The 63 Building called 63 SQUARE, is a skyscraper on Yeouido island, overlooking the Han River in Seoul, South Korea. It was designed by principals of Som and Associates of San Francisco. At 250 meters high, it was the tallest building outside North America when it opened in July 1985, remains the tallest gold-clad structure in the world, it stood as South Korea's tallest building until the Hyperion Tower surpassed it in 2003, but remained the country's tallest commercial building until the Northeast Asia Trade Tower was topped-out in 2009. The 63 Building was built as a landmark for the 1988 Summer Olympics. 63 is something of a misnomer. Floors 61-63 are restricted areas; the skyscraper is the headquarters of Korea Life Insurance, Industrial Bank of Korea Securities, other major financial companies. The design of the structure is based on the Hanja character for person or human being in a subtle reference by the designers to the business of Daehan Life, the insurance company that constructed the building.
The 63 Building's construction broke ground in February 1980, at the height of South Korea's economic boom. It was built at a cost of 180 billion won, construction was completed in May 1985, it was named the DLI 63 building, for Daehan Life Insurance. In 2000, Hanwha Group renamed the building 63 City and it became part of the group in 2002; the 60th floor houses the world's highest art gallery and an observation deck known as the 63 Golden Tower, that allows visitors to see as far as Incheon on clear days. The 59th floor features international restaurants called Walking in the Cloud, while the 58th floor houses family restaurants called Touch the Sky. Observation elevators equipped with windows enable passengers to view the city on their way to or from the observation deck. In the evening some elevators are available for couples. Known as Love Elevators, these give guests a one-minute ride; the lower floors house an indoor shopping mall with 90 stores, an IMAX theater, a large aquarium. A convention center and banquet hall are housed within the building.
The 63 Building is featured in the 2000 computer game SimCity 3000 Unlimited and is featured on its cover. It appeared in a sequel game, SimCity 4, as a DLC landmark building. List of Korea-related topics List of skyscrapers Korean architecture Hyperion Tower List of tallest buildings in Seoul List of tallest buildings in South Korea Official English-language website 63City: Seoul Convention Bureau
Luther Lee Bohanon was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma, the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma and the United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma. Bohanon was born on August 1902, in Fort Smith, Arkansas, to William and Artelia Hickman Bohanon, his family moved to Stigler, four years later. Another move took the family of 14 children to Kinta, Oklahoma where he completed his elementary education, he completed his high school education at Oklahoma. Bohanon received a Bachelor of Laws in 1927 from the University of Oklahoma College of Law, he was an assistant county attorney for Seminole County, Oklahoma in Seminole, Oklahoma from 1927 to 1928. He entered private practice in Seminole and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma from 1928 to 1936 solely in Oklahoma City from 1936 to 1961. Bohanon was partnered with Alfred P. Murrah during his entire law service at the law firm of Murrah & Bohanon, with their two most notable clients being Armand Hammer and Howard Hughes.
Bohanon worked with oilman Robert S. Kerr to elect Leon Phillips as governor, their friendship continued thereafter. He became a friend of Kerr's brother, Aubrey. In 1961, when Bohanan was being considered for another appointment, the ABA said that he was unqualified. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, not a friend of the Kerrs, had the nomination stalled in the U. S. Senate. Kerr, in turn, stalled certain legislation in the Senate that the Kennedy Administration considered critical; the stalemate was broken and Bohanon received his appointment. He resigned his ABA membership and never rejoined. Bohanon was the bankruptcy trustee for Selected Investments, where his work uncovered evidence of corruption at the Oklahoma Supreme Court, he represented the Otoe-Missouria tribe in a case that allowed them to sue for the fair value of their aboriginal lands. He served in the United States Army Air Corps as a Major in the JAG Corps from 1942 to 1945. After a recommendation by future Oklahoma United States Senator Robert S. Kerr, Bohanon was nominated by President John F. Kennedy on August 18, 1961, to a joint seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma, the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma and the United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma vacated by Judge William Robert Wallace.
He was confirmed by the United States Senate on August 30, 1961, received his commission on August 30, 1961. He served as Chief Judge of the Western District from 1969 to 1972, he assumed senior status on August 2, 1974. His service terminated on July 2003, due to his death. Bohanon presided over two important civil rights cases: Battle v. Oklahoma which resulted in the State being ordered to implement procedures for the humane treatment of prison inmates. Bohanon was active in Democratic Party affairs on the local and national levels, he was a member of the Democratic Party's National Convention platform committee in 1940. He was a member of the United Methodist Church of Nichols Hills, Oklahoma, he married Marie Swatek in July 1933. They had four children. One son, Richard L. Bohanon, became a United States bankruptcy judge in Oklahoma City; the other children died either in infancy or early childhood. Both Bohanon's were buried in Fairlawn Cemetery in Oklahoma City. "Luther Bohanon", Vertical File, Research Division, Oklahoma Historical Society, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
"Luther Bohanon", Vertical File, Oklahoma Room, Oklahoma Department of Libraries, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Daily Oklahoman, 18 April 1999 and 31 October 2001. Kenny A. Franks and Paul F. Lambert, The Legacy of Dean Julien C. Monnet: Judge Luther Bohanon and the Desegregation of Oklahoma City's Public Schools. Jace Weaver, Then to the Rock Let Me Fly: Luther Bohanon and Judicial Activism. Luther Lee Bohanon at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Bohanon, Luther Lee Luther Lee Bohanon at Find a Grave
Ashot Melkonian was an Armenian artist associated with Neorealistic artistic style and Honorary Artist of the Republic of Armenia. He devoted himself to landscape and portraits painting, as well as murals, he is one of the founders of Neorealism in Armenian art. Art critic Shahen Khachatrian referred to Melkonian as "an artist of the generation of the 1960s that provided a new impetus to the development of Armenian art. Reality is a characteristic feature of Ashot's art". Honorary artist of Armenia Hakob Hakobian referring to Melkonian wrote "a brilliant composer of scenes, an author of exquisite portraits and landscapes, a maseter of gentlest and subtlest painting... Melkonian is the pride of our painting school." According to art critic L. S. Zinger, Melkonian's art is "a mix of humanistic tradition and his armenian outlook." Ashot Melkonian was born in Rostov-on-Don, USSR in 1930. He started modeling his artistic identity rather early, he grew up in Leninakan, where his family moved in 1935 when he was 5.
His mother, an artist and a teacher, taught him to love and understand music, his uncle, a stage designer, introduced him to painting. During World War II, Melkonian studied in S. Merkurov art school and at the same time worked in the theater of Gyumri. In those years, he benefited from powerful influence of Melikset Svakchyan, one of the most brilliant Armenian artists and stage designers. Thereafter in 1946 the young artist moved to Yerevan, he first attended P. Terlemezian Art College and graduated from Yerevan Academy of Arts. In those years, he became an ardent student of the world masters. Deep love towards the culture and music of his native people made him dedicate his diploma to Komitas; the painting, which depicts, against a scenic background, Komitas in the midst of boys and girls caught the eye with its rhythmical color scheme, harmonious composition and delicate hues. Ashot Melkonian was a member and in 1973 was elected to the board of the Union of Artists of Armenia. Was a lecturer of Fine arts in Yerevan State Pedagogical University.
Ashot Melkonian was awarded the title of an Honorary Artist of Armenia in 1977. In 1997, he moved to Fresno, California, US. After being in the US he participated in several exhibitions in New York and Fresno. On December 9, 2009, he died of heart failure at Fresno at the age of 79, is buried in the Armenian Masis Cemetery of Fresno. Mellkonian's early works with their subtle glow and wistful lyricism, defined the scope of his interest and his admiration for things simple and unpretentious, he hears graceful and tender melody of scenes where a mother nurses her child, girls rest in stacks of hay carry jugs of water, a youth plays a pipe, or boys admire a white stag of stream. His "Family", drawn somewhat in 1967, amplified the most characteristic features of his art and epitomized his spiritual quest; this painting, central to Melkonian's art, is both a genre painting and a group soft introspective ambiance. The trees and the flowers in the painting are viewed as symbols of tender that unites the family.
The "Family" came as a proof of Melkonian's artistic maturity. Its most characteristic features are the precise simplicity of drawing, the richness of substance and bold statement of values adopted by the new school of Armenian painting that emerged in the 1960s. "Boy with a book" painted in 1970, a small genre portrait, followed the tone set by the artist in his "Family". The artist once more arrests the viewer's attention with the ambiance of the painting, taking him to the world of youth, communicating its spirit and inviting to listen to the melody of the human soul. Along with individual features of his models, Melkonian's paintings reflect grasp and relate all that human and universal; these portraits are melodic in lines and delicate in hues. The artist communicates with his models and, most creates an charged and captivating mood that gets hold of the viewer. In 2008 the album of Ashot Melkonian's art collection was published in Aleppo. "Armen" portrait made in 1972 presents an honest and wistful youth.
The lyric character of the model is yet tenderly revealed. The charm of the youth is in arresting confidence and open gaze. Melkonian's portrait starts with an impressions inspired by the model. Comes the second stage, where the model does not have to be physically present; as the artist draws the features of the face, he explores and refines the idea of the portrait and finds the hues that would best reflect his idea and render it substance and meaning. The image gains the unique features of the model and the same time serves to implicitly affirm the author's aesthetic and civil stance. Only such portrait is important for the artist. Melkonian uses the same approach when working on his thematic landscapes. A finished work is preceded by numerous sketches used to bring the perfection what is in the artist's eye; the vibrant layer of hues and meticulous attention to detail charged the painting with depth and wistful substance. Parallel to his painting, Melkonian created beautiful murals in Yerevan and Gyumri.
The motive and rationale are a man and his inner world. In 1969, on the occasion of Komitas' 100th anniversary, the dome of Echmiadzin seminary was painted with murals, a series of scenes depicting the themes of Komitas' songs; the idea belonged to Ashot Melkonian. His co-workers were Henrik Siravian and Rafayel Sargsyan. Melkonian's art is pure and lyrical