Aziz is appointed the seventh governor of Bank Negara Malaysia. She is the first woman to lead the central bank,23 April –21 people are kidnapped by the Philippine terrorist group Abu Sayyaf at Sipadan Island, Sabah. May – Mahsuris seventh generations, Wan Aishah Wan Nawawi visits to Kedah,25 May–4 June – The 2000 Sukma Games was held in Penang. June – The Teluk Kemang MP by-election takes place, Barisan Nasional candidate S Sonthinathan wins this by-election,1 July – The Sauk arms heist occurs in Sauk, Perak. Many of Al-Maunahs gang members are arrested,1 August – Proton Waja, the very first Malaysian-designed car, is launched.
26 September – The first Malaysian micro satellite Tiung SAT is launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome,10 October – Shah Alam is granted city status. 4 November – Lunas state assemblyman, Dr Joe Fernandez is assassinated in Bukit Mertajam,29 November – Lunas DUN by-elections take place, Parti Keadilan Nasional candidate, Saifuddin Nasution Ismail wins this by-election. 5 December – Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sarawak, Tun Ahmad Zaidi Adruce Muhammed Noor died at the age of 76, on 22 December, he was replaced by Tun Abang Muhammad Salahuddin as a new Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sarawak. 22 December – The 2000 Federal Territory of Putrajaya Agreement is signed at Istana Negara between Yang di-Pertuan Agong Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah with Tengku Idris Shah
2000 in Canada
The following lists events that happened during 2000 in Canada.2 Kipawa earthquake occurs in Ontario and Quebec, Canada. January 15 - CTV News Channel mistakenly airs tape of Avery Haines flubbing a line, january 19 Stephen Kakfwi becomes premier of the Northwest Territories, replacing James Antoine. HRDC scandal hits the public as a result of an internal audit, february 7 - Rogers Communications buys Quebecs Vidéotron. February 15 - Thomson Corp sells all its newspaper holdings other than the Globe, february 24 - Ujjal Dosanjh becomes premier of British Columbia, replacing Dan Miller. March 15 - The House of Commons passes the Clarity Act outlining conditions for another Quebec separation referendum, march 25 - The Reform Party of Canada is dissolved and replaced with the Canadian Alliance. April 19 - Wiebo Ludwig is found guilty of a 1998 oil well bombing, may 6 - Pat Duncan becomes premier of Yukon, replacing Piers McDonald. May 11 - The Alberta legislature passes a bill allowing the private sector to play a role in health care.
May 24 - An E. coli outbreak in Walkerton, Ontario and it will eventually kill nine people. May 25 - The remains of an unidentified Canadian soldier killed in France in World War I are brought back to Canada, june 17 - Seagram announces plans to merge with Frances Vivendi. July 8 - Stockwell Day is elected the first leader of the Canadian Alliance party, july 12 - Matthew Coon Come is elected leader of the Assembly of First Nations. July 14 - A tornado near Pine Lake, kills eleven people, july 31 - Conrad Blacks Hollinger sells almost all its Canadian newspaper holdings to Izzy Aspers CanWest. August - The prohibition of marijuana is ruled illegal by an Ontario court, august 15 - Michael Cowpland resigns as CEO of Corel. August 26 - Sponsorship scandal, Minister of Public Works Alfonso Gagliano is criticized for giving contracts to a firm that employs his son, september 9 - Star Ray TV, a pirate television station in Toronto, begins broadcasting. September 26 - Long-serving Saskatchewan Premier Roy Romanow announces his plans to retire, september 28 to October 3 - Death and state funeral of Pierre Trudeau, former prime minister.
October 16 - Beaton Tulk becomes premier of Newfoundland, replacing Brian Tobin, October 27 - The Royal Canadian Mounted Police arrest Ripudaman Singh Malik and Ajaib Singh Bagri in connection with the bombing of Air India Flight 182. November 21 - Launch of Anik F1 Canadas most powerful communications satellite to date, november 27 - In the 2000 Canadian election Jean Chrétiens Liberals increase their majority in the House of Commons. November 30 - Marc Garneau returns to space for a third time, december - The federal government opens a marijuana growing operation in an abandoned mine in Manitoba. Canada passes the Modernization of Benefits and Obligations Act, which extends full benefits and obligations to persons in homosexual relationships, the Bank of Canada withdraws the $1,000 currency from circulation to fight against money laundering and organized crime
The 2010s is the current decade of the Gregorian calendar. It began on 1 January 2010, and will end on 31 December 2019, Two pronunciations are used to mention specific years of the 21st century in English. For example,2010 is either pronounced twenty-ten or two thousand ten, with the exception of ongoing conflicts from prior decades, mostly in Africa and Asia, the 2010s started out with a relatively mild geopolitical climate. However, after the start of the Arab Spring, tensions arose between world powers that gradually worsened in the first few years. In 2014, Russian military intervention in Ukraine triggered a sharp downward trend in Russo-Western relations and that same year, the rise of the jihadist group known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Iraq and Syria prompted renewed intervention in the region. Other Islamist groups, such as Al-Qaeda, the Taliban, Boko Haram, relations between Saudi Arabia and Iran, which both vie for regional influence and back opposing sides in the Syrian and Yemeni civil wars, deteriorated.
The rise of China in international affairs has gained momentum, starting in 2015, an influx of migrants caused internal strife in the European Union, which, on 23 June 2016, the United Kingdom voted to leave. Support for Turkeys EU membership, once considerable, has eroded somewhat after a failed 2016 coup attempt triggered a widespread crackdown by the Turkish government, intensifying Islamophobia and Euroscepticism have overall contributed to a spike in nationalism throughout Europe. Events in the United States have been marked by severe political polarization, the LGBT movements in the United States scored several victories, with the historic Obergefell v. Hodges case legalizing same-sex marriage nationwide. The prominent wars of the include, Israeli–Palestinian conflict – Since 1948. After Israel occupied the West Bank, it began making settlements there, tensions remained high as Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, has been launching rockets and cross-border raids into Israeli territory, which Israel has responded with force.
War on Terror – Since the September 11 attacks, the United States, over time the war began to be seen more negatively, with various consequences. However, the Taliban regrouped and began an insurgency in the country, combat operations were declared over on 28 December 2014, though several thousand troops remain in the country to support Afghanistans military. Iraq War – On the pretext that the government of Saddam Hussein had weapons of destruction, the United States. After the invasion, the U. S. occupied the country, the occupation subsequently created an insurgency by jihadist groups opposed to it and sectarian violence between Shiite and Sunni Muslims in the country. At the end of 2011, U. S. forces officially withdrew from Iraq, military intervention in Libya – In Libya, anti-government protests evolved into an armed rebellion after forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi began military operations against protesters. In response to the crackdown, the United Nations authorized an international intervention in support of anti-Gaddafi militias.
International forces, mainly from NATO countries, began airstrikes and enforced a no-fly zone, the intervention came to an end following the death of Gaddafi in Sirte
2000 in Norway
The following lists events that happened during 2000 in Norway. Monarch – Harald V Prime Minister – Kjell Magne Bondevik until 17 March,11 March – Three people die when a community center in Målselv collapse due to heavy snowfall. 17 March – Stoltenbergs First Cabinet was appointed,5 April – Two freight trains collide at Lillestrøm Station. 2,000 people were evacuated because of the danger of a gas explosion,19 May – Baneheia murders 23 June – The Frøya Tunnel is opened. June – Project Deep Spill, the first intentional deepwater oil and gas spill,1 December – King Harald V of Norway informs the Norwegian government about the engagement between Crown Prince Haakon and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby. 4 December – The state-owned telecommunications company Telenor is partially privatised and listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange, Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 20009 January – Olaug Hay, politician 11 January – Edvard Magnus Edvardsen, politician. 21 January – Kristian Asdahl, politician 27 January – Asle Enger,18 March – Randi Hultin, jazz critic and impresario.
2 April – Greta Gynt, singer and actress 2 April – Synnøve Anker Aurdal,26 June – Arne Thomas Olsen, stage producer and theatre director 27 June – Dagmar Maalstad, politician 2 September – Johannes Sandven, educator. 17 October – Joachim «Jokke» Nielsen, rock musician and poet, mollén, sports official Odd Narud, businessperson Christian Norberg-Schulz, architectural historian and theorist
2000 in science
The year 2000 in science and technology involved some significant events. August 10 – Publication of the M-sigma relation in The Astrophysical Journal, June 26 – Rough draft of the human genome is announced jointly by President of the United States Bill Clinton and British Prime Minister Tony Blair. December 14 – The full genome sequence of the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana is published in Nature, 10-year Census of Marine Life launched. March 4 – Sony Computer Entertainment releases the PlayStation 2 sixth generation home video game console in Japan, march 14 – Stephen Kings horror story Riding the Bullet is published in e-book format only, the worlds first mass-market electronic book. March – Iceberg B-15, with an area of 11,000 km2. April – Cave of the Crystals discovered at the Naica Mine in Mexico, first fossil of Orrorin, an early species of Homininae, discovered in the Tugen Hills of Kenya. March 7 – W. D. Hamilton, English evolutionary biologist, march 10 – Nim Chimpsky, chimpanzee May 6 – John Clive Ward, English-born physicist May 19 – Yevgeny Khrunov, cosmonaut June 14 – Elsie Widdowson, English nutritionist July 8 – W
2000 in architecture
The year 2000 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings. February 19 – Rose Center for Earth and Space in New York City, USA, march 8 – Peckham Library in London, UK, designed by Alsop and Störmer. It wins this years Stirling Prize, may 12 – Tate Modern in London, a conversion of Bankside Power Station by Herzog & de Meuron. October 12 – The Lowry theatre and gallery centre in Salford, designed by Michael Wilford, august 19 – Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow, reconstructed to Konstantin Thons 1832 design, is dedicated. October 25 – Judenplatz Holocaust Memorial unveiled in Vienna, designed by Rachel Whiteread, date unknown Emirates Towers in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Diamond Ranch High School in Pomona, California, USA, designed by Thom Mayne of Morphosis, experience Music Project in Seattle, USA, designed by Frank Gehry. Al Faisaliyah Center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia is the first building to be completed in the competition between two Saudi princes, the Kingdom Center is completed several months later.
June 22 – The Architect company Snøhetta wins the international Architect competition for Oslos New National Opera House, holy Trinity Column in Olomouc was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List
The 21st century is the current century of the Anno Domini era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. It began on January 1,2001 and will end on December 31,2100 and it is the first century of the 3rd millennium. It is distinct from the time known as the 2000s. The long term effects of increased globalization are not known, the Arab Spring of the early 2010s led to mixed outcomes in the Arab world. The Digital Revolution which began around the 1980s continues into the present and Generation Z come of age and rise to prominence in this century. The completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003 marks the rise of life sciences, making mankinds long-held dreams, such as curing cancer. By the 2010s, gene therapy, first performed somatically in late 1990 and heritably in 1996, showed promise but remains an experimental, by 2013, about 80% of the worlds population used mobile phones. An estimated 33% owned personal computers in 2010, and 46% used the Internet by 2016, the International Energy Agency estimates that 83% of the global population has access to electricity as of 2013 with the percentage projected to increase to 88% by 2030.
The world population was about 6.1 billion at the start of the 21st century and it had reached 7.3 billion in 2015, and is estimated to reach about 9.37 billion by the year 2050. There is a debate among experts and the public on how to pronounce specific years of the 21st century in English. A less common variation would have been twenty nought-five, the Vancouver Olympics, which took place in 2010, was being officially referred to by Vancouver 2010 as the twenty-ten Olympics. The latest timeframes for change are usually placed at 2020, kubrick said he did this in the hope that if the film became popular, it would influence the pronunciation of that year. See the timeline of the 21st century, genocide still remains a problem in this century with the concern of the war in Darfur and the growing concern in Sri Lanka. Also controversies from past genocides remain commonplace in the minds of victims, 1998–2002 – The Second Congo War continued into the early 21st century. A1999 ceasefire quickly broke down and a UN peacekeeping mission, Laurent Kabila, president of the DRC, was assassinated in January 2001 and his son, Joseph Kabila, took power.
Throughout 2002 steps were made towards peace and Rwanda and Uganda both removed their troops from the country, on December 17,2002, a massive treaty officially ended the war. However, the DRC only holds power in less than half of the country, with most of the eastern and northern portions still controlled by rebel groups, in addition, Rwanda still supports anti-DRC rebels and anti-Rwandan rebels continue to operate from the DRC. The war killed an estimated 3.9 million people, displaced nearly 5.5 million, Severe human rights violations continue to be reported
The 1990s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1,1990, and ended on December 31,1999. Culturally, the 1990s are characterized by the rise of multiculturalism and alternative media, movements such as grunge, the rave scene and hip hop spread around the world to young people during that decade, aided by then-new technology such as cable television and the World Wide Web. The United States saw a revival in the use of the death penalty in the 1990s. The dot-com bubble of 1997–2000 brought wealth to some entrepreneurs before its crash between 2000 and 2001, New ethnic conflicts emerged in Africa, the Balkans, and the Caucasus, the former two which led to the Rwandan and Bosnian genocides, respectively. Zaire is renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Second Congo War starts in 1998 in central Africa and includes 50 different cultures and 7 different nations. The Gulf War – Iraq was left in debt after the 1980s war with Iran. President Saddam Hussein accused Kuwait of flooding the market with oil, as a result, on 2 August 1990, Iraqi forces invaded and conquered Kuwait.
The UN immediately condemned the action, and a force led by the United States was sent to the Persian Gulf. Aerial bombing of Iraq began in January 1991, and a month later, in the aftermath of the war, the Kurds in the north of Iraq and the Shiites in the south rose up in revolt, and Saddam Hussein barely managed to hold onto power. Until the US invasion in 2003, Iraq was cut off much of the world. The Chechen wars break out in the 1990s, The First Chechen War – the conflict was fought between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, during the war Russian forces largely recaptured the separatist region of Chechnya. The campaign largely reversed the outcome of the First Chechen War, the Kargil War – In May 1999, Pakistan sent troops covertly to occupy strategic peaks in Kashmir. A month the Kargil War with India results in a fiasco for Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The incident leads to a coup in October, in which Sharif is ousted by Army Chief Pervez Musharraf. This conflict remains the only war fought between two declared nuclear powers, the Kosovo War, War between Albanian separatists and Yugoslav military and Serb paramilitary forces in Kosovo begin in 1996 and escalates in 1998 with increasing reports of atrocities taking place.
After weeks of bombing, Yugoslavia submits to NATOs demands and NATO forces occupy Kosovo, the Yugoslav Wars would become notorious for numerous war crimes and human rights violations such as ethnic cleansing and genocide committed by all sides. Ten-Day War – a brief conflict between Slovenian TO and the Yugoslav Peoples Army following Slovenias declaration of independence. Bosnian War – the war involved several ethnically defined factions within Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosniaks and Croats as well as a smaller Bosniak faction led by Fikret Abdić