2 World Trade Center is a skyscraper under construction as part of the World Trade Center complex in Manhattan, New York City. It will replace the original 2 World Trade Center, completed in 1972, subsequently destroyed during the September 11 attacks in 2001, it will occupy the position of the original 5 World Trade Center; the foundation work was completed in 2013. When completed in 1973, 2 World Trade Center became the second tallest building in the World—behind its twin, 1 World Trade Center; the South Tower's rooftop observation deck was 1,362 ft high and its indoor observation deck was 1,310 ft high. The World Trade Center towers held the height record only briefly: the Willis Tower in Chicago, finished in May 1973, reached 1,450 feet at the rooftop. Throughout its existence, the South Tower had more floors than any other building; this number was not surpassed until the advent of the Burj Khalifa, which opened in 2010. Of the 110 stories, eight were set aside for technical services in mechanical floors, which are four two-floor areas that evenly spaced up the building.
All the remaining floors were free for open-plan offices. Each floor of the towers had 40,000 square feet of space for occupancy; the original Two World Trade Center had local elevators. The tower had 3,800,000 square feet of office space. Conceived as a complex dedicated to companies and organizations directly taking part in "world trade", the South Tower, along with 1 World Trade Center at first failed to attract the expected clientele. During the early years, various governmental organizations became key tenants of the World Trade Center towers including the State of New York, it was not until the 1980s that the city's perilous financial state eased, after which an increasing number of private companies—mostly financial firms tied to Wall Street—became tenants. During the 1990s 500 companies had offices in the complex including many financial companies such as Morgan Stanley, Aon Corporation, Salomon Brothers and the Port Authority itself; the basement concourse of the World Trade Center included The Mall at the World Trade Center, along with a PATH station.
Electrical service to the towers was supplied by Consolidated Edison at 13,800 volts. This service passed through the World Trade Center Primary Distribution Center and sent up through the core of the building to electrical substations located on the mechanical floors; the substations stepped down the 13,800 primary voltage to 480/277 volt secondary service, further down to 208/120 volt general power and lighting service. The complex was served by emergency generators located in the sub-levels of the towers and on the roof of 5 WTC; the 110th floor of 1 World Trade Center housed television transmission equipment. At 9:03 a.m. EDT on September 11, 2001, five terrorists crashed United Airlines Flight 175 into the southern facade of the South Tower. Three buildings in the World Trade Center complex, including 2 WTC, collapsed due to fire-induced structural failure; the light construction and hollow nature of the structures allowed the jet fuel to penetrate far inside the towers, igniting many large fires over a wide area of the impacted floors.
The fuel from the planes burned at most for a few minutes, but the contents of the buildings burned over the next hour to hour and a half. The fires might not have been as centrally positioned, nor as intense, had traditionally heavy high-rise construction been standing in the way of the aircraft. Debris and fuel would have remained outside the buildings or concentrated in more peripheral areas away from the building cores, which would not have become unique failure points. In this scenario, the towers might have stood far longer indefinitely; the fires were hot enough to weaken the columns and cause floors to sag, pulling perimeter columns inward and reducing their ability to support the mass of the building above. The South Tower collapsed at 9:59 a.m. after burning for 56 minutes in the fire caused by the impact of United Airlines Flight 175 and the explosion of its fuel. The new 82-story building, if erected, will have a total height of 1,323 feet. In comparison, the Empire State Building's roof at the 102nd floor is 1,250 feet tall, 1,454 feet with its antenna, the original 2 World Trade Center was 1,362 feet.
The tower was designed by Foster and Partners in 2006 before being redesigned by the Bjarke Ingels Group. In Foster and Partners' design, the structural engineer for the building was WSP Cantor Seinuk. In the original plan, the building's sloping roof consisted of four diamonds inclined toward the memorial that would have provided a visual marker around the skyline of just where the original towers were; the tower was designed to resemble a diamond, with cross bracing intersects and indentations breaking up the sides. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey said the following about 200 Greenwich Street's wedged rooftop: "Designed by Lord Foster, the tower incorporates WTC master planner Daniel Libeskind's'wedge of light' concept, will cast no shadow on the memorial park on September 11." The total floor space of 200 Greenwich Street was anticipated to include 2,400,000 square feet of office space and another 130,000 square feet for retail shops and access areas to the underground World Trade Center PATH station.
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Giuseppe Gariboldi was an Italian flautist and composer. In 1856, after studies with Giuseppe D'Aloe, he moved to Paris, where he worked as a composer and flute virtuoso. From 1859 to 1861, he concerted in Belgium, Netherlands and Austria. During the Franco-Prussian War, in 1870, he worked in the Red Cross. From 1871 to 1895, he taught composition at the college Rollen in Paris. In 1905, he returned with his family in Italy, his works include numerous flute pieces. A few of his studies and études are still used in teaching, namely Etudes mignonnes op. 131, 20 Petites Etudes op. 132, Exercices journaliers op. progressives. Gariboldi composed many songs and three operettas. Goldberg, Adolph. Porträts und Biographien hervorragender Flöten-Virtuosen, -Dilettanten und -Komponisten. Celle: Moeck. ISBN 3-87549-028-2. Fabio Montesi: Een beroemd musicus uit Castelraimondo: Giuseppe Gariboldi Biography Short biography Free scores by Giuseppe Gariboldi at the International Music Score Library Project Sheet music including Gariboldi's études
Between the Stars and Waves is the 7th studio album of the Filipino rock band Rivermaya. It has been released on 2003 under Viva Records, it has 15 tracks. It is the last album they recorded with Kakoy Legaspi who left months after this album was released. All songs composed by Rico Blanco except. "Sunday Driving" "A Love to Share" "241" "One Good Afternoon" "Balisong" "Take My Cue" "Table for Two" "Atat" "She" "Noontime Show" "I Can't Let Go" "Pinaiyak Mo Na Naman Ako" "Squeezy" "Home" "A Love to Share" Executive Producers: Vic del Rosario Jr. & Vincent del Rosario Associate Producer: Joey E. Singian A & R: Romel Sanchez Art Direction and Original Artwork Commissioned for the Album: Kawayan de Guia Graphic Design and Lay-out: Maria Regina Tuazon Additional Lay-out: Restyabellatica Producer: Rivermaya Sound Engineer: Mark Escueta Assistant Sound Engineer: Rico Blanco, Mike Elgar, Japs Sergio, Kakoy Legaspi All songs feature vocals by Rico Blanco except for Track 7 by Japs Sergio and tracks 9,12 & 13 by Mike Elgar.
Track 4 features an excerpt from "Panic" by the Smiths. Words and Music by Marr & Morrissey. Additional vocals on Track 4 by Kathy Meneses of Daydream Cycle Track 9 features Jerome Nunez of Mannos on violin with permission from Vicor Music Corp. All songs arranged by Rivermaya. All songs mixed at the Birdhouse Additional recordings at Hit Productions Inc.. Mastered by Angee Rozul and Rivermaya at Tracks Studios; the song was re-released when Rivermaya came out with their International EP You'll Be Safe Here. Two music videos have been made for "Balisong"; the first came out in 2004. It begins with a piano intro by vocalist Rico Blanco the band starts to play the song inside a room, lit by sunlight; as the song progresses and letters are shown all over the room, revealing the "past relationship" that the song is portraying was being reminisced. The second video came out in 2006, when Rivermaya had just released their international debut "You'll Be Safe Here"; the video was set in a carnival. This video shows Rico Blanco playing the piano, but to a lesser extent.
As the video plays, Rico Blanco is attracted to a certain woman, dressed in a red gown. He comes up to the woman and sings to her the chorus of the song; the song ends when all the carnival acts leave and the band is left alone. This video was renamed "Bali Song," to differentiate it from the first video. "Balisong" is one of few OPM songs which have two different videos made for them. Other songs performed by OPM bands which have two music videos are "You'll Be Safe Here" by Rivermaya, "Narda" and "Ambisyoso" by Kamikazee, "Stars" by Callalily, "Yugto" by Rico Blanco, "With A Smile" by Eraserheads. In Philippine culture, balisong is a knife with a retractable blade. Strangely, the song does not reference the knife or mentioned in the song lyrics; this song served as the official theme song of the 2017 movie 100 Tula Para Kay Stella, which stars Bela Padilla and JC Santos. Aside from the said movie in connection to the song, the song is used in CreamSilk's Modern Filipinas Transformed campaign with the appearances of Nadine Lustre, Yassi Pressman, Julie Anne San Jose, Coleen Garcia, Rachelle Ann Go, Heart Evangelista, Pia Wurtzbach, Lea Salonga, Anne Curtis & Sam Pinto in coincidence with the celebration of International Women's Day, celebrated annually by all women worldwide.
Titik Pilipino: The Online Resource for Filipino Songs