Miguel María Grau Seminario is the most renowned Peruvian naval officer and hero of the Naval Battle of Angamos during the War of the Pacific. He was known as el Caballero de los Mares for his kind and chivalrous treatment of defeated enemies and is esteemed by both Peruvians and Chileans, he is an iconic figure for the Peruvian Navy, one of the most famous merchant marine and naval military leaders of the Americas. Miguel Grau was born in Paita on 27 July 1834 in the house of Dr. Alexander Diamont Newel with the assistance of the midwife Tadea Castillo known as "The Morito," both prominent figures in Paita, his father was Juan Manuel Grau y Berrío, a Colombian who came to Peru with Bolivar in the fight for independence from Spain. Juan bought property in Paita and worked at the Customs Office, his mother, Luisa Seminario y del Castillo, motivated Grau to love the sea from his youth. He entered the Paita Nautical School, he first went to sea when he was nine years old, going aboard a merchant schooner.
The schooner sank in front of Gorgona Island and he returned to Paita. However, he embarked again the following year. Grau went on various merchant ships to ports in Oceania, Asia and Europe; these voyages gave Grau the seagoing experience, the foundation for his brilliant career as a nautical officer and the beginning of a love story with Carla Ortiz. In 1853, at the age of 19, he left the merchant marine and became an officer candidate of the Peruvian Navy, where he developed an outstanding professional reputation. In 1854, he was Military officer of the steamer Rimac, his career was brilliant. In 1863, he was promoted a year later. In 1864, he was sent to Europe to oversee the construction of ships for the Peruvian fleet, he would be put in prison a year with a group of fellow officers for rejecting the idea of hiring a foreigner as supreme commander of the Peruvian navy, but was released after a trial in which they were declared not guilty as their cause was proven worthy. Among these ships was the ironclad Huáscar, launched in 1865 by Laird at Birkenhead.
Upon his return and Peru joined together in a bi-national fleet against Spanish attempts to reclaim their American colonies. In 1868, he was recalled to the Navy and was named commander of the Huáscar with the rank of Lieutenant Commander and was promoted to Commander. By June 1, 1874, he became the commanding officer of the Peruvian Navy's fleet as Captain, became a member of the Congress of the Republic of Peru as an elected congressman in 1876 representing Paita. To this day his seat is preserved in congress and his name is called at the beginning of each session, being responded "present" to by all congressmen; when the War of the Pacific between Chile against Bolivia and Peru began on 5 April 1879, Miguel Grau was aboard the Huáscar, as its captain and the Commander of the Navy. In an impressive display of naval mastery, Capitán Grau played an important role by interdicting Chilean lines of communication and supply, capturing or destroying several enemy vessels, bombarding port installations.
Grau's Huáscar became famed for moving stealthily, striking by surprise and disappearing. These actions put off a Chilean invasion by sea for six months, as a result he was promoted to Rear Admiral by the government in Lima - the first Peruvian to be promoted to flag officer rank in many years. At the Battle of Iquique, after Huáscar sank the Chilean corvette Esmeralda by ramming her, Grau ordered the rescue of the surviving crew from the waters. Grau wrote condolences to the widow of his opponent Arturo Prat, returning his sword and personal effects. Letter to Carmela Carvajal de Prat Dear Madam:I have a sacred duty that authorizes me to write you, despite knowing that this letter will deepen your profound pain, by reminding you of recent battles. During the naval combat that took place in the waters of Iquique, between the Chilean and Peruvian ships, on the 21st day of the last month, your worthy and valiant husband Captain Mr. Arturo Prat, Commander of the Esmeralda, like you would not ignore any longer, victim of his reckless valor in defense and glory of his country’s flag.
While sincerely deploring this unfortunate event and sharing your sorrow, I comply with the sad duty of sending you some of his belongings, invaluable for you, which I list at the end of this letter. Undoubtedly, they will serve of small consolation in the middle of your misfortune, I have hurried in remitting them to you. Reiterating my feelings of condolence, I take the opportunity of offering you my services and respects and I render myself at your disposal. Cpt. Miguel Grau At the port of Antofagasta, after sneaking up on an enemy ship the Matias Cousiño, he courteously asked the crew to abandon ship before opening fire; as her captain Castleton was abandoning the ship, the Chileans' capital ships Blanco Encalada and Almirante Cochrane showed up, forcing Grau to abandon his prey and, after disabling the Matias Cousiño, to escape by passing in between the Chilean ironclads rendering them in an unfavourable position to pursue. These and other gestures earned him the nickname of El Caballero de los Mares from his Chilean opponents, acknowledging an extraordinary sense of chivalry and his gentlemanly behaviour, combined with his efficient and brave combat career.
Grau was a determining factor in capturing the steamer Rimac. Rimac was being chased by the wooden corvette Union under command of Garcia y Garcia; when Huascar appeared and fired her twin cannons, Rimac
Daisuke Nishiguchi is a Japanese footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for DSK Shivajians F. C. in the I-League 2nd Division. After graduating from the Cerezo Osaka Academy Nishiguchi joined Moldovan Divizia Naţională side FC Olimpia where he played in 14 matches during the 2011–12 season and made 2 starts for Olimpia at the beginning of the 2012–13 season before signing for Pune F. C. of the I-League in India. He made his debut for Pune FC during the 2012 Indian Federation Cup on 20 September 2012 in Pune's first match of the tournament against United Sikkim F. C. in which Nishiguchi came on as a 76th-minute substitute for Pierre Djidjia Douhou as Pune won 1–0. He made his I-League debut on 8 October 2012 against ONGC F. C. at home at the Balewadi Sports Complex where he played for only 64 minutes before being replaced by Shanmugam Venkatesh in a game where Pune won 3–2. Nishiguchi scored his first two goals for Pune FC in his second I-League game for the club on 11 October 2012 against Mumbai F.
C. at the Balewadi Sports Complex in which he scored in the 7th and 51st minute as Pune won 3–2 again. Statistics accurate as of 12 October 2012