30 Rockefeller Plaza is an American Art Deco skyscraper that forms the centerpiece of Rockefeller Center in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Called the RCA Building from 1933 to 1988, the GE Building from 1988 to 2015, it was renamed the Comcast Building in 2015, following the transfer of ownership to new corporate owner Comcast, its name is shortened to 30 Rock. The building is best known for housing the headquarters and New York studios of television network NBC, as well as the Rainbow Room restaurant. At 850 feet high, the 66-story building is the 22nd tallest in New York City and the 47th tallest in the United States, it stands 400 feet shorter than the Empire State Building. 30 Rockefeller Center underwent a $170 million floor-by-floor interior renovation in 2014. The construction of Rockefeller Center occurred between 1932 and 1940 on land that John D. Rockefeller Jr. leased from Columbia University. The Rockefeller Center site was supposed to be occupied by a new opera house for the Metropolitan Opera.
By 1928, Benjamin Wistar Morris and designer Joseph Urban were hired to come up with blueprints for the house. However, the new building was too expensive for the opera to fund by itself, it needed an endowment, the project gained the support of John D. Rockefeller Jr; the planned opera house was canceled in December 1929 due to various issues, with the new opera house being built at Lincoln Center, opening in 1966. Raymond Hood, Rockefeller Center's lead architect, came up with the idea to negotiate with the Radio Corporation of America and its subsidiaries, National Broadcasting Company and Radio-Keith-Orpheum, to build a mass media entertainment complex on the site. By May 1930, RCA and its affiliates had made an agreement with Rockefeller Center managers. RCA would lease 1,000,000 square feet of studio space. A skyscraper at 30 Rockefeller Plaza's current site was first proposed in the March 1930 version of the complex's blueprint, the current dimensions of the tower were finalized in March 1931.
The skyscraper would be named for RCA as part of the agreement. Designs for the Radio City Music Hall and the RCA Building were submitted to the New York City Department of Buildings in August 1931, by which time the both buildings were to open in 1932. Work on the steel structure of the RCA Building started in March 1932, the building's structural steel was up to the 64th floor by September of that year; the photograph Lunch atop a Skyscraper was taken on September 20, 1932, during the construction of the 69th floor. The structure of the RCA Building was slated to open on May 1, 1933, its opening was delayed until mid-May because of a controversy over Man at the Crossroads, a painting by Diego Rivera, removed from the RCA Building. NBC was one of the first tenants in the new RCA Building, with 35 studios packed into the lower base of the building, it was one of the largest tenants. RCA's chief engineer O. B. Hanson was faced with designing an area of the building, large enough to host 35 studios with as few structural columns as possible.
This was achieved by placing all the studios in the 16-story, the windowless center part of the building, which would have otherwise been used as an unprofitable office space. Over 1,500 miles of utility wires stretched through this part of the building, powered by direct current because the use of alternating current would cause transmissions to become spotty. Two floors were reserved for future TV studios, five more stories were reserved for audience members and guests. During the building's early years, NBC housed both the Red Network and the Blue Network within 30 Rockefeller Plaza; the building hosted daily tours of the NBC Studios. Studio 8H was the largest of the studios in the RCA Building, with the capacity to seat 1,400 guests; the Rockefeller family's Standard Oil Company moved into the RCA Building in 1934. The New York Museum of Science and Industry leased some of the unpopular space on the RCA Building's lower floors after Nelson Rockefeller became a trustee of the museum in fall 1935.
Westinghouse moved into the 14th through 17th floors of the RCA Building. The Rockefeller family moved into various floors and suites throughout the same building to give potential tenants the impression of occupancy. In particular, the family's office took up "Room 5600" on the entire 56th floor, while the family's Rockefeller Foundation took up the entire floor below, two other organizations supported by the Rockefellers moved into the building. By 1937, there were 392 employees of Room 5600, by the time World War II was over, Room 5600 comprised the entire 54th through 56th floors; the family offices became a hub for the family's political activity, with ties to both the Democratic and Republican parties at the city and national levels. Frank Sinatra, Shirley MacLaine, Nelson Mandela, Richard Gere, Bono all came to the offices at one point or another; the family moved out in 2014, this space is now occupied by Rockefeller Family and Associates, whose offices span the 54th to 56th floors. John D. Rockefeller had a private vault in the basement of the building, accessible via a private elevator from his office.
Shortly after the RCA Building's opening, there were plans to use the building above the 64th floor as a public "amusement center". That section of the building had several terraces, which could be used as a dance floor and landscaped terrace gardens. On the 65th floor, there was a two-story space for a dining room with a high ceiling. Frank W. Darling quit his job as head of Rye's Playland in order to direct the
20 Grandes Exitos is the second Compilation album by Argentine rock and ska band Los Fabulosos Cadillacs, released in 1998. It is a two-CDs set covering 8 years and 6 albums plus a never-released song "Igual a Quien" The Allmusic review by Stephen Thomas Erlewine awarded the album 4 stars stating "20 Grandes Exitos is an excellent collection of newly-recorded versions of Los Fabulosos Cadillacs' best and best-known songs that should serve as a good introduction for the curious. ". Vicentico – vocals Flavio Cianciarulo – bass Anibal Rigozzi – guitar Mario Siperman – keyboards Fernando Ricciardi – drums Naco Goldfinger – tenor saxophone Sergio Rotman – alto saxophone Daniel Lozano – trumpet & flugelhorn Bernardo Ernesto Bergeret – producer Fabian Couto – art coordinator, producer Chris Frantz – director, producer K. C. Porter – art direction, producer Tina Weymouth – director, producer Carlos Jorge Yñurrigarro – director, producer Los Fabulosos Cadillacs official website 20 Grandes Exitos at MusicBrainz 20 Grandes Exitos at MusicBrainz 20 Grandes Exitos at Allmusic
J. P. Small Memorial Stadium is a baseball park in Florida, it is located in the Durkeeville community in northwest Jacksonville. Constructed in 1912 and rebuilt in 1936, it was the city's first municipal recreation field, served as its primary baseball park before the construction of Wolfson Park in 1954. Throughout the years the stadium has been known at various times as Barrs Field, Durkee Field, the Myrtle Avenue Ball Park; the original facility was constructed in 1911–1912 on a patch of land owned by Joseph H. Durkee, a former Union officer during the American Civil War who had settled in Jacksonville, where he became a prominent businessman and politician. In 1911, Durkee's son Jay Durkee turned control of the property over to Amander Barrs, a local businessman and President of the Jacksonville Baseball Association. Barrs ordered the construction of a recreational field to be used by local teams on the property; the facility was completed in 1912 and was known as Barrs Field, but was known as the Myrtle Avenue Ball Park to locals.
One early tenant was the Jacksonville Athletics, an African-American club for which James Weldon Johnson played. One of the rare professional clubs was the Jacksonville Scouts of the Florida State League, who played in 1921. However, as the city had no municipal park, other teams used fields at the Jacksonville Fairgrounds or across the river in South Jacksonville during this time. In addition to local teams, Major League clubs including the New York Giants and the Brooklyn Dodgers held their spring training at the field; the Philadelphia Athletics were the first major league team to use Barrs Field for spring training, from 1914 until 1918. In 1918, the Pittsburgh Pirates held their spring training at the ballpark. From 1919 until 1920, the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers called Barrs Field their spring training home; the Dodgers would return for one last spring at Barrs in 1922. The lack of a city park led both major and minor league teams to avoid Jacksonville after 1922. In 1926, the city government decided to purchase Barrs Field from Durkee in hopes of bringing back professional baseball.
On March 13, 1926, the city signed a binder to purchase the park, renamed Durkee Field. Shortly after this, the city entered into negotiations to bring a Southeastern League franchise to the city; this was successful, the original incarnation of the Jacksonville Tars was born. In 1932, the city purchased Durkee Field for $348,000; the original stadium was destroyed in a fire in 1936, but the city rebuilt it in 1936–1937. The new structure was larger, included a section for African-American patrons in the era of segregation. In 1938 and from 1941 to mid-1942, Jacksonville's only Negro league franchise, the Jacksonville Red Caps of the Negro American League, used the park as their home field; the Jersey City Giants held spring training at the ballpark in 1946. In that year, the Giants were scheduled to play against a Montreal Royals team that included Jackie Robinson and John Wright, who were in the process of integrating organized baseball; the Giants-Royals game was scheduled for On March 1946 at Durkee Field.
The Royals, with support from the Dodgers, refused to leave Robinson and Wright at Montreal's training camp in Daytona Beach, they canceled the game. In 1953, Jacksonville businessman Samuel W. Wolfson purchased the Jacksonville Tars franchise and reorganized the team as the Jacksonville Braves, a Class A affiliate of the Milwaukee Braves Major League Baseball club. Among the major changes Wolfson introduced. Three black players from the Braves farm system – Hank Aaron, Félix Mantilla, Horace Garner – came to Jacksonville, making the Braves one of the first integrated teams in the South Atlantic League and in the state of Florida; the following year, the city started construction on Wolfson Park, the Braves moved out upon its completion. After its replacement as the municipal ballpark, Durkee Field continued to be used by local high schools and colleges, including Edward Waters College, Raines High School, Stanton High School. By the late 1970s the stadium was in disrepair, it was scheduled for demolition.
Local advocates pushed to save the park, in 1980 Jacksonville City Council member Sallye B. Mathis sponsored legislation to renovate it and rename it for J. P. Small, who served as a teacher, band director and athletic director at Stanton High from 1934 to 1969. Renovations included structural repairs, a new roof, press box and dugouts, paving the parking lot, a new playscape, lighted fields. Councilwoman Denise Lee and Mayor Jake Godbold hosted a rededication ceremony at the park. Following the demolition of Wolfson Park in 2002, J. P. Small Ballpark became the last historic park in the city of Jacksonville. In May 2003 the Jacksonville City Government pushed forward legislation that would give J. P. Small Ballpark a permanent historical marker. Further renovation in 2006 included a small museum. In July 2013, the park was added to the National Register of Historic Places under the name Joseph E. Durkee Athletic Field. Jacksonville Historical Society Digital Ballparks