Oslo Stock Exchange
Oslo Børs offers Norway’s only regulated markets for securities trading today. The stock exchange offers a product range including equities, derivatives. Oslo Børs is the only independent stock exchange within the Nordic countries, Oslo Børs is today an online market place where all trading is done through computer networks. Trading starts at 09, 00am and ends at 04, 30pm local time on all days of the week except weekends, established in 1819, first as an commodity exchange. Equities and bonds listed and traded from 1881, Oslo Axess was established in May 2007 as an alternative to Oslo Børs for listing and trading in shares. Nordic ABM was established in June 2005 as a bond market. Norwegian public limited companies and equivalent foreign companies can apply for their shares to be listed on Oslo Børs or Oslo Axess, to be listed the exchange includes strict requirements on the treatment of confidential information. Companies that meet the requirements for listing can much easier get access to capital through share issues, many investors only invest in securities listed on a stock exchange, because those papers are easier to sell.
OBX – The index comprises the 25 most traded shares listed on Oslo Børs, the OBX index is tradable, meaning that you can buy and sell listed futures and options on the index. Put another way, you can get the exposure by purchasing an index product as if you buy all the shares included in the index. The rating is based on a trading period. The index is adjusted every third Friday in June and December, OSEBX – The Oslo Børs Benchmark Index is an investable index containing a representative selection of all listed shares on Oslo Børs. The OSEBX is revised on a year basis and the changes are implemented on December 1. Oslo Børs can offer an international position related to the industries of energy, shipping. The exchange is world leading and the/among the largest in the world within these sectors, Oslo Børs was established by a law of September 18,1818. Trading on Oslo Børs commenced on April 15,1819, in 1881 Oslo Børs became a stock exchange, which means securities were listed. The first listing of securities contained 16 bond series and 23 stocks, Oslo Børs cooperates with London Stock Exchange on trading systems.
The exchange has a partnership with the exchanges in Singapore
Kjell Magne Bondevik
Kjell Magne Bondevik is a Norwegian Lutheran minister and politician. He served as Prime Minister of Norway from 1997 to 2000, currently, he is President of the Oslo Centre for Peace and Human Rights. On 31 October 2006 he published his memoir, called Et liv i spenning and he became a theological candidate from MF Norwegian School of Theology in 1975. In 1979 he was ordained as pastor in the Church of Norway and he is married to Bjørg Bondevik and has three children, Bjørn, Hildegunn and John Harald. Kjell Magne Bondevik is the nephew of politician Kjell Bondevik, the cousin of former bishop Odd Bondevik and brother in law of author, Bondevik in 2008 said that he regards himself as a 68er, and that he was influenced by the radical wind of the time. While he remained in the movement of Young Christian Democrats, he claims to have radicalized the organization to great despair in the party. He has said that he would rather have oriented himself towards the Socialist Peoples Party, had his radicalization of the Christian Democratic Party not gone through.
Representing the Christian Democratic Party, Bondevik was a member of the Storting from 1973 to 2005 and he was his partys parliamentary leader in the periods of 1981–1983, 1986–1989, 1993–1997,1997 and 2000–2001, and party leader from 1983 to 1995. In this position, he was succeeded by Valgerd Svarstad Haugland, upon this revelation, Anne Enger Lahnstein became acting Prime Minister for three weeks, from 30 August to 23 September, while he recovered from the depressive episode. Bondevik received thousands of letters, and said that the experience had been positive overall. Bondevik formed his cabinet, consisting of the Christian Democratic Party, the Conservative Party and the Liberal Party. Bondevik announced his retirement from politics at the end of his term as prime minister. The Oslo Centre for Peace and Human Rights was founded by Kjell Magne Bondevik in January 2006, the purpose of the centre is to work for world peace, human rights and inter-religious tolerance worldwide. The centre cooperates closely with the Carter Center in Atlanta, the Kim Dae Jung Library in Seoul, Bondevik was awarded the Grand Cross of St.
Olav in 2004, the first sitting Norwegian Prime Minister to receive the Order of St. Olav in 80 years. The award happened due to a change in the Statutes of the Order with automatic awards to the Prime Minister and Ministers of the Government that stirred some debate, with the succeeding Stoltenberg Government, the practice was halted. He is a member of the Club de Madrid, a group of former leaders of democratic states that works to strengthen democratic governance. Kjell Magne Bondevik is an Honorary Member of The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation, in 2009, Bondevik was awarded an honorary degree from the University of San Francisco. The Oslo Centre for Peace and Human Rights The Royal Norwegian Order of St Olav
Jakob Weidemann was a Norwegian artist. Jakob Weidemann is regarded as one of Norway’s more important artists of post-war Modernism, Weidemann was born out of wedlock and spent the first years of childhood with his mothers parents in Steinkjer. His mother married 1930 with life insurance inspector and art dealer Einar Johansen, Weidemann moved to Oslo at age 11 to live with his mother. He was educated at the Bergen Art School, Ole B, eides art school in Bergen and the Norwegian National Academy of Fine Arts in Oslo. Jacob Weidemanns first exhibition at Blomqvists Fine Art in Oslo during 1946 was his breakthrough, Weidemann is considered one of the more influential artists within Norwegian modernism in the 1950s. He pioneered abstract painting in Norway in the following the Second world war. Weidemanns work Storfuglen letter was elected as one of the twelve most important Norwegian artworks by Morgenbladet, Weidemann joined the Norwegian resistance forces during the Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, was arrested, but escaped to Sweden.
Here he was the victim of an accident in which an explosive charge blew up in such a way that he was blinded and he regained his sight, but only in the left eye. The experience of being blind may have been decisive for the direction his art was to take – towards an explosion of color, expressionistic paintings with nature as inspiration is characteristic for Weidemann. After some experimentation with different styles in the 1940s and 1950, Weidemann finally settled in what can be called expressive, lyrically abstract art with nature as inspiration and basis. Several of his works are Inntrykk fra naturen, Interiør, Veien to Jerusalem, Storfuglen letter, Tåke i Getsemane. In 1968, the artist moved with his wife, Weidemann donated the property to the Ringsveen Trust in 1999 which administers the farm. In keeping with Weidemann’s express wish, it is now a place where artists can live. Anders Jahres Kulturpris In addition to exhibitions in galleries such as Galerie Ariel in France, Jakob Weidemanns work was shown in a number of notable exhibition festivals.
During his lifetime, Weidemanns works were shown at Bergen International Festival twice, kunstnernes Hus displayed his Woodland floor series in 1961. Ringebu Vicarage displays a selection from the collection owned by Lillehammer Kunstmuseum every summer, in addition, a number of museums has parts of Weidemanns work in their collections. A typical work dated to his years – “Blue Rage” – is at Høvikodden, the collection was gifted by Rolf Stenersen’s to the Municipality of Oslo. The Astrup Fearnley Museum, in Oslo, owns one important Weidemann, “The Apple-tree, many of Weidemanns works are found in private collections around the world
Neo-Nazism consists of post-World War II social or political movements seeking to revive the far-right tenets of Nazism. The term neo-Nazism can refer to the ideology of these movements, Neo-Nazism borrows elements from Nazi doctrine, including ultranationalism, ableism, homophobia, antiziganism and initiating the Fourth Reich. Holocaust denial is a feature, as is incorporation of Nazi symbols. Neo-Nazi activity is a phenomenon, with organized representation in many countries. In some European and Latin American countries, laws have been enacted that prohibit the expression of pro-Nazi, Many Nazi-related symbols are banned in European countries in an effort to curtail neo-Nazism. The major postwar far-right party was the Austrian National Democratic Party, until it was banned in 1988 for violating Austrias anti-Nazi legislation, the Freedom Party of Austria served as a shelter for ex-Nazis almost from its inception. In 1980, scandals undermined Austrias two main parties, and the economy stagnated, jörg Haider became leader of the FPÖ and offered partial justification for Nazism, calling its employment policy effective.
Professor Ali Mazrui, identified the FPÖ as neo-Nazi in a BBC world lecture, who in 2005 left the Freedom Party and formed the Alliance for Austrias Future, was killed in a traffic accident in October,2008. Barbara Rosenkranz, the Freedom Partys candidate for the Austrian presidential election,2010, is controversial for having made allegedly pro-Nazi statements, Rosenkranz is married to Horst Rosenkranz, a key member of a banned neo-Nazi party, who is known for publishing far-right books. Rosenkranz says she cannot detect anything dishonourable in her husbands activities, the volume Rechtsextremismus in Österreich seit 1945, issued by DÖW in 1979, listed nearly 50 active far right organizations in Austria. Their influence waned gradually, partly due to programs in secondary schools and universities which emphasized Austrian identity. Votes for the RFS, the Freedom Partys academic student organization, in the 1995 elections for the student representative body Österreichische Hochschülerschaft, the RFS got 4% of the vote.
The FPÖ won 22% of the votes at the General Election in the same year, in 1993 Küssel was repeatedly convicted on charges of NS-Wiederbetätigung under the Austrian anti-Nazi law and sentenced to ten years in prison. The VAPO de facto disbanded in the course of the imprisonment of its leading figures, due to procedural errors Küssels sentence was revoked by the OGH and his trial was reheld in 1994 at the end of which he was sentenced to eleven years in prison. A Belgian neo-Nazi organization, Bodem, Eer en Trouw, was created in 2004 after splitting from the international network. The group rose to prominence in September 2006, after 17 members were arrested under the December 2003 anti-terrorist laws and laws against racism, antisemitism. According to Justice Minister Laurette Onkelinx and Interior Minister Patrick Dewael, a police operation, which mobilized 150 agents, searched five military barracks as well as 18 private addresses in Flanders. They found weapons, explosives and a homemade bomb large enough to make a car explode, the leading suspect, B. T.
was organizing the trafficking of weapons and was developing international links, in particular with the Dutch far-right movement De Nationale Alliantie
2004 in Norway
Events in the year 2004 in Norway. 19 January – The freighter MS Rocknes capsizes in Vatlestraumen,26 March – Norsk Hydros fertilizer business was spun off as a separately stock-listed company under the name of Yara International. 4 April – NOKAS robbery, the NOKAS teller central in Stavanger was robbed, the outcome of the robbery was approximately NOK57,4 million, making it the largest robbery in Norwegian history. A policeman was shot and killed during the robbery,15 June – The Norwegian Directorate for Education and Training is created. 20 June – The first edition of Skolelinux is released,22 August – Armed robbers steal Edvard Munchs The Scream and other paintings from the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway. 6 March – Selection of the participant for Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 2004,20 July – Maria Mena performs Youre the Only One on Late Show with David Letterman. 21 January – Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway, the daughter of Crown Prince Haakon of Norway,13 January – Arne Næss, Jr
Prime Minister of Norway
For a list, see List of heads of government of Norway. The Prime Minister of Norway is the leader of Norway. The Prime Minister and Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to the Storting, to their political party, and ultimately the electorate. In practice, since it is impossible for a government to stay in office against the will of the Storting. Norway has a Constitution, which was adopted on 17 May 1814, the position of Prime Minister is the result of legislation. As of 2017, the Prime Minister of Norway is Erna Solberg, unlike their counterparts in the rest of Europe, Norwegian Prime Ministers do not have the option of advising the King to dissolve the Storting and call a snap election. The Constitution requires that the Storting serve out its full four-year term, if the Prime Minister loses the confidence of the Storting, he or she must resign. As of 2015 six former Prime Ministers are alive, Odvar Nordli born 3 November 1927, kåre Willoch born 3 October 1928, served 1981–1986.
Gro Harlem Brundtland born 20 April 1939, served 1981, 1986–1989, kjell Magne Bondevik born 3 September 1947, served 1997–2000 and 2001–2005. Thorbjørn Jagland born 5 November 1950, served 1996–1997, jens Stoltenberg born 16 March 1959, served 2000–2001 and 2005–2013. List of Prime Ministers of Norway Regjeringskvartalet Government Official Homepage
Conservative Party (Norway)
The Conservative Party is a conservative and liberal-conservative political party in Norway. It is the party of the Norwegian centre-right, and the leading party in the governing Solberg cabinet. The current party leader is the Prime Minister of Norway Erna Solberg, in national elections in September 2013, voters ended eight years of Labour Party rule. After winning the elections, Solberg said her win was an election victory for the right-wing electoral bloc. The party advocates economic liberalism, reduction of taxes, and individual rights and it has historically been the most outspokenly pro-European Union party in Norway, supporting Norwegian membership during both the 1972 and 1994 referendums. The party generally supports semi-privatization through state-funded private services and tougher law, founded in 1884, the Conservative Party is the second oldest political party in Norway after the Liberal Party. In the interwar era, one of the goals for the party was to achieve a centre-right alliance against the growing labour movement.
The Conservative Party of Norway was founded in 1884 after the implementation of parliamentarism in Norway, the jurist Emil Stang was elected the first chairman of the party. Stang underlined important principles for the work in Høyre, the party was to be a social party of reforms that worked within the constitutional frames set by a parliamentary democracy. In the 1981-election, Høyre got 31. 7% and it was the best election since 1924. The result in 1993 was 17% and this election was influenced by the EU membership issue which divided the Liberal Party. The 1997 parliamentary election resulted in the lowest support since 1945, Høyre has since seen increased popular support, and got 21. 3% in the 1999 local elections and 21. 2% in the 2001 parliamentary election. Throughout the years Høyre has supported a policy that aims to stimulate growth in order to avoid unemployment, in the beginning of the 20th century Høyre took the initiative to construct a modern Norwegian communications network. After the devastating First World War it was important for Høyre to work for the reconstruction of sound, an example of this is the resolution Høyre passed in 1923 introducing old-age insurance.
But because of the States finances it was not possible to continue this effort, Høyre was the leading party in opposition in the post-war years in Norway. Høyre fought against the Labour Partys regulating policy, Høyre wanted another future for Norway consisting of private initiative and creative forces. Høyre has been a protagonist in the construction of the system in this country. Additionally Høyre has advocated that the States activity must concentrate on its basic problems, during the post-war years Høyre has consolidated its position as a party with appeal to all parts of the nation
The Bratsberg Line is a 74-kilometre long railway line between Eidanger and Notodden in Telemark, Norway. It opened in 1917, connecting the Tinnos Line, the Sørland Line, since 1991 only passenger trains are operated, using Y1 stock by Norges Statsbaner. The railway is single track and features Norways tallest railway bridge and it is owned by the Norwegian National Rail Administration Norges Statsbaner operates three Y1 diesel railcars between Notodden and Porsgrunn each hour. The route is on contract with the county through the transit authority Vestviken Kollektivtrafikk, NSB uses diesel traction despite the railway being electrified. The need for a line from Notodden to Skien was driven forward by two key circumstances, the need for a railway to replace the Telemark Canal, and the construction of the Sørlandet Line. At the time many wanted to expand the canal instead of building a railway—to allow ocean-going vessels to enter the port at Notodden. Plans were launched by Sigurd Kloumann in 1911, but rejected by the management of Norsk Hydro who preferred a continual railway line, the Sørland Line was intended to follow an inland route, and have several branch lines out to the most important cities—including Skien and Notodden.
At Skien Bratsbergbanen would connect to the Vestfold Line that continues to Porsgrunn, the Bratsberg Line would run as part of the Sørland Line between Hjuksebø to Nordagutu, branching off at those two stations. There were two proposed routes, running on each side of the lake Norsjø, the western route would be 55 km, while the eastern routes would be 76 km via Gvarv and 94 via Lunde. The proposal for the Bratsberg Line was to incorporate the Tinnos Line, private investors would be allowed to sign shares for 5.9 million in preferred shares. As a result, NSB would have to guarantee a dividend of five percent to the private owners. Parliament instead suggested that NSB be given the shares, and all new equity be signed by the state. Budget exceeding would be covered by new shares sold to the state, the final decision to build the line was made by parliament on 25 July 1913. An agreement with Norsk Transport was made on 4 October 1913, construction started in 1913, with cost estimates at NOK11.1 million, higher wages, lack of work force and geological difficulties around Skien pressed the final cost to NOK21.9 million.
The line was built with electric traction—just like the Tinnos Line, in Skien a controversy concerning the location of the new station arose, many locals claimed the station was too far out of the city and the stating was moved back to the old location in 1927. Regular traffic started 4 December 1916, but the opening was not until 17 December 1917. The branch Brevik Line was completed on 16 June 1921, while the line to Herøya was not completed until 1952. Norsk Transport retained ownership of the Rjukan Line and operated the railway ferries, the passenger and general cargo transport on the line was not profitable, and Norsk Hydro had to subsidize this through higher fees on their freight
2000 in Norway
The following lists events that happened during 2000 in Norway. Monarch – Harald V Prime Minister – Kjell Magne Bondevik until 17 March,11 March – Three people die when a community center in Målselv collapse due to heavy snowfall. 17 March – Stoltenbergs First Cabinet was appointed,5 April – Two freight trains collide at Lillestrøm Station. 2,000 people were evacuated because of the danger of a gas explosion,19 May – Baneheia murders 23 June – The Frøya Tunnel is opened. June – Project Deep Spill, the first intentional deepwater oil and gas spill,1 December – King Harald V of Norway informs the Norwegian government about the engagement between Crown Prince Haakon and Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby. 4 December – The state-owned telecommunications company Telenor is partially privatised and listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange, Norway in the Eurovision Song Contest 20009 January – Olaug Hay, politician 11 January – Edvard Magnus Edvardsen, politician. 21 January – Kristian Asdahl, politician 27 January – Asle Enger,18 March – Randi Hultin, jazz critic and impresario.
2 April – Greta Gynt, singer and actress 2 April – Synnøve Anker Aurdal,26 June – Arne Thomas Olsen, stage producer and theatre director 27 June – Dagmar Maalstad, politician 2 September – Johannes Sandven, educator. 17 October – Joachim «Jokke» Nielsen, rock musician and poet, mollén, sports official Odd Narud, businessperson Christian Norberg-Schulz, architectural historian and theorist