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96th Regiment of Foot

The 96th Regiment of Foot was a British Army regiment, raised in 1798. Under the Childers reforms it amalgamated with the 63rd Regiment of Foot to form the Manchester Regiment; the regiment was raised in Menorca by Lieutenant-General Sir Charles Stuart from German-speaking prisoners of war of Swiss regiments in Spanish service on 12 December 1798. The regiment embarked for Gibraltar in October 1800 and sailed on to Abu Qir in Egypt in January 1801 to take part in the Egyptian Campaign. At the Battle of Alexandria in March 1801, Private Antoine Lutz of the regiment distinguished himself by seizing the colour of the 21st Demi Brigade Legère; the colour had been captured by Sergeant Sinclair of the 42nd Regiment of Foot but after Sinclair fell in battle, a French officer recovered the colour for his country. Private Lutz shot the French officer holding the colour and took possession of the colour before being ridden over by French cavalry; as two dragoons charged towards him, Lutz claimed to have shot the horse from under one, whose life he spared.

He returned to the British lines with the captured dragoon. The regiment sailed for home in autumn 1801, it was renamed The Queen's Own German Regiment in 1802 and 97th Regiment of Foot in January 1805. In 1807 members of the regiment were lost in the sinking of the "Prince of Wales"; the regiment embarked for Portugal in spring 1808 for service in the Peninsular War. It saw action at the Battle of Vimeiro in August 1808, the Battle of Talavera in July 1809 and the Battle of Bussaco in September 1810, it fought at the First Siege of Badajoz In February 1811 and the Battle of Albuera in May 1811 before sailing for home in October 1811. The regiment was dispatched to Upper Canada in May 1814 and took part in the Siege of Fort Erie in August 1814 during the War of 1812 before arriving back home in July 1815, it was renumbered as the 96th Regiment of Foot in February 1816 and was disbanded at Limerick in Ireland in December 1818. The regiment was reformed, in response to the threat posed by the French intervention in Spain, in January 1824.

The regiment embarked for Halifax, Nova Scotia in summer 1824, transferred to Bermuda in 1825 and returned to Halifax in 1828 before embarking for home in 1835. Between July 1840 and August 1841, it provided detachments for convict ships sailing to New South Wales, Van Diemen's Land and Western Australia. In 1843, amid tensions in New Zealand between British settlers and Māoris related to breaches of the Treaty of Waitangi, a detachment from the regiment was dispatched to the North Island of New Zealand. Ten members of the regiment were killed in an incident at Russell in March 1845 when the detachment encountered a large Māori force: the surviving British troops were forced to withdraw; the regiment embarked for India in 1849 and, after returning to England in 1855, sailed for Gibraltar in 1856. It embarked for Canada in February 1862 to help suppress attacks by Fenians: one of the transport ships had to seek refuge in the Azores for a week in the face of poor weather; the regiment spent only a brief time in Canada, the crisis having subsided, returned to England in April 1862.

The regiment deployed to the Cape of Good Hope in 1863 and travelled on to India in 1865 before returning home in 1875. As part of the Cardwell Reforms of the 1870s, where single-battalion regiments were linked together to share a single depot and recruiting district in the United Kingdom, the 96th was linked with the 63rd Regiment of Foot, assigned to district no. 16 at Wellington Barracks in Ashton-under-Lyne. On 1 July 1881 the Childers Reforms came into effect and the regiment amalgamated with the 63rd Regiment of Foot to form the Manchester Regiment. Battle honours won by the regiment were: Egypt Peninsular New Zealand Colonels of the Regiments were: 1798: Lt-Gen. Sir Charles Stuart 1806–1814: F. M. Thomas Grosvenor 1814–?1818: Gen. Sir Gordon Drummond, GCB Disbanded in Ireland, 1818 1824–1832: Lt-Gen. Sir Joseph Fuller, GCH 1832–1834: Lt-Gen. Sir Lionel Smith, 1st Baronet, GCB, GCH 1834–1839: Lt-Gen. Sir William Thornton, KCB 1839–1852: Gen. Sir Lewis Grant, KCH 1852–1855: Lt-Gen. Charles Edward Conyers, CB 1855–1860: Gen. Mildmay Fane 1860–1863: Gen. George Macdonald 1863–1866: Maj-Gen.

Sir Charles Warren, KCB 1866–1869: Gen. Hon. Sir Augustus Almeric Spencer, GCB 1869–1872: Lt-Gen. George Thomas Conolly Napier, CB 1872–1877: Lt-Gen. Thomas Crombie 1877–1881: Gen. Thomas Maitland Wilson Mackesy, Piers. British Victory in Egypt, 1801: The End of Napoleon's Conquest. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415040648. Wylly, Harold Carmichael. History of the Manchester Regiment. 1. CreateSpace. ISBN 978-1540607546

Thomas Greenall

Thomas Greenall was a British Labour Party politician. He was the Member of Parliament for Farnworth in Lancashire from 1922 to 1929. Born at Tarbock in Lancashire, Greenall began working at the age of nine, he followed his father in working as a coal miner for twenty years became a full-time agent for the Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Federation. In 1906, Greenall became president of the LCMF, he served on the executive of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, as vice-president of the Lancashire and North Staffordshire Miners' Wages Board. Greenall was a supporter of the Labour Party, for which he stood unsuccessfully in Leigh at the January 1910 United Kingdom general election, in Farnworth at the 1918 United Kingdom general election, he won the seat in 1922, when he retired. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F"

North Jersey Media Group

North Jersey Media Group is a newspaper publishing company headquartered in Woodland Park, New Jersey and owned by the Gannett Company, Inc. It publishes The Record, the Herald News of Passaic County, the Daily Record of Morris County, other community newspapers and publications. North Jersey Media Group was formed in 2000 as an umbrella organization for all of the media interests of the Borg family, which acquired The Record—the second-largest newspaper in the state, in 1930, as well as the Herald News, a network of 50 community newspapers that cumulatively generated $90 million per-year in revenue. On July 7, 2016, Gannett Company announced its intent to acquire North Jersey Media Group. Once the sale was finalized, Gannett merged the operations of the Daily Record into North Jersey Media Group. In addition to the three major properties and various local publications that make up North Jersey Media Group, Gannett owns the Asbury Park Press, the Courier News of Somerville, the Courier-Post of Camden, The Daily Journal of Vineland, the Home News Tribune in Middlesex County

Sheffield Royal Hospital

The Royal Hospital was an acute general hospital in Sheffield, South Yorkshire. It covered most of the block bounded to the north by West Street, to the east by Westfield Terrace, to the south by Devonshire Street and to the west by Eldon Street; the facility had its origins in a public dispensary which opened in 1832. It became known as the Sheffield Public Dispensary Hospital after it was extended in 1860 and it became known as the Sheffield Public Hospital after it was extended again in 1870; the hospital was rebuilt in the early 1890s and was opened by the Duchess of York as the Sheffield Royal Hospital on 11 May 1895. A new nurses' home was completed in the late 1890s; the Mount Zion chapel on Westfield Terrace, with its impressive facade in Classical Revival style with projecting portico with pediment and a pair of giant Ionic columns in antis, was acquired in 1922. Once the chapel had been converted into an out-patients department, it was opened in its new role by the Minister of Health, Neville Chamberlain, in 1927.

The hospital joined the National Health Service in 1948 and, after services had transferred to the Royal Hallamshire Hospital, it closed in 1978. The buildings were demolished in 1981, except for the facade of the former Mount Zion Chapel on Westfield Terrace, which as a Grade II listed building, was converted into offices. J Edward, Vickers. A Popular History of Sheffield. Applebaum Bookshop. ISBN 978-0906787045

Edward Jenner School

Edward Jenner School known as Edward Jenner Elementary Academy of the Arts, was a public PK-8 school located in the Cabrini-Green area of the Near North Side, Illinois, United States. Named after Edward Jenner, The school was operated by the Chicago Public Schools. Jenner merged with Ogden International School in September 2018; the campus is now Ogden International -- Jenner. Jenner, in 2016, had 239 students, 98% African-American and all low income. All but two of the students were black and about 33% were homeless in 2013; as of that year some students lived in newer housing developments that accepted former residents of Cabrini-Green while others lived in the remaining Cabrini-Green row-houses. Before the City of Chicago installed a Lighthouse academic program for low performing students circa 2000, 15% of Jenner students met the national average in performance in mathematics, 14% did so in reading. After the program was installed, these percentages jumped to 29 and 21. Jenner teacher Mathias J. Schergen stated that, like in Cabrini-Green itself, in Jenner students were bound to one another through extended family and "godcousin" relationships and that the school and wider area had a symbiotic relationship.

Schergen, who gave himself the nickname "Mr. Spider" when he began teaching at Jenner, worked as an art teacher there for 23 years. By 2000, Schergen turned a classroom in the former Jenner building, about to be replaced by the current building, into a museum. Schergen received the Gold Apple Award due to his teaching, he began working at Jenner in 1993, retired from teaching in 2015. Edward Jenner School opened in 1944 with a majority student body made up of Italian migrants. In January and April 1966, African-American parents boycotted the school in order to remove the white principal, Mildred Chuchut of Jenner. Due to this boycott, Chicago Public Schools transferred her to Stowe Elementary school on August 10, 1966. Don Terry of The New York Times wrote that the school's atmosphere deteriorated after the October 9, 1992 shooting death of Jenner student Dantrell Davis, age 7. Davis was walking to school. From March to October of that year three students, including Davis, were fatally shot within blocks of Jenner.

The school had 570 students during the 1997–1998 school year. That year the playground was in such a poor condition that children could not use it, violent acts occurred in the vicinity of the school. In 1997, the Chief Executive Officer of the school district, Paul Vallas, stated that he may move students from the school building to another temporary location for safety reasons. In August 1966, the school had 2,523 students. At that time, it was Chicago's largest elementary school. During the 1970–1971 school year, Jenner had 1,920 students. 25 years during the 1996–1997 school year the school had 625 students. Jenner's current campus opened in 2000. At the time of its new campus opening, Enrollment had declined due to the rapid demolition of the Cabrini-Green public housing complex where majority of its student population resided; the campus, occupies the block. The building has 29 classrooms, a gymnasium, a science laboratory, a math lab, art rooms, music rooms, its building capacity is 1,060.

Jenner's attendance boundary extended due to the closing of another grade school located within Cabrini-Green, Byrd Elementary School when it closed in 2004. The school received students from another Cabrini-area school, Schiller Elementary School when it closed in 2009. Incidents of violence at the school increased after merges with Byrd and Schiller schools due to placements of rival gang members together. In 2007, the Jenner had about 600 students, about 33% of students passed mathematics and science standardized tests administered by the state of Illinois; that year Steven Drummond of Education Week stated that while Jenner was still surrounded by poverty, violence "is not as prevalent as it once was". Mina Bloom of DNA Info wrote that Jenner had improved safety-wise since the appointment of principal Robert Croston, who received his degree from Harvard University. In 2015, Maureen Kelleher of Catalyst Chicago, a sister publication of the Chicago Reporter, stated that "safety has become less of a concern" due to gentrification of the area.

During the 2012-2013 school year, the school had 329 students. That year, CPS considered closing Jenner, but instead decided to close Manierre School and merge its student population into that of Jenner. Manierre is in a gang territory area in Old Town. Concerns involving students crossing gang territorial lines meant. In 2015, the principal of Jenner and the principal of Ogden International School, a K–12 institution with an elementary campus in the Gold Coast and a secondary campus in West Town, proposed merging their schools; some parents approved of the merger. At first the merger proposal was canceled as there was not enough time left to get it accomplished for the 2015-2016 school year, aside from the opposition of some parents, the CPS had what David Matthews of DNA Info referred to as "lukewarm support". CPS head Janice Jackson had stated that there was not enough "due diligence" done in order for the merger to go through; the enrollment at Jenner was 239 by 2016 and considered by the district under-enrolled.

In August of that year the discussions on how to merge the schools resumed, in December of that year CPS confirmed that the process of merging the schools would begin. The CPS board voted unanimously for the me

China shock

The China shock is the impact of rising Chinese exports to the United States and Europe after its accession to the World Trade Organization in 2001. Studies have estimated that the China trade shock reduced U. S. manufacturing employment by 0.55 million, 1.8-2.0 million, 2.0-2.4 million. Losses in manufacturing employment have been observed in Norway and Germany. Studies have shown that there was "higher unemployment, lower labor force participation, reduced wages in local labor markets" in U. S. regions that have industries. Studies have shown that while some markets in the United States suffered adverse welfare and labor impacts, American trade led to net gains in employment and welfare over the period 1991-2011; these claims have been disputed by Economists David Autor, David Dorn and Gordon Hanson, who state that "at the national level, employment has fallen in the US industries more exposed to import competition, as expected, but offsetting employment gains in other industries have yet to materialize."

A 2017 study found. Experts have argued that the China trade shock in relation to consumer goods ended by 2006 while indicating that for capital goods the effects of Chinese imports to the United States continued up until 2012 and are ongoing in specific product categories. Economists David Autor, David Dorn and Gordon H. Hanson, who have extensively studied U. S. labor markets adjustments to trade competition shocks caused by China, supported the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Autor and Hanson argue the adoption of the TPP "would promote trade in knowledge-intensive services in which U. S. companies exert a strong comparative advantage" and pressure China to raise regulatory rules and standards to those of TPP members, while "killing the TPP would do little" to bring manufacturing back to the United States. In 1991, China only accounted for 1% of total imports to the United States. Innovations in communications and transportation technology in the 1990s made it easier for firms to offshore production to low-wage countries such as China.

China's accession to the WTO meant that it had to liberalize its economy, reduce state interference, which boosted the efficiency of Chinese exporters. As China had "most-favored nation" status since the 1980s in Europe and the United States, WTO accession did not lead to lower trade barriers. However, China's MFN status had been subject to annual approval by Congress in the United States. S. trade. According to a 2018 study, British regions that were more exposed to Chinese import competition were more to vote for Brexit in the 2016 referendum. Papers have found. One analysis found that it contributed to Donald Trump's victory in the 2016 presidential election: "A counterfactual study of contested states suggests that Michigan and Pennsylvania would have elected the Democrat instead of the Republican candidate if, ceteris paribus, the growth in Chinese import penetration had been 50 percent lower than the actual growth during the period of analysis; the Democrat candidate would have obtained a majority in the electoral college in this counterfactual scenario."

A 2016 study found that exposure to Chinese import competition led to greater high school graduation rates in the United States. This is because of lower wages and employment opportunities for individuals without high school degrees in regions that competed with China. Economist Samuel Hammond, the director of poverty and welfare policy for the Niskanen Center, has argued that the signing into law of Permanent Normal Trade Relations with China on October 10th 2000 and the subsequent accession of China to the WTO has had wide reaching social implications, he states that the "PNTR has been implicated in some of the most significant and distressing trends of American life in this century: millions of well-paying manufacturing jobs lost. To pin all this on a single trade agreement would be a step too far, of course, and yet the imprint of what's come to be known as the "China shock" can be seen on all these trends, either through its first-order effects, or its reverberations through the body politic."

According to two studies, trade-related job losses contribute to greater military enlistment in the United States