John Ford was an American film director. His four Academy Awards for Best Director remain a record, one of the films for which he won the award, How Green Was My Valley, also won Best Picture. In a career spanned more than 50 years, Ford directed more than 140 films and he is widely regarded as one of the most important. Fords work was held in regard by his colleagues, with Orson Welles. Ford made frequent use of shooting and long shots, in which his characters were framed against a vast, harsh. Ford was born John Martin Jack Feeney in Cape Elizabeth, Maine to John Augustine Feeney and Barbara Abbey Curran and his father, John Augustine, was born in Spiddal, County Galway, Ireland in 1854. Barbara Curran had been born in the Aran Islands, in the town of Kilronan on the island of Inishmore, John A. Feeneys grandmother, Barbara Morris, was said to be a member of a local gentry family, the Morrises of Spiddal. John Augustine and Barbara Curran arrived in Boston and Portland respectively in May and they married in 1875 and became American citizens five years later on September 11,1880. John Augustine lived in the Munjoy Hill neighborhood of Portland, Maine with his family, and would try farming, fishing, working for the gas company, running a saloon, and being an alderman. Feeney attended Portland High School, Portland, Maine, where he was a successful fullback and he earned the nickname Bull because of the way he would lower his helmet and charge the line. A Portland pub is named Bull Feeneys in his honor and he later moved to California and in 1914 began working in film production as well as acting for his older brother Francis, adopting Jack Ford as a professional name. In addition to credited roles, he appeared uncredited as a Klansman in D. W. Griffiths 1915 The Birth of a Nation and he married Mary McBride Smith on July 3,1920, and they had two children. His daughter Barbara was married to singer and actor Ken Curtis from 1952 to 1964, what difficulty was caused by the two marrying is unclear as the level of John Fords commitment to the Catholic faith is disputed. A strain would have been Fords many extramarital relationships, John Ford began his career in film after moving to California in July 1914. He followed in the footsteps of his older brother Francis Ford, twelve years his senior. John Ford started out in his brothers films as an assistant, handyman, stuntman and occasional actor, frequently doubling for his brother, Francis gave his younger brother his first acting role in The Mysterious Rose. Despite an often combative relationship, within three years Jack had progressed to become Francis chief assistant and often worked as his cameraman, by the time Jack Ford was given his first break as a director, Francis profile was declining and he ceased working as a director soon after. One notable feature of John Fords films is that he used a company of actors
Merian C. Cooper
Merian Caldwell Cooper was an American aviator, United States Air Force and Polish Air Force officer, adventurer, screenwriter, film director, and producer. Cooper was the founder of the Kościuszko Squadron during the Polish–Soviet War and was a Soviet prisoner of war for a time and he was a notable movie producer, and got his start with film as part of the Explorers Club, traveling the world and documenting adventures. He was a member of the board of directors of Pan American Airways, during his film career, he worked for companies such as Pioneer Pictures, RKO Pictures, and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. He is also credited as co-inventor of the Cinerama film projection process, Coopers most famous film was the 1933 movie King Kong. He was awarded an honorary Oscar for lifetime achievement in 1952, Merian Caldwell Cooper was born in Jacksonville, Florida, to the lawyer John C. Cooper and the former Mary Caldwell. He was the youngest of three children, at age six, Cooper decided that he wanted to be an explorer after hearing stories from the book Explorations and Adventures in Equatorial Africa. He was educated at The Lawrenceville School in New Jersey and graduated in 1911, after graduation, Cooper received a prestigious appointment to the U. S. Naval Academy, but was expelled during his senior year for hell raising and for championing air power. In 1916, Cooper worked for the Minneapolis Daily News as a reporter, in the next few years, he also worked at the Des Moines Register-Leader and the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. In 1916, Cooper joined the Georgia National Guard to help chase Pancho Villa in Mexico and he was called home in March 1917. He worked for the El Paso Herald on a 30-day leave of absence, after returning to his service, Cooper was appointed lieutenant, however, he turned down the appointment hoping to participate in combat. Instead, he went to the Military Aeronautics School in Atlanta to learn to fly, Cooper graduated from the school as the top in his class. In October 1917, Cooper went to France with the 201st Squadron and he attended flying school in Issoudun. While flying with his friend, Cooper hit his head and was knocked out during a 200-foot plunge, after the incident, Cooper suffered from shock and had to relearn how to fly. Cooper requested to go to Clermont-Ferrand to be trained as a bomber pilot and he became a pilot on the 20th Aero Squadron. Cooper served as a DH-4 bomber pilot with the United States Army Air Service during World War I, on September 26,1918, his plane was shot down. The plane caught fire, and Cooper spun the plane to suck the flames out, Cooper survived, although he suffered burns, injured his hands, and was presumed dead. German soldiers saw his planes landing and took him to a prisoner reserve hospital. Captain Cooper remained in the Air Service after the war, he helped with Herbert Hoovers American Food Administration that provided aid in Poland and he later became the head of the Poland division
Laurence Tucker Stallings was an American playwright, screenwriter, lyricist, literary critic, journalist, novelist, and photographer. He entered Wake Forest University in North Carolina in 1912 and became the editor of the literary magazine. He met Helen Poteat while at Wake Forest and she was the daughter of Dr. William Louis Poteat, the university president, and the sister of Stallingss classics professor. They were sweethearts throughout their school years and he graduated from Wake Forest College in 1916, and got a job writing advertising copy for a local recruiting office. He was so convinced by his own prose, he joined the United States Marine Reserve in 1917 and he left Philadelphia for overseas duty in France aboard the USS Henderson on 24 April 1918. In France, he served as a commander with 3rd Battalion. He was wounded in the leg in the Battle of Belleau Wood after charging an enemy machine-gun nest on 25 June, after begging the doctors not to amputate, he went home to spend two painful years recuperating at the Brooklyn Naval Hospital. He later damaged it with a fall on the ice, many years later, he had to have his remaining leg amputated, as well. After finishing his convalescence, Stallings and Poteat married on March 8,1919, in 1928-1929, they restored Poteat House near Yanceyville, North Carolina. Through Helen his aunt by marriage was the painter Ida Isabella Poteat, the year following his divorce, Stallings married Louise St. Leger Vance, his secretary at Fox Studios. They had two children, Laurence, Jr. and Sally, Stallings died of a heart attack in Pacific Palisades, California. He was buried with military honors at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery in Point Loma near San Diego. Stallings received a Master of Science degree from Georgetown University, after which he worked as a reporter, critic, and entertainment editor at the New York World. He was impressed by Maxwell Andersons first play, White Desert, the critically acclaimed play ran for 435 performances and spawned two film adaptations. The two went on to co-write the plays The First Flight and The Buccaneer, both in 1925 and he was a member of the Algonquin Round Table. Stallings novel, the autobiographical Plumes, was published in 1924 and was a huge success and it was adapted into King Vidors The Big Parade, which was quite successful and remained MGMs largest-grossing film until Gone with the Wind in 1939. He was regarded as a key influence on three of John Fords greatest films, serving as writer or co-writer for 3 Godfathers, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon, additional screenwriting credits included Northwest Passage, The Man from Dakota, and On Our Merry Way. Stallings last book, The Doughboys, The Story of the AEF, the nonfiction account of World War I partly explores the racism and discrimination faced by the black troops during the war
Marion Mitchell Morrison, known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker. An Academy Award-winner for True Grit, Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades, born in Winterset, Iowa, Wayne grew up in Southern California. He found work at film studios when he lost his football scholarship to the University of Southern California as a result of a bodysurfing accident. Initially working for the Fox Film Corporation, he appeared mostly in bit parts. His first leading role came in Raoul Walshs The Big Trail, Waynes career took off in 1939, with John Fords Stagecoach making him an instant star. He went on to star in 142 pictures, biographer Ronald Davis said, John Wayne personified for millions the nations frontier heritage. Eighty-three of his movies were Westerns, and in them he played cowboys, cavalrymen and he is also remembered for his roles in The Quiet Man, Rio Bravo, and The Longest Day. In his final performance, he starred as an aging gunfighter battling cancer in The Shootist. He appeared with many important Hollywood stars of his era, Wayne was born Marion Robert Morrison on May 26,1907 at 224 South Second Street in Winterset, Iowa. The local paper, Winterset Madisonian, reported on page 4 of the edition of May 30,1907 that Wayne weighed 13 pounds at birth and his middle name was soon changed from Robert to Mitchell when his parents decided to name their next son Robert. Waynes father, Clyde Leonard Morrison, was the son of American Civil War veteran Marion Mitchell Morrison, Waynes mother, the former Mary Molly Alberta Brown, was from Lancaster County, Nebraska. Waynes ancestry included English, Irish, Scots-Irish, and Scottish, Waynes family moved to Palmdale, California, and then in 1916 to Glendale, California, where his father worked as a pharmacist. A local fireman at the station on his route to school in Glendale started calling him Little Duke because he never went anywhere without his huge Airedale Terrier and he preferred Duke to Marion, and the nickname stuck. Wayne attended Wilson Middle School in Glendale, as a teen, he worked in an ice cream shop for a man who shod horses for Hollywood studios. He was also active as a member of the Order of DeMolay and he played football for the 1924 league champion Glendale High School team. Wayne applied to the U. S. Naval Academy, and he instead attended the University of Southern California, majoring in pre-law. He was a member of the Trojan Knights and Sigma Chi fraternities, Wayne also played on the USC football team under coach Howard Jones. A broken collarbone injury curtailed his career, Wayne later noted that he was too terrified of Jones reaction to reveal the actual cause of his injury
Harry Carey Jr.
Henry George Dobe Carey Jr. known as Harry Carey Jr. was an American actor. He appeared in more than 90 films, including several John Ford Westerns, Carey was born in the Saugus neighborhood of Santa Clarita, California, the son of actor Harry Carey and actress Olive Carey. As a child, he learned to speak Navajo and his maternal grandfather was vaudeville entertainer George Fuller Golden. As a boy, he was nicknamed Dobe, short for adobe and he grew up on his parents ranch in Santa Clarita, they had horses and cattle. His family ranch was turned into a historic park by the Los Angeles County and was named Tesoro Adobe Park. He served with the United States Navy during World War II and he was a United States medical corpsman, but was later assigned to do work in motion pictures. For this assignment, he worked with John Ford on films for the U. S. Military, both of his parents had appearances in Fords films as well. After the war, however, he attempted a career to avoid acting. He married Marilyn Fix, daughter of actor Paul Fix, in 1944, the couple went on to have four children. Carey began acting in the John Ford Stock Company with his father, Carey collaborated frequently with director John Ford, who was a close friend. He appeared in such notable Ford films as 3 Godfathers, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon and he became a respected character actor like his father. He made four films with director Howard Hawks, the first was Red River, which featured both Carey and his father in separate scenes, followed by Monkey Business, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, and Rio Bravo. Carey is credited in Rio Bravo, but his scenes were cut, Carey speculated that Hawks either did not like Careys outfit or cut the scene because Carey addressed Hawks as Howard instead of Mr. Hawks. Carey also collaborated with John Wayne with whom he made nine films and he got to work with Wayne first in Red River and last in Cahill U. S. Marshal. Red River also starred Careys father, although they were not in any scenes together and he also starred in nice films alongside Ben Johnson including Rio Grande and Cherry 2000. Between 1955 and 1957, Carey appeared as ranch counselor Bill Burnett in the serial Spin and Marty, a DVD version of The Adventures of Spin & Marty was released in December 2005 as part of the Walt Disney Treasures series. Carey was interviewed by Leonard Maltin on the 50th anniversary of the debut as a DVD bonus feature. In the 1960s, Carey appeared on such series as Have Gun - Will Travel
Richard Hageman was a Dutch-born American conductor, pianist, composer, and actor. Hageman was born and raised in Leeuwarden, Friesland, Netherlands and he was the son of Maurits Hageman of Zutphen and Hester Westerhoven of Amsterdam. A child prodigy, he was a concert pianist by the age of six and he studied in Belgium and Amsterdam. As a young man he was an accompanist for singers and with the Nederlandsche Opera and he became the artistic director briefly in 1903. For a short time he was accompanist to Mathilde Marchesi in Paris and he travelled to the United States in 1906 to accompany Yvette Guilbert on a national tour. He stayed and eventually became an American citizen in 1925 and he was a guest director of orchestras like the Chicago, Philadelphia, and Los Angeles symphony orchestras. He conducted the Philadelphia Orchestra summer concerts for four years, and from 1938-1943 he conducted at the Hollywood Bowl summer concerts. He is known to the community for his work as an actor and film score composer, most notably for his work on several John Ford films in the late 1930s. He shared an Academy Award for his score to Ford’s 1939 western Stagecoach and he played minor roles in eleven movies, for example as opera conductor Carlo Santi in The Great Caruso. He became a member of ASCAP in 1950, Hageman also composed more serious vocal music. His 1931 opera Caponsacchi, first performed in Freiburg with the title Tragödie in Arezzo in 1932, was staged at the Metropolitan Opera in 1937 with Mario Chamlee in the title role and his concert drama The Crucible was performed in Los Angeles in 1943. While his large musical compositions are heard today, a few of his art songs are well-known and highly regarded, especially Do Not Go, My Love. He was a National Patron of Delta Omicron, a professional music fraternity. He died, aged 84, in Beverly Hills, schirmer,1917 May Night,1917 The Cunning Little Thing, Winthrop Rogers,1917 At the Well, Winthrop Rogers/G. One of those was Richard Hageman, the Philadelphia Orchestra notwithstanding, Stagecoach The Long Voyage Home The Fugitive Fort Apache 3 Godfathers She Wore a Yellow Ribbon Wagon Master. De Villiers, Nico and Asing Walthaus, making the Tailcoats Fit, the life and music of Richard Hageman. Miller, Philip Lieson, Hageman, Richard, in Sadie, Stanley, The New Grove Dictionary of Opera,2, London, Macmillan Press Ltd. p.594 Miller, jefferson, NC, and London, McFarland & Company. Works by or about Richard Hageman at Internet Archive Richard Hageman Society Richard Hageman at the Internet Movie Database