Leandro Mateus Barbosa is a Brazilian professional basketball player for Minas of the Novo Basquete Brasil. He represented the senior Brazilian national basketball team, he won the NBA Sixth Man of the Year Award, with the Suns in 2007, an NBA championship with the Golden State Warriors, in 2015. In Brazil, he is commonly known by his nickname "Leandrinho" Barbosa, in the USA he is nicknamed "The Brazilian Blur", referring to his playing speed. At a height of 1.92 m tall, he plays at the shooting guard position. Barbosa started his career with Palmeiras, when he was 17, he played in the regional São Paulo State Championship, under the command of Lula Ferreira, who went on to become the senior Brazilian national team's head coach. At 19, while playing in the regional São Paulo State Championship with Palmeiras, he averaged 14.2 points per game. After that, he was traded to the Brazilian club Bauru, in January 2001. During his first season as a professional in Brazil, while playing with Tilibra/Bauru, he was coached by Jorge "Guerrinha" Guerra.
He averaged 15.8 points, 6.4 assists, 1.7 steals per game. He was named the São Paulo State Championship's 2001 Rookie of the Year. Barbosa ended the season as the regional competition's fourth-ranked player in three-point field goal percentage, sixth in assists, eleventh in field goals. In 2002, he won the Brazilian Championship, as a member of Bauru. Barbosa was selected to the senior Brazilian national team, he played at the 2002 FIBA World Championship. At 6'3" with a 6'10" wingspan, Barbosa was selected 28th overall in the 2003 NBA draft by the San Antonio Spurs, but his rights were acquired by the Suns in a trade for a future protected first-round draft pick. Barbosa holds the Suns record for points scored in a game by a rookie as a first-time starter, with 27 against the Chicago Bulls on January 5, 2004, he set the Suns' record for three-point field goals by a rookie in consecutive games when he hit at least one three-pointer per game during a ten-game streak from January 2 to 19. During the 2006–2007 season, Barbosa averaged 18.1 points, 2.7 rebounds, 4.0 assists and 32.7 minutes per game despite playing off the bench and was the recipient of the 2006–07 NBA Sixth Man of the Year Award.
He scored a career-high of 41 points against the Oklahoma City Thunder on February 20, 2009. On July 14, 2010, Barbosa was traded along with Dwayne Jones to the Toronto Raptors in exchange for Hedo Türkoğlu. On August 18, 2011, Barbosa signed with Flamengo Basketball of Brazil for the duration of the 2011 NBA lockout, his deal had an out-clause. With the lockout concluding in December 2011, he returned to the Raptors. On March 15, 2012, Barbosa was traded to the Indiana Pacers for a future second-round pick. With the help of Barbosa, Indiana improved enough to make it to the second round of the playoffs before losing to the Miami Heat. On October 18, 2012, Barbosa signed with the Boston Celtics. On February 12, 2013, after a game against the Charlotte Bobcats on February 11, it was confirmed that Barbosa had suffered a torn ACL in his left knee; this injury ruled him out for the rest of the 2012–13 season. He was the third member of the team whose injury ended his season early in a span of three weeks, joining Rajon Rondo and Jared Sullinger.
On February 21, 2013, Barbosa and Jason Collins were traded to the Washington Wizards in exchange for Jordan Crawford. Despite being on the team during that time, he'd never play for the Wizards in the process. On November 19, 2013, Barbosa signed with the Esporte Clube Pinheiros of Brazil for the 2013–14 season. During this time, he averaged over 20 points, 3 rebounds, 3 assists for the team. In January 2014, he returned to the United States to play in the NBA once again. On January 8, 2014, Barbosa signed a 10-day contract with the Phoenix Suns. Barbosa would play for the Suns in their 104–103 close victory over the Minnesota Timberwolves. He'd have his best night during the first 10-day contract on January 13 against the New York Knicks when Barbosa would score 21 points, his first 20+ point game since 2012, back when he played for Boston. However, Barbosa would have a right shoulder strain after the game. On January 18, Barbosa signed a second 10-day contract with the Suns. He'd make his first home debut with the Suns in over 4 years a day in a 117–103 blowout victory against the Denver Nuggets.
During his second 10-day contract, Barbosa's best performance came on January 24 at home against the Washington Wizards, where he would score 10 points against them. On January 28, 2014, following the Suns' road game against the Philadelphia 76ers, which subsequently marked the end of his second 10-day contract, the Suns liked Barbosa's production for the team and they decided to sign him for the rest of the 2013–14 NBA season. On March 4, 2014, in a game against the Los Angeles Clippers at home, Barbosa fractured his right hand, as a result, he missed the rest of the season. On September 10, 2014, Barbosa signed with the Golden State Warriors following his great performance at the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup. On December 30, 2014, he scored a season-high 17 points in a 126–86 win over the Philadelphia 76ers. Barbosa won his first NBA championship with the Warriors after they defeated the Cleveland Cavaliers in the 2015 NBA Finals in six games. On July 13, 2015, Barbosa re-signed with the Warriors.
In 2015–16, Barbosa helped the Warriors win an NBA record 73 games to eclipse the 72 wins set by the 1995–96 Chicago Bulls. The Warriors made it to the 2016 NBA Finals after overcoming a 3–1 deficit against the Oklahoma City Thunder in th
Canada men's national basketball team
The Canadian men's national basketball team is ranked 23rd by FIBA. Athletes for this team are selected by Canada Basketball; the team's head coach is Jay Triano and its general manager is Steve Nash, both former captains of the national team. In nine Olympic appearances, Canada has only won one medal in basketball – a silver at the 1936 Games in Berlin; the team finished fourth in 1976 and 1984. Canada has won six medals at the FIBA AmeriCup – two silver medals in 1980 and 1999, as well as four bronze medals in 1984, 1988, 2001, 2015; the team won its first medal at the Pan American Games, a silver medal, in 2015. Canada won its only gold medal at a university-level tournament, the 1983 Summer Universiade, which the country hosted in Edmonton, Alberta; as the country credited for bringing forth the inventor of the game, Canada's national team has been a major competitor at the global stage. Yet, it still waits for its first title at a major international tournament. In the 70s and 80s, Team Canada was placed among the top teams in the world.
The emergence of Steve Nash gave another boost to the team in the 90s. Yet, great performances became more scarce. In September 2009, Canada finished fourth in the 2009 FIBA Americas Championship; this guaranteed them a place in the 2010 FIBA World Championship held in Turkey. Canada finished last of the Group D, got ranked 22nd of the FIBA World Cup. Critics blamed the absence of Nash, Jamaal Magloire and Matt Bonner for Canada's disappointing performance at the 2010 FIBA World Championship. Ambitions to gather Canada's most outstanding basketball players for the 2010 squad failed as Nash retired from the national team in 2007, Bonner did not get his citizenship in time, Dalembert was cut from the team after issues with former head coach Rautins and Magloire opted not to play. On May 9, 2012, Steve Nash was named general manager of the national team of Canada; the Canadians made their debut at the 2018 Commonwealth Games on the Gold Coast, winning a silver medal. 2018: Silver 2000: 4th place 2007: 3rd place 2009: 3rd place 2011: 4th place 2013: 5th place 2015: Champions 1983: Gold 1985: Bronze 1991: Silver 1993: Silver 1995: Bronze 1997: Silver 2003: Bronze 2007: Bronze 2011: Silver The following is the 12-man roster for the 2019 FIBA World Cup qualifier matches against Chile and Venezuela on 21 and 24 February 2019.
Other current players: Retired players: Rick Fox – Retired NBA player Stewart Granger – Retired NBA player Lars Hansen – Retired NBA player Todd MacCulloch – Retired NBA player Steve Nash – Retired NBA player, Basketball Hall of Famer Leo Rautins – Retired NBA player Mike Smrek – Retired NBA player Jay Triano – Retired professional player, NBA draft pick Bill Wennington – Retired NBA player Jim Zoet – Retired NBA player Jack Donohue: 1972–1988 Ken Shields: 1989–1994 Steve Konchalski: 1995–1998 Jay Triano: 1999–2004 Leo Rautins: 2005–2011 Jay Triano: 2012–present Scroll down to see more. 2015: Nike 2015: Bell Canada Basketball FIBA Americas Canada women's national basketball team Canada national under-19 basketball team Canada national under-17 basketball team Canada Basketball official website FIBA Profile USBasket.com – Canada Men National Team Archived records of Canada team participations
2009 FIBA Americas Championship
The 2009 FIBA Americas Championship known as the FIBA AmeriCup, was the continental championship held by FIBA Americas, for North and South America and the Caribbean. This FIBA AmeriCup championship served as a qualifying tournament for the 2010 FIBA World Championship in Turkey; each of the top four finishers in the quarterfinal round robin qualified for the World Championship. Brazil won the gold medal, after 61 -- 60, in the title game; this was Brazil's fourth FIBA AmeriCup title, second in the last three tournaments. At the time FIBA world number 1 ranked Argentina claimed the bronze medal, over fourth placed Canada. By making the quarterfinals, all four teams qualified for the 2010 FIBA World Championship; the tournament's leading scorer, Luis Scola, was named MVP of the tournament, after he rallied Argentina from an 0–2 start, to the bronze medal, by leading his team in scoring, in nine out of ten games. The hosting privileges were awarded to Mexico but were removed by FIBA Americas due to issues involving the sponsorship of the event.
The other countries that qualified were informed by FIBA of the announcement, with Uruguay, Puerto Rico and Canada all expressing interest of hosting the tournament. On May 29, 2009, it was announced that Puerto Rico was selected as the new host of the championships, with the Roberto Clemente Coliseum in San Juan as the venue. Puerto Rico had hosted the 1980, 1993, 1999 and the 2003 Tournament of the Americas (prior to the tournament being renamed the FIBA Americas Championship. All games were played at Roberto Clemente Coliseum, which hosted games in each of Puerto Rico's previous four times hosting the FIBA Americas Championship; the 10,000-seat arena hosted the final round of the 1974 FIBA World Championship after construction was completed in January 1973. Qualification was done via FIBA Americas' sub-zones; the qualified teams are: South American Sub-Zone: Argentina Brazil Uruguay Venezuela North America Sub-Zone: Canada Central American and Caribbean Zone: Panama Cuba withdrew. Dominican Republic Mexico Puerto Rico Virgin IslandsThe draw was done on June 9, at the Roberto Clemente Coliseum.
Panama replaced Cuba. The United States, which had qualified for the World Championship with a gold-medal performance in the 2008 Beijing Olympics, skipped this tournament, opening the slot for another team from the Centrobasket championship to qualify. Besides the United States, every participating nation from the FIBA Americas Championship 2007 qualified for this tournament, although Panama only returned by virtue of Cuba's withdrawal; the Dominican Republic returned to the tournament for the ninth time after failing to qualify in 2007. The draw ceremonies were held at San Juan on June 9, 2009; the results, with the FIBA World Rankings prior to the draw, were: Note: Cuba had 0 ranking points and was therefore ranked after the last ranked team. However, once Cuba withdrew, ranked 30th, took Cuba's spot in Group B; the top four teams from each group advance to the quarterfinals. Results and standings among teams within the same group are carried over; the top four teams at the quarterfinals advance to the semifinals.
The top four qualify outright to the 2010 FIBA World Championship. The winners in the knockout semifinals advance to the Final; the losers play for third place. Ties are broken via the following the criteria, with the first option used first, all the way down to the last option: Head to head results Goal average between the tied teams Goal average of the tied teams for all teams in its group Each team had a roster of twelve players. Seven players on NBA rosters played in the tournament; the Dominican Republic led the way with three: Francisco Garcia, Al Horford, Charlie Villanueva. Brazil and Argentina called up NBA players to their rosters. In Group A, hosts Puerto Rico stormed through to the quarterfinals undefeated, winning each game by double digits. On the fourth day of group play, surprising Uruguay stunned Canada, which had won its previous two games by a combined 75 points, for second place in the group after Martin Osimani hit a three with 21 seconds that gave the Uruguayans a 71–69 victory.
Mexico dominated the second half against the Virgin Islands en route to a 17-point victory and the final quarterfinal spot out of Group A. Group B began with a shocker as Venezuela dominated world number one ranked Argentina, forcing 23 turnovers en route to a 16-point victory. Group winner Brazil was the only consistent team in the group, winning all of its games by at least nine points; the Dominican Republic, sporting a roster that included a tournament-high three NBA players, qualified to the quarterfinals with a 2–2 record. Argentina, buoyed by tournament scoring leader Luis Scola, rebounded from an 0–2 start to win its last two games and qualify for the next round. Venezuela could not capitalize on its victory over Argentina and was sent home after losing to Panama; the Venezuelans could have advanced on a tiebreaker had Argentina lost to the Dominicans, but Charlie Villanueva missed a three-pointer at the buzzer in overtime and Argentina escaped with an 89–87 victory in the final game of group play.
In the quarterfinals and Puerto Rico clinched a semifinal berth and qualification for the 2010 FIBA World Championship when both teams won their first two quarterfinal games to run their records to 5–0. World number one ranked Argentina qualified, winning all four of their quarterfinal games to erase an 0–2 start and escape a nearly disastrous result. All three
The Toronto Raptors are a Canadian professional basketball team based in Toronto, Ontario. The Raptors compete in the National Basketball Association, as a member club of the league's Eastern Conference Atlantic Division. Founded in 1995 as part of the NBA's expansion into Canada, the Raptors are the only Canadian-based team in the league, they play their home games at the Scotiabank Arena. Like most expansion teams, the Raptors struggled in their early years, but after the acquisition of Vince Carter through a draft day trade in 1998, the team set league-attendance records and made the NBA playoffs in 2000, 2001, 2002. Carter was instrumental in leading the team to their first playoff series win in 2001, where they advanced to the Eastern Conference semifinals. During the 2002–03 and 2003–04 seasons, they failed to make significant progress, Carter was traded in 2004 to the New Jersey Nets. After Carter left, Chris Bosh emerged as the team leader. In the 2006–07 season, Bryan Colangelo was appointed as General Manager, through a combination of Bosh, 2006 first overall draft pick Andrea Bargnani, a revamp of the roster, the Raptors qualified for their first playoff berth in five years, capturing the Atlantic Division title.
In the 2007–08 season, they advanced to the playoffs, but failed to reach the post-season in each of the next five seasons. Colangelo overhauled the team's roster for the 2009–10 season in a bid to persuade pending free agent Bosh to stay, but Bosh departed to sign with the Miami Heat in July 2010, ushering in yet another era of rebuilding for the Raptors. Masai Ujiri replaced Colangelo in 2013, helped herald a new era of success, led by backcourt duo Kyle Lowry and DeMar DeRozan; the Raptors returned to the playoffs the following year and became a consistent playoff team in every year of Ujiri's tenure. Under Ujiri, the team won five Division titles and registered their most successful regular season in 2018. However, the team's failure to reach beyond the conference finals prompted Ujiri to fire head coach Dwane Casey shortly after the playoffs concluded and conduct the high-profile trade of DeRozan for Kawhi Leonard and Danny Green that summer, as well as Marc Gasol before the trade deadline.
The Toronto Raptors were established on November 4, 1993, when the NBA, as part of its expansion into Canada, awarded its 28th franchise to a group headed by Toronto businessman John Bitove for a then-record expansion fee of $125 million USD. Bitove and Allan Slaight of Slaight Communications each owned 44 per cent, with the Bank of Nova Scotia, David Peterson, Phil Granovsky being minority partners. Wagering on NBA games in Ontario nearly cost Toronto the expansion franchise, due to strict league rules at the time that prohibited gambling. However, an agreement was reached whereby the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation, the provincial lottery corporation that regulates gambling in Ontario, agreed to stop offering wagering on all NBA games in exchange for a donation by the Raptors of $5 million in its first three years and $1 million annually afterwards to its charitable foundation to compensate OLG for its loss of revenue; the Raptors, along with the Vancouver Grizzlies, played their first game in 1995, were the first NBA teams based in Canada since the 1946–47 Toronto Huskies of the Basketball Association of America, though the Buffalo Braves had played a total of 16 regular season games at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto from 1971 to 1975.
The Raptors marked a return of professional basketball to the city after a 48-year absence. Initial sentiment was in favour of reviving the Huskies nickname, but team management realized it would be nearly impossible to design a logo that did not resemble that of the Minnesota Timberwolves; as a result, a nationwide contest was held to help develop their colours and logo. Over 2,000 entries were narrowed down to eleven prospects: Beavers, Dragons, Hogs, Scorpions, T-Rex, Tarantulas and Towers; the final selection—Toronto Raptors—was unveiled on Canadian national television on May 15, 1994: the choice was influenced by the popularity of the 1993 film adaption of the 1990 science fiction novel Jurassic Park by Michael Crichton. The name "Raptor" is a common informal name for the Velociraptor, a swift medium-sized dromaeosaurid theropod non-avian dinosaur. On May 24, 1994, the team's logo and first General Manager, Isiah Thomas, were revealed at a press conference; as part of the deal, Thomas received an option to purchase part of the team for under market value.
He would purchase 4.5 per cent in May 1995 and a further 4.5 per cent in December 1995, half each from Bitove and Slaight, decreasing their share to 39.5 per cent. The team's colours of bright red, purple and silver were revealed; the team competed in the Central Division, before the inaugural season began, sales of Raptors merchandise ranked seventh in the league, marking a successful return of professional basketball to Canada. As General Manager, Isiah Thomas staffed the management positions with his own personnel, naming long-time Detroit Pistons assistant Brendan Malone as the Raptors' head coach; the team's roster was filled as a result of an expansion draft in 1995. Following a coin flip, Toronto was given first choice and selected Chicago Bulls point guard and three-point specialist B. J. Armstrong. Armstrong refused to report for training, Thomas promptly traded him to the Golden State Warriors for power forwards Carlos Rogers and Victor Alexander. Thomas selected a wi
Brazil national basketball team
The Brazil national basketball team is governed by the Brazilian Basketball Confederation, abbreviated as CBB. They have been a member of the International Federation of Basketball, since 1935. Brazil's national basketball team remains among the most successful in the Americas, it is the only team besides the United States, that has appeared at every FIBA Basketball World Cup, since it was first held in 1950. Throughout its history, the Brazilian national team has won two FIBA World Cup gold medals, three Summer Olympic Games bronze medals, four FIBA AmeriCup gold medals, six Pan American Games gold medals. Basketball was introduced to Brazil by Professor Augusto Shaw in 1896. In 1912, he began organizing the first state tournament and in 1922 the first national team made its debut at games against Argentina and Uruguay; as in the case of football, South America was ahead of the rest of the world and in 1930 held the first edition of the FIBA South American Championship. In that decade, Brazilian basketball was supported by professional football clubs, to include it as a new sports section, although amateur in nature.
These clubs became professional and supported the national team with world-class players. In the following years, Brazil became a regular at major international competitions, its basketball squad participated in the first official basketball tournament at the Summer Olympics 1936 in Berlin. In 1939, the first continental championship was held in Rio de Janeiro. In the 40s, basketball left the elitist stigma; the sport received the ultimate accolade at the 1948 Olympic Games in London. There, against all odds, the team directed by Moacyr Daiuto managed to achieve the bronze medal; the team recorded six straight wins. In the bronze medal match, Brazil beat Mexico, they managed to feature ten amateur players. The pre-Olympic Brazil concentration was poor in resources. After its time-consuming journey to London, the team was astonishment when they saw how the U. S. team practiced: each player with a ball. Brazil only had two for the whole team. One of the fundamental pillars of Brazilian basketball was the boldness of its coaches.
The "father" of them all is Togo Renan Soares, "Kanela". Working in the shadow of the giant football, Kanela understood that basketball would add more followers if it could only offer new emotions, he aimed to get the influential media involved, so the game was conceived as a spectacle based on its dynamism and aesthetics. The formula worked. Besides the national team, he coached Flamengo which chained ten titles Rio de Janeiro State Championships in a row. Born in Joao Pessoa, he coached football and water polo. In his youth, he studied at a military college, his lengthy workouts alternated with authoritative teaching tone. The unstoppable rise of basketball was confirmed at the second World Championship in Rio; the Brazilian team, coached by Kanela, reached the final undefeated and proclaimed runner-up after losing to the global hegemonic basketball power from the U. S; that Brazilian team was equipped with experienced players who won the bronze medal at the 1948 London Summer Olmpic Games, supported through the arrival of two young men.
These young men were Amaury Pasos and Wlamir Marques, 18 and 17 years old, respectively. The bet of the visionary Kanela would give tremendous returns in years; the Brazilian player leap happened when the team was made up of willing and enthusiastic amateurs. These athletes, who were initiated into the game self-taught by imitation of American basketball players who had toured the country; the hard work of Kanela consisted of giving these players basic fundamentals and lecture them on team concepts. Amaury and Wlamir were his most successful students, their jump shots dazzled at the 54 FIBA World Cup. "Their scoring was smart and technically perfect." Said the Brazilian journalist Fábio Balassiano. Before playing basketball, who measured 1.91 m tall, had practiced swimming and volleyball, which provided him with much athletic ability. Amaury began his career playing as a typical center and power forward, but he learned to play away from the basket, to play as a play maker, his partner, was another former track runner.
Standing 1.85 m tall, Wlamir was a great shooter, had great ball handling skills, enormous agility and jumping ability, which helped him to become an excellent rebounder. Amaury and Wlamir fit well into Kanela's system: fast pace, quick transition, full confidence in the outside shooters. After three months of intense preparation at a Marine base, Brazil was presented at the 1959 FIBA World Championship in Chile, as a candidate for the podium. In addition to the U. S. a tough opponent emerged, absent in the previous tournament: the Soviet Union, the 1957 EuroBasket champions and 1956 Summer Olympics silver medalists. Kanela had the following starting lineup: Amaury Pasos as play maker, Wlamir Marques and the 33-year old veteran, Algodão, as wings. To complete his 7-player rotation, Kanela played his bench players, small forward Jatyr Schall and point guard Pecente Fonseca. There were some minutes for the young forward Rosa Branca, a great ball handler, who received an offer to join the Harlem Globetrotters.
In 2012, Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro, or Rio, is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area and the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of the state of Brazil's third-most populous state. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape. Founded in 1565 by the Portuguese, the city was the seat of the Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, a domain of the Portuguese Empire. In 1763, it became the capital of the State of Brazil, a state of the Portuguese Empire. In 1808, when the Portuguese Royal Court transferred itself from Portugal to Brazil, Rio de Janeiro became the chosen seat of the court of Queen Maria I of Portugal, who subsequently, in 1815, under the leadership of her son, the Prince Regent, future King João VI of Portugal, raised Brazil to the dignity of a kingdom, within the United Kingdom of Portugal and Algarves.
Rio stayed the capital of the pluricontinental Lusitanian monarchy until 1822, when the War of Brazilian Independence began. This is one of the few instances in history that the capital of a colonising country shifted to a city in one of its colonies. Rio de Janeiro subsequently served as the capital of the independent monarchy, the Empire of Brazil, until 1889, the capital of a republican Brazil until 1960 when the capital was transferred to Brasília. Rio de Janeiro has the second largest municipal GDP in the country, 30th largest in the world in 2008, estimated at about R$343 billion, it is headquarters to Brazilian oil and telecommunications companies, including two of the country's major corporations – Petrobras and Vale – and Latin America's largest telemedia conglomerate, Grupo Globo. The home of many universities and institutes, it is the second-largest center of research and development in Brazil, accounting for 17% of national scientific output according to 2005 data. Despite the high perception of crime, the city has a lower incidence of crime than Northeast Brazil, but it is far more criminalized than the south region of Brazil, considered the safest in the country.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the most visited cities in the Southern Hemisphere and is known for its natural settings, samba, bossa nova, balneario beaches such as Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana and Leblon. In addition to the beaches, some of the most famous landmarks include the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Rio de Janeiro was the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics, making the city the first South American and Portuguese-speaking city to host the events, the third time the Olympics were held in a Southern Hemisphere city; the Maracanã Stadium held the finals of the 1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, the XV Pan American Games. Europeans first encountered Guanabara Bay on 1 January 1502, by a Portuguese expedition under explorer Gaspar de Lemos, captain of a ship in Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet, or under Gonçalo Coelho; the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci participated as observer at the invitation of King Manuel I in the same expedition.
The region of Rio was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri and Maxakalí peoples. In 1555, one of the islands of Guanabara Bay, now called Villegagnon Island, was occupied by 500 French colonists under the French admiral Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon. Villegagnon built Fort Coligny on the island when attempting to establish the France Antarctique colony; the city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on 1 March 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honour of St. Sebastian, the saint, the namesake and patron of the Portuguese then-monarch Sebastião. Rio de Janeiro was the name of Guanabara Bay; until early in the 18th century, the city was threatened or invaded by several French pirates and buccaneers, such as Jean-François Duclerc and René Duguay-Trouin. In the late 17th century, still during the Sugar Era, the Bandeirantes discovered gold and diamonds in the neighbouring captaincy of Minas Gerais, thus Rio de Janeiro became a much more practical port for exporting wealth than Salvador, much farther northeast.
On 27 January 1763, the colonial administration in Portuguese America was moved from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro. The city remained a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro; the kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. As there was no physical space or urban structure to accommodate hundreds of noblemen who arrived many inhabitants were evicted from their homes. In the first decades, several educational establishments were created, such as the Military Academy, the Royal School of Sciences and Crafts and the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, as well as the National Library of Brazil – with the largest collection in Latin America – and The Botanical Garden; the first printed newspaper in Brazil, the Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro, came into circulation during this period. When Brazil was elevated to Kingdom in 1815, it
The Milwaukee Bucks are an American professional basketball team based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The Bucks compete in the National Basketball Association as a member club of the league's Eastern Conference Central Division; the team was founded in 1968 as an expansion team, play at the Fiserv Forum. Former U. S. Senator Herb Kohl was the long-time owner of the team, but on April 16, 2014, a group led by billionaire hedge fund managers Wes Edens and Marc Lasry agreed to purchase a majority interest in the team from Kohl, a sale, approved by the owners of the NBA and its Board of Governors one month on May 16; the team is managed by Jon Horst, the team's former director of basketball operations, who took over for John Hammond in May 2017. The Bucks have won one league title, two conference titles, 14 division titles, they have featured such notable players as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Sidney Moncrief, Oscar Robertson, Bob Dandridge, Bob Lanier, Glenn Robinson, Ray Allen, Sam Cassell, Junior Bridgeman, Michael Redd, Terry Cummings, Vin Baker, Jon McGlocklin, Marques Johnson, Brian Winters.
On January 22, 1968, the NBA awarded a franchise to Milwaukee Professional Sports and Services, Inc. a group headed by Wesley Pavalon and Marvin Fishman. A fan contest was held to name the new team, with over 40,000 fans participating. While the most-voted fan entry was the Robins, named for Wisconsin's state bird, the contest judges went with the second-most popular choice, the Bucks, a reference to Wisconsin's official wild animal, the white-tailed deer. One fan, R. D. Trebilcox, was awarded a new car for his part in reasoning why the Bucks was a good nickname, saying that bucks were "spirited, good jumpers and agile." The Bucks marked a return of the NBA to Milwaukee after 13 years. In October, the Bucks played their first NBA regular-season game against the Chicago Bulls before a Milwaukee Arena crowd of 8,467; as is typical with expansion teams, the Bucks' first season was a struggle. Their first victory came in their sixth game as the Bucks beat the Detroit Pistons 134–118; the Bucks' record that year earned them a coin flip against their expansion cousins, the Phoenix Suns, to see who would get the first pick in the upcoming draft.
It was considered a foregone conclusion that the first pick in the draft would be Lew Alcindor of UCLA. The Bucks won the coin flip, but had to win a bidding war with the upstart American Basketball Association to secure him. Despite the Bucks' stroke of fortune in landing Alcindor, no one expected what happened in 1969–70, they finished with a 56–26 record – a nearly exact reversal of the previous year and good enough for the second-best record in the league, behind the New York Knicks. The 29-game improvement was the best in league history – a record which would stand for 10 years until the Boston Celtics jumped from 29 wins in 1978–79 to 61 in 1979–80; the Bucks defeated the Philadelphia 76ers in five games in the Eastern semifinals, only to be dispatched in five by the Knicks in the Eastern finals. Alcindor was a runaway selection for NBA Rookie of the Year; the following season, the Bucks got an unexpected gift when they acquired Oscar Robertson, known as the "Big O", in a trade with the Cincinnati Royals.
Subsequently, in only their third season, the Bucks finished 66–16 – the second-most wins in NBA history at the time, still the most in franchise history. During the regular season, the Bucks recorded, they steamrolled through the playoffs with a dominating 12–2 record, winning the NBA Championship on April 30, 1971, by sweeping the Baltimore Bullets in four games. By winning it all in only their third season, the Bucks became the fastest expansion team in the history of North American sports to win a championship; as of 2018, it remains the only title in team history. The Bucks remained a powerhouse for the first half of the 1970s. In 1972, they recorded their third consecutive 60-win season. During the year, Lew Alcindor changed his name to Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. Milwaukee beat the Warriors in the playoffs 4–1, but lost the conference finals to Los Angeles 4–2. Injuries resulted in an early 1973 playoff exit, but the Bucks were back in the 1974 NBA Finals against the Boston Celtics. In game six of the series, Abdul-Jabbar made his famous "sky hook" shot to end a classic double-overtime victory for the Bucks.
The Bucks lost the series to the Celtics. As the 1974–1975 season began, Abdul-Jabbar suffered a hand injury and the team got off to a 3–13 start. After his return, other injuries befell Milwaukee, sending them to the bottom of their division with 38 wins and 44 losses; when the season ended, Abdul-Jabbar made the stunning announcement that he no longer wished to play for the Bucks, stating that he needed the big city, requesting a trade to either Los Angeles or New York City. The front office was unable to convince him otherwise and on June 16, 1975, the Bucks pulled a mega-trade by sending Abdul-Jabbar to the Lakers for Elmore Smith, Junior Bridgeman, Brian Winters and David Meyers; the trade triggered a series of events. The Bucks' largest stockholder, cable television executive Jim Fitzgerald, opposed the trade and wanted to sell his stock. Although Fitzgerald was the largest stockholder, he did not own enough stock to control the team. After the deal, the Bucks