82nd United States Congress

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82nd United States Congress
81st ←
→ 83rd
USCapitol1956.jpg
(1956)
January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1953
Senate President Alben W. Barkley (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem Kenneth McKellar (D)
House Speaker Sam Rayburn (D)
Members 96 senators
435 representatives
3 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Democratic
House Majority Democratic
Sessions
1st: January 3, 1951 – October 20, 1951
2nd: January 8, 1952 – July 7, 1952

The Eighty-second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1951, to January 3, 1953, during the last two years of the second administration of U.S. President Harry S. Truman.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Constitutional amendments[edit]

Treaties[edit]

Members of the Japanese delegation signing the Treaty of San Francisco.

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 53 0 43 96 0
Begin 49 0 47 96 0
March 8, 1951 48 95 1
March 19, 1951 49 96 0
April 18, 1951 46 95 1
April 23, 1951 50 96 0
November 29, 1951 45 95 1
December 10, 1951 46 96 0
July 28, 1952 49 95 1
August 29, 1952 47 96 0
November 5, 1952 47 49
December 31, 1952 48 95 1
Latest voting share 49% 0% 51%
Beginning of the next Congress 47 1 48 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL: 435

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Democratic) party[edit]

Minority (Republican) party[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) party[edit]

Minority (Republican) party[edit]

Caucuses[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1952; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1954; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1956.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+ to 100% Democratic
  80+ to 100% Republican
  60+ to 80% Democratic
  60+ to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Kentucky
(2)
Virgil Chapman (D) Died March 8, 1951.
Successor appointed March 19, 1951 to continue the term.
Thomas R. Underwood (D) March 19, 1951
Michigan
(1)
Arthur H. Vandenberg (R) Died April 18, 1951.
Successor appointed April 23, 1951 to continue the term.
Blair Moody (D) April 23, 1951
Nebraska
(2)
Kenneth S. Wherry (R) Died November 29, 1951.
Successor appointed December 10, 1951 to continue the term.
Fred A. Seaton (R) December 10, 1951
Connecticut
(3)
Brien McMahon (D) Died July 28, 1952.
Successor appointed August 29, 1952 to continue the term.
William A. Purtell (R) August 29, 1952
Connecticut
(3)
William A. Purtell (R) Retired upon special election.
Successor elected November 4, 1952.
Prescott Bush (R) November 5, 1952
Kentucky
(2)
Thomas R. Underwood (D) Lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1952.
John S. Cooper (R) November 5, 1952
Michigan
(1)
Blair Moody (D) Lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1952.
Charles E. Potter (R) November 5, 1952
Nebraska
(2)
Fred A. Seaton (R) Lost election to finish the term.
Successor elected November 4, 1952.
Dwight Griswold (R) November 5, 1952
Maine
(1)
Owen Brewster (R) Resigned December 31, 1952.
Seat was not filled during this Congress.
Vacant
California
(3)
Richard Nixon (R) Resigned January 1, 1953, after being elected U.S. Vice President.
Successor appointed to continue the term.
Thomas Kuchel (R) January 2, 1953

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Missouri 11 John B. Sullivan (D) Died January 29, 1951.
Successor elected March 9, 1951.
Claude I. Bakewell (R) March 9, 1951
Kentucky 6 Thomas R. Underwood (D) Resigned March 17, 1951, after being appointed U.S. Senator.
Successor elected April 4, 1951.
John C. Watts (D) April 4, 1951
Pennsylvania 33 Frank Buchanan (D) Died April 27, 1951.
Successor elected July 24, 1951.
Vera Buchanan (D) July 24, 1951
West Virginia 5 John Kee (D) Died May 8, 1951.
Successor elected July 17, 1951.
Elizabeth Kee (D) July 17, 1951
Texas 13 Ed Gossett (D) Resigned July 31, 1951.
Successor elected September 8, 1951.
Frank N. Ikard (D) September 8, 1951
Pennsylvania 14 Wilson D. Gillette (R) Died August 7, 1951.
Successor elected November 6, 1951.
Joseph L. Carrigg (R) November 6, 1951
Maine 3 Frank Fellows (R) Died August 27, 1951.
Successor elected October 22, 1951.
Clifford McIntire (R) October 22, 1951
Pennsylvania 8 Albert C. Vaughn (R) Died September 1, 1951.
Successor elected November 6, 1951.
Karl C. King (R) November 6, 1951
New Jersey 9 Harry L. Towe (R) Resigned September 7, 1951 to become Assistant Attorney General of New Jersey.
Successor elected November 6, 1951.
Frank C. Osmers Jr. (R) November 6, 1951
Ohio 3 Edward G. Breen (D) Resigned October 1, 1951, due to ill health.
Successor elected November 6, 1951.
Paul F. Schenck (R) November 6, 1951
Nebraska 3 Karl Stefan (R) Died October 2, 1951.
Successor elected December 4, 1951.
Robert D. Harrison (R) December 4, 1951
Kentucky 2 John A. Whitaker (D) Died December 15, 1951.
Successor elected August 2, 1952.
Garrett L. Withers (D) August 2, 1952
New York 5 T. Vincent Quinn (D) Resigned December 30, 1951 to become District Attorney of Queens County, New York.
Successor elected February 19, 1952.
Robert T. Ross (R) February 19, 1952
New York 32 William T. Byrne (D) Died January 27, 1952.
Successor elected April 1, 1952.
Leo W. O'Brien (D) April 1, 1952
Oklahoma 1 George B. Schwabe (R) Died April 2, 1952.
Seat not filled during this Congress.
Vacant
Wisconsin 7 Reid F. Murray (R) Died April 29, 1952.
Seat not filled during this Congress.
Vacant
Texas 7 Tom Pickett (D) Resigned June 30, 1952 to become Vice-President of the National Coal Association.
Successor elected September 23, 1952.
John Dowdy (D) September 23, 1952
Oklahoma 2 William G. Stigler (D) Died August 21, 1952.
Seat not filled during this Congress.
Vacant
Massachusetts 2 Foster Furcolo (D) Resigned September 30, 1952 to become Treasurer and Receiver-General of Massachusetts.
Seat not filled during this Congress.
Vacant
Michigan 11 Charles E. Potter (R) Resigned November 4, 1952, after being elected U.S. Senator.
Seat not filled during this Congress.
Vacant
Illinois 7 Adolph J. Sabath (D) Died November 6, 1952.
Seat not filled during this Congress.
Vacant
Georgia 2 Edward E. Cox (D) Died December 24, 1952.
Seat not filled during this Congress.
Vacant
New York 2 Leonard W. Hall (R) Resigned December 31, 1952.
Seat not filled during this Congress.
Vacant

Committees[edit]

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (2 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

Joint committees[edit]

Employees[edit]

Legislative branch agency directors[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Huckabee, David C. (September 30, 1997). "Ratification of Amendments to the U.S. Constitution" (PDF). Congressional Research Service reports. Washington D.C.: Congressional Research Service, The Library of Congress.
  2. ^ "'Fishbait' Miller, 80, Former Doorkeeper Of the U.S. House". The New York Times. 15 September 1989.

External links[edit]