55th Academy Awards

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55th Academy Awards
Date April 11, 1983
Site Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles
Hosted by Liza Minnelli, Dudley Moore, Richard Pryor and Walter Matthau
Produced by Howard W. Koch
Directed by Marty Pasetta
Best Picture Gandhi
Most awards Gandhi (8)
Most nominations Gandhi (11)
TV in the United States
Network ABC
Duration 3 hours, 15 minutes

The 55th Academy Awards were presented April 11, 1983, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles, the ceremonies were presided over by Liza Minnelli, Dudley Moore, Richard Pryor, and Walter Matthau. The awards were dominated by the Best Picture winner Gandhi, which won eight awards out of its eleven nominations.

Louis Gossett Jr. became the first African-American actor to win Best Supporting Actor for his performance as the tough and principled drill sergeant Emil Foley in An Officer and a Gentleman.

Meryl Streep won her first Best Actress award. She had been nominated the year before for The French Lieutenant's Woman and would be nominated another thirteen times in the next thirty years. Streep had previously won the Best Supporting Actress award in 1979 for Kramer vs Kramer.

This marked the first of 28 consecutive years where a Barbara Walters interview special aired before the ceremony. Walters had previously aired an interview special in 1981 and in subsequent years, her special aired prior to the Academy's formal broadcast of celebrities walking the red carpet.


Photo of Richard Attenborough at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival.
Richard Attenborough, Best Director winner
Photo of Ben Kingsley at Sundance UK Film Festival Reception 2012.
Ben Kingsley, Best Actor winner
Photo of Meryl Streep in the late 1970s.
Meryl Streep, Best Actress winner
Photo of Louis Gossett, Jr. at the 16th Annual MovieGuide Faith and Values Awards Gala.
Louis Gossett Jr., Best Supporting Actor winner
Photo of Jessica Lange at PaleyFest 2013.
Jessica Lange, Best Supporting Actress winner

Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and indicated with a double dagger (double-dagger).[1]

Best Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
Best Foreign Language Film
Best Documentary Feature Best Documentary Short Subject
Best Live Action Short Film Best Animated Short Film
Best Original Score Best Original Song Score or Adaptation Score
Best Original Song Best Sound
Best Sound Effects Editing Best Art Direction
Best Costume Design Best Makeup
Best Cinematography Best Film Editing
Best Visual Effects

Honorary Academy Award[edit]

Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award[edit]

Presenters and performers[edit]

The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.


Name(s) Role
Simms, HankHank Simms Announcer for the 55th Academy Awards
Kanin, FayFay Kanin (AMPAS President) Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony
Rainer, LuiseLuise Rainer and
Jack Valenti
Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film
Reeve, ChristopherChristopher Reeve and
Susan Sarandon
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor
Russell, JaneJane Russell and
Cornel Wilde
Presenters of the award for Best Makeup
Dillon, MattMatt Dillon and
Kristy McNichol
Presenters of the Short Films awards
Heston, CharltonCharlton Heston Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Walter Mirisch
Cher, Cher and
Plácido Domingo
Presenters of the Music Awards
Guttenberg, SteveSteve Guttenberg and
Ann Reinking
Presenters of the award for Best Costume Design
McGovern, ElizabethElizabeth McGovern and
Eddie Murphy
Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects
Curtis, Jamie LeeJamie Lee Curtis and
Carl Weathers
Presenters of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing
Williams, JoBethJoBeth Williams and
David L. Wolper
Presenters of the Documentary Awards
Kidder, MargotMargot Kidder and
William Shatner
Presenters of the award for Best Art Direction
Keaton, MichaelMichael Keaton and
Nastassja Kinski
Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography
Hope, BobBob Hope Presenter of the Honorary Award to Mickey Rooney
Eilbacher, LisaLisa Eilbacher and
David Keith
Presenters of the award for Best Sound
Selleck, TomTom Selleck and
Raquel Welch
Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing
Newton-John, OliviaOlivia Newton-John Presenter of the award for Best Original Song
Mitchum, RobertRobert Mitchum and
Sigourney Weaver
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress
Dunne, PhilipPhilip Dunne Presenter of the awards for Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen and Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
Wilder, BillyBilly Wilder Presenter of the award for Best Director
Stallone, SylvesterSylvester Stallone Presenter of the award for Best Actress
Travolta, JohnJohn Travolta Presenter of the award for Best Actor
Burnett, CarolCarol Burnett Presenter of the award for Best Picture


Person Role Performed
Conti, BillBill Conti Musical arranger and Conductor Orchestral
Matthau, WalterWalter Matthau,
Liza Minnelli,
Dudley Moore, and
Richard Pryor
Performers "It All Comes Down to This"
The Temptations and
Sandahl Bergman
Performers "Eye of the Tiger" from Rocky III
Austin, PattiPatti Austin and
James Ingram
Performers "How Do You Keep the Music Playing?" from Best Friends
Cocker, JoeJoe Cocker and
Jennifer Warnes
Performers "Up Where We Belong" from An Officer and a Gentleman
Bishop, StephenStephen Bishop Performer "It Might Be You" from Tootsie
Allen, PeterPeter Allen,
Bernadette Peters, and
Academy Awards Chorus
Performers Salute to Irving Berlin:
"Alexander's Ragtime Band",
"I Love a Piano",
"Play a Simple Melody",
"It's a Lovely Day Today",
"Blue Skies",
"I Got the Sun in the Mornin' (and the Moon at Night)",
"Let's Face the Music and Dance",
"Let Yourself Go",
"Puttin' on the Ritz",
"Top Hat, White Tie and Tails",
"Steppin' Out with My Baby",
"Shakin' the Blues Away",
"What'll I Do",
"A Pretty Girl Is like a Melody" and
"There's No Business like Show Business"
Manchester, MelissaMelissa Manchester Performer "If We Were in Love" from Yes, Giorgio
Academy Awards Chorus, Academy Awards Chorus Performers "That's Entertainment"

Multiple nominations and awards[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2011-10-09.