Persian Gulf Pro League
The Persian Gulf Pro League formerly known as Iran Pro League, is a professional football league competition for clubs located at the highest level of the Iranian football league system. It was founded in 1970 as the Takht Jamshid Cup, contested by 16 teams, it is ranked by the Asian Football Confederation as the 2nd best league in Asia and the best league in Western Asia. The Persian Gulf Pro League is the top tier of an extensive structure, above the Azadegan League, the 2nd division, the 3rd Division. Since the leagues creation in 2001, seven different teams have become league champions, perspolis is the most successful club with five trophies. In 1970, the Local League was created, the league included teams from all Iran in different qualifying tournaments. In 1972, the Takht Jamshid Cup was created as the national league, Pas Tehran and Persepolis were the most successful clubs in the cups five-year existence, each club winning the cup twice. In 1978, the league was abandoned because of the Iranian Revolution, due to the revolution and the Iran–Iraq War, football was no longer a priority. In 1985, the Qods League was created and was played among provincial teams, Tehran A and Esfahan were the most successful teams, each winning the league twice. In spite of attempts to create a national league, the most important competition in Iran in the 1980s was the Tehran Clubs Cup in which Persepolis dominated. In 1991, the Qods League was renamed the Azadegan League in honor of the Iranian prisoners of war who were released, Pas Tehran won the inaugural season of the league and Iran had a national league for the first time since the revolution. Pas Tehran, Persepolis, and Esteghlal were the leagues most successful sides, with Pas and Esteghlal winning the Asian Club Championships, in 2001, the league was dissolved with the introduction of the new Iran Pro League. The 2001–02 season saw the introduction of a football league in Iran. The first winner of the Iran Pro League was Persepolis, who beat archrival Esteghlal by one point on the match day. In the 2002–03 season, Sepahan won the league comfortably with seven points separating them, in the 2003–04 season, Pas Tehran won their first title after coming in second place the previous year, defending champion Sepahan finished in the 6th place. The 2004–05 season was a one as Foolad shockingly won the title. In the 2005–06 season, Tehran club Esteghlal won their first league title, on August 12,2006, the Iranian Football Federation decided to change the name of the league once again, it was changed to the Persian Gulf Cup. This was done to promote the name of the Persian Gulf, the logo of the league was also changed, with the winner being selected from over 130 designs and unveiled on November 14,2006. Saipa was the 6th team to win the new edition of the league which meant six different teams won the title in a row
Foolad Mobarakeh Sepahan Football Club commonly known as Sepahan, is an Iranian football club based in Esfahan. They compete in Irans top-level league known as Persian Gulf Pro League and with 5 championships, in 2011 Sepahan won the first Asian treble. In 2002–03 season, they became the first non-Tehran based team to win the Iranian League title, Sepahan are the current champions of IPL in 2014–15 season. They are also the first and the only Iranian football club who won three titles in Iranian Football League history. Sepahan have been the most successful club in Iran since the establishment of Iran Pro League in 2001, with five IPL championships. They are also the first Iranian club who reached the AFC Champions League final in 2007, the Club is the football division of Foolad Mobarakeh Sepahan Sport Club and is owned by Mobarakeh Steel Co. In 1953, with the help of Iran national football team player Mahmoud Hariri the Shahin Isfahan football club was created and this club was one of the teams attached to the more popular and successful Shahin F. C. of Tehran. In 1963 Shahin as the representative of Isfahan Province became champions of Iran after a 1–1 draw against Tehran XI, in 1967 due to the problems that arose in the Shahin F. C. organization in Tehran, the Isfahan branch was forced to cease operations. The club changed its name to Sepahan, the club participated in the Takht Jamshid Cup league from 1974 to 1978. In the clubs first season in the Takht Jamshid Cup they finished in 10th place ahead of city rivals Zob Ahan, after the Revolution, they played in the local Isfahan leagues for many years until 1993. That year the club was purchased by the Siman-e-Sepahan factory of Isfahan and it participated in the Azadegan League until the year 2000, when Foolad Mobarekeh bought the team from the Siman factory. The team now plays under the name of Foolad Mobarakeh Sepahan, and enjoys good support by the club board. The club was able to demonstrate its worth when it captured the title in the 2002–03 season of the IPL. It also won the Hazfi Cup in 2004 and was able to qualify for another season of the ACL competition, with Luka Bonačić, Sepahan was able to once again win the Hazfi Cup on 22 September 2006. With this win, they gained Irans final and second spot in the AFC Champions League 2007, although they lost the final to Urawa Red Diamonds on aggregate, by reaching the final, Sepahan became the first Iranian club to qualify for the FIFA Club World Cup. Urawa Reds managed to defeat Sepahan for the time in just one month. By winning the Hazfi Cup once again in 2007, Sepahan also qualified for the AFC Champions League 2008, Sepahan has qualified for the AFC Champions League for the third consecutive time in 2009, coming as the Runners-up in Persian Gulf Cup 2007-08. Sepahan lost the title by one point to Persepolis F. C. who beat them 2–1 in the last match of the season with a winner six minutes into second half injury time
Paykan Football Club is a football team based in Qods, Iran. The team is sponsored by Irans main automobile manufacturer Iran Khodro and is named one of its older products. Paykan F. C. is the club of the multisport Paykan Sport Club which also includes Basketball and volleyball teams. The club was established in 1967 by Mahmoud Khayami with financial help from the Iran Khodro factory, the main objective was to promote their factorys products, and improve their reputation. They were able to lure great players such as Ali Parvin, Majid Halvaei and Amir Abedini, in 1969 the team became the Tehran City Leagues champions and the team appeared to have a bright future. The team was dissolved in 1970 after a series of difficulties between the players and management, most of the players went back to Persepolis. Paykan still operated without a team specifically in the 1980s but carried on with basketball, handball. Paykan did not have a team until the year 2000. The team participated in the 2000–01 Azadegan League with Bahmans squad, among Iranian football clubs, the team is known to have one of the better organizations in terms of facilities and management. The team had success and were relegated from the Iran Pro League in the 2004–05 season. They were back in the IPL for the 06–07 season where they finished a respectable 7th, in 2008 Paykan was moved to Qazvin because the city of Tehran had many football teams with low attendance figures. They started the well but toward the end their results got worse. The team changed their coach in the last weeks of the 2008–09 season, although they finished in the top half of the table in 2009–10 season the club chairman decided to replace Hamid Derakhshan with Mohammad Ahmadzadeh as the head coach. Paykan were relegated in 2010–2011, but the year they earned their promotion back to the Iran Pro League for the 2012–2013 season. Paykan moved back to Tehran and started playing in the newly renovated Takhti Stadium, Paykan was relegated to Azadegan League again in April 2013. Before the start of the 2013–14 season Paykan once again relocate, in the 2013–2014 season Paykan finished 2nd in the Azadegan League, thus giving them a shot at Iran Pro League promotion. Paykan defeated Siah Jamegan 3–1 on aggregate and advanced to play Iran Pro League club Fajr Sepasi in a promotion play-off, the first game in Shiraz ended 0–0 with neither team getting the upper hand. But, in the leg in Qods, Paykan achieved promotion with a lone goal in the 65th minute
Naft Masjed Soleyman F.C.
Naft Masjed Soleyman Football Club is an Iranian football club based in Masjed-Soleyman, Iran. They currently compete in the Azadegan League as they were relegated at the end of 2014–15 Persian Gulf Pro League season, Naft Masjed-Soleyman is owned by the National Iranian Oil Company. Behnam Mohammadi Stadium is the home stadium and underwent renovations in 2014 to meet Persian Gulf Pro League standards. When oil was discovered in Masjed Soleyman, there was a rush of workers to the city, the Team was established in 1965 as F. C. Corona Masjed-Soleyman and was composed of Persian, British and Armenian engineers working for the National Iranian Oil Company. The team garnished it first taste of victory in 1973 when it won the Khuzestan Provincial Cup, before the revolution the most popular team in the city was Taj Masjed Soleyman. After the revolution Taj was dissolved and Naft became the most popular team in Masjed Soleyman, Naft was promoted to the Azadegan League in 2010 after a successful season in the 2nd Division. In the 2013–14 season Naft Masjed Soleyman finished first in the table with 12 wins and 7 draws and were promoted to the Persian Gulf Pro League, Naft Masjed Soleyman became the first team from the city of Masjed Soleyman to compete in the best league of Iran. Before the start of the season, the National Iranian Oil Company improved the Behnam Mohammadi Stadium to meet 2014–15 Iran Pro League conditions, in their first Iran Pro League match Naft tied 0–0 against Saipa. Naft Masjed Soleyman becomes the team in Iran Pro League that is owned by NIOC including Naft Tehran. Naft won its first ever Persian Gulf Pro League match in a 2–1 victory against Foolad on 3 October 2014, at the end of the season Naft finished last in the league and was relegated to the Azadegan League. The table below chronicles the achievements of Naft Masjed-Soleyman in various competitions since 2009, as of August 5,2016 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, for recent transfers, see List of Iranian football transfers summer 2015. Iran Pro League Official Website Players
Tractor Sazi F.C.
Tractor Sazi Tabriz Football Club commonly known as Tractor is a professional football club based in Tabriz, Azerbaijan, Iran. It is owned by Iran Tractor Manufacturing Company and they play in Irans Persian Gulf Pro League. The club was founded in 1970 and was promoted to the first division five years later, the club is one of the most famous and most popular clubs in Iran and Asia. It is one of the most popular clubs among Irans neighboring Turkic countries including Turkey, in 2010–11 Iran Pro League average attendance for home games in Sahand Stadium was near 42,000. In 2008–09 season, Tractor was returned to the first division of the Iranian football after eight years with promoting from Azadegan League to the Iran Pro League, after that, Tractor Sazi began its growing trend with ending the following season after their promotion in the 7th place. They finished next season in the 5th place before finishing 2011–12 and they also qualified to the AFC Champions League in the 2013 edition for the first time in their history. They repeated this position in the season and also in 2014–15 season. The club also won 2013–14 Hazfi Cup, Tractor qualified for the knock-out stage of the AFC Champions League in 2016. Tractor Sazi Club also has teams in futsal, basketball, volleyball, taekwondo, Tractor Sazi was formed in 1970 in support of Tractor Manufacturing Company in Tabriz. They played in the Pasargad League for five years until 1975 and they finished 1974–75 as the winner of the Pasargard League and promoted to the Takht Jamshid Cup. In their first season in the Takht Jamshid Cup, they were in poor form and they were also lost the Hazfi Cup final to the Malavan in the cups inaugural edition. After their relegation, Hossein Fekri remained as the manager and led them to a return to the first division for the 1977–78 season. In 1978–79 season which never finished due to Iranian Revolution, they were in the 8th place with twelve matches and their rival at these times was Machine Sazi, which is also based in Tabriz. In the 1980s the national league was suspended due to the Iran-Iraq War, romanian coach Vasile Godja was in charge of Tractor Sazis youth teams from 1986. He was also a worker of the Tractor Company and discovered various talents as the B teams coach and he also discovered and trained various talented players like Karim Bargheri, Sirous Dinmohammadi, Alireza Nikmer and Hossein Khatibi, which in time became players of Irans national team. In 1990, he was promoted as the first team coach which he led the club in the 1992–93 season finishing third place in national competition followed by Persepolis, esmail Halali was their star in this period. Under his leadership in 1994, Tractor Sazi made the finals of the Hazfi Cup again this time losing to Bahman in the final, Godja left the team in 1997 after eight years in charge of the club. Mohammad Hossein Ziaei then became the player-coach of Tractor Sazi, at this time, notable players of the team started their migration to the other clubs
Naft Tehran F.C.
Sanate Nafte Tehran is an Iranian football club based in Tehran, Iran. They currently compete in the Persian Gulf Pro League and they were owned by the National Iranian Oil Company previously. Naft Tehran was founded in 1950 and plays in the Takhti Stadium, in 2015 for the first time in the clubs history Naft played in the AFC Champions League. They defeated Al-Ahli of Saudi Arabia in the round of 16 to advance to the quarter–finals where they eventually lost to Al-Ahli Dubai, on 23 August 1971, National Iranian Oil Company decided on starting a football team. Before the Iranian Revolution the team competed in the Tehran Football League for several years, in 2003, the club was competing in the Tehran Local Leagues, in 2005 they were promoted to the 3rd Division. Naft Tehran was competing in Irans 2nd Division and they turned out to be one of the best teams, in the First Round, they had managed to score 36 goals and convecting only 14, they were on top of Iranjavan with 38 points. In the Second Round, they came out second at the Group B and they were just under Mes Sarcheshmeh with 3 points away and 1 point on top of Esteghlal Jonub Tehran, Naft Tehran after promoted to Azadegan League. After three years of competing in the 2nd Division, Naft was promoted to the Azadegan League, Naft Tehran started the season well in Azadegan League and eventually became first in the group tables. It was the first time ever that Naft Tehran went to Iran Pro League, Naft Tehran was competing in Irans 2nd Division and they turned out to be one of the best teams. In the First Round they had managed to score 36 goals and conceding only 14, in the Second Round they came out second at the Group B. They were just under Mes Sarcheshmeh with 3 points away and 1 point on top of Esteghlal Jonub Tehran, Naft Tehran started the season well in Azadegan League and eventually became first in the group tables. Naft Tehran came out with a goal difference by conceding the fewest goals. They didnt score much as their top scorer Akbar Saghiri scored seven goals in the league and it was the first time ever that Naft Tehran went to Persian Gulf Pro League. On the final day of the 2013–14 Iran Pro League season, in May 2014 Yahya Golmohammadi announced that he would not be extending his contract with Naft and had signed with Zob Ahan. Shortly after on 31 May, Naft revealed Ali Reza Mansourian as their manager for the 2014–15 season, the club qualified for the 2015 AFC Champions League group stage after a 1–0 win over Qatari club El Jaish in the play-off round. Naft won its first ever Champions League game in a 2–1 victory against Saudi club Al Shabab, on 6 May 2015 the club advanced to the round of 16 of the AFC Champions League. On 15 May 2015 on the final matchday of the league Naft went in to the final match second and tied on points with Tractor Sazi, Naft drew with Tractor 3–3 and finished third in the league, securing an Champions League play-off spot. In the Hazfi Cup final, Naft Tehran was defeated by Zob Ahan, during the 2015–16 season Naft encountered severe financial issues and could not pay the players and coaching staff
Zob Ahan Esfahan F.C.
Zob Ahan Isfahan Football Club is an Iranian football club based in Isfahan, Iran. They compete in the Persian Gulf Pro League, the team is sponsored by the Isfahan Steel Company, which also goes by the name Zob Ahan. The clubs main rival is fellow Isfahani team Sepahan, which is sponsored by the rival steel mill. Zob Ahan club also has a team, sponsored by the same Isfahan Steel Company. In the 2010 AFC Champions League, Zob Ahan finished as runners-up losing 3–1 to South Korean club Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma in the final. Zob Ahan has won the Hazfi Cup on four occasions and have finished as one time. The club has finished as League runners-up three times and has won the Iranian Super Cup once. After the arrival of Yahya Golmohammadi in 2014 the club known for playing beautiful. Mohammad Ali Taghizadeh Farahmand established the club in 1969 and they entered the Takht Jamshid Cup in 1973 and end season in the 10th place. They promoted to the quarterfinals of the Hazfi Cup in 1976 and their best results in Takht Jamshid Cup was earned in 1977–78 in the 8th place. Zob Ahan prepared its team by buying 14 players from their local rivals Sepahan, the team has participated in the highest division of the Iranian league system since 1973, except for the 1995 season when they played in the 2nd division. After Iranian Revolution in 1979, Takht Jamshid Cup was suspended due to Iran-Iraq War, after the end of the war, league began again in the title of Azadegan League. They were once again promoted to the 1st division the year after, Zob Ahan currently play in the IPL starting from 2001. The clubs first honor, remains the winning of the Hazfi Cup in 2003 and this feat was repeated in the 2008–09 Hazfi Cup, when the club beat Rah Ahan to re-claim the title after 6 years. The club made its first appearance in the AFC Champions League in 2004, as the winners of the 2003 Hazfi Cup, however, at the end, they had to settle for second place once again after finishing six points behind their city rivals Sepahan. They also lost their grip on the Hazfi Cup after a shock 0–2 loss to a second-division side Gostaresh Foulad in the semi-finals, in the 2010 AFC Champions League Zob Ahan finished first on the group stage that included FC Bunyodkor, Al-Wahda and Al-Ittihad. By finishing first they qualified for the first time for the Knockout stages, on the Round of 16 they draw country neighbours Mes Kerman winning 1–0. The club then qualified to the Quarter-finals and were drawn with title holders Pohang Steelers, Zob Ahan won 2–1 at home and draw 1–1 on Korea, on November 13, in the final Zob Ahan lost 1–3 to Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma
For the automobile company, see SAIPA. Saipa Football Club is a club from Karaj, Alborz Province. The team is owned by SAIPA, an Iranian automobile manufacturer, the team has never had a large fanbase, despite some success. It is known to have one of the best youth academies in Iranian football, in the 2006–07 under the guidance of Ali Daei won their only Iran Pro League title. Saipa has also won the Azadegan League twice and the Hazfi Cup one time, Saipa is the football club of the multisport Saipa Cultural and Athletic Corporation. In 1989, SAIPA Company decided to start its own football team and they purchased a team playing in the 4th division of Tehrans city league, and renamed it Saipa F. C. After back to back starting in the first year, the Karaj based club was playing in the 2nd division by 1991. That same year purchased the Shipping Department teams shares. In that year won the Tehran city championship as well as the Tehran Super Cup, thus attaining the right to play in Irans top league at the time. In their first year in the Azadegan League they won the championship and they also won the league championship again in 1994 marking an unusually successful first five years for the club in Iranian football. The team was relegated into the division in 1995, but were promoted again in the following year. Since their second promotion to the top tier, the club has remained in the middle of the league table, by 2001, the clubs on-field performance remained stable, occupying mid-table position most years. Shortly following Iranian goalkeeper Ahmad Reza Abedzadehs retirement, he was linked with the coaching job at Saipa. It never materialized, but the club signed another Iranian, Ali Daei in a move from Saba Battery. The club had finished third in the season and now, with Daei on the field and Werner Lorant as a coach. Shortly after the season though, Littbarski was fired and Ali Daei took on the role of player/coach. Captaining and coaching the team to the title marked the end of a successful career, Daei also scored the winner in the title winning game. Daei extended his contract, this time as a full-time coach and he was appointed head coach of the national team but kept his role at Saipa until the end of the season
Padideh Football Club is a privately owned Iranian football club based in Mashhad. They currently play in the Persian Gulf Pro League, Mes Sarcheshmeh was owned by Kermans largest Copper producer Sanate Mes Kerman, the same company that owned Mes Kerman. Mes Sarcheshmeh was founded in 1998 together with other clubs by the Copper company of Kerman. In the past four years, the club has experienced success as they have claimed promotion twice during this period. After a third-place finish in the 2007–2008 season, they gained promotion the following year, while being tipped as favourites for the drop, they beat the odds and finished in a respectable fifth spot. The following season proved to be their last, in the Azadegan League 1 as they won the league due to their goal difference compared to runners up Aluminium Hormozgan. This meant that Mes Sarcheshme had been promoted to the Iranian Premier League for the first time, Mes Sarcheshme was the second team owned by Sanat Mes Kerman to have reached the Premier League, the other team is Mes Kerman. Mes Sarcheshme could not make an impact in the IPL and were relegated, in July 2013, the club was moved from Kerman to Mashhad and renamed to Padideh Shandiz for two seasons. When 2012–13 season ended, Mes Sarcheshmeh had given up from administrating a professional football club and they sold their football club to Padideh Shandiz as of July 2013. New owners moved the club to Mashhad and introduced Akbar Misaghian as club boss, Padideh was promoted to the Persian Gulf Pro League in the following season, and were crowned champions of the Azadegan League, after beating Naft Masjed Soleyman 1–0 in the final. Before their first season in the Iran Pro League, Padideh made several big name signings, namely Reza Enayati, Padideh made the semi–final of the 2014–15 Hazfi Cup but lost to Naft Tehran on penalties. They currently play at Samen Stadium, Padideh has its own 25,000 seat private stadium under construction. The stadium named Shahre Behesht Stadium is expected to be ready for the 2016–17 season, the table below chronicles the achievements of the club in various competitions since 2004 As of April 4, 2017Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, for recent transfers, see List of Iranian football transfers summer 2016. Azadegan League, Winners, 2010–11, 2013–14 Play-offs, 2012–13 Second Division, Winners, 2008–09 Official club website Official Padide Fans site
Esteghlal Tehran Football Club until 1979 known as Taj Tehran Football Club is an Iranian professional football club based in Tehran that plays in the Persian Gulf Pro League. Esteghlal F. C. is the club of the multisport Esteghlal Athletic. Founded in 1945 initially as Docharkhe Savaran meaning The Cyclists in Persian and later in 1949, the name of the club was finally modified into Esteghlal that is the current name of the club, meaning Independence, subsequent to the Islamic Revolution in 1979. In 1970, under the management of Zdravko Rajkov, Esteghlal Tehran became the first Iranian football club to win the Asian Club Championship and they have won several official titles on the national and international stage since 1970, including eight Iranian League titles and a record 6 Hazfi Cups. There are two stars above the teams official badge to represent winning two titles in Asian Club Championship. On September 20,1945 three Iranian military officers—Mirzani, Jananpour and Navab—started a sports club on Ferdowsi Street, Tehran, since the founders of the club were mostly interested in cycling, the clubs original name was Docharkhe Savaran, meaning The Cyclists in Persian. Esteghlal football club played its first official match in 1946, from the beginning Taj or Docharkeh Savaran competed in the Tehran Local League, which at the time was the highest ranked league in Iran. On March 6,1950, Taj played its first official game in front of over 20,000 spectators in Amjadieh Stadium against Shahin, later in that year, the clubs name was officially changed to Taj which means crown in Persian. In 1970, Taj defeated Hapoel Tel Aviv of Israel 2–1 in the final to win its first ever Asian Club Championship, after the revolution, any sign of the previous monarchist regime was not tolerated. During the 1980s, Esteghlal won the Tehran Football League twice, the 1989–90 season was a memorable one for Esteghlal. The club finished 1st in Group B of the Qods League, Esteghlal defeated Malavan 4–0 on aggregate to advance to the final against the hated rival, Persepolis. Esteghlal defeated Persepolis 2–1 through a 74th-minute goal by Samad Marfavi to win the Qods League, in the following season, Esteghlal made it to the final of the Hazfi Cup only to lose to Malavan on penalties. 1991 proved to be one of Esteghlals most memorable years as they won the Asian Club Championship for the 2nd time defeating Chinese club Liaoning 2–1, Esteghlal once again reached the final of the Asian Club Championship in 1999, this time losing to Japanese club Júbilo Iwata 1–2. 2001 marked the first year of the newly founded Iran Pro League, going into the final day, Esteghlal was on top of the leagues table, however, with an Esteghlal loss and a Persepolis win, Persepolis was crowned as the leagues inaugural champion. However, the 2001–02 Hazfi Cup provided some consolation for Esteghlal as they beat Fajr Sepasi 4–3 on aggregate to win the cup. The 2002–03 season was one of the worst years in club history, in July 2003, Amir Ghalenoi was appointed manager of Esteghlal. In his first year, Esteghlal finished runner-up in the league, Ghalenoi also made it to the final of the Hazfi Cup losing 2–5 on aggregate to Sepahan. His second season proved to be successful as Esteghlal finished 3rd
Rah Ahan Tehran F.C.
Rah Ahan Yazdan Sports Club is an Iranian football club based in Tehran. They currently play in the Azadegan League, Rah Ahan is one of the oldest Iranian football clubs. Rah ahan was formed in 1937 in Tehran by Iran Railways but were bought by Qeshm Air and they are one of the oldest Iranian football clubs still in existence. In 1939 Rah ahan participated in the Tehran Local League for the first time and their first official match was on 4 January 1940 against Bazargani F. C. they won the game 11–0. Nowadays Rah ahan is owned by the businessman Peyman Kianian, during the World War in the 1940s Rah Ahan dissolved its football operations, it was not until the 1950s when Rah Ahan restarted its football team. After its re-establishment the club under the name of Pirouz played on the dirt pitches near the railway station, the players of the team composed of the Railway workers. In 1955 with the arrival of Rasoul Madadnavi from Tabriz, the club was renamed to Rah Ahan and began to attract players from outside the railway company. In 1963 Rah Ahan was again re-established and were placed in the 2nd Division Tehran Local League, in 1973 the Takht Jamshid Cup, Irans first national league, was founded. In their first two years in the Cup, Rah Ahan finished a respectable 7th and 9th, in 1976 they were relegated to the 2nd Division. In their only season in the 2nd Division, Rah Ahan finished 1st in the league and were promoted to the Takht Jamshid Cup. In 1978 they were relegated to the 2nd Division. After the establishment of the Iran Pro League in 2001, Rah Ahan was placed in the second tier Azadegan League, in 2005 Rah Ahan was promoted to the Iran Pro League after a second-place finish in the Azadegan League. Since then they have mostly been a team where they have finish in the mid table. They finished 11th in the 2008–09 season and avoided the relegation in the season after on the last week, in the same year they went on tour in Turkey, beating Galatasaray A2 4–1, and losing to Super Lig side Istanbul BB 3–2. At the end of the 2012–13 season Ali Daei left Rah Ahan to sign with Persepolis, mansour Ebrahimzadeh was announced as Rah Ahans new manager for the 2013–14 season, with him at charge Rah Ahan finished an average 11th place. At the end of the season, Ebrahimzadeh announced that he is stepping down as Rah Ahans manager, former Persepolis manager Hamid Estili was named as his replacement. Rah Ahan encountered severe financial problems and under Estili the club performed poorly, shortly after Estili was fired and replaced with former Rah Ahan player Farhad Kazemi. In the 2015–16 season, Rah Ahan ran into financial troubles and this was the first time Rah Ahan will play in the Azadegan League in 12 years
Esteghlal Khuzestan F.C.
Esteghlal Melli-Sanati Khuzestan Football Club commonly known as Esteghlal Khuzestan, is an Iranian football club based in Ahvaz, Iran. They currently compete in the Persian Gulf Pro League after they were promoted from Azadegan League in 2012–13 season and this football club is different from Esteghlal Ahvaz. In 2011 they bought Esteghlal Jonubs licence to compete in the Azadegan League and they finished 2012–13 season in 2nd place of their group and qualified to the promotion play-off. However, they were awarded the direct promotion IRIFF after groups winner and they won the Persian Gulf Pro League title in 2015–16 season. Esteghlal Khuzestan F. C. was established just before the start of the 2011–2012 season by acquiring the license of Esteghlal Jonub Tehran F. C. who have just been promoted to the Azadegan League. In Esteghlal Khuzestans first year in the top flight they finished 12th, in the Hazfi Cup Esteghlal Khuzestan exited the competition in the Round of 32 after a shock defeat to Azadegan League side Alvand Hamedan. Esteghlal finished the 2014–15 season 14th, meaning they would have to play in a relegation play-off against the winner of the Azadegan League promotion play-off winner, Esteghlal Khuzestan defeated Mes Kerman 3–0 on aggregate meaning they had secured a spot in the 2015–16 Persian Gulf Pro League season. Before the start of the 2015–16 season Esteghlal Khuzestan signed many of Foolad Novins players and were a major surprise, Esteghlal Khuzestan had four consecutive winning streak at the 12th week, which made Esteghlal Khuzestan finished champions of the first half of the season. After a great result with Abdollah Veisi, Esteghlal Khuzestan managed to keep their shape at the half of the season. On January 1,2016 Esteghlal Khuzestan lost to Persepolis which made the race tighter for first place, the head coach Abdollah Veisi later said that our main goal is to take place at AFC Champions League. Esteghlal Khuzestan qualified to the AFC Champions League on 8 May, Esteghlal Khuzestan won the league title on 13 May after a 2–0 win over Zob Ahan. After the takeover of the club in 2011, the club played its matches in Ahvazs Takhti Stadium. After the club promoted to the Iran Pro League, it was decided that continuing to play at Takthi, while big games like Persepolis, Esteghlal. In 2015, the moved to Ghadir permanently, as city rivals Foolad set to move to its private ground. The team competes in Ahvaz derby against two-times Iran Pro League winner Foolad, the teams play against each other usually two times a year. The first time the teams met each other was in season 2013–14 which Esteghlal Khuzestan lost that game, the derby became more Serious after Esteghlal Khuzestan finished on top of the league in 2015–16 half season in a big surprise for all teams and the week performance of Foolad. Because of Foolad fans as they were worried about becoming the team of Ahvaz. As of April 4, 2017Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Foolad Khuzestan Football Club is an Iranian football club, based in Ahvaz, Khuzestan that plays in Persian Gulf Pro League. Foolad F. C. was founded in 1971 and is owned by Foolad Khuzestan Company and it was named Foolad partially because it is funded by the industry in Khuzestan. The club have won Iran Pro League twice, including a championship in the lower division, Azadegan League. In the 2004–05 season, Foolad became the champion of the newly founded Iran Pro League. The club was relegated to the Azadegan League, second highest division in Iran at the end of the 2006–07. Fortunately however, Foolad was able to return to the IPL starting from the next season, Foolad won its second championship in 2013–14 season. Foolads home kit is red and yellow shirts, with the color for shorts. The colors used in clothing, is derived from the symbol of the club, uhlsport are the kit manufacturers, the main sponsor is the clubs ownership company. The club is the fifth most supported in Iran, after Persepolis, Esteghlal, Tractor Sazi, Foolad Khuzestan Football Club was founded on 2 March 1971 in Ahvaz, Iran by at that time, President of the Foolad Khuzestan Company Ali Akbar Davar. Foolad was a team that no one knew anything about until the dissolution of Jonoub Ahvaz in 1996, Foolad won the Ahvaz City Championship in 1991, and entered the 2nd division of the Khuzestan football league two years later. Foolad won the first group in its season and was promoted to the Ahvazs first league which they won in their debut season as well. This meant they would be promoted to the Khuzestan Provincial Leagues, in 1995, which was Foolads second year in the Khuzestans Second Division, they became provincial champions. That same year Jonoub Ahvaz, was contracted and Foolad took their place in Iran Footballs 2nd Division, in 1996, with Homayoun Shahrokhinejad as manager, the team was promoted to the 1st division. It was a run, considering that the team began in the 4th division of the Ahvaz City League in 1986. Ever since their promotion, the club has introduced very talented young footballers to Iranian football, the team was eventually bought by the Ahvaz Steel Mill, this helped the teams financial situation improve. Their star player, Iman Mobali was loaned and eventually transferred to Al-Shabab of the UAE Pro League, youth club coach Nenad Nikolić temporarily replaced him and soon after Portuguese manager Augusto Inácio was named head coach. Foolad went through a terrible 2006–07 season finishing 15th and being relegated to the lower Azadegan League, Foolad start the 2007–08 season at Azadegan League and won the playoff spot despite their strong leadership until the last weeks. In the playoff, they drew with Payam Mashhad in a two-leg matches, a few weeks later they bought the right to play in Persian Gulf Cup from Sepahan Novin and promoted to IPL
Malavan Bandar Anzali Football Club is an Iranian football club based in Bandar-e Anzali, Iran. It currently plays in Irans second football league, the Azadegan League after they were relegated in 2015–16 season, the team is known to have some of the most passionate fans in Iranian football, and is one of the successful teams that is not based in Tehran. The club is owned by Iranian businessman Sirous Mahjoob and forms the part of the multisport Malavan Sport. Bahman Salehnia created the team in 1968 along with young athletes from the port city of Anzali. After some time, the Iranian Navy decided to become the main sponsor. The club never really had great success in the league but they were able to become the best non-Tehran based club, Malavan has won the Hazfi Cup on one occasions, in 1990. In 1988 Malavan participated in Asian Club Championship but after beating Saunders SC in first round they withdrew from tournament due to the Iran–Iraq War. In 2003 Malavan was relegated to the Azadegan League, they only stayed one year in the league as they were immediately promoted back to the Iran Pro League. They finished 12th in the 2008–09 and 2009–10 season, in 2010–11 season they finished 8th and reached the final of Hazfi Cup but lost to Persepolis. In the 2013–14 Iran Pro League season Malavan achieved a surprising 7th-place finish in the league, in July 2015 Malavan hired famous Iranian coach Amir Ghalenoi who had won several league titles with Esteghlal and Sepahan. Player such as Arash Afshin, Hossein Mahini and Shahab Karami joined the squad to serve their conscription period, in Ghalenois first game in charge, Malavan defeated the Hazfi Cup holders, Zob Ahan 1–0. After only three games Ghalenoi left the club and was replaced by former Persepolis manager Hamid Estili. On 13 May 2016 after a 2–0 loss to Siah Jamegan, who were behind Malavan before the match started, before the start of the 2016–17 season it was announced that controversial manager Mohammad Mayeli Kohan had been named Malavans manager. The match between Malavan and Damash or Sepidrood is known as the Gilan Derby or El Gilano and this match is one of Irans most important and heated derbys. Malavan hold the record for most wins in the derby with four since the start of the Iran Pro League in 2001, Malavan also holds the largest margin of victor when they defeated Damash 3–0 in 2005 and again in 2013. The derby is known for its fan violence. In 2008 after Malavan defeated Damash 2–1, Damash fans attacked Malavans fans and this again occurred when Malavan defeated Damash 3–0 in 2013. Malavan fans are among Irans most passionate and loyal fans, peoples daily life is tied with Malavan matches
Persepolis Football Club, commonly known as Perspolis, is a Persian Gulf Pro League professional football club based in Tehran, Iran. Persepolis F. C. was founded in 1963 by Ali Abdo and has been in the first division of Iranian football since 1968, Persepolis had also three teams in Bowling, Basketball and Volleyball in its first years of establishment. Persepolis F. C. is the club of the multisport Persepolis Athletic. The club is owned by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, there have been many attempts to privatize the club with no success due to the large debt the club has accumulated. The club has played at its ground, Azadi Stadium. They contest the Tehran derby, which is regarded as one of the biggest in Asia, with archrivals Esteghlal, according to the Asian Football Confederation, Persepolis is the most popular football club in Asia. Only Dalian Shide and Al-Hilal come anywhere near to having such an amount of support in Asia. Persepolis F. C. AFC. </ref> Persepolis has won a record nine Iranian league titles, as well as five Hazfi Cups, many notable players have played for the club, including former Bayern Munich players Ali Karimi, Ali Daei, Vahid Hashemian and former Hamburger SV player Mehdi Mahdavikia. However, Ali Parvin is widely regarded as the clubs greatest ever player, Parvin played 18 years with the club from 1970 to 1988, and had his number 7 retired by Persepolis for seasons. Shahin was established in 1942 by Dr. Abbas Ekrami, a teacher and these talents made Shahin popular in the 1960s but its very popularity was viewed as a threat by the Iran Football Federation and the Keihan Varzeshi newspaper. The conflict between them became worse and on 9 July 1967, two days after Shahins 3–0 win against Tehranjavan F. C. the Iran Sports Organization declared Shahin F. C. as dissolved. League attendance dropped and other clubs including Pas, Rah Ahan, Persepolis Athletic and Cultural Club was established in 1963 by Ali Abdo. Abdo had returned to Iran from the United States and was a championship boxer, Persepolis F. C. started the 1968 season with Parviz Dehdari as manager. The team was quite weak, and participated in the 2nd division of the country. The best player on the team then was Mahmoud Khordbin, the club, using four Shahin players, had a friendly match with Jam Abadan, a respected team at the time. After the match the remainder of the Shahin players joined Persepolis and that year no league competition was held, as many teams had been dissolved, so a 44-team tournament was held, and Persepolis, along with Pas, Taj, and Oghab finished top of the group. The next year they represented as the first Iranian club in the Asian Champion Club Tournament held in Thailand, in 1962, the Iran Universal automobile factory was opened. In 1969, The boss of the factory, Mahmoud Khayami, paykan won the championship that year, but the new players moved back to Persepolis at the end of the season
Saba Qom F.C.
Saba Qom Football Club is an Iranian football team based in Qom, Iran and currently plays in the Persian Gulf Pro League. Saba won the 2005 edition of the Hazfi Cup and the 2005 edition of the Iranian Super Cup under Iranian football legend Ali Daei, mohemmat sazi Football Club was Iranian football club based in Tehran, Iran. They play in the 2nd Division, in 1974 a football called Mohemat Sazi was established in Tehran. The team never had any success and only played in the lower leagues of the Iranian football league system. They came close to making it to Tehrans top football league in the 1980s, in the early 1990s the club was sponsored by a company named Maham. During the later stages of the history they were sponsored by Sanam. In 2002 the clubs shares were sold to Saba Battery Company which is under the control of Irans Ministry of Defense, due to the clubs greatly improved financial status the team was able to purchase talented players and were promoted to the Iran Pro League in 2004. In the 2005 season Saba Battery also won the Iranian Super Cup, and until 2016 they remained the only team to have the title. Although Saba Battery did not have a year in Iran Pro League. Saba Battery became Runners-up after losing to Sepahan 4–2 in aggregate, since Sepahan became 5th in the Iran Pro League, that meant that Saba Battery wont be going to AFC Champions League. The team debuted in the Iran Pro League in the 2004–05 season and made the headlines when they signed Iranian legend and FIFA all-time greatest international goalscorer Ali Daei from Persepolis. With the help of Daei the team was able to secure a berth for the Asian Champions League after winning the 2005 Hazfi Cup, in the same year Saba won the Iranian Super Cup defeating league champions Foolad 4–0. After the departure of Ali Daei in 2006, Saba signed former Bosnia, in 2007 Saba once again made the final of the Hazfi Cup, this time losing 4–0 to Sepahan on aggregate. In 2008 Saba relocated to Qom because the city of Tehran had many football teams with low attendance figures, the team was renamed Saba Qom after the move. In the 2011–12 Persian Gulf Cup, Saba Qom finished 4th securing a spot for the 2013 AFC Champions League. In the play-off Saba lost to Al Shabab on penalties and failed to qualify to the group stage, in July 2015 Saba announced that legendary former Iranian footballer and coach Ali Daei would lead the club for the 2015–16 Persian Gulf Pro League season. Daei attracted several national team players to the club, namely, Hamed Lak, Ghasem Dehnavi, Amir Hossein Sadeghi, Reza Haghighi, Mohammad Ghazi. Saba started well and were within contention of an AFC Champions League in the first half of the season, for details on seasons, see List of Saba Qom F. C. seasons The table below chronicles the achievements of Saba Qom in various competitions since 2002
Gostaresh Foulad F.C.
Gostaresh Foulad Tabriz Football Club is an Iranian football club based in Tabriz, Iran. The club was founded in 2008 and they currently compete in the Persian Gulf Pro League. They were promoted from the Azadegan League in the 2012–13 season, the club is owned by Mohammad Reza Zonuzi, an Iranian businessman and economist. Gostaresh is one of the few privately owned clubs in Iran, Gostaresh Foolad also has a futsal team in the senior, under 22s, under 19s, under 17s, and under 15s levels. Formed in 2008, Gostaresh took over the licence of Niroye Zamini when they ran into financial difficulties, Gostaresh had played the previous season in Iran Footballs 3rd Division, placing first overall. While providing limited results in the inaugural season in the Azadegan League. The team reached the finals by securing a 2–0 victory over Persian Gulf Pro League side Zob Ahan The victory sealed Gostaresh a meeting with Asian powerhouse Persepolis in the Hazfi Cup final. Clearly outmatched, Gostaresh lost the home leg 1–0 from a goal by Persepolis forward Sheys Rezaei, in the second leg at Azadi Stadium in Tehran, gostaresh lost 3–1 for a total aggregate loss of 4 goals to 1, giving Persepolis the Hazfi Cup. They lost in the round of 16 of the Hazfi Cup to Azadegan League side Sanat Naft Abadan, in their first year in the league, Gostaresh had a decent season, finishing 10th. After a bad start to the 2014–15 season Mehdi Tartar was fired as coach of the club and replaced by Faraz Kamalvand who saved Gostaresh from relegation. Under Faraz Kamalvand Gostaresh had their best ever season in the 2015–16 season, in the summer of 2016, Gostaresh signaled their big ambitions to Iranian football with several big purchases. Namely Brazilian goalkeeper Fernando de Jesus from champions Esteghlal Khuzestan and former team player Mohammadreza Khalatbari. Bonyan Diesel Stadium is Gostaresh Foolads main stadium with the capacity of 12,000, the stadium and its complex includes two grass pitches. The club aims to get an A rating from the Asian Football Confederation regarding their stadium, starting in the 2014–15 season the club will play its home games at Bonyan Diesel Stadium. Since the clubs establishment in 2008, the teams has worn an all blue kit with an all white away kit. From 2008 to 2014 Gostareshs kit sponsor was German company Uhlsport who also supplied the Iran national football team, starting in the summer of 2014 the club switched to Spanish company Kelme. After only one season with Kelme, Gostaresh once again switched sponsors, the table below chronicles the achievements of Gostaresh Foolad F. C. in various competitions since 2009. Since its establishment Gostaresh has played a number of European friendlies and their biggest result came on 3 July 2016 after defeating Turkish runners up Fenerbahçe
Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area, in the Classical era, part of the present-day city of Tehran was occupied by a Median city that in the Avesta occurs as Rhaga. It was destroyed by the Mongols in the early 13th century, the capital has been moved several times throughout the history, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran. The city was the seat of the Qajars and Pahlavis, the two last imperial dynasties of Iran. It is home to historical collections, such as the royal complexes of Golestan, Sadabad. Large scale demolition and rebuilding began in the 1920s, and Tehran has been a destination for the migrations from all over Iran since the 20th century. Tabiat Bridge, which was completed in 2014, is considered the third symbol of the city. There have been plans to relocate Irans capital from Tehran to another area, due mainly to air pollution, to date, no definitive plans have been approved. A2016 survey of 230 cities by consultant Mercer ranked Tehran 203rd for quality of living, according to the Global Destinations Cities Index in 2016, Tehran is among the top ten fastest growing destinations. The origin of the name Tehran is uncertain, the settlement of Tehran dates back over 7,000 years. The present-day city of Tehran was a suburb of an important Median city that was known as Rhaga in Old Persian, in the Avestas Videvdat, Rhaga is mentioned as the twelfth sacred place created by the Ohrmazd. In Old Persian inscriptions, Rhaga appears as a province and it was a major area for the Iranian tribes of Medes and Achaemenids. From Rhaga, Darius the Great sent reinforcements to his father Hystaspes, in some Middle Persian texts, Rhaga is given as the birthplace of Zoroaster, although modern historians generally place the birth of Zoroaster in Khorasan. Derived into Modern Persian as Rey, it now as a city located towards the southern end of the modern-day city of Tehran. Mount Damavand, the highest peak of Iran, which is located near Tehran, is an important location in Ferdowsis Shahname, the long Iranian epic poem that is based on the ancient epics of Iran. It appears in the epics as the birthplace of Manuchehr, the residence of Keyumars, the place where Freydun binds the dragon fiend Aži Dahāka, during the Sassanid era, in 641, Yazdgerd III issued his last appeal to the nation from Rey, before fleeing to Khorasan. Rey was dominated by the Parthian Mihran family, and Siyavakhsh—the son of Mihran the son of Bahram Chobin—who resisted the Muslim Invasion, because of this resistance, when the Arabs captured Rey, they ordered the town to be destroyed and ordered Farrukhzad to rebuild the town anew. In the 9th century, Tehran was a well known village, but less known than the city of Rey, the medieval writer Najm od Din Razi declared the population of Rey about 500,000 before the Mongol Invasion
The Azadi Stadium formerly known as Aryamehr Stadium is an all-seater football stadium in Tehran, Iran. The stadium was designed by SOM and inaugurated on 18 October 1971, it is self-owned by Esteghlal F. C. and it is also the home stadium of the Iran national football team. It has a current capacity of 78,116 spectators, though it has been able to more than that during special matches. Aryamehr, renamed after Iranian Revolution to Azadi, is the 10th largest association football stadium in the world and it was built to host the 1974 Asian Games and has hosted the 1976 AFC Asian Cup. The stadium also hosted AFC Champions League final on two occasions, in 1999 and 2002, the stadium is located in the West of Tehran, near Ekbatan district, and is easily accessible for most people living in the city. The West entrance is located on Ferdous street and the East entrance is on Farhangian street, Azadi Sport Complex was constructed by Arme Construction Company for the 7th Asian Games in 1974 with international criteria. Its land measurement is 450 Hectares and it is located in West Tehran, though a simple bowl concrete structure, the stadium is a breathtaking sight. Situated west of the capital, an arching, slightly raised outer shell appears to give way as sweeping stands sink down to pitch side, eventually political issues saw Tehran drop its bid for 1984, leaving the eventual host, Los Angeles, the only city left bidding. In 2002, the level of the stadium had seats installed. Stadium management also plans to install seats in the upper level of the stadium. The renovations were completed in 2003, stadium was refurnished with 35,000 seats, in 2004 a large jumbotron television was added, replacing the original scoreboard. This giant screen with an area of about 300 square meters. The stadium hosted two West Asian Football Federation Championship in 2004 and 2008, in 2008, AFC forced Sepahan to play the home matches in AFC Champions League in this stadium after their home stadium Naghsh-e-Jahan Stadium was closed for renovation. The stadium also is the regular host for Iran U-23 for the Olympics football qualifying, in November 1975, Frank Sinatra held a concert at Aryamehr Stadium. The famous 2006 film, Offside starring Sima Mobarak Shahi and Ida Sadeghi, Azadi Stadium also hosted Ferdousi festival, organized by Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization and two major concerts in May 2013. 2015 Womens Islamic Games were also held at the stadium, the architect of the stadium were Abdolaziz Farmanfarmaian and Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. At the beginning, the stadium had a capacity of 120,000 visitors but was decreased to 84,000 after renovations in 2003. On the big occasions the crowd swells well beyond that, the design of the stadium amplifies the noise across the pitch
Ahvaz or Ahwaz is a city in the southwest of Iran, and the capital of the oil and natural gas wealthy Khuzestan province. At the 2011 census, its population was 1,112,021, Irans only navigable river, Karun passes by the middle of the city. It has a history dating back to the Achaemenid period. In the ancient times, it had one of the main centers of the Academy of Gondishapur. It is home to several universities, institutions, prominent companies, in Iran, it is known for its ethnic diversity. It is home to Persians, Lurs, Iranian Arabs, Jews, Iranian Armenians and Mandaeans, the word Ahvaz is a Persianized form, which in turn itself is derived from a Persian word. Thus, Ahvaz in Persian means the Huz-i people, which refers to the original inhabitants of Khūzestān. The name of the region appears in medieval Syriac sources as ܒܝܬ ܗܘܙܝܐ Beṯ Huzáyé, the term Huz, meanwhile, is the Old Persian rendition of Suz, the native Elamite name of the region. See Origin of the name Khuzestan and Elam#Etymology for more details, Ahvaz is the analog of Avaz and Avaja which appear in Dariuss epigraph. This word appears in Naqsh-Rostam inscription as Khaja or Khooja too and it became the seat of the province, and was also referred to as Hūmšēr. During the Sassanid era, a system and several dams were constructed. Examples of Sassanid-era dams are Band-e Bala-rud, Band-e Mizan, Band-e Borj Ayar, the city replaced Susa, the ancient capital of Susiana, as the capital of what was then called Khuzestān. The city had two sections, the nobles of the city lived in one part while the other was inhabited by merchants. When the Arabs invaded the area in 640, the part of the city home to the nobility was demolished but the Hūj-ī-stānwāčār Market of Khūz State, the merchant area, remained intact. During the Umayyad and Abbasid eras, Ahvaz flourished as a center for the cultivation of sugarcane and it is discussed by such respected medieval historians and geographers as ibn Hawqal, Tabari, Istakhri, al-Muqaddasi, Yaqubi, Masudi, and Mostowfi Qazvini. Nearby stood the Academy of Gundishapur, where the teaching hospital is said to have been first established. Ahvaz was devastated in the bloody Mongol invasions of the 13th and 14th centuries, the dam and irrigation channels, no longer maintained, eroded and finally collapsed early in the 19th century. During this time Ahvaz was primarily inhabited by the original Khuzhis, although most Arab migrants fled the city, a few stayed
The Ghadir Stadium is a new multi-use stadium in Ahvaz, Iran, has a capacity of 38,900 people and is owned by Persian Gulf Pro League side Foolad. In 1974, Zohreh Malileh Farshid, one of Irans first and youngest female architects designed the Ahvaz Sports Complex and her wish was to have it ready for Ahvaz to host the 1984 Summer Olympics. After the end of the war in 1989, Ahvazs then mayor, the building of futsall and volleyball venues was started in 1992 and the venues was opened in 1998. Basketball and handball venues was opened in 2002. The progress of the building of football venue was started on 2 February 2006 after a visit of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. The stadium itself was completed in early 2012 after 6 years of construction, although the stadium was planned with a capacity of 51,000 seats, the final capacity is only 38,900. The stadium was set to host the match of 2011–12 Hazfi Cup. New Foolad Stadium Takhti Stadium Foolad Football in Iran List of association football stadia by capacity Foolad F. C
Takhti Stadium (Ahvaz)
The Takhti Stadium of Ahvaz is a multi-purpose stadium in Ahvaz, Iran. It is currently used mostly for football and rugby matches, the stadium is able to hold 15,000 people. It is currently home venue of Esteghlal Ahvaz, the stadium was built in 1978, there have been many disputes as to the name of Takhti Stadium. The argument being that it would have been prevalent to have named the stadium after talented players produced by Ahvaz itself, the stadium had been the home of both Esteghlal Ahvaz and Foolad in past years. Foolad was relegated in 2007, they were as such not allowed to all the matches in this stadium. In 2013 Foolad permanently moved to a much bigger Ghadir Stadium, the stadium was renovated in summer 2012 and then, Esteghlal Khuzestan purchased its rights with a contract until 2014. The stadium is 6 km from the center of city of Ahvaz, Takhti Stadium is 1.5 meters below sea level
Tabriz is the most populated city in the Iranian Azerbaijan, one of the historical capitals of Iran, and the present capital of East Azerbaijan Province. Located in the Quru River valley between the ridge of the volcanic cones of the Sahand and Eynali mountains, Tabrizs elevation ranges between 1,350 and 1,600 metres above sea level. The valley opens up into a plain that slopes down to the eastern shores of Lake Urmia,60 kilometres to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers, the city is considered a summer resort, Tabriz is named Worlds Carpet and Crafts City, it is also appointed as the exemplary tourism city in 2018 by Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. With a population of 1.6 million, Tabriz is the biggest economic hub, the population consists mostly of Iranian Azerbaijanis and the most spoken language in the city is Azeri Turkish. Tabriz is a heavy industry hub for automobile, machine tools, refineries and petrochemical, textile. The city is famous for its handicrafts including hand-woven rugs and jewelry, local confectioneries, chocolates, dried nuts, and traditional food of Tabriz are recognized all around Iran as some of the best Iranian food. Tabriz is also a hub and a site for some of the most prestigious cultural institutes in the northwest of Iran. The city contains many historical monuments representing the transition of Iranian architecture in its long historical timelines. Most of the historical sites in the city belong to Ilkhanid, Safavid. From the early era, the city was pivotal in the development, movement. From the 19th century, it became the most important city in the country in numerous respects, as the closest Iranian hub to Europe, many aspects of the early modern modernisation in Iran started in Tabriz. During almost the entire Qajar period, it functioned as the seat for the prince as well. According to some sources, including Encyclopædia Britannica, the name Tabriz derives from tap-riz, in AD297, it became the capital of Tiridates III, king of Armenia. However, this story has an origin and no ancient source has recorded such event. This is based on accounts of Vardan, the Armenian historian in 13th century, the early history of Tabriz is not well-documented. The earliest inscription about Tabriz, referring to the city as Tarui or Tauris, is on the Assyrian King Sargon IIs epigraph in 714 BC, Tabriz has been chosen as the capital for some rulers commencing from Atropates era and his dynasty. A recent excavation at the site of the Iron Age museum, in the north of the Blue Mosque site, more likely the city has been destroyed multiple times either by natural disasters or by the invading armies
Bandar-e Anzali is a city in Guilan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 109,687, Bandar-e Anzali is a harbour town on the Caspian Sea, close to Rasht. Bandar-e Anzali is one of the most important seaports in the north of Iran and it consists of an island called Mianposhteh and the surrounding lands. Tourist attractions include a tower called Manareh, the long harbour promenade. Bandar-e Anzali is the port where the Polish Anders Army disembarked, in an operation that lasted from April 1 until October,1942, the Polish Cemetery in the city was created the same year. This word In Pahlavi language means Anzalag and the variant Persian form of it is Anzalazh, Anzali Gulf was a safe harbour for trade ships and fishing boats. It was renamed to Pahlavi in 1935, in 1919, with the collapse of General Anton Denikins White Russian army, eighteen of his ships sought refuge in Anzali. On 18 May 1920, a Soviet flotilla of thirteen ships launched an attack on Anzali, capturing the British garrison. This allowed for the establishment of the short-lived Persian Socialist Republic, Soviet authorities denied responsibility for the attack, blaming the local Russian naval commander for attacking under his own authority. Its wonderful lagoon, Customs and City Hall edifice, Mian Poshte Palace, until 1980, when it was moved to Noshahr, Anzali was the site of the Caspian University of Naval Science. The structure Of Naser-al-din Shah Place which was built by Moayer-ol-mamalekk and its famous Sangi Bath was destroyed by people, a wonder of Sangi Bath was the system of heating and durability water in its basins. Some groups think that Motamedi edifice had been changed, it is now its police office and this Ghajar Structure built in two floors with the help of Mirza Abd-ol-Vahab. The Anzali Lagoon divides the Anzali Port in two parts, the town is connected by two bridges to the Beheshti Island. There is a processing factory in Bandar-e Anzali, some old ruins from 19th century. Tourbebar is a village about 40 kilometers from Bandar-e Anzali, near the Anzali Lagoon and it remains classified as a humid subtropical climate. The warm and humid weather has allowed this region to grow such as rice and tea that require very large amounts of moisture. Bandar-e Anzali is a center of caviar production, the preparation and marketing of which is a state monopoly, handled through The Iranian Fishing Company under the control of the Finance Ministry. The Iranian sports club Malavan is from Bandar-e Anzali, The football/soccer club Malavan currently plays in the Iran Pro League, the people of Anzali speak Gileki as the maternal language and Persian as the national language