The 6th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as sixième; the arrondissement, called Luxembourg, is situated on the left bank of the River Seine. It includes world-famous educational institutions such as the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, the École des hautes études en sciences sociales and the Académie française, the seat of the French Senate as well as a concentration of some of Paris's most famous monuments such as Saint-Germain Abbey and square, St. Sulpice Church and square, the Pont des Arts, the Jardin du Luxembourg; this central arrondissement, which includes the historic districts of Saint-Germain-des-Prés and Luxembourg, has played a major role throughout Paris history and is well known for its café culture and the revolutionary intellectualism and literature it has hosted. With its world-famous cityscape rooted intellectual tradition, prestigious history, beautiful architecture, central location, the arrondissement has long been home to French intelligentsia.
It is a major locale for art galleries and fashion stores and one of the most fashionable districts of Paris as well as Paris' most expensive area. The arrondissement is one of France's richest district in terms of average income; the current 6th arrondissement, dominated by the Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés—founded in the 6th century—was the heart of the Catholic Church's power in Paris for centuries, hosting many religious institutions. In 1612, Queen Marie de Médicis bought an estate in the district and commissioned architect Salomon de Brosse to transform it into the outstanding Luxembourg Palace surrounded by extensive royal gardens; the new Palace turned the neighborhood into a fashionable district for French nobility. Since the 1950s, the arrondissement, with its many higher education institutions, world-famous cafés and publishing houses has been the home of much of the major post-war intellectual and literary movements and some of most influential in history such as surrealism and modern feminism.
The land area of the arrondissement is 2.154 km2. Académie française Café de Flore Café Procope Hôtel de Chimay Hôtel Lutetia Jardin du Luxembourg Latin Quarter Les Deux Magots Medici Fountain Odéon-Théâtre de l'Europe Polidor Pont des Arts Pont Neuf Pont Saint-Michel Saint-Germain-des-Prés Quarter and former abbey Saint-Sulpice church French Senate Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier Fondation Jean Dubuffet Maison d'Auguste Comte Monnaie de Paris Musée – Librairie du Compagnonnage Musée d'Anatomie Delmas-Orfila-Rouvière Musée de Minéralogie Musée Edouard Branly Musée Hébert Musée Zadkine Lycée Stanislas École des hautes études en sciences sociales École nationale des ponts et chaussées École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris Institut Catholique de Paris Lycée Fénelon Lycée Montaigne Lycée Saint-Louis Pantheon-Assas University Arcade du Pont-Neuf Cherche-Midi prison Comédie-Française Hôtel de Bourbon-Condé Hôtel de Condé The arrondissement attained its peak population in 1911 when the population density reached nearly 50,000 inhabitants per km2.
In 2009, the population was 43,143 inhabitants. Toei Animation Europe has its head office in the arrondissement; the company, which opened in 2004, serves France, Italy and the United Kingdom. The 6th and 7th arrondissements are the most expensive districts of Paris, the most expensive parts of the 6th arrondissement being Saint-Germain-des-Prés quarter, the riverside districts and the areas nearby the Luxembourg Garden
Oklahoma Badlands is a 1948 American Western film directed by Yakima Canutt and written by Robert Creighton Williams. The film stars Eddy Waller, Mildred Coles, Roy Barcroft, Gene Roth and Earle Hodgins; the film was released on February 1948, by Republic Pictures. Allan Lane as Allan Rocky Lane Black Jack as Rocky's Stallion Black Jack Eddy Waller as Nugget Mildred Coles as Leslie Rawlins Roy Barcroft as Henchman Sanders Gene Roth as Oliver Budge Earle Hodgins as Jonathan Walpole Dale Van Sickel as Henchman Sharkey Jay Kirby as Ken Rawlins Claire Whitney as Agatha Scragg Terry Frost as Sheriff Hank Patterson as Postmaster Fred House Peters, Jr. as The Dude Jack Kirk as Stage Driver Parker Oklahoma Badlands on IMDb
Jacob do Bandolim born Jacob Pick Bittencourt was a Brazilian composer and musician. Born to a Brazilian-Jewish mother and a gentile father in Rio de Janeiro, his stage name means "Mandolin Jacob", after the instrument he played. A perfectionist, Jacob was able to achieve from his band Época de Ouro the highest levels of quality. Jacob hated the stereotype of the "dishevelled, drunk folk musician" and required commitment and impeccable dress from his musicians who, like himself, all held "day jobs." Jacob worked as a pharmacist, insurance salesman, street vendor, notary public, to support himself while working "full time" as a musician. In addition to his virtuoso playing, he is famous for his many choro compositions, more than 103 tunes, which range from the lyrical melodies of "Noites Cariocas", Receita de Samba and "Dôce de Coco" to the aggressively jazzy "Assanhado", reminiscent of bebop, he researched and attempted to preserve the older choro tradition, as well as that of other Brazilian music styles.
Bandolim died of a heart attack, when coming back from spending the day with Pixinguinha, planning a recording project to benefit his friend. His son Sérgio Bittencourt composed the hit song Naquela Mesa as a tribute to his father. Jacob had 2 mandolins, which he called "number one" and "number two". After his death they were kept in storage until 2002. Now under the care of Instituto Jacob do Bandolim, they have been used in a few recordings again. Instituto Jacob do Bandolim - the best resource for biography and pictures; this site is in Portuguese