Karmichael Neil Matthew Hunt is a rugby union player for the New South Wales Waratahs in the Super Rugby competition. He played for the Queensland Reds. Having played professional rugby league and Australian rules football, Hunt was the first person in Australia to reach an elite professional level in three different football codes, he was born in Auckland, New Zealand but has represented Australia in both rugby codes after his family emigrated there when he was eleven years old. Hunt made his debut for the Brisbane Broncos in the National Rugby League in 2004 and won the Dally M Rookie of the Year award. A fullback, he played for Brisbane until 2009 and was part of the Broncos team which won the Grand Final in 2006. In a controversial move, Hunt chose to play for Australia instead of his native New Zealand, citing a lifelong dream of playing for Queensland in the State of Origin series. Hunt's performance in the 2006 NRL season resulted in his selection for Queensland and Australia in 2006. In July 2009 he signed a three-year contract with Australian Football League expansion team, Gold Coast, whose inaugural season was in 2011.
In 2010, while contracted to the Gold Coast, he played a season with Biarritz Olympique in the French Top 14 rugby union competition. After beginning his AFL career, Hunt was named in the Courier Mail 2011 Queensland Australian rules football Team of the Year. Overall, his 4-year stint in the AFL received mixed reviews. In 2015 he returned to rugby union, he has won six caps. In February 2015 Hunt was arrested and charged with four counts for the supply of cocaine for personal use or to on-supply cocaine to friends and colleagues between June and December 2014. Hunt was born on 17 November 1986 in Auckland, New Zealand, to Hans and Tera Hunt, from Samoa and the Cook Islands respectively, he began playing rugby league at the age of four for the Avondale Wolves before moving to Australia as an eleven-year-old in 1997, the family moved to the suburb of Algester in Brisbane, Australia. Upon moving to Brisbane, Hunt played junior rugby league for the Souths club in Acacia Ridge. Hunt's childhood hero was Michael Jordan and, prior to his rugby league success, he dreamt of playing basketball in the United States.
In 2000, Hunt made his representative debut with the Under-14 South–East team of the Queensland Rugby League, in the fullback position. In 2001, he became part of the Under-15 Australian merit side, upon seeing him play rugby league, NRL club Brisbane Broncos scout Cyril Connell offered him a scholarship with the club. Hunt accepted the Broncos scholarship and, after strong performance at Souths Acacia Ridge and Sunnybank High School, received a scholarship to the Anglican Church Grammar School. At Churchie, Hunt switched to rugby union and was a dominant figure in the school's team, which played in the Queensland Great Public Schools competition; as a fullback, he led his team to an undefeated season in 2003, he was one of the best players in the GPS competition. While playing rugby union at ACGS, Hunt played for the Queensland Schoolboys rugby league team against New South Wales, in the position of lock. Along with Anton LaVin, he won the Bob Templeton Trophy for Queensland's leading schoolboy player.
During the rugby off-season in 2003, Hunt played six matches of Australian rules football code for the ACGS school side under captain Scott Harding. During which time he was identified by Australian Football League talent manager Mark Browning as an "AFL prospect". In 2003, Hunt was selected for the Australian Schoolboys rugby league representative team to tour New Zealand, playing three matches under coach Rod Patison. Hunt was named best back of the series. Australian Schoolboys' coaching staff predicted that Hunt was the most Australian schoolboy to make a debut in the NRL. In 2004, St. George Illawarra Dragons coach Nathan Brown spoke about Hunt and a discussion he had with recruitment officer Craig Young a year earlier, when Hunt was still under contract with the Broncos. "He's a terrific player. Craig Young who scouts for us watched him play last year and said give him $80,000. I said'where would we play him?' And he said'wing, centre, five eighth, lock – doesn't matter because he'll play first grade and play for Australia for the next 12 years'."
Hunt's 2001 scholarship came to fruition when he joined the Brisbane Broncos' main squad at the end of the 2003 season. He participated in the team's off-season training in early 2004, under the guidance of Broncos' coach Wayne Bennett, was selected to participate in the Broncos' pre-season trial games in February. Hunt had expected to play most of the 2004 season in the Queensland Cup, the second-tier rugby league competition in Queensland. However, after Darren Lockyer's shift to the five-eighth position and Hunt playing both trial games on the wing and scoring a try in the first game against the Melbourne Storm, he was selected to make his National Rugby League debut for the Broncos in the first round of the 2004 season against the New Zealand Warriors, making him the youngest Bronco at seventeen. Coach Bennett's decision to name Hunt as the starting fullback was somewhat surprising, due to Hunt's original selection, the week before the match, on the interchange bench, he replaced Motu Tony in the fullback position.
Hunt described Bennett and Broncos teammate Darren Lockyer as the greatest influences on his league career. With Lockyer's move from fullback to five-eighth, Hunt had large shoes to fill in the position. Hunt proved to be a success for the Broncos.
Fullback (rugby league)
Fullback is one of the positions in a rugby league football team. Wearing jersey number 15, the fullback is a member of the team's'back-line'; the position's name comes from their duty of standing the furthest back in defence, behind the forwards, half backs and the three-quarter backs. Fullbacks are therefore the last line of defence, having to tackle any opposition players and regather the ball from any kicks that make it through their teammates, it is for this reason that the fullback is referred to as the sweeper or custodian. Being able to secure high bomb kicks is a sought quality in fullbacks. Fullback is one of the most important positions in attack, handling the ball nearly every set of six and running into open space on the field. Therefore, together with the two half backs and hooker, fullback is one of the four key positions that make up what is referred to as a team's'spine'; because the fullback makes the most support runs, players in the role complete more high-intensity running than any other position.
The Rugby League International Federation's Laws of the Game state that the'fullback' is to be numbered 1. However, traditionally players' jersey numbers have varied, in the modern Super League, each squad's players are assigned individual numbers regardless of position. Fullbacks who feature in their respective nations' rugby league halls of fame are France's Puig Aubert, Australia's Clive Churchill and Charles Fraser, Wales' Jim Sullivan and New Zealand's Des White. Churchill's attacking flair as a player in the 1950s is credited with having changed the role of the fullback. So too is Darren Lockyer's. Rugby league positions Rugby league gameplay
Darius Boyd is an Australian professional rugby league footballer, the captain and plays as a fullback and on the wing for the Brisbane Broncos in the NRL. A Queensland State of Origin, Australian international and Prime Minister’s XIII representative, Boyd played for the St George Illawarra Dragons in 2009-2011 and the Newcastle Knights in 2012-2014 all under a single coach: Wayne Bennett before switching back to Broncos in 2015. Boyd has won the 2006 NRL Premiership with the Broncos and the 2010 NRL Premiership with the Dragons. Boyd was born at the Gold Coast Hospital, in Queensland, Australia on 17 July 1987, he was raised by his single mother throughout most of his childhood. He began playing junior football at a young age for the Parkwood Sharks, which led to playing at halftime during a Gold Coast Seagulls match in 1993, he switched clubs to the Mudgeeraba Redbacks. Boyd attended Robina State High School during this time but switched schools to the famed rugby league nursery, Palm Beach Currumbin High School, in Year 10.
It was at this point Boyd's mother became ill and he starting living with his grandmother, as well as spending periods of time living with football friend's families. Following graduation in 2004, he was not recruited by any NRL teams and decided to repeat Year 12 at PBC in the hope of garnering attention from NRL teams; the decision turned out to be a fruitful one with the Brisbane Broncos offering Boyd a scholarship, followed by a $20,000 contract for the 2006 NRL season. In 2005, while playing for Palm Beach Currumbin, Boyd was selected at fullback for the Australian Schoolboys team, he debuted for the Burleigh Bears in the Queensland Cup. After playing for Burleigh, Boyd was signed by the Brisbane Broncos, he said, "I was a bit scared of leaving home as an 18-year-old but Brisbane was always my favourite club since I was a little fella. I had to move into the Broncos' house and was a pretty shy, quiet kid so didn't want to leave the family and different things but after a week or two they made me feel welcome."
In round 1, Boyd made his NRL debut for the Broncos, against the North Queensland Cowboys, scoring a try on debut in the Broncos 36-4 loss at Suncorp Stadium. Playing on the wing for the majority of the season, Boyd got a chance at his preferred position of fullback for a number of games after the regular fullback, Karmichael Hunt, went down with injuries. At the end of the regular season, Boyd won the Broncos' Rookie of the Year award. Boyd played on the wing for the Broncos in their 2006 NRL Grand Final 15-8 win over the Melbourne Storm. Boyd played in 27 matches and scored 11 tries in an impressive debut year in the NRL; as 2006 NRL Premiers, the Brisbane Broncos travelled to England to face 2006 Super League champions, St Helens R. F. C. in the 2007 World Club Challenge. Boyd scored a try in the Broncos 14-18 loss. Boyd finished the 2007 NRL season with him playing in 22 matches and scoring 7 tries. In Round 1 against the Penrith Panthers, Boyd scored a hat-trick in the Broncos 48-12 win at Suncorp Stadium.
In May 2008, Boyd started to receive attention from other clubs as he was off-contract at the end of the year. There was speculation that he would move to the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs, alongside fellow Broncos Michael Ennis and Ben Hannant, or the St. George Illawarra Dragons, following his coach at Brisbane, Wayne Bennett. After leading the NRL try-scoring table for most of the first half of the season, Boyd was selected for the Queensland team to play New South Wales in Game 2 of the 2008 State of Origin series due to teammate Justin Hodges suspension. Boyd scored 2 tries on debut, both from passes from centre Greg Inglis, with Queensland winning 30-0 at Suncorp Stadium Boyd played in Game 3 as the Maroons won 16-10 at ANZ Stadium and won the series 2-1. On 20 August 2008, Boyd signed a 3-year contract with the Dragons starting in 2009, following teammate Nick Emmett and coach Wayne Bennett. Boyd finished the 2008 NRL season with him playing in 24 scoring 13 tries. On 16 October 2008, Boyd was called up to the Australian 2008 World Cup squad due to teammate Justin Hodges being ruled out with a shoulder injury.
On 9 November 2008, Boyd made his international debut for Australia against Papua New Guinea, playing on the wing in the 46-6 win at 1300SMILES Stadium. Boyd only played in 1 match in the World Cup tournament. In Round 1 of the 2009 NRL season, Boyd made his club debut for the St George Illawarra Dragons against the Melbourne Storm, playing at fullback in the Dragons 17-16 loss against the Melbourne Storm at Olympic Park. In Round 4, Boyd travelled to Brisbane for his and Wayne Bennett's, first match against their old club, which the Dragons won 25-12 at Suncorp Stadium, ending the Broncos unbeaten start to the season. On 8 May 2009, Boyd played for Australia in the Anzac Test against New Zealand, playing on the wing and scoring a try in the 38-10 win over New Zealand. Boyd was selected in the Queensland squad for the 2009 State of Origin series, playing in all 3 matches and scoring 1 try in the Maroons record breaking 4th consecutive series win. In Round 20 against the New Zealand Warriors, Boyd scored his first try as a Dragon in the 29-4 win at Mt Smart Stadium.
In August, Boyd's performance at a press conference, in which the 22-year-old fullback delivered one-sentence responses to eight questions posed to him at a training session in Wollongong, drew an apology to journalists from Dragons coach Wayne Bennett. Boyd finished his first year with the Dragons with him playing 22 scoring 2 tries. In Round 5 against his former team the Brisbane Broncos, Boyd played his 100th career match in the Dragons 34-16 win and was named Man of the Match at WIN Stadium. In Round 7, Boyd received the inaugural "Spirit of ANZAC Medal
National Rugby League
The National Rugby League is a league of professional men's rugby league teams in Australia. Run by the Australian Rugby League Commission, the NRL's main competition is known as the Telstra Premiership due to sponsorship from Telstra Corporation and is contested by sixteen teams, fifteen of which are based in Australia with one based in New Zealand, it attended rugby league club competition in the world. The National Rugby League is Australia's top-level domestic men's rugby-league club competition, it contains clubs from the original Sydney club Rugby League competition, running continuously since 1908. The NRL formed in the aftermath of the 1990s' Super League war as a joint partnership between the Australian governing body, the Australian Rugby League and media giant News Corporation-controlled Super League, after both organisations ran premierships parallel to each other in 1997; this partnership was dissolved in February 2012, with control of the NRL going to the independently formed Australian Rugby League Commission.
NRL matches are played in New Zealand from March to October. The season culminates in the premiership-deciding game, the NRL Grand Final, traditionally one of Australia's most popular sporting events and one of the world's largest attended sporting championship games. In addition, the NRL premiers play in the World Club Challenge, a pre-season match against the champions of the Super League competition; the reigning premiers are the Sydney Roosters winning their fourteenth official premiership. The New South Wales Rugby League ran the major rugby league competition of New South Wales from its inception in 1908 until 1994. Following the introduction of a new format for interstate rugby league, the State of Origin series in 1980, the decade of the 1980s brought about expansion of the NSWRL premiership, with the introduction of commercial sponsorship, the Winfield Cup, the addition of non-Sydney-based teams and Illawarra in 1982. Although this move brought more interest in the competition statewide in New South Wales, it would spell the beginning of the demise of some of the traditional Sydney-based clubs as well as having a negative effect on the Brisbane Rugby League premiership.
Following the 1983 season, Sydney foundation club Newtown Jets were forced to withdraw from the competition because of financial difficulties. Further expansion of the league followed in 1988, with another three teams based outside Sydney introduced to the competition; the Brisbane and Newcastle sides proved to be successful and popular and paved the way towards a push for a national competition. This was attempted in 1995 with control of the premiership passing from the NSWRFL to the Australian Rugby League, who invited four more teams from outside NSW to participate in 1995; this competition failed, but in its demise the National Rugby League was born, incorporating the traditional Sydney clubs coercing the Sydney market to follow the newly created national competition. The prospect of a national rugby league competition in addition to the introduction of pay television in Australia attracted the attention of global media organisation, News Corporation, it followed that professional rugby league was shaken to its foundations in the mid-1990s with the advent of the Super League war.
A conflict over broadcasting rights, it became a dispute as to who controlled the sport and which traditional clubs would survive into the new national era, as News Limited formed their own Super League and admitted some former ARL clubs, poaching players from the original ARL league with high salaries. With twenty-two teams of varying quality playing in two competitions that year, crowd attendances and corporate sponsorships were spread thinly, many teams found themselves in financial difficulty; the ARL undertook moves to invite the traditional clubs that had moved to the Super League competition back into a re-unified competition. Following a period of negotiation with News Corporation, on 23 September 1997 the ARL announced that it was forming a new company to conduct the competition in 1998. On 7 October News' Manaaki Ranginui announced that he was confident that there would be a single competition in 1998. On 19 December, representatives of clubs affiliated with the Australian Rugby League gathered at the Sydney Football Stadium to decide whether to accept News Limited's offer of a settlement – voting in favour by 36 votes to 4.
As a result, in the following months the National Rugby League, jointly owned by the ARL and News Limited, was formed. It was announced that the inaugural National Rugby League season of 1998 would have 20 teams competing, 19 remaining Super League and ARL teams plus the Melbourne Storm, who were created by Super League for their 1998 season. Clubs on both sides of the war were shut down. Super League decided to close the Hunter Mariners and the financially ruined Perth Reds, who were $10 million in debt at the end of 1997, while the ARL decided to close down the South Queensland Crushers, who were in severe financial trouble. Additionally, at the end of 1998 the NRL decided to close down former Super League club, the Adelaide Rams and former ARL club, the Gold Coast Chargers, despite the Gold Coast franchise being one of the few clubs to make a profit during the Super League war. One condition of the peace agreement between the ARL and News Limited was that there would be a 14 team competition in 2000.
The 20 clubs that played in 1998 would be assessed on various items such as sponsorship, crowds, on-field success and the like. It was announced that clubs that merged would
Jade Aurora MacRae is an Australian soul singer and the daughter of professional musicians Joy Yates and Dave MacRae who live in Sydney, Australia. Her debut single "You Make Me Weak" debuted in the top 50 places of the Australian singles charts in November 2004, while her follow-up single from the movie Zoolander "So Hot Right Now" debuted in the top 20 places of the Australian singles charts in February 2005. MacRae's self-titled debut album was nominated for Australian Recording Industry Association, MTV Australia, Australasian Performing Right Association and Urban Music awards in 2005 and 2006; the singer's second studio album Get Me Home was released in October 2008. In 2012, following her marriage to Australian hip hop artist Phrase, MacRae continued her musical career under the new moniker of "Dune". Born into a musical family—MacRae's mother is respected session vocalist Joy Yates and her pianist father is Dave MacRae—MacRae's musical education began at a young age as she grew up in the Northern Beaches area of Sydney, Australia.
The singer commenced learning the piano at the age of three years and the violin at the age of eight. After finishing her Australian Higher School Certificate at the Sydney Conservatorium of Music, MacRae began singing in a number of Sydney's entertainment venues; as well as singing in a band with Mahalia Barnes, daughter of popular Australian rock singer Jimmy Barnes, she supported Renée Geyer and Jackie Orszaczky. Through her association with Mahalia Barnes, MacRae attained further work as a backup singer with Jimmy Barnes in the period prior to the commencement of her solo career in 2004. In addition to her work with Jimmy Barnes, MacRae commenced session work as a singer with Australian electronic acts such as Disco Montego and Pnau. German dance producer Ian Pooley recruited her to sing on the track "Heaven", together with Danni'elle Gaha, the song achieved the top position on the German dance charts. During her time as Barnes' backup singer, MacRae signed a record contract with Michael Hegarty of Workstation Records.
Producers, such as Warryn Campbell and White Chocolate, were recruited from Los Angeles, United States to undertake work on the album, while a selection of Australian producers, including Israel, Jarrad Rogers and the Elite Fleet, produced the first single "You Make Me Weak". MacRae wrote or co-wrote each of the album's songs and signed with Roadshow Music, an offshoot of Sony Music Australia, following the completion of recording. "You Make Me Weak" reached the top 50 of the Australian singles charts in early November 2004, while the successive single "So Hot Right Now" debuted in the top 20 in February 2005. MacRae released her debut self-titled album in September 2005 and, in addition to the first two singles, it contained the third single release "Superstar" —a fourth song "Up And Do Your Thing" was released as a promotional/radio single. In 2005, MacRae performed the Australian national anthem "Advance Australia Fair" at the World Cup qualifying match, between Australia and Uruguay, at Sydney's Stadium Australia venue.
MacRae's debut album garnered two ARIA Award nominations in 2006—"Best Urban Album" and "Best Female Artist". In 2006, MacRae performed the Australian national anthem at the 2006 NRL Grand Final. In 2007, MacRae performed an hour-long set prior to the Asian Football Confederation's third and fourth Asian Cup quarter final matches in Sydney, Australia; the 2007 Asian Cup was the first time. After several delays, MacRae's second album Get Me Home was released in October 2008, together with the singles "I Wanna Be In Love" and "In The Basement". However, the album failed to enter any music charts and the lack of popular attention impacted upon the singer's confidence; the singer had written all of the songs on the album and in 2012 MacRae revealed that she was "a bit shell-shocked after that didn’t work out. It was a hard thing to recover from."In November 2009, Phrase revealed on his Twitter profile that MacRae was rehearsing with musicians for new recorded material. Following the release of the MacRae's second album, the singer assumed a new musical pseudonym and presented herself as "Dune".
In a September 2012 interview, MacRae explained, “The music I’m making now is more alternative than what I’ve done before, so I thought it needed its own name, its own identity and personality”. MacRae's debut release under the Dune name, the song "Shoestring", was released globally in July 2012, together with a music video. An EP entitled Oh Innocence was released on 14 March 2013 and MacRae had revealed earlier in the year that all of the Dune recordings were self-funded, self-produced and self-released. MacRae's live band for the Dune project consists of a bassist and drummer, Luke Hodgson and Leigh Fisher, the group was invited to play at the 2013 Great Escape Festival, held annually in Brighton, UK. In an early 2013 interview with the Time Out media group, MacRae provided an insight into the response that she had received from fans of her previous work under the "Jade MacRae" title: I think some people are quite disappointed in the new direction – some people on the urban scene can be quite staunch...
It's amazing. A lot of the people that I’ve dealt with in media have no recollection of me... There’s no culture these days in the mainstream – the idea of discovering an artist, getting all their albums and getting obsessed with them is dying out, it still exists to some
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field. One of the two codes of rugby, it originated in Northern England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players, its rules progressively changed with the aim of producing a faster, more entertaining game for spectators. In rugby league, points are scored by carrying the ball and touching it to the ground beyond the opposing team's goal line; the opposing team attempts to stop the attacking side scoring points by tackling the player carrying the ball. In addition to tries, points can be scored by kicking goals. After each try, the scoring team gains a free kick to try at goal with a conversion for further points. Kicks at goal may be awarded for penalties, field goals can be attempted at any time. Rugby league is the national sport of Papua New Guinea, is a popular sport in Northern England, the states of Queensland and New South Wales in Australia, South Auckland in New Zealand, southwest France and Lebanon.
The Super League and the National Rugby League are the premier club competitions. Rugby league is played internationally, predominantly by European and Pacific Island countries, is governed by the Rugby League International Federation; the first Rugby League World Cup was held in France in 1954. Rugby league football takes its name from the bodies that split to create a new form of rugby, distinct from that run by the Rugby Football Unions, in Britain and New Zealand between 1895 and 1908; the first of these, the Northern Rugby Football Union, was established in 1895 as a breakaway faction of England's Rugby Football Union. Both organisations played the game under the same rules at first, although the Northern Union began to modify rules immediately, thus creating a new faster, stronger paced form of rugby football. Similar breakaway factions split from RFU-affiliated unions in Australia and New Zealand in 1907 and 1908, renaming themselves "rugby football leagues" and introducing Northern Union rules.
In 1922, the Northern Union changed its name to the Rugby Football League and thus over time the sport itself became known as "rugby league" football. In 1895, a schism in Rugby football resulted in the formation of the Northern Rugby Football Union. Although many factors played a part in the split, including the success of working class northern teams, the main division was caused by the RFU decision to enforce the amateur principle of the sport, preventing "broken time payments" to players who had taken time off work to play rugby. Northern teams had more working class players who could not afford to play without this compensation, in contrast to affluent southern teams who had other sources of income to sustain the amateur principle. In 1895, a decree by the RFU banning the playing of rugby at grounds where entrance fees were charged led to twenty-two clubs meeting at the George Hotel, Huddersfield on 29 August 1895 and forming the "Northern Rugby Football Union". Within fifteen years of that first meeting in Huddersfield, more than 200 RFU clubs had left to join the rugby revolution.
In 1897, the line-out was in 1898 professionalism introduced. In 1906, the Northern Union changed its rules, reducing teams from 15 to 13 a side and replacing the ruck formed after every tackle with the play the ball. A similar schism to that which occurred in England took place in Australia. There, on 8 August 1907 the New South Wales Rugby Football League was founded at Bateman's Hotel in George Street. Rugby league went on to displace rugby union as the primary football code in New South Wales and Queensland. On 5 May 1954 over 100,000 spectators watched the 1953–54 Challenge Cup Final at Odsal Stadium, England, setting a new record for attendance at a rugby football match of either code. In 1954 the Rugby League World Cup, the first for either code of rugby, was formed at the instigation of the French. In 1966, the International Board introduced a rule that a team in possession was allowed three play-the-balls and on the fourth tackle a scrum was to be formed; this was increased to six tackles in 1972 and in 1983 the scrum was replaced by a handover.
1967 saw. The first sponsors, Joshua Tetley and John Player, entered the game for the 1971–72 Northern Rugby Football League season. Television would have an enormous impact on the sport of rugby league in the 1990s when Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation sought worldwide broadcasting rights and refused to take no for an answer; the media giant's "Super League" movement saw big changes for the traditional administrators of the game. In Europe, it resulted in a move from a winter sport to a summer one as the new Super League competition tried to expand its market. In Australasia, the Super League war resulted in long and costly legal battles and changing loyalties, causing significant damage to the code in an competitive sporting market. In 1997 two competitions were run alongside each other in Australia, after which a peace deal in the form of the National Rugby League was formed; the NRL has since become recognised as the sport's flagship competition and since that time has set record TV ratings and crowd figures.
The objective in rugby league is to score more points through tries and field goals than the opposition within the 80 minutes of play. If after two halves of play, each consisting of forty minutes, the two teams are drawing, a draw may be declar