97th United States Congress

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97th United States Congress
96th ←
→ 98th
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983
Senate President Walter Mondale (D)
until January 20, 1981
George H. W. Bush (R)
from January 20, 1981
Senate Pres. pro tem Strom Thurmond (R)
House Speaker Tip O'Neill (D)
Members 100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate Majority Republican
House Majority Democratic
1st: January 5, 1981 – December 16, 1981
2nd: January 25, 1982 – December 23, 1982

The Ninety-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1981, to January 3, 1983, during the final weeks of Jimmy Carter's presidency and the first two years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. The House of Representatives had a Democratic majority. The Republicans gained control of the Senate, the first time that Republicans gained control of any chamber of Congress since 1953.


Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Special or select committees[edit]

Party summary[edit]


Party standings on the opening day of the 97th Congress
  46 Democratic Senators
  1 Independent Senator, caucusing with Democrats
  53 Republican Senators
Affiliation Members
Republican Party 53
Democratic Party 46
Independent 1
Total 100

House of Representatives[edit]

Affiliation Members Voting
Democratic Party 244 56.1%
Republican Party 191 43.9%
Total 435



Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  50+% to 60% Democratic
  50+% to 60% Republican
  (Striped): even split

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]



This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.


Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1982; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1984; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1986.

House of Representatives[edit]

Members of the House of Representatives are listed by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]


There were 2 resignations.

Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Harrison A. Williams
Incumbent resigned March 11, 1982, before a planned expulsion vote, having been convicted of bribery in the Abscam sting operation.
A successor was appointed April 12, 1982, to finish the term.
Nicholas F. Brady
April 27, 1982
New Jersey
(Class 1)
Nicholas F. Brady
Incumbent resigned December 27, 1982, so his elected successor could be appointed for preferential seniority.
A successor was appointed December 27, 1982, to finish the term.
Frank Lautenberg
December 27, 1982

House of Representatives[edit]

There were 4 deaths, 4 resignations, one declared vacancy, and one party change.

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Michigan 4th David Stockman (R) Resigned January 27, 1981, after being appointed Director of the Office of Management and Budget Mark D. Siljander (R) April 21, 1981
Maryland 5th Gladys Spellman (D) Incapacitated since last Congress and seat declared vacant February 24, 1981 Steny H. Hoyer (D) May 19, 1981
Ohio 4th Tennyson Guyer (R) Died April 12, 1981 Mike Oxley (R) June 25, 1981
Mississippi 4th Jon Hinson (R) Resigned April 13, 1981 Wayne Dowdy (D) July 7, 1981
Pennsylvania 3rd Raymond F. Lederer (D) Resigned April 29, 1981, before a planned expulsion vote, having been convicted of bribery in the Abscam sting operation Joseph F. Smith (D) July 21, 1981
Connecticut 1st William R. Cotter (D) Died September 8, 1981 Barbara B. Kennelly (D) January 12, 1982
Pennsylvania 25th Eugene Atkinson (D) Changed parties October 14, 1981 Eugene Atkinson (R) October 14, 1981
California 30th George E. Danielson (D) Resigned March 9, 1982, after being appointed associate justice of the California Courts of Appeal Matthew G. Martínez (D) July 13, 1982
Ohio 17th John M. Ashbrook (R) Died April 24, 1982 Jean Spencer Ashbrook (R) June 29, 1982
Indiana 1st Adam Benjamin Jr. (D) Died September 7, 1982 Katie B. Hall (D) November 2, 1982


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees and legislative agency directors[edit]

Legislative branch agency directors[edit]


House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links[edit]