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2016 United States presidential election

The 2016 United States presidential election was the 58th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. The Republican ticket of businessman Donald Trump and Indiana Governor Mike Pence defeated the Democratic ticket of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and U. S. Senator from Virginia Tim Kaine, despite losing the popular vote. Trump took office as the 45th president, Pence as the 48th vice president, on January 20, 2017. Trump emerged as his party's front-runner amidst a wide field of Republican primary candidates, while Clinton defeated Senator Bernie Sanders and became the first female presidential nominee of a major American party. Trump's populist, nationalist campaign, which promised to "Make America Great Again" and opposed political correctness, illegal immigration, many free-trade agreements, garnered extensive free media coverage. Clinton emphasized her extensive political experience, denounced Trump and many of his supporters as bigots, advocated the expansion of President Obama's policies.

The tone of the general election campaign was characterized as divisive and negative. Trump faced controversy over his views on race and immigration, incidents of violence against protestors at his rallies, numerous sexual misconduct allegations including a controversial tape, while Clinton's campaign was undermined by declining approval ratings due to concerns about her ethics and trustworthiness, an FBI investigation of her improper use of a private email server, which received more media coverage than any other topic during the campaign. Clinton led in nearly every pre-election nationwide poll and in most swing state polls, leading some commentators to compare Trump's victory to that of Harry S. Truman in 1948 as one of the greatest political upsets in modern U. S. history. While Clinton received 2.87 million more votes than Trump did, Trump received the majority in the Electoral College and won upset victories in the pivotal Rust Belt region. Trump won six states that Democrat Barack Obama had won in 2012: Florida, Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin.

Trump received 304 electoral votes and Clinton 227, as two faithless electors defected from Trump and five defected from Clinton. Trump is the fifth person in U. S. history to become president while losing the nationwide popular vote. He is the first president with neither prior public service nor military experience, the oldest person to be inaugurated for a first presidential term; the United States government's intelligence agencies concluded on January 6, 2017, that the Russian government had interfered in the 2016 elections in order to "undermine public faith in the U. S. democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, harm her electability and potential presidency". A Special Counsel investigation of alleged collusion between Russia and the Trump campaign began in May 2017 and ended in March 2019; the investigation concluded that Russian interference to favor Trump's candidacy occurred "in sweeping and systematic fashion", but "did not establish that members of the Trump campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government".

It did, find that members of the campaign had communicated with people connected to Russian intelligence. Article Two of the United States Constitution provides that the President and Vice President of the United States must be natural-born citizens of the United States, at least 35 years old, residents of the United States for a period of at least 14 years. Candidates for the presidency seek the nomination of one of the political parties, in which case each party devises a method to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. Traditionally, the primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate; the party's delegates officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The general election in November is an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College. President Barack Obama, a Democrat and former U. S. Senator from Illinois, was ineligible to seek reelection to a third term due to the restrictions of the Twenty-second Amendment.

The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses took place between February and June 2016, staggered among the 50 states, the District of Columbia, U. S. territories. This nominating process was an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who in turn elected their party's presidential nominee. Speculation about the 2016 campaign began immediately following the 2012 campaign, with New York magazine declaring that the race had begun in an article published on November 8, two days after the 2012 election. On the same day, Politico released an article predicting that the 2016 general election would be between Clinton and former Florida Governor Jeb Bush, while a New York Times article named New Jersey Governor Chris Christie and Senator Cory Booker from New Jersey as potential candidates. With seventeen major candidates entering the race, starting with Ted Cruz on March 23, 2015, this was the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history.

Prior to the Iowa caucuses on February 1, 2016, Walker, Jindal and Pataki withdrew due to low polling numbers. Despite leading many polls in Iowa, Trump came in second to Cru

Bernardo Arriaza

Bernardo Arriaza is a Chilean physical anthropologist with an emphasis on bioarchaeology. Bernardo was born into a hard working rural family of limited means on August 19, 1959, he was the youngest of 15 children born to his parents Alejandro del Carmen Arriaza Soto and Betsabe in Coltauco, a small village in the community of Rancagua, Chile. Bernardo has Victor Alejandro and Paloma Marina Arriaza, he attended elementary school in Coltauco, attended a Jesuit boarding school in Santiago that taught him discipline, he finished high school in Rancagua. Bernardo had to drop out due to financial issues, he put himself through an affordable degree at the U de Norte, on obtained a Bachelor's degree in Physical Anthropology. As an undergraduate he was employed as an assistant toLate paleopathologist Marvin Allison and, when Bernardo first met and became intrigued by the Chinchorro Culture. Years he obtained Master's and Doctoral degrees in Physical Anthropology from Arizona State University. Arriaza has more than 70 papers in scientific journals of high impact factor, is the author of 10 books on the first populations of northern Chile, some with collaborators, including five of a scientific nature, two on scientific dissemination and three specialized catalogs.

Three of these have been republished. Participates in 14 book chapters, he has 50 scientific presentations at national and international scientific meetings. Has participated as a researcher in eight projects funded by FONDECYT, four as a principal investigator, four as co-investigator, He has participated in FONDART, NSF, FIC and National Geographic Society grants, among others, he has been scientific advisor on the Chinchorro Culture on 14 television documentaries including Discovery Channel and National Geographic. In 1984 Arriaza wrote in the journal Chungara, his first work on the Chinchorro Culture in collaboration with other academics from the University of Tarapacá, ten years in 1994 he published in the Chungara a classification on the Chinchorro mummies, typology that today is used by the scientific and general community. A year in 1995 he wrote an important article for National Geographic Magazine on the Chinchorro mummies, translated into several languages, including Japanese and Portuguese, thus helping to promote the Chinchorro mummies at international level, the same year he wrote the book "Beyond Death: The Chinchorro Mummies of Ancient Chile".

Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D. C., translated, in 2003, into Spanish by Marlene Onate, Master of Art, University of Nevada Las Vegas and published in Chile by the Universidad de Chile, prestigious Editorial Universitaria Press. In 2002 with the collaboration of Vivien Standen he wrote the book "Mummies and ancestral rites". University of Tarapacá; the work was published by the Editorial Universitaria Press in 2008. In 2005 he wrote his environmental hypothesis debating why the Chinchorro developed their artificial mummification practices, four years in 2009 he published with Vivien Standen "Catalogue Chinchorro Mummies". University of Tarapacá Press. In 2014 Arriaza published with Nuria Sanz and Vivien Standen "The Chinchorro Culture: A comparative perspective"; the archaeology of the earliest human mummification. UNESCO, in 2016 he published with Vivien Standen "Chinchorro Culture: Past and Present". University of Tarapaca Press. In 2016 he has been nominated for the Chilean National History Award.

His last interviews were by the Chilean Magazine "Qué Pasa and by the newspaper "diario Uchile" but he's been consulted and cited since 1994 Arriaza's involvement with the community began in 2005 with the project explore program: "Understand the desert so that we are players in the development of our region", an activity held in conjunction with Arica high schools. A year before, in 2004, he was involved in the creation of the website www.momiaschinchorro.com, subsequently transformed to chinchorro.cl. In 2008 he was part of the publishing of the cartoon"Arqueonautas: The Chinchorro Vol. 1". Financed by GORE of Arica in 2008 he participated as main scientific advisor in the documentary "Chinchorro: 3,000 years before King Tut" by Herman Mondaca Raitieri Danús and Andrés Vargas. In 2009 he won the FONDART grant on teaching materials on Chinchorro, delivered to schools in the region of Arica and Parinacota. 1999, Barrick Award Scholar Award from the University of Nevada, United States. 1999, Medal of Professional Merit by the Municipality of Arica.

2004, Lifetime Achievement Award from the Municipality of Coltauco, VI Region. 2013, Outstanding researcher, University of Tarapacá. 2015, declared "Ambassador of the Chinchorro Culture". Distinction awarded by the University of Tarapacá and the Municipality of Camarones

James C. Tappan House

The James C. Tappan House known as the Tappan-Pillow House, is a historic house at 717 Poplar Street in Helena, Arkansas, it is a two-story wood frame structure, three bays wide, with a hip roof. A two-story porch projects from the main facade, topped by a Greek Revival triangular pediment with brackets; the porch has urn-shaped balusters. The house was built in 1858 for James C. Tappan, is unusual for the early appearance of otherwise Victorian features in its design. Tappan served as a senior officer in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War; the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 4, 1973. National Register of Historic Places listings in Phillips County, Arkansas

North Long Beach, Long Beach, California

North Long Beach is a predominantly working class area of Long Beach, California. The neighborhood is bounded to the west and east by the Long Beach city limits, to the south by Del Amo Boulevard and the Bixby Knolls neighborhood; the north boundary with Paramount is only a few blocks north of the Artesia Freeway. North Long Beach is residential, it is home to the Uptown Business Improvement District, which represents commercial and multifarious property owners on Atlantic Avenue between Artesia Blvd and Market Street and a portion of Artesia Blvd adjacent to Jordan High School, as well as retail activity along most major streets in the area, including Artesia Boulevard, Long Beach Boulevard, Cherry Avenue. There are some industrial businesses along the eastern edge of North Long Beach between Cherry Avenue and Paramount Boulevard, serviced by the Union Pacific Railroad; the northern end of the district is home to Houghton Park, the North Neighborhood Library, Fire Station 12, Jordan High School, while the southern end includes the Carmelitos housing project and its adjacent small shopping center.

On its west side, at Market Street and Long Beach Boulevard, is the site of the original Long Beach civic center dating back to the city's rancho days. The Long Beach Police Department's North Division operates a substation on the corner of Atlantic and Del Amo, at Scherer Park. According to the 2010 U. S. Census, the neighborhood was home to over 93,000 people. 54% of the population was Hispanic 21% were black 8.7% were non-Hispanic whites, 11% were Asian. There is a significant Tongan and Samoan population. North Long Beach is in the Long Beach Unified School District. Jordan High School - Jordan High School - Charles Evans Hughes Middle School Charles Lindbergh Middle School Alexander Hamilton Middle School - Colin Powell Middle School Ulysses S. Grant Elementary School Bret Harte Elementary School McKinley Elementary School Starr King Elementary School Perry Lindsey Middle School Dooley Elementary Jane Addams Elementary Longfellow Elementary Intellectual Virtues AcademySource: Long Beach Veterans Day Parade Neighborhoods of Long Beach, California Long Beach City Council District 9 - Rex Richardson Inside District 9

Willoughby railway station

Willoughby was a railway station on the East Lincolnshire Railway which served the village of Willoughby in Lincolnshire between 1848 and 1970. In 1886, a second larger station replaced the first following the opening of a junction with the Mablethorpe Loop Line to Sutton-on-Sea and Mablethorpe; the withdrawal of goods facilities at Willoughby took place in 1966, followed by passenger services in 1970. All lines through the station are now closed; the station was opened on 3 September 1848 to serve the village of Willoughby. It was constructed by Peto and Betts civil engineering contractors who, in January 1848, had taken over the contract to construct the section of the East Lincolnshire Railway between Louth and Boston from John Waring and Sons; this section was the last to be completed in September 1848 at an agreed cost of £123,000. Two facing platforms were constructed to the south of a level crossing, adjacent to the stationmaster's house which provided the only passenger facilities. A goods yard to the south of the station was served by two sidings: one passing through a brick-built engine shed and a loading dock, while the other served an end dock.

On 28 July 1884, the Sutton and Willoughby Railway was authorised to construct a line to Willoughby from Sutton-on-Sea on the Lincolnshire coast. Opening of the line from the coast on 23 September 1886 resulted in the construction of a new station at Willoughby in 1886-7. A new station would be built to the north of the level crossing in order to facilitate the construction of a junction between the East Lincolnshire Railway and the new line. To this end, land to the north of the crossing was purchased from the estate of Baron Willoughby de Eresby; the Great Northern Railway, which had absorbed the East Lincolnshire Railway, requested that the Sutton and Willoughby Railway pay their share of the construction costs, which amounted to £3,966. The new station opened on 4 October 1886 and the old one closed two days with the stationhouse being retained; the Great Northern was to take over the Sutton and Willoughby Railway in 1902, which by that time had extended to Mablethorpe to join the Louth and East Coast Railway, the latter being absorbed by the Great Northern in 1908.

The new station was provided with three platform faces: a bay platform with a run-round loop for the Sutton line, a single platform for down services on the main line and an island platform for up services. A canopy covered both the bay and up platform; the main station buildings, consisting of a parcels office, stationmaster's office, ticket office, general waiting room, ladies' waiting room, porters' room and toilets, were situated on the up platform and branch platform. Another ladies' waiting room was located on the down platform. Two signal boxes were brought into service: one controlling the junction and bay and one controlling the crossing and goods yard movements; the second box was located behind the down platform, near a footbridge over the main line and the level crossing. The goods yard remained in its original position, but was provided with a goods shed and four sidings: one set was for coal traffic and the other for milk traffic sent out daily by the Clover Dairy factory. In 1937, milk was dispatched to Hull Paragon in a van picked up by the 4.19 pm Grimsby to Peterborough North passenger working.

Two important passenger services called at Willoughby - the Cleethorpes to Kings Cross buffet expresses which called at 7.52 am and 9.50 am, with the return service passing through at 7.05 pm and 9.35 pm. On Summer Saturdays the branch service to Mablethorpe started from the main line platform instead of the bay owing to the large amount of parcels and luggage associated with holiday traffic. Willoughby station was well-kept and received British Rail's "Best Kept Station" awards. In 1969 towards the end of its life, the station won the "second class" award in the annual competition which prompted the local press to recite the saying "we, who are about to die, salute you." The withdrawal of goods facilities at Willoughby was on 2 May 1966 and final closure to passengers on 5 October 1970. The stationmaster's house from the original Willoughby station has survived, as have the brick goods shed and loading dock which are in industrial use. Little remains of the second Willoughby station and the aid of a map is necessary to find it.

The remains of the down main platform are visible from. It is still possible to access the trackbed between the platforms and one gate from the level crossing survives on the south side of the line next to the stationmaster's house, a private residence; the footbridge was dismantled and now spans a fishing pond at nearby Burgh Le Marsh. One mile of the former Mablethorpe branch line from the station site at Willoughby has been converted into a nature reserve and footpath. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Clinker, C. R.. Clinker's Register of Closed Passenger Stations and Goods Depots in England and Wales 1830-1977. Bristol: Avon-Anglia Publications & Services. ISBN 0-905466-19-5. Hill, Roger. British Railways Past and Present: Lincolnshire. Kettering, Northants: Past & Present Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85895-083-9. Ludlam, A. J..

The East Lincolnshire Railway. Headington, Oxford: The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-416-4. Ludlam, A. J.. The Louth and Willough

October (EP)

October is a 2003 EP released by The Funeral Pyre. It was shortly before this album was recorded and released that the band decided to change its name from'Envilent' to'The Funeral Pyre'. Though only a few reviews were made, it was praised for its work, despite being a demo. Although it was said that "there is not much here that can make it stand apart," many said its piano intro and Spanish guitar outro were a good build on the album, it was said that it was recorded in only two days. Only two of the songs from this album, "A Gradual Awakening" and "Isengard Unleashed", were available for download from the band's official site. All the songs on this EP were re-recorded for their first full-length release, Immersed by the Flames of Mankind. "A Gradual Awakening" "World of Vengeance" "Isengard Unleashed" Jason Dunn – guitar James Joyce – guitar John Strachanvocals Alex Hernandezdrums Adam Campbellbass guitar