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2008 AFF Championship

The 2008 AFF Championship is the seventh edition of the tournament. It is sponsored by Suzuki and therefore known as the 2008 AFF Suzuki Cup. was the 8th edition of the AFF Championship, The group stage was held in Indonesia and Thailand from 5 to 10 December 2008. Two-legged home-and-away semi-finals and finals were held between 16 and 28 December 2008; the tournament would have been hosted by Myanmar because of the rotation system among ASEAN countries, they withdrew in August 2007 due to security concerns. In the third AFF council meeting in Bali and Thailand beat three other countries to win the right to host. However, if both countries are unable to fulfill certain obligations set by the ASEAN Football Federation, Vietnam will step in and host the tournament; the winning team will take home USD100,000, runners-up USD 50,000, USD 15,000 for the losing semi-finalists. Nike will be an official supplier for the 2008 AFF Championship.10 days before the start of the tournament, safety issues were raised contending the safety of the teams who were due to play in Bangkok.

This was because of the riots that were happening in the city which resulted in the closure of the Suvarnabhumi Airport. Due to the political crisis, the Football Association of Thailand stated that the Group Stages in the Thai capital Bangkok would go ahead, or if the situation got worse, games would be moved to Chiang Mai in the north of the country or Phuket in the South of the country; as well as Thailand confirming themselves as steady hosts and Malaysia stated that they would be prepared to host the tournament at short notice. On 29 November, with less than one week before the start of the tournament, the Group Stages held in Thai sport were moved from the capital Bangkok to the southern province Phuket. Indonesia prepare Gelora Bung Karno Stadium in the capital city and Si Jalak Harupat Stadium in Bandung, while Thailand prepare Rajamangala Stadium and Suphachalasai Stadium where both of them located in Bangkok. All of the stadiums are 2007 AFC Asian Cup venues except of Si Jalak Harupat Stadium.

Bung Karno Stadium will be the opening match venue, while Rajmangala Stadium will be the final match venue. Group stage matches in Thai sport were switched from the capital Bangkok to the southern provinces Phuket at Surakul Stadium in Phuket City on 29 November due to security issues in Bangkok; the qualification took place in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia, from 17 October 2008 to 25 October 2008. The five lower-ranked teams in Southeast Asia play within a round-robin tournament format and the top two countries in the group will qualify for this tournament. Confirmed referees during the tournament: All matches played in Indonesia. All times are Western Indonesian TimeUTC+7. All Matches played in Thailand. All times are Indochina Time – UTC+7 Note: Although the knockout stages are two-legged, away goals rule is not applied. If the total aggregate score of both teams after both matches remained the same, extra time would have been played, followed by a penalty shootout if necessary. First Leg Second Leg Thailand won 3–1 on aggregate.

Vietnam won 1–0 on aggregate. First Leg Second Leg Vietnam won 3–2 on aggregate. 4 goals 3 goals 2 goals 1 goal This table shows all team performance

Montreal Urban Community

The Montreal Urban Community was a regional government in Quebec, that covered all municipalities located on the Island of Montreal and the islands of L'Île-Dorval and Île Bizard from January 1970 until the end of December 2001. These municipalities were merged into the megacity of Montreal on January 1, 2002. After the partial demergers of 2006, a successor organization was formed, the Urban agglomeration of Montreal; the supra-municipal level of government provided public transit police services. The MUC was first succeeded by Montreal Metropolitan Community. Since the merger and subsequent demerger, the MUC has been replaced by the Montreal Agglomeration Council; this left the MMC in place, so the Agglomeration Council is a supra-municipal entity between the municipal level and the regional municipal level. Metropolitan Toronto, Toronto's former analogue of the MUC

Two Thousand Miles

Two Thousand Miles is the fourth album by American singer/songwriter Owen Temple. It was released in 2008 on El Paisano Records. All tracks are written by Owen Temple except. Owen Temple - Acoustic and Electric guitar, Harmonica Lloyd Maines - Electric guitar, Pedal steel, Dobro David Grissom - Electric guitar Glenn Fukunaga - bass, upright bass Riley Osbourn - Hammond B3 organ Richard Bowden - Fiddle David Sanger - Drums Gordy Quist - Harmony vocals on "You Want to Wear That Ring," "Can't Drink Enough to Sing," "You Don't Have to be Lonely," and "The Pluto Blues" Terri Hendrix Harmony vocals on "Two Thousand Miles," "Demolition Derby," and "Like We Still Care" Bob Livingston - Harmony vocals on "Red Wine and Tequila," "Swear It Off Again," "Can't Quit Loving You," "On the Lonesome Road," and "Rivers Run From Many Waters" Produced by Lloyd Maines Engineered by Cris Burns Recorded at Bismeaux Studio, Texas Art Direction/Design by Shauna Dodds Photography by Eric Ryan Anderson Photography by Todd V. Wolfson Owen Temple website El Paisano Records website

Dan Newland

Dan Newland is an American freelance journalist, translator, editor and ghostwriter. He is a former managing editor of the Buenos Aires Herald. Danny Norman Newland was born in 1949 in Wapakoneta, Ohio to Norman Dale Newland and Reba Mae Weber Newland, he is the brother of Darla Newland Ginter and Dennis Newland. Newland met Argentine exchange student Virginia Estela Mel at his high school in Wapakoneta in 1968 and married her in Los Angeles, California in 1971, while he was in the Army stationed at Fort MacArthur, they moved to Argentina shortly after Newland was honorably discharged from military service following three years as a musician in the US Army Bands in the United States and Europe. He joined the staff of the Buenos Aires Herald in 1974 and worked for the English-language daily for the next thirteen years, serving as reporter, sub-editor, international editor, general news editor, editorial-writer and managing editor; the newspaper was renowned for denouncing atrocities in Argentina's Dirty War during the period in which Newland formed part of the staff.

As interim editor in 1982 during the Falklands War, he was responsible for independent news coverage of the conflict. Throughout the era of the military dictatorship Herald writers and editors suffered death threats from the regime forcing news editor Andrew Graham-Yooll in 1976 and editor in chief Robert Cox in 1979 to leave the country. Following these departures, the threats continued against Cox's replacement, James Neilson and against Newland as the newspaper's main editorial writers. After the terrorist attack on the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in 2015, Newland wrote: "From mid-1974 through early 1983, I lived in a climate in which I became accustomed to existing, with the threat of death by proxy involved in being part of the support team for courageous editorialists, with direct threats to my own life and to the newspaper that I worked for, as I devoted my own efforts to expressing the paper’s political and moral line. Asked, on occasion, why I did it, when it wasn’t my country or my fight, I’ve always replied that, on the contrary, opposing tyranny and violent fundamentalism of any kind is everyone’s fight no matter where it happens, that for writers and political humorists, it’s not a choice, but a moral and professional obligation."Newland has worked out of South America as a freelance stringer for a wide range of publications and news organizations in the United States and Britain and as a special projects editor for the Buenos Aires business magazine Apertura.

He writes a twice-monthly blog entitled The Southern Yankee: A Writer's Log. He is active as a freelance translator and ghostwriter, he is a founding member of the International Association of Professional Translators and Interpreters IAPTI. TranslationsAmong others: Argentina, A Nation at the Crossroads of Myth and Reality, by Ricardo Zinn. Patagonia: Land of Giants, by Daniel Rivademar and Alejandro Winograd. Sustainability 2.0, by Ernesto van Peborgh and the Odiseo Team. No Reserve: The Limit of Absolute Power, by Martín Redrado. Short History of World Religions, by Roberto Vivo. War: A Crime Against Humanity, by Roberto Vivo

Napier's bones

"Napier's bones" is a manually-operated calculating device created by John Napier of Merchiston, Scotland for the calculation of products and quotients of numbers. The method was based on lattice multiplication, was called Rabdology, a word invented by Napier himself. Napier published his version in 1617 in Rabdology, printed in Edinburgh, dedicated to his patron Alexander Seton. Using the multiplication tables embedded in the rods, multiplication can be reduced to addition operations and division to subtractions. More advanced use of the rods can extract square roots. Napier's bones are not the same as logarithms, with which Napier's name is associated; the complete device includes a base board with a rim. The board's left edge is divided into 9 squares, holding the numbers 1 to 9; the Napier's rods consist of strips of metal or heavy cardboard. Napier's bones are three-dimensional, square in cross-section, with four different rods engraved on each one. A set of such bones might be enclosed in a convenient carrying case.

A rod's surface comprises 9 squares, each square, except for the top one, comprises two halves divided by a diagonal line. The first square of each rod holds a single digit, the other squares hold this number's double, quadruple, so on until the last square contains nine times the number in the top square; the digits of each product are written one to each side of the diagonal. To demonstrate how to use Napier's bones for multiplication, three examples of increasing difficulty are explained below; the first example computes 425 x 6. Napier's bones for 4, 2, 5 are placed into the board; the bones for the larger number are multiplied. As an example of the values being derived from multiplication tables, the values of the fourth row of the 7 bone would be 2 / 8, derived from 7 x 4 = 28. In the example below for 425 x 6, the bones are depicted as red and blue, respectively; the left-most column before any of the bones could be represented as the 1 bone, which would have a blank space or zero to the upper left separated by a diagonal line, since 1 x 1 = 01, 1 x 2 = 02, 1 x 3 = 03, etc.

A small number is chosen 2 through 9, by which to multiply the large number. In this example, the small number being multiplied by is 6; the row in which this number is located is the only row needed to perform the remaining calculations and thus is isolated from the rest of the board for clarity. The calculation could be started from either end; the values not separated by lines are added to form the products' digits. The last number found on that horizontal row of bones will never require addition, as it is always been isolated by the last line; this number will always be found in the "one's place" of the product. For each of the other digits, the two adjacent bone numbers not separated by lines are added up. In this example, there are 4 digits; the product's digits would go in the same order. Besides the last digit, the product's digits would be the sum of 2 values taken from 2 different bones. Bone values are added to get the product's digits; the third product digit from the yellow and blue bones have their relevant values colored green.

Each sum is written in the space below. The results of the summations from left to right produces the final answer of 2550. Therefore, the solution to multiplying 425 by 6 is 2550; when multiplying by larger single digits, it is common that upon adding a diagonal column, the sum of the numbers results in a number, 10 or greater. The second example computes 6785 x 8. Begin just as in Example 1 above and place in the board the corresponding bones to the leading number of the problem. For this example, bones 6, 7, 8, 5 are placed in the proper order as shown below. In the first column, find the number that you wish to multiply by. In this example, that number is 8. With only needing to use the row 8 is located in for the remaining calculations, the rest of the board below has been cleared for clarity in explaining the remaining steps. Just as before, start at the right side of the row and evaluate each diagonal column. If the sum of a diagonal column equals 10 or greater, the tens place of this sum must be carried over and added along with the numbers in the diagonal column to the immediate left as demonstrated below.

After each diagonal column has been evaluated, the calculated numbers can be read from left to right to produce a final answer. Reading the results of the summations from left to right, in this example, produces a final answer of 54280. Therefore: The solution to multiplying 6785 by 8 is 54280; the third example computes 825 x 913. Begin once again by placing the corresponding bones to the leading number into the board. For this example, the bones 8, 2, 5 are placed in the proper order as shown below; when the number you wish to multiply by contains multiple digits, multiple rows must be reviewed. For the sake of this example, the rows for 9, 1, 3 have been removed from the board, as seen below, for easier evaluation. Evaluate each row individually, adding each diagonal column as explained in the previous examples. Reading these sums from left to right will produce the numbers needed for the long hand addition calculations to follow. Fo

George Learmond (cricketer)

George Cyril Learmond was a West Indian cricketer who toured with both of the first two touring sides to England in 1900 and 1906. Born on 4 July 1875 in Georgetown, British Guiana, Learmond made his debut in important matches for Barbados against Slade Lucas's team in 1894–95 scoring an impressive 86 in his second match; the next season, he made his debut in the Inter-Colonial Tournament for Barbados scoring 59. From 1896–97 he played for British Guiana making his debut against Jamaica and that season played against Lord Hawke's team, he was described before the 1900 tour as " Twenty four years of age. Learned his cricket in Barbados. Splendid bat, rapid run-getter, with sound defence. Good wicket-keeper, excellent field anywhere. Average for G. C. C. last year, 60.2". However he proved "quite a failure", he scored 52 against the Gentlemen of the M. C. C. at Lord's but ended the tour with a batting average of only 9.10. Returning from the 1900 tour to England he played for Trinidad and was chosen for the combined West Indies team against Bennett's side in 1901–02 and Lord Brackley's team in 1904–05 with little success.

He made his only first class century for Trinidad against a weak Jamaica side in 1905–06. He was again disappointing on the 1906 tour to England averaging just 12.91 in first class matches with a top score of 31 against Scotland. Before the tour he was described as "good bat, fine field, though a comparative failure in the last West Indian Team. If he plays up to his known form will be of great service" and "a splendid bat, who having to keep wicket, failed to do himself justice on the previous tour, he has now cultivated cutting, is a useful slow change bowler and a capital field in the slips". His final matches were against M. C. C. team of 1910–11. He had played in the Inter-Colonial Tournament on 10 consecutive occasions representing all three teams at various times. In his first class career of 45 matches he scored 1700 runs at an average of 22.66. Although he performed reasonably well in domestic cricket his performances for the West Indian teams were poor, he died 2 March 1918 in St. Vincent.

His son Angus Learmond and son-in-law George Camacho both played for British Guiana. George's son Steve Camacho played Test cricket for the West Indies. CricketArchive stats Cricinfo player profile