98th Guards Airborne Division

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98th Guards Airborne Division
Russian: 98-я гвардейская воздушно-десантная Свирская Краснознамённая, ордена Кутузова дивизия имени 70-летия Великого Октября
98 VDD VSRF.png
98th Guards Airborne Division shoulder sleeve patch (since 2008)[1]
Active 1943–present
Country  Soviet Union
(1943–1991)
 Russia
(1991–present)
Branch RAT great emblem.png Russian Airborne Troops
Type Airborne forces
Role Light Infantry
Airborne Infantry
Airmobile infantry
Size Division
Part of Medium emblem of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (27.01.1997-present).svg Russian Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Ivanovo
Motto(s) Честь и Родина превыше всего!
(Honor and Fatherland above all!)
Anniversaries May 3rd
Engagements

Soviet-Finnish War
World War II

Soviet war in Afghanistan
First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
War in South Ossetia
War in Donbass
Decorations Order of the Red Banner Order of the Red Banner
Order of Kutuzov 2nd Class Order of Kutuzov
Battle honours Guards unit Guards
Svir
Commanders
Current
commander
Col. Sergey Volyk

The 98th Guards Airborne Division is an airborne division of the Russian Airborne Troops, stationed in Ivanovo.

History[edit]

During the Second World War, the formation began its existence as the 98th Guards Rifle Division (ru:98-я гвардейская стрелковая дивизия). It incorporated 296th Guards Rifle Regiment (formerly the 18th Independent Guards Airborne Brigade), 299th GRR (fmr 19 IGAB), 302nd GRR (fmr 20 IGAB). Formed in December 1943-January 1944 at Demitrov in the Moscow Military District.[2] It was part of the 37th Guards Airborne Corps, 9th Guards Army on the Karelian Front (May 1944), on the Svir river (June 1944) and near Budapest in February 1945. The division ended the war near Prague.

On 7 June 1946, the division became an airborne unit at Pokrovka, Primorsky Krai. It included the 296th Guards Air-Landing Regiment, the 299th Guards Airborne Regiment and the 17th Guards Artillery Regiment. On 1 October 1948, the 296th was used to form the 13th Guards Airborne Division and was replaced by the new 95th Guards Air-Landing Regiment. In 1949, the 95th became an airborne regiment. On 1 June 1951, the division relocated to Belogorsk. The 217th Guards Airborne Regiment joined the 98th from the disbanded 13th Guards Airborne Division on 30 April 1955. In April 1956, the 95th was disbanded and replaced by the disbanded 99th Guards Airborne Division's 300th Guards Airborne Regiment. The 17th Guards Artillery Regiment also disbanded and was replaced by the 74th Guards Artillery Regiment of the 99th Division. In June 1956, the 37th Guards Airborne Corps was disbanded and the division was directly subordinated to the Airborne Headquarters. On 6 January 1959, the 243rd Separate Military-Transport Aviation Squadron was activated with the division, equipped with 10 Antonov An-2 transports. On 15 August 1960, the 74th Guards Artillery Regiment became the 812th Separate Guards Artillery Battalion. The battalion became the 1065th Guards Artillery Regiment on 27 April 1962.[3]

On 22 February 1968, for achievements in combat and political training, and in connection with the 50th anniversary of the USSR Armed Forces, the Division was awarded the Order of Kutuzov, 2nd degree. In August 1969, units of the division relocated to Bolgrad in the Odessa Military District (division headquarters, 217th and 299th Guards Airborne Regiments, part of the services) and Chisinau (300th Guards Airborne Regiment) and Merry Kut, Artsyz Raion (1065th Guards Artillery regiment).[3]

The division became involved in the major exercises "South", "Spring 72 ", " 73 - Crimea ", " Ether -74 ", "Spring -75 ", " Shield -79 ", " Shield -82 "" Summer 90 ".

On 1 October 1992, the 300th Guards Airborne Regiment left the division and became a separate unit. It was replaced by the 106th Guards Airborne Division's 331st Guards Airborne Regiment.[3]

After the fall of the Soviet Union[edit]

The division was relocated from Bolgrad in Ukraine to Ivanovo after the fall of the Soviet Union during May 1993. 217th Guards was moved to Ivanovo in the spring of 1993. In doing so remnants of its constituent units, such as the 217th Guards Airborne Regiment, were reorganised as Ukrainian formations. At about the same time, the 300th Guards Parachute Regiment was detached and sent to Abakan in Siberia.

In December 1997, the 299th Guards Airborne Regiment was absorbed into the 217th Guards Airborne Regiment.[3]

Today, its two regiments, the 217th and 299th, are stationed near the Ivanovo Severny military-transport airfield.[4] However another source lists the two constituent regiments as the 217th and 331st, the later having transferred from 106th 'Tula' Guards Airborne Division in 1998.[5]

It took part in the 2008 South Ossetian War.

In August 2014, 10 members of the division were captured, amidst the War in Donbass,[6] near the Russia–Ukraine border; according to Ukraine while conducting operations in Ukraine, after having crossed the border illegally; according to Russia they had "crossed the border by accident on an unmarked section".[7] Russia has been accused of, and has denied, supporting the pro-Russian separatists who battle the Ukrainian army in the War in Donbass.[8][9][10][11] A battalion tactical group of the division's 331st Guards Regiment participated in the August fighting. In February 2015, its 217th Guards Regiment and 1065th Guards Artillery Regiment were participating in the war.[12]

On 26 August 2015, 18-year-old Pavel Bakhtin — about three months short of being demobilised — was a sentry for the 331st Guards Airborne Regiment at a field camp near Pesochnoye on the border between Yaroslavl and Kostroma Oblasts.[13] After duty, Bakhtin went back to the guard house without returning his weapon, and unleashed it on his comrades, killing six including himself and wounding three, one of whom later died of their wounds in hospital.[14]

Units 2009[edit]

98th Guards Airborne Division

At some point, it was planned that the 137th Guards Airborne Regiment in Ryazan would join from the 106th Guards Airborne Division, which was to disband.[citation needed] However the disbandment of the 106th Guards has now been rescinded.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ведомственные эмблемы Российской Федерации". www.heraldicum.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  2. ^ Axis History Forum • View topic - 9th Guards Army
  3. ^ a b c d Holm, Michael. "98th Guards Airborne Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  4. ^ Moscow Moskovskiy Komsomolets in Russian 8 July 2003
  5. ^ Baumgardner, Neil. "Russian Armed Forces Order of Battle". Archived from the original on 23 October 2009. 
  6. ^ Ukraine crisis: President calls snap vote amid fighting, BBC News (25 August 2014)
    Ukraine conflict: Donetsk rebels parade captured soldiers, BBC News (24 August 2014)
  7. ^ Captured Russian troops 'in Ukraine by accident', BBC News (26 August 2014)
  8. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (9 June 2014). "Russians Yearning to Join Ukraine Battle Find Lots of Helping Hands". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ Putin Taunts US And Ukraine Leaders Ahead Of D-Day Anniversary Meeting, Business Insider', 4 June 2014.
  10. ^ CNN, Ukraine: Photos show undercover Russian troops, by Arwa Damon, Michael Pearson and Ed Payne, 22 April 2014.
  11. ^ The Guardian, Does US evidence prove Russian special forces are in eastern Ukraine?, by Ewen MacAskill, 22 April 2014.
  12. ^ Sutyagin, Igor (March 2015). "RUSI Briefing Paper: Russian Forces in Ukraine" (PDF). Royal United Services Institute: 3. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  13. ^ ""Страшные вещи происходили там, где расстреляли шестерых"" [Six shot in terrible event]. Sobesednik (in Russian). 28 August 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  14. ^ "После расстрела сослуживцев ефрейтор Бахтин открыл огонь по разведроте" [After shooting colleagues Efreitor Bakhtin opened fire indiscriminately]. LifeNews (in Russian). 29 August 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2016.