2 Brothers on the 4th Floor is a Dutch musical group created in 1990 by brothers Martin and Bobby Boer. The group has had success in many countries including the Netherlands, Germany, Czech Republic, Finland, South Africa, Chile, the United States and the United Kingdom; the most recent members of 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor are Martin and Bobby Boer, Dutch singer Désirée Claudette Manders, rapper D-Rock. The Boer brothers had been experimenting with music in a small bedroom when they gained note in 1990, when their single Can't Help Myself was picked up by Dutch radio stations and became an international hit; the brothers brought together rapper Da Smooth Baron MC and singers Peggy "The Duchess" and Gale Robinson to form their stage act. The release of their next single, Turn Da Music Up was somewhat less successful, but helped the band to gain name recognition. 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor made two hit singles together before separating. Martin Boer moved into a new professional studio and started making remixes under the name Dancability Productions, making remixes for artists such as Becky Bell, Twenty 4 Seven and Luv', while Bobby Boer designed record covers and CD inlays for other artists.
2 Brothers on the 4th Floor was revived by the Boer brothers in 1993. Bobby joined Martin in his studio and, after some time, released the single Never Alone; this single was the first to be launched with singer Desirée Manders. The song Dreams, which the title song of the band's first album, was a song that captured the essence of Eurodance. Due to the genre's popularity when the song was released in 1994, the song became a hit both nationally and internationally; the band's renewed style and concept was accepted well by Dutch audience. Never Alone went gold. Dreams, the band's subsequent single, went straight to number one and remained on the charts for weeks and Let Me Be Free, its successor, remained in the top ten nationally for some time. In 1995 and 1996, 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor further widened their success with the singles Fly, Come Take My Hand and Fairytales, changing their style to happy hardcore; these singles topped the charts in various European countries. At the end of 1996, the band released the single There's a Key and its second album, 2.
After 2, the band shifted styles and first recorded the single One Day, an R&B track that departed from their typical Eurodance style. Afterwards, they returned to their previous Eurodance style with the single I'm Thinkin' of U. In March 1998, 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor released the single Do U Know, a mid to low tempo pop track. At the beginning of autumn 1998, the single The Sun Will Be Shining was released, it contains remixes by Dance Therapy and the Dub Foundation. Packaged with The Sun Will Be Shining was a CD-ROM featuring the videos of "The Sun Will Be Shining" and "The Making Of". On 5 February 1999 the single Heaven Is Here was released. 29 October that year saw the release of the single Living In Cyberspace. On 16 June 2000 the single "Wonderful Feeling" was released. On 29 June 2001 the single "Stand Live" was released; the duo had never released its third album due to problems with record companies. The band is touring, with performances planned for 2018; the group released "The Very Best of" in April 2016.
In addition to their duties with 2 Brothers on the 4th Floor, Des'Ray has a solo career, D-Rock is working with the band E-Life
The Global Ocean Commission was an international initiative between 2013 and 2016 to raise awareness, promote action to address, the degradation of the ocean and help restore it to full health and productivity. Its focus was on the high seas, the vast ocean areas that lie beyond the Exclusive Economic Zones of individual states; the Commission originated as an initiative of the Pew Charitable Trust, in partnership with Somerville College at the University of Oxford It launched in February 2013 and delivered its final report in February 2016. The Commission included senior political figures, business leaders and development specialists, consulted and collaborated with a diverse group of constituencies, including ocean users, scientists, business leaders and trade unions; the Commission published its principal report and recommendations, "From Decline to Recovery: a Rescue Package for the Ocean", in June 2014, released a follow-up report, "The Future of Our Ocean: Next Steps and Priorities", in February 2016.
The Global Ocean Commission was launched in 2013 in response to concerns that, when it comes to the global ocean: "Governance is woefully inadequate, on the high seas, anarchy rules the waves." In their founding message, the co-Chairs stated that the Commission is "inspired by the opportunity that exists for the high seas to play a regenerative role in restoring whole ocean health, by the potential of a small number of bold proposals to stimulate a cycle of recovery." The high seas are essential to the health of the planet. Five key "drivers of ocean decline" were identified by the Commission: rising demand for resources; the mandate of the Global Ocean Commission was to address these issues by formulating "politically and technically feasible short-, medium- and long-term recommendations."The Commission originated as an initiative of the Pew Charitable Trust, in partnership with Somerville College at the University of Oxford, Adessium Foundation and Oceans 5. The Commission was supported by the Adessium Foundation, Oceans 5, Pew Charitable Trusts, but was an independent entity.
José María Figueres – President of Costa Rica Trevor Manuel – South Africa Minister of Finance David Miliband – President and CEO of the International Rescue Committee and former UK Foreign Secretary Obiageli ‘Oby’ Ezekwesili – Vice President of the World Bank for Africa Vladimir Golitsyn – President of the Seabed Disputes Chamber of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea Robert Hill – Member of the Australian Senate Yoriko Kawaguchi – Member of the House of Councillors of Japan Pascal Lamy – Director-General of the World Trade Organization Paul Martin – Prime Minister of Canada Sri Mulyani Indrawati – Managing Director of the World Bank Group Cristina Narbona – Environment Minister of Spain Ratan Tata – Chairman of the Tata Group Foua Toloa – Elected Member of the Council for the Ongoing Government for Fakaofo, Tokelau Andrés Velasco – Minister of Finance of Chile Luiz Furlan - Co-chairman of the board of BRF Brazil foods from 2009-2011 John Podesta - Chair of the Center for American Progress, Commissioner in 2013 Victor Chu - Chairman of the First Eastern Investment Group and Council member of the Hong Kong stock exchange, Chair of the Hong Kong - Europe Business Council Carol Browner - Head of the U.
S. Environmental Protection Agency The Commissioners were supported by an International Secretariat consisting of: Simon Reddy, Executive Secretary Rémi Parmentier, Deputy Executive Secretary Clare Brennan, Director of Operations Kristian Teleki, Director of Global Engagement Justin Woolford, Director of Communications Inés de Agueda and Policy Officer The Global Ocean Commission’s 2014 report outlined a set of practical proposals to address the five drivers of decline, reverse high seas degradation, improve the system of governance and compliance; the Eight Proposals are: A Sustainable Development Goal for the Ocean Governing the High Seas - Promoting care and recovery No More Overfishing - Ending harmful high seas subsidies Illegal and Unregulated Fishing - Closing seas and markets. Plastics - Keeping them out of the ocean Offshore Oil and Gas - Establishing binding safety standards and liability Global Ocean Accountability Board - Monitoring progress towards a healthy ocean Creating a High Seas Regeneration Zone.
According to research examined by the Global Ocean Commission: Approximately half of the world’s fish stocks are fished to their maximum sustainable level, while a further third are fished beyond that level, some to commercial extinction. Overfishing threatens food security. Climate change is forcing the migration of some marine life away from their natural grounds, appears to be reducing the amount of living space for some important fish species. Illegal and unregulated fishing fleets are implicated in acts of terrorism and trafficking of people and weapons, with working conditions which can amount to forced labour; the Commission called for all fishing vessels operating on the high seas to be fitted with mandatory vessel IDs in order to allow for monitoring. Global Ocean Commission official website
This is a list of symphonies in D minor written by notable composers. Baroque and Classical symphonies in D minor used 2 horns in F. Michael Haydn's Symphony No. 29 in D minor is notable for using two trumpets in D. In the Romantic era, D minor symphonies, like symphonies in any other key, used horns in F and trumpets in B-flat; the first choice of clarinet for orchestral music in D minor is the clarinet in B♭. This choice, becomes problematic for multi-movement works that begin in D minor and end in D major, as the clarinet in A would be preferable for the parallel major. One solution is to write the first movement for clarinet in B♭ and the last movement for clarinet in A, but this burdens the player with having to warm up the A instrument in time for the switch. For symphonies in D major, see List of symphonies in D major. For symphonies in other keys, see List of symphonies by key. Frisch, Brahms: The Four Symphonies. New Haven: Yale University Press: 7–10. ISBN 0-300-09965-7. Sonneck – Orchestral Music Catalogue: Scores at the Library of Congress at Google Books
Chaitanya Tamhane is an Indian filmmaker, known for the 2014 Marathi courtroom drama Court. It was announced as India's official submission for the 88th Academy Awards in the Best Foreign Language Film category; the film examines the Indian legal system through the trial of an aging folk singer in a lower court in Mumbai. Court is Tamhane's directorial debut for a feature length film, his previous work includes the short film Six Strands, of which he was the writer and director, as well as producer. For Court, Tamhane was nominated for best screenwriter at the 9th Asian Film Awards and won best director at the 16th Mumbai Film Festival, among many other awards and honors. In 2018, Tamhane served as the creative producer for the Kannada film Balekempa. Best Film Court at Buenos Aires International Festival of Independent Cinema, 2015. Best Asian Feature Film, Court at Singapore International Film Festival, Silver Screen Awards 2014
Ulvi Güveneroğlu is a Turkish former footballer and manager. He works at Beşiktaş, his former club, as General Coordinator and Youth Team Manager, he started playing football in Elazığspor and joined Beşiktaş in 1979 and served his club throughout his career. Played 422 times in domestic league, he played in European Cups, played 11 matches in Champions League and 6 times in UEFA Cup, he worked in several clubs since the early 2000s at clubs such as Gençlerbirliği, Gaziantepspor, İstanbulspor, Elazığspor, Erzurumspor. In March 2010, he signed for Beşiktaş. BeşiktaşTurkish League: 5 Presidential Cup: 4 Chancellor Cup: 1 TSYD Cup: 6 Profile at TFF Manegarial Movements at TFF Profile on Beşiktaş official website
Michael Stock is an English songwriter, record producer and musician, best known for being a member of the songwriting and production team Stock Aitken and Waterman that achieved success in the 1980s and 1990s. He has written and/or produced numerous worldwide hits including 18 No. 1 records in America and the UK, over a hundred top-40 hits. Stock is one of the most successful songwriters of all time as recognised by the Guinness Book of Records; as part of Stock Aitken and Waterman, he is acknowledged as the most successful producer-songwriter in British chart history and holds the record for the most No. 1 records with different acts, with 11. In the UK Singles Chart he has written 54 top-ten hits including 7 number ones. Stock was born in Margate, England in 1951 and grew up in Swanley, Kent, he attended Swanley comprehensive school. At Swanley school he was involved in several school variety productions, he began writing songs at the age of seven. Inspired by The Beatles he soon became fixated with pop music and put together his first band at age 13, playing bass guitar and singing.
Fascinated by the popular songwriting styles of Rodgers and Hammerstein, writers such as Irving Berlin and the energy and freshness of The Beatles, he established a deep love of pop music. Stock signed a publishing contract when he was nineteen after earning a reputation as a budding songwriter, although no one had suggested a full-time career in the music world was a possibility. In 1970 Stock earned a placement at the University of Hull to study Drama and Theology and formed a band with a fellow student, the acclaimed Oscar-winning director, Anthony Minghella. Whilst at Hull, Stock met his wife Bobbie and left university when she graduated to concentrate his efforts in making it in music. In 1975 they married and soon after, sold their house in Bury, Lancashire to move back south Stock played his first paid, solo gig at Aveley Working Men's Club in Essex in 1976, earning twenty five pounds. By the late 1970s Stock, now living in Blackheath, South London, was performing up and down the country.
Performing solo, in a duo or with bands Mirage and Nightwork, Stock gained a good reputation for his live performances and was booked for venues like the Hilton Hotel, Grosvenor House and the Dorchester in Mayfair. Throughout 1979 to 1981 Stock was gigging every night of the week in various bands embracing pop, old standards, rock or funk. Stock's band had gone through several guitar players. Stock contacted Aitken to offer him a role in the band. Playing on cruise ships and in various bands of his own, Aitken was an accomplished guitarist whose style could adapt to any type of music. In 1982 Stock moved to Abbey Wood, South London where, along with Matt Aitken he acquired a recording desk and tape machine and formed his first record label. During the break of one of Mirage's sets on New Year's Eve 1983, Stock informed the band he would be leaving and was going into the studio to pursue his career as a songwriter and producer. Matt Aitken agreed to join him and from January 1984 onwards the pair worked in recording studios.
Stock had worked with Pete Waterman in 1980 when John Milton, Mark Stock and Mike wrote a song - One Nine for a Lady Breaker – for a CB radio club. A version of the track found its way to Pete Waterman who managed Peter Collins a successful producer with acts like Musical Youth and Nik Kershaw; the track was produced by Collins. In January 1984 Stock and Aitken arranged to meet Waterman at his office in the Stiff Records building, Camden Town. Waterman was seeking a new partnership and in February 1984 they went into the Marquee Studio in Wardour Street Soho to record the song'The Upstroke' for'Agents Aren't Aeroplanes'- a front for their concept of a female Frankie Goes To Hollywood; the record was released on Proto Records run by Barry Evangeli and Nick East and distributed by RCA.'The Upstroke' achieved popularity in the gay clubs and discos where many new records were being found and subsequently promoted into the mainstream as Hi-NRG. In 1983 Stock had been approached by Andy Paul, a Greek Cypriot, to write a song for Cyprus in the Eurovision Song Contest.'Anna Maria Elena' was voted by the Cypriot public to represent their country in the competition and the re-recorded version would be Stock and Aitken's second collaboration with Waterman.
The team were asked to produce a song for Divine and they recorded'You Think You're a Man' at the Marquee Studio, released by Proto Records in July 1984 reaching number 16 in the UK charts. Soon after, the team recorded Hazell Dean's'Whatever I Do,'; the song became SAW's first top 10 hit, reaching number 4 in the UK. In September 1984 they were approached by Dead or Alive to produce the song You Spin Me Round which became Stock Aitken and Waterman's first UK number 1 in March 1985. In 1985 the trio built a new studio at ‘The Vineyard’ recording studio complex, The Borough that would be dubbed'The Hit Factory'. Whilst working with the band Brilliant, Stock wrote a song for their backing singer Desiree Heslop called'Say I'm Your Number One', which became a hit in the UK under her stage name'Princess'. Towards the end of 1985 the group Bananarama approached SAW to record a cover of'Shocking Blue's' Venus; the track became a huge hit in the UK and went to No. 1 in America in July 1986. Bananarama would continue to enjoy success with SAW with hits such as Love in the First Degree, I Heard a Rumour and I Want You Back.
In 1986 Mel and Kim