Joan Wallach Scott
Joan Wallach Scott, is an American historian of France with contributions in gender history and intellectual history. She is the Harold F. Linder Professor at the School of Social Science in the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, among her publications was the article Gender, A Useful Category of Historical Analysis, published in 1986 in the American Historical Review. She was born Joan Wallach in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of Lottie and Sam Wallach and her family was Jewish, and her father was born in Dolina, Poland. She graduated from Brandeis in 1962 and received her PhD from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1969, at Brown University she was founding director of the Pembroke Center for Teaching and Research on Women, and the Nancy Duke Lewis University Professor and professor of history. She serves on the boards of Signs, Differences and Theory and, since January 2006. In 2010, she helped to found History of the Present, Scott has written that it was during her time at the Pembroke Center that she first started to think about theory and gender.
Scott has played a role in the American Association of University Professors as the chair of its Committee on Academic Freedom. Drawing on a range of thought, as well as on a rethinking of her own training as a labor historian. Her current work focuses on the relationship of the particularity of gender to the universalizing force of democratic politics. Scotts work has been concerned with modern French history and with the history of gender. According to Scott, the male and white Western historians have over the centuries promoted the idea of one Truth in history. Instead, if one grants that meanings are constructed through exclusions, one must acknowledge, Scotts earlier work on French history as often been history from below dealing with the lives of ordinary French people instead of the high and mighty. Despite their presence, women are marginal in the book, they serve to underline, Scott argues that the two forms of womens history, namely social history and herstory histories are completely inadequate for explaining the experience of women in history.
Thus in Scotts view, social historians integrate the experience of women too much into the story while herstory historians do the opposite. Scott argues that only way of writing womens history is using the concept of gender. Sex refers to the differences between men and women, whereas gender refers to the social roles assigned to the sexes. Ones sex is biologically determined whereas gender is a more fluid category as ideas and ideals of masculinity and femininity differed from society to society and from time to time. Scott argues that historians who take this viewpoint are all grossly sexist as such a viewpoint assumes that men are naturally the dominating sex and women are naturally the dominated sex
Elvis Mitchell is an American film critic, host of the public radio show The Treatment, and visiting lecturer at Harvard University. He has served as a critic for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, the LA Weekly, The Detroit Free Press. In the summer of 2011, he was appointed as curator of LACMAs new film series and he is currently a Film Scholar and lecturer at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Mitchell was born in Highland Park, Michigan, in the Metro Detroit area and he graduated in 1980 from Wayne State University, where he majored in English. He was a critic for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, the LA Weekly, The Detroit Free Press. In the 1990s, Mitchell was part of a short-lived PBS show called Edge, on the series, he provided film commentary and general criticism. Mitchell produced The Black List in 2008, with director Timothy Greenfield-Sanders, a film about race, culture. The film includes Toni Morrison, Chris Rock and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar among others, a follow-up film, The Black List Part 2, was filmed in the same style with director Timothy Greenfield-Sanders.
The second film features Angela Davis, Tyler Perry and RZA, since 1996, Mitchell has been the host of Santa Monica, public radio station KCRWs pop culture and film interview program The Treatment, which is nationally distributed and podcast. He served for a number of years as a pop culture commentator for Weekend Edition on NPR, in 2008, Elvis Mitchell, Under the Influence began airing on Turner Classic Movies. On the program, Mitchell interviews actors and directors about their favorite classic films, on September 10,2010, film critic Roger Ebert announced that he would be returning to television on a movie review show that he was producing for public television. He announced that Mitchell, along with film critic Christy Lemire of The Associated Press, on December 14,2010, the Chicago Sun-Times reported that Mitchell would not be appearing on the new show. In January 2011 it was announced that Mitchell had joined the Movieline as chief film critic, penske Media Corp terminated him after more than three months as Movieline. coms chief film critic.
Mitchell has been hired by the LACMA in partnership with Film Independent as curator of a new film series and it was announced on June 16,2011 that Mitchell would start his new job on the weekly film series this July. The series launched on October 13,2011 with the premiere of The Rum Diary. In 2007, Mitchell appeared in an episode of the HBO TV series Entourage, in 2014, Mitchell was mentioned as the bad boy of public radio during the FOX TV series Bobs Burgers episode Friends With Burger-Fits. A. | University of Nevada, Las Vegas
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, United States, owned by tronc, Inc. formerly Tribune Publishing. The Tribune was founded by James Kelly, John E. Wheeler, publishing its first edition on June 10,1847. The paper saw numerous changes in ownership and editorship over the eight years. Initially, the Tribune was not politically affiliated but tended to either the Whig or Free Soil parties against the Democrats in elections. By late 1853, it was frequently running xenophobic editorials that criticized foreigners, about this time it became a strong proponent of temperance. Ray became editor-in-chief, Medill became the editor, and Alfred Cowles, Sr. brother of Edwin Cowles. Each purchased one third of the Tribune, under their leadership the Tribune distanced itself from the Know Nothings and became the main Chicago organ of the Republican Party. However, the continued to print anti-Catholic and anti-Irish editorials. Between 1858 and 1860, the paper was known as the Chicago Press & Tribune, on October 25,1860, it became the Chicago Daily Tribune.
Before and during the American Civil War, the new editors pushed an abolitionist agenda and strongly supported Abraham Lincoln, the paper remained a force in Republican politics for years afterwards. In 1861, the Tribune published new lyrics for the song John Browns Body by William W. Patton, Medill served as mayor of Chicago for one term after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. Under the 20th-century editorship of Colonel Robert R. Joseph McCarthy, when McCormick assumed the position of co-editor in 1910, the Tribune was the third-best-selling paper among Chicagos eight dailies, with a circulation of only 188,000. At the same time, the Tribune competed with the Hearst paper, by 1914, the cousins succeeded in forcing out Managing Editor William Keeley. By 1918, the Examiner was forced to merge with the Chicago Herald, in 1919, Patterson left the Tribune and moved to New York to launch his own newspaper, the New York Daily News. In a renewed war with Hearsts Herald-Examiner, McCormick and Hearst ran rival lotteries in 1922.
The Tribune won the battle, adding 250,000 readers to its ranks, in 1922, the Chicago Tribune hosted an international design competition for its new headquarters, the Tribune Tower. The competition worked brilliantly as a publicity stunt, and more than 260 entries were received, the winner was a neo-Gothic design by New York architects John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood. The newspaper sponsored an attempt at Arctic aviation in 1929
Princeton, New Jersey
As of the 2010 United States Census, the municipalitys population was 28,572, reflecting the former townships population of 16,265, along with the 12,307 in the former borough. Princeton was founded before the American Revolution and is best known as the location of Princeton University, Princeton is roughly equidistant from New York City and Philadelphia. It is close to major highways that serve both cities, and receives major television and radio broadcasts from each. It is close to Trenton, New Jerseys capital city, the governor of New Jerseys official residence has been in Princeton since 1945, when Morven in the borough became the first Governors mansion. It was replaced by the larger Drumthwacket, a mansion located in the former Township. Morven became a property of the New Jersey Historical Society. Princeton was ranked 15th of the top 100 towns in the United States to Live, although residents of Princeton traditionally have a strong community-wide identity, the community had been composed of two separate municipalities, a township and a borough.
The central borough was completely surrounded by the township, the Borough contained Nassau Street, the main commercial street, most of the University campus, and incorporated most of the urban area until the postwar suburbanization. The Borough and Township had roughly equal populations, the Lenni Lenape Native Americans were the earliest identifiable inhabitants of the Princeton area. Europeans founded their settlement in the part of the 17th century. The first European to find his home in the boundaries of the town was Henry Greenland. He built his house in 1683 along with a tavern, in this drinking hole representatives of West Jersey and East Jersey met to set boundaries for the location of the township. Originally, Princeton was known only as part of nearby Stony Brook, James Leonard first referred to the town as Princetown, when describing the location of his large estate in his diary. The town bore a variety of names subsequently, Princetown, Princes Town, although there is no official documentary backing, the town is considered to be named after King William III, Prince William of Orange of the House of Nassau.
Another theory suggests that the name came from a large land-owner named Henry Prince, a royal prince seems a more likely eponym for the settlement, as three nearby towns had similar names, Kingston and Princessville. When Richard Stockton, one of the founders of the township, died in 1709 he left his estate to his sons, who helped to expand property, based on the 1880 United States Census, the population of the town comprised 3,209 persons. Local population has expanded from the nineteenth century, according to the 2010 Census, Princeton Borough had 12,307 inhabitants, while Princeton Township had 16,265. Aside from housing the university of the name, the settlement suffered the revolutionary Battle of Princeton on its soil
International Standard Serial Number
An International Standard Serial Number is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication. The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title, ISSN are used in ordering, interlibrary loans, and other practices in connection with serial literature. The ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization international standard in 1971, ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC9 is responsible for maintaining the standard. When a serial with the content is published in more than one media type. For example, many serials are published both in print and electronic media, the ISSN system refers to these types as print ISSN and electronic ISSN, respectively. The format of the ISSN is an eight digit code, divided by a hyphen into two four-digit numbers, as an integer number, it can be represented by the first seven digits. The last code digit, which may be 0-9 or an X, is a check digit. Formally, the form of the ISSN code can be expressed as follows, NNNN-NNNC where N is in the set, a digit character.
The ISSN of the journal Hearing Research, for example, is 0378-5955, where the final 5 is the check digit, for calculations, an upper case X in the check digit position indicates a check digit of 10. To confirm the check digit, calculate the sum of all eight digits of the ISSN multiplied by its position in the number, the modulus 11 of the sum must be 0. There is an online ISSN checker that can validate an ISSN, ISSN codes are assigned by a network of ISSN National Centres, usually located at national libraries and coordinated by the ISSN International Centre based in Paris. The International Centre is an organization created in 1974 through an agreement between UNESCO and the French government. The International Centre maintains a database of all ISSNs assigned worldwide, at the end of 2016, the ISSN Register contained records for 1,943,572 items. ISSN and ISBN codes are similar in concept, where ISBNs are assigned to individual books, an ISBN might be assigned for particular issues of a serial, in addition to the ISSN code for the serial as a whole.
An ISSN, unlike the ISBN code, is an identifier associated with a serial title. For this reason a new ISSN is assigned to a serial each time it undergoes a major title change, separate ISSNs are needed for serials in different media. Thus, the print and electronic versions of a serial need separate ISSNs. Also, a CD-ROM version and a web version of a serial require different ISSNs since two different media are involved, the same ISSN can be used for different file formats of the same online serial
Richard E. Roeper is an American columnist and film critic for The Chicago Sun-Times. He co-hosted the television series At the Movies with Roger Ebert from 2000 to 2008, from 2010 until 2014 he co-hosted The Roe and Roeper Show with Roe Conn on WLS-AM. On October 19,2015, Roeper was selected as the new host for the FOX32 morning show Good Day Chicago, Roeper was born in Chicago, Illinois. He grew up in south suburban Dolton and attended Thornridge High School, Roeper began working as a columnist for the Chicago Sun-Times in 1987. The topics of his columns range from politics to media to entertainment and he has written seven books, on topics from movies to urban legends to conspiracy theories to the Chicago White Sox. In 2009 Roeper appeared on Howard Sterns show and said he had written a book on gambling, entitled Bet the House, Roeper was a radio host on WLS AM890 in Chicago. He hosted shows on WLUP-FM, WLS-FM and WMVP-AM in Chicago and he won three Emmy awards for his news commentaries on Fox in the 1990s, and was the film critic for CBS in Chicago for three years in the early 2000s.
He won the National Headliner Award as the top newspaper columnist in the country in 1992 and his columns have been syndicated by the New York Times to publications around the world. Roeper has written for a number of magazines, including Esquire, Spy, TV Guide, Maxim and he was once named as one of People magazines most eligible bachelors. Roeper has been a frequent guest on The Tonight Show, Live with Regis and Kelly, The OReilly Factor and he is currently the host of Starz Inside, a monthly documentary series airing on the Starz network since the fall of 2007. Roeper appeared on the first episode of the season of Entourage reviewing the fake movie Medellin starring fictional movie star Vincent Chase. In April 2008, Roeper was the figure on an episode of Top Chef, in which the contestants served up movie themed dishes to Roeper and his friends. In February 2009, Roeper launched his own web site, which features reviews, blog entries about politics and movies, photos. For most of the year Roeper was posting print reviews and blog entries, in December 2009, he launched a video section, with on-camera reviews of movies.
The video segments are produced in partnership with the Starz premium cable channel, Roeper announced the reviews will appear first on his site, on the Starz channel. In December 2009, it was reported that Roeper had signed a deal with ReelzChannel to be a regular contributor. He co-hosted the Roe and Roeper show with Roe Conn from April 12,2010 until October 7,2014 on Chicagos WLS-AM890 radio station from 2-6pm CST. Roeper stopped reviewing movies for ReelzChannel in February of 2015, his review was for the Jude Law disaster film Black Sea
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used mainly for documentation in libraries and increasingly by archives, the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero license, the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, and an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Rhode Island is the smallest in area, the eighth least populous, and its official name is the longest of any state in the Union. Rhode Island is bordered by Connecticut to the west, Massachusetts to the north and east, the state shares a short maritime border with New York. It boycotted the 1787 convention that drew up the United States Constitution, on May 29,1790, Rhode Island became the 13th and last state to ratify the Constitution. Rhode Islands official nickname is The Ocean State, a reference to the fact that the state has several large bays, Rhode Island covers 1,214 square miles, of which 1,045 square miles are land. Despite its name, most of Rhode Island is located on the mainland of the United States, the official name of the state is State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, which is derived from the merger of four settlements.
Rhode Island is now commonly called Aquidneck Island, the largest of several islands in Narragansett Bay, Providence Plantation was the name of the colony founded by Roger Williams in the area now known as the city of Providence. This was adjoined by the settlement of Warwick, hence the plural Providence Plantations and it is unclear how Aquidneck Island came to be known as Rhode Island, although there are two popular theories. Explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano noted the presence of an island near the mouth of Narragansett Bay in 1524, subsequent European explorers were unable to precisely identify the island that Verrazzano had named, but the Pilgrims who colonized the area assumed that it was Aquidneck. A second theory concerns the fact that Adriaen Block passed by Aquidneck during his expeditions in the 1610s, historians have theorized that this reddish appearance resulted from either red autumn foliage or red clay on portions of the shore. The earliest documented use of the name Rhode Island for Aquidneck was in 1637 by Roger Williams, the name was officially applied to the island in 1644 with these words, Aquethneck shall be henceforth called the Isle of Rodes or Rhode-Island.
The name Isle of Rodes is used in a document as late as 1646. Dutch maps as early as 1659 call the island Red Island, Williams was a theologian forced out of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Seeking religious and political tolerance, he and others founded Providence Plantation as a proprietary colony. Providence referred to the concept of providence, and plantation was an English term for a colony. State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations is the longest official name of any state in the Union, advocates for excising plantation asserted that the word specifically referred to the British colonial practice of establishing settlements which disenfranchised native people. Advocates for retaining the name argued that plantation was simply an archaic English synonym for colony, the referendum election was held on November 2,2010, and the people voted overwhelmingly to retain the entire original name. It shares a maritime border with New York State between Block Island and Long Island
Ben Lyons is an American entertainment reporter/sports commentator. Lyons is the son of entertainment reporter Jeffrey Lyons and the grandson of the American newspaper columnist Leonard Lyons, Lyons started his own production company in 2002 and produced segments for the TV show, Hip-Hop Nation. In 2004, MTV hired him to co-host Your Movie Show, in 2006, Lyons hosted entertainment segments on The Daily 10. In addition, he began to write a column for E. Online called The Lyons Den. Lyons hosted My Familys Got GUTS, on Nickelodeon and has appeared in Disaster Movie and he is a regular contributor to Good Morning America. In 2012, Lyons left E. and became a correspondent on Extra, Lyons joined ESPN as a commentator in 2012. In September 2008, Lyons became a co-host of the TV show, critics said Lyons lacked a proper understanding of film history, used language that sounded like movie advertising, and had a conflict of interest with some actors whose movies he reviewed. Roger Ebert gave implied criticism of Lyons in his online blog and his co-host, Ben Mankiewicz, were fired from the program less than a year later, on August 2009.
Lyons hosts a podcast of The Players Tribune, Lyons was named Fathom Events host in April 2016. Ben Lyons at the Internet Movie Database LAist. com Interview with Ben Lyons
Providence, Rhode Island
Providence is the capital of and most populous city in the U. S. state of Rhode Island, founded in 1636, and one of the oldest cities in the United States. It is located in Providence County and is the third most populous city in New England, after Boston, Providence has a city population of 179,154, it is part of the Providence metropolitan area which extends into southern Massachusetts. The Providence metropolitan area has an population of 1,604,291. This can be considered, in turn, to be part of the Greater Boston commuting area, Providence was founded by Roger Williams, a religious exile from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He named the area in honor of Gods merciful Providence, which he believed was responsible for revealing such a haven for him, the city is situated at the mouth of the Providence River at the head of Narragansett Bay. Providence was one of the first cities in the country to industrialize and became noted for its tool, jewelry. The city was nicknamed the Beehive of Industry, it began rebranding itself as the Creative Capital in 2009 to emphasize its educational resources.
The area that is now Providence was first settled in June 1636 by Roger Williams and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies of the United States and his company felt compelled to withdraw from Massachusetts Bay Colony. Providence quickly became a refuge for persecuted religious dissenters, as Williams himself had been exiled from Massachusetts, Providence residents were among the first Patriots to spill blood in the leadup to the American Revolution during the Gaspée Affair of 1772. Rhode Island was the first of the thirteen colonies to renounce its allegiance to the British Crown on May 4,1776. It was the last of the thirteen colonies to ratify the United States Constitution on May 29,1790, following the war, Providence was the countrys ninth-largest city with 7,614 people. The economy shifted from maritime endeavors to manufacturing, in particular machinery, silverware, jewelry, by the start of the 20th century, Providence boasted some of the largest manufacturing plants in the country, including Brown & Sharpe, Nicholson File, and Gorham Silverware.
Providence residents ratified a city charter in 1831 as the population passed 17,000. From its incorporation as a city in 1832 until 1878, the seat of city government was located in the Market House, located in Market Square, the city offices quickly outgrew this building, and the City Council resolved to create a permanent municipal building in 1845. The city offices moved into the City Hall in 1878, during the Civil War, local politics split over slavery as many had ties to Southern cotton. Despite ambivalence concerning the war, the number of military volunteers routinely exceeded quota, by the early 1900s, Providence was one of the wealthiest cities in the United States. Immigrant labor powered one of the nations largest industrial manufacturing centers, Providence was a major manufacturer of industrial products from steam engines to precision tools to silverware and textiles. From 1975 until 1982, $606 million of local and national Community Development funds were invested throughout the city.4 million ft² Providence Place Mall, despite new investment, poverty remains an entrenched problem as it does in most post-industrial New England cities