Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines is a new town and a communauté dagglomération in the French département of Yvelines. It is one of the original five villes nouvelles of Paris and was named after the Saint Quentin Pond, the town was built from a greenfield site starting in the 1960s. In 2007, Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines had a population of 146,598 and it is part of the much larger Paris metropolitan area, and is around 25 km west of the centre of Paris. The 2 most importants communes are Trappes and Montigny, the population of the whole communauté dagglomération has grown almost tenfold in the last 40 years, from a population of 15,118 in 1962. Every four years, Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines serves as the start and finish point of the famous Paris–Brest–Paris bicycling endurance event, europcar has its head office in the business park of Val Saint-Quentin at Voisins-le-Bretonneux. It previously had its office in the Immeuble Les Quadrants in Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines. At one time Bouygues had its office in the Kevin Roche-designed Challenger complex in Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines.
It is now occupied by Bouygues Construction, one of the groups subsidiaries, le Golf National is a private golf course in Saint-Quentin. It will host the 2018 Ryder Cup, the city has a velodrome, the Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines. It was built between 2011 and 2014 and hosted the 2015 UCI Track Cycling World Championships and will host the 2016 UEC European Track Championships, next to the velodrome is a BMX track
Paris metropolitan area
The Paris metropolitan area is a statistical area that describes the reach of commuter movement to and from Paris and its surrounding suburbs. From 2011, the INSEE classified its largest aires urbaines into aires métropolitaines and grandes aires urbaines, from then, Paris became Frances largest metropolitan area. This latter initiative created the Métropole du Grand Paris, a Paris-centred intercommunal cooperation effort enacted from January 1st,2016. The area had a population of 12,405,426 as of the January 2013 census, nearly 19% of Frances population resides in the region. The Paris metropolitan area expands at each population census due to the population growth in the Paris area. New communes surrounding Paris are included when they meet the 40% commuter threshold required, by the 1999 census the Paris metropolitan area was slightly larger than Île-de-France and had 11,174,743 inhabitants in 14,518 km². By the 2012 census it had reached 12,341,418 inhabitants in 17,174 km², the table below shows the population growth of the Paris urban area, i. e.
Paris and the densely built municipalities surrounding it. The table below shows the growth of the Paris metropolitan area, i. e. the urban area. Grand Paris Metropolitan Areas of France Île-de-France Document about the functioning of Paris Metropolitan Area Document about the extension of Paris Metropolitan Area
Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially built banked tracks or velodromes using track bicycles. Track cycling has been around since at least 1870, when cycling was in its infancy, wooden indoor tracks were laid which resemble those of modern velodromes, consisting of two straights and slightly banked turns. One appeal of indoor track racing was that spectators could be easily controlled, early track races attracted crowds of up to 2000 people. Indoor tracks enabled year-round cycling for the first time, the main early centers for track racing in Britain were Birmingham, Liverpool and London. The most noticeable changes in over a century of track cycling have concerned the bikes themselves, engineered to be lighter, with the exception of the 1912 Olympics, track cycling has been featured in every modern Olympic Games. Womens track cycling was first included in the modern Olympics in 1988, Track cycling is particularly popular in Europe, notably Belgium, France and the United Kingdom where it is often used as off-season training by road racers.
The sport has significant followings in Japan and Australia, in the United States, track racing reached a peak of popularity in the 1930s when six-day races were held in Madison Square Garden in New York. The word Madison is still used as the name for type of race in six-day racing. A group of US velodromes formed the American Track Racing Association, Track cycling events fit into two broad categories, sprint races and endurance races. Riders will typically fall into one category and not compete in the other, riders with good all round ability in the junior ranks will decide to focus on one area or another before moving up to the senior ranks. Sprint races are generally between 8 and 10 laps in length and focus on raw sprinting power and race tactics over a number of laps to defeat opponents. Sprint riders will train specifically to compete in races of this length, the main sprint events are, Endurance races are held over much longer distances. While these primarily test the riders endurance abilities, the ability to sprint effectively is required in the Madison, points race and scratch race.
The length of these races varies from 12–16 laps for the individual and team pursuit races, the main endurance events are, Held every four years as part of the Summer Olympics. There are currently 10 events in the Olympics, fewer than appear in the World Championships, at the 2008 Summer Olympics, seven of these events were for men while only three were for women. For the 2012 Summer Olympics, there were five events for men and women. For the 2016 Summer Olympics the events remained the same, the UCI Track Cycling World Championships are held every year, usually in March or April at the end of the winter track season. There are currently 19 events in the World Championships,10 for men and 9 for women, qualification places are determined by different countries performance during the World Cup Classic series held through the season