Hampton is a suburban area on the north bank of the River Thames, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, which includes Hampton Court Palace. Hampton is served by two railway stations, including one south of Hampton Court Bridge in East Molesey. Hampton is west of Hampton Wick and Kingston upon Thames. There are long strips of public riverside in Hampton and the Hampton Heated Open Air Pool is one of the few such swimming pools in Greater London; the riverside, on the reach above Molesey Lock, has residential islands and grand or decorative buildings including Garrick's House and the Temple to Shakespeare. Hampton Ferry provides access across the Thames to the main park of Molesey and the Thames Path National Trail; the most common type of housing in the north of the district is terraced homes. At the western edge of London, many workers commute to Central London; the Anglo-Saxon parish of Hampton converted to secular use in the 19th century included present-day Hampton, Hampton Hill, Hampton Wick and hamlet of Hampton Court surrounding Hampton Court Palace which together are called The Hamptons.
The combined population of the Hamptons was 37,131 at the 2001 census. The name Hampton may come from the Anglo-Saxon words hamm meaning an enclosure in the bend of a river and ton meaning farmstead or settlement; the ten years to 1911 saw the highest percentage of population increase, the figures for 1851, 1871 and every 10 years to 1911 being: 3,134. A further 25% rise took place in the 1920s. In his national gazetteer written between 1870 and 1872, John Marius Wilson described Hampton Wick as being technically a hamlet, he furthered that the total area was 3,190 acres and the exact respective figures were £14, 445 excluding Hampton Wick, of which £300 was in gas works. Both halves had developed Urban Sanitary Districts recorded in the 1891 census Hampton and Hampton Wick were Urban Districts from 1894–1937, preceding the creation of the Borough of Twickenham, which Hampton joined. At the edge of London, from time immemorial until 1965 Hampton was in Middlesex, a former postal county and this designation is still common in this part of the former county among residents and businesses.
Tagg's Island and much of Hampton's riverside by association became known as Thames Riviera from the 1920s: the island was leased to Fred Karno, an entertainment impresario, who opened an elevated, three-storey rambling mansard roof hotel, the Karsino in 1913, demolished in 1971. World War I impacted the business, which rebranded as The Thames Riviera, rivalling the hotel in Maidenhead for the name, followed by The Palm Beach and The Casino; the Riviera aspect is sometimes described in literature by the Council however is controversial among dissenters to the land use wholly private housing, where Hampton's riverside is not open parkland – it is no longer endorsed by London's bus operator with a stop of that name, in the 2010s named after instead a long public meadow known as St Albans Riverside. A cannon in Roy Grove marks the Hampton end of the baseline measured in 1784 by General William Roy in preparation of the Anglo-French Survey to measure the relative situation of Greenwich Observatory and Paris Observatory.
This high precision survey was the forerunner of the Principal Triangulation of Great Britain which commenced in 1791, one year after Roy's death. In the report of the operation Roy gives the locations of the ends of the baseline as Hampton Poor-house and King's Arbour; the latter lies with the confines of Heathrow Airport. The exact end points of the baseline were made by two vertical pipes which carried flag-poles but in 1791, when the base was remeasured, the ends were marked by two cannons sunk into the ground, it is certain that the cannons have been disturbed and moved over the intervening years Hampton Academy, an Academy in Hampton Hampton School, an independent school for boys. Lady Eleanor Holles School is an independent school for girls, it is 13th in GCSE results among the top independent schools in the UK. The latter two schools share a new-for-2000 Millennium Boathouse. Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race and Women's Oxford v Cambridge Henley Boat Race participants of this century have attended the schools.
Hampton Junior School Hampton Preparatory School, the junior school for Hampton School Hampton Hill Junior School Hampton Infant and Nursery School Carlisle Infants school Buckingham Primary School Twickenham Prep School The Christian churches in Hampton and Hampton Hill work together as Churches Together Around Hampton. The church buildings are a significant presence in the area many of them being architecturally stand-alone listed buildings in otherwise quite homogenous 20th century housing estates; the ministers and members provide a range of services for the community. The affiliated churches are: Hampton Methodist Church, Hampton Hampton Baptist Church, Hampton Hampton Hill United Reformed Church, Hampton Hill St Theodore's Roman Catholic Church, Hampton St Francis de Sales, Hampton Hill and Upper Teddington All Saints, Old Farm Road, Hampton St Mary, Church Street (by Thames Str
The A30 is a major road in England, running WSW from London to Land's End. It is 284 miles long; the length of the road was a principal axis in Britain from the 17th century to early 19th century, when it was a major coaching route. It used to provide the fastest route from London to the South West by land until a century before roads were numbered; the road has kept its principal status in the west from Honiton, Devon to Land's End where it is dual carriageway and retains trunk road status. The A30 begins at Henlys Roundabout, it runs south of the Southern Perimeter Road, Heathrow Airport and north of Ashford and Staines-upon-Thames, before reaching the M25 motorway orbital motorway. This first section is dual carriageway. Taken with the A4, its natural continuation which nearby becomes non-dualled towards the M25, the section constitutes one of five routes into the southern half of London which reach Inner London with at least a dual-carriageway, the others being the A3, the M3, the M20 and A2, however one mile before reaching Inner London it is combined with the London variants of the M3 and M4 approaches.
After running astride the M25 to cross the Thames on a bridge designed by Lutyens, the Runnymede Bridge, the A30 runs parallel to but distant from the M3 until southwest of Basingstoke, bypassing Egham and passing through heathland and Sunningdale, Bagshot bypass, Camberley where the route mirrors the Devil's Highway, a stone street to Calleva Atrebatum, believed to be older still passes close to Hook town centre and in the surrounding country the soil is arable. After the 1930's Basingstoke bypass, the M3 changes direction the A303 takes over for 2 miles the A30 losing continuity. From Sutton Scotney village the A30 runs parallel to the latter road as-the-crow-flies 85 miles to north-east of Honiton, Devon passing through towns Stockbridge and its trout fishing centres, Sherborne, Yeovil and Chard. Between Stockbridge and Shaftesbury it enters the cathedral city of Salisbury. Between the M25 and Honiton, the A30 is single carriageway, carrying local traffic with short stretches of dual carriageway from Camberley to Basingstoke, which has a dualled inner ring road, two between Stockbridge and Salisbury, between Sherborne and Yeovil.
This section is a trunk road as far as Penzance. It is dual carriageway, but there are some short sections of single carriageway. To pass Exeter, through traffic can join the M5 motorway for three miles. West of Exeter, the A30 is dual carriageway through Devon and into Cornwall, bypassing Whiddon Down and Launceston; the dual carriageway continues through Cornwall to Carland Cross, after which there is a single carriageway stretch to Chiverton Cross. Highways England are progressing plans to dual this section of carriageway. A Preferred Route Announcement was made July 2017 and an application for a Development Consent Order was accepted for examination in September 2018. Construction is due to start in 2020. From Chiverton Cross, the dual carriageway bypasses Camborne; the A30 returns to single carriageway west of Camborne, a mid-1980s bypass takes the road around Hayle. Between Hayle and Penzance, the A30 returns to the original route and it passes through several villages. Approaching Penzance, the A30 becomes a dual carriageway once again.
Once west of Penzance, the A30 becomes a more rural road running through or past several villages, before terminating at Land's End. The bulk of the A30 follows the historic London – Land's End coaching road; the road appeared on John Ogilby's map of Britain in 1675, was covered by Ogilby's strip-maps showing "The Road from London to The Land's End in Cornwall". The coaching route started at Hyde Park Corner, closer to the centre of London than the modern A30 mirroring the modern route as far as Exeter, except for three sections, the longest being the westernmost. Knightsbridge to Bedfont, the intermittent A315 in today's numbering. Basingstoke to Salisbury via Andover Exeter to Penzance via Ashburton and following the Cornish south coast via St Austell. Ogilby described it as "The Post-Office making this one of their Principal Roads" and thought the section through Surrey and Hampshire was "in general a good Road with suitable Entertainment", it is described as the "Great Road to Land's End" in the Magna Britannia, published in the early 19th century.
As the coaching road to Land's End was a major route, it was a popular place for highwaymen. William Davies known as the Golden Farmer, robbed several coaches travelling across Bagshot Heath, he was hanged in 1689 at a gallows at the local gibbet hill between Camberley. The Jolly Farmer pub was built near the site of a junction. At the turn of the 19th century, William Hanning created the "New Direct Road", a fast coaching route between London and Exeter; the road deviated from Ogilby's route running via Amesbury and Ilminster, rejoining the older road at Honiton. It became popular with postal services such as The Subscription. In 1831, a race was held between London and Exeter via the New Direct Road, which resulted in a dead heat. 170 miles were covered compared to a typical early 18th century time of four days. In response to the competition of routes, a new turnpike road was built west of Chard, avoiding the historic route to Honiton via Stockland, with several steep
Hampton Court Palace
Hampton Court Palace is a royal palace in the borough of Richmond upon Thames, 12 miles south west and upstream of central London on the River Thames. Building of the palace began in 1515 for Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, a favourite of King Henry VIII. In 1529, as Wolsey fell from favour, the cardinal gave the palace to the King to check his disgrace. Along with St James's Palace, it is one of only two surviving palaces out of the many owned by King Henry VIII. In the following century, King William III's massive rebuilding and expansion work, intended to rival Versailles, destroyed much of the Tudor palace. Work ceased in 1694, leaving the palace in two distinct contrasting architectural styles, domestic Tudor and Baroque. While the palace's styles are an accident of fate, a unity exists due to the use of pink bricks and a symmetrical, if vague, balancing of successive low wings. King George II was the last monarch to reside in the palace. Today, the palace is open to the public and a major tourist attraction reached by train from Waterloo station in central London and served by Hampton Court railway station in East Molesey, in Transport for London's Zone 6.
In addition, London Buses routes 111, 216, 411 and R68 stop outside the palace gates. The structure and grounds are cared for by an independent charity, Historic Royal Palaces, which receives no funding from the Government or the Crown. In addition the palace continues to display a large number of works of art from the Royal Collection. Apart from the Palace itself and its gardens, other points of interest for visitors include the celebrated maze, the historic real tennis court, the huge grape vine, the largest in the world as of 2005; the palace's Home Park is the site of the annual Hampton Court Palace Festival and Hampton Court Palace Flower Show. Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of York, chief minister to and favourite of Henry VIII, took over the site of Hampton Court Palace in 1514, it had been a property of the Order of St John of Jerusalem. Over the following seven years, Wolsey spent lavishly to build the finest palace in England at Hampton Court. Today, little of Wolsey's building work remains unchanged.
The first courtyard, the Base Court, was his creation, as was the second, inner gatehouse which leads to the Clock Court which contained his private rooms. The Base Court contained forty-four lodgings reserved for guests, while the second court contained the best rooms – the state apartments – reserved for the King and his family. Henry VIII stayed in the state apartments as Wolsey's guest after their completion in 1525. In building his palace, Wolsey was attempting to create a Renaissance cardinal's palace of a rectilinear symmetrical plan with grand apartments on a raised piano nobile, all rendered with classical detailing; the historian Jonathan Foyle has suggested that it is that Wolsey had been inspired by Paolo Cortese's De Cardinalatu, a manual for cardinals that included advice on palatial architecture, published in 1510. The architectural historian Sir John Summerson asserts that the palace shows "the essence of Wolsey—the plain English churchman who made his sovereign the arbiter of Europe and who built and furnished Hampton Court to show foreign embassies that Henry VIII's chief minister knew how to live as graciously as any cardinal in Rome."
Whatever the concepts were, the architecture is an excellent and rare example of a thirty-year era when English architecture was in a harmonious transition from domestic Tudor influenced by perpendicular Gothic, to the Italian Renaissance classical style. Perpendicular Gothic owed nothing to the Renaissance style, yet harmonised well with it; this blending of styles was realised by a small group of Italian craftsmen working at the English court in the second and third decades of the sixteenth century. They specialised in the adding of Renaissance ornament to otherwise straightforward Tudor buildings, it was one of these, Giovanni da Maiano, responsible for the set of eight relief busts of Roman emperors which were set in the Tudor brickwork. Wolsey was only to enjoy his palace for a few years. In 1528, knowing that his enemies and the King were engineering his downfall, he passed the palace to the King as a gift. Wolsey died two years in 1530. Within six months of coming into ownership, the King began his own expansion.
Henry VIII's court consisted of over one thousand people, while the King owned over sixty houses and palaces. Few of these were large enough to hold the assembled court, thus one of the first of the King's building works was to build the vast kitchens; these were quadrupled in size in 1529, enabling the King to provide bouche of court for his entire court. The architecture of King Henry's new palace followed the design precedent set by Wolsey: perpendicular Gothic-inspired Tudor with restrained Renaissance ornament; this hybrid architecture was to remain unchanged for nearly a century, until Inigo Jones introduced strong classical influences from Italy to the London palaces of the first Stuart kings. Between 1532 and 1535 Henry added the Royal Tennis Court; the Great Hall has a carved hammer-beam roof. During Tudor times, this was the most important room of the palace; the hall took five years to complete.
The River Thames, known alternatively in parts as the Isis, is a river that flows through southern England including London. At 215 miles, it is the longest river in England and the second longest in the United Kingdom, after the River Severn, it flows through Oxford, Henley-on-Thames and Windsor. The lower reaches of the river are called the Tideway, derived from its long tidal reach up to Teddington Lock, it rises at Thames Head in Gloucestershire, flows into the North Sea via the Thames Estuary. The Thames drains the whole of Greater London, its tidal section, reaching up to Teddington Lock, includes most of its London stretch and has a rise and fall of 23 feet. Running through some of the driest parts of mainland Britain and abstracted for drinking water, the Thames' discharge is low considering its length and breadth: the Severn has a discharge twice as large on average despite having a smaller drainage basin. In Scotland, the Tay achieves more than double the Thames' average discharge from a drainage basin, 60% smaller.
Along its course are 45 navigation locks with accompanying weirs. Its catchment area covers a small part of western England; the river contains over 80 islands. With its waters varying from freshwater to seawater, the Thames supports a variety of wildlife and has a number of adjoining Sites of Special Scientific Interest, with the largest being in the remaining parts of the North Kent Marshes and covering 5,449 hectares; the Thames, from Middle English Temese, is derived from the Brittonic Celtic name for the river, recorded in Latin as Tamesis and yielding modern Welsh Tafwys "Thames". The name may have meant "dark" and can be compared to other cognates such as Russian темно, Lithuanian tamsi "dark", Latvian tumsa "darkness", Sanskrit tamas and Welsh tywyll "darkness" and Middle Irish teimen "dark grey"; the same origin is shared by countless other river names, spread across Britain, such as the River Tamar at the border of Devon and Cornwall, several rivers named Tame in the Midlands and North Yorkshire, the Tavy on Dartmoor, the Team of the North East, the Teifi and Teme of Wales, the Teviot in the Scottish Borders, as well as one of the Thames' tributaries called the Thame.
Kenneth H. Jackson has proposed that the name of the Thames is not Indo-European, while Peter Kitson suggested that it is Indo-European but originated before the Celts and has a name indicating "muddiness" from a root *tā-,'melt'. Indirect evidence for the antiquity of the name'Thames' is provided by a Roman potsherd found at Oxford, bearing the inscription Tamesubugus fecit, it is believed. Tamese was referred to as a place, not a river in the Ravenna Cosmography; the river's name has always been pronounced with a simple t /t/. A similar spelling from 1210, "Tamisiam", is found in the Magna Carta; the Thames through Oxford is sometimes called the Isis. And in Victorian times and cartographers insisted that the entire river was named the Isis from its source down to Dorchester on Thames and that only from this point, where the river meets the Thame and becomes the "Thame-isis" should it be so called. Ordnance Survey maps still label the Thames as "River Isis" down to Dorchester. However, since the early 20th century this distinction has been lost in common usage outside of Oxford, some historians suggest the name Isis is nothing more than a truncation of Tamesis, the Latin name for the Thames.
Sculptures titled Tamesis and Isis by Anne Seymour Damer can be found on the bridge at Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. Richard Coates suggests that while the river was as a whole called the Thames, part of it, where it was too wide to ford, was called *lowonida; this gave the name to a settlement on its banks, which became known as Londinium, from the Indo-European roots *pleu- "flow" and *-nedi "river" meaning something like the flowing river or the wide flowing unfordable river. For merchant seamen, the Thames has long been just the "London River". Londoners refer to it as "the river" in expressions such as "south of the river"; the river gives its name to three informal areas: the Thames Valley, a region of England around the river between Oxford and West London. Thames Valley Police is a formal body. In non-administrative use, the river's name is used in those of Thames Valley University, Thames Water, Thames Television, publishing company Thames & Hudson and South Thames College. An example of its use in the names of historic entities is the Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company.
The administrative powers of the Thames Conservancy have been taken on with modifications by the Environment Agency and, in respect of the Tideway part of the river, such powers are split between the agency and the Port of London Authority. The marks of human activity, in some cases dating back to Pre-Roman Britain, are visible at various points along the river; these include a variety of structure
South Kensington is an affluent district of West London in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. With some of its easterly areas shared with the City of Westminster, the district is known as a popular tourist destination due to its density of museums and culutral landmarks, it is hard to define boundaries for South Kensington, but a common definition is the commercial area around the South Kensington tube station and the adjacent garden squares and streets. The smaller neighbourhood around Gloucester Road tube station can be considered a part, Albertopolis around Exhibition Road, which includes the Natural History Museum, the Science Museum, the Victoria and Albert Museum and Baden-Powell House. Other institutions such as the Royal Albert Hall, Imperial College London, the Royal Geographical Society, the Royal College of Art, the Royal College of Music are within the City of Westminster, but considered to be in South Kensington. Although the postcode SW7 covers South Kensington, some parts of Knightsbridge are covered.
Neighbouring the affluent centres of Knightsbridge and Kensington, South Kensington covers some of the most exclusive real estate in the world. It is home to large numbers of French expatriates, but Spanish, Italian and Middle-Eastern citizens, as well as a significant number of celebrities. A significant French presence is evidenced by the location of the consulate, the Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle – a large French secondary school opposite the Natural History Museum – and the Institut Français, home to a French cinema. There are several French bookshops and cafes in the area and is sometimes referred to as Paris’s 21st arrondissement. Two London Underground stations are located in South Kensington: South Kensington and Gloucester Road tube stations; the area was undeveloped until the mid-19th century, being an agricultural area supplying London with fruit and vegetables. Following the 1851 Great Exhibition in Hyde Park, an 87-acre area around what is now Exhibition Road was purchased by the commissioners of the exhibition, in order to create a home for institutions dedicated to the arts and sciences, resulting in the foundation of the museums and university here.
Adjacent landowners began to develop their land in the 1860s as a result of the creation of new roads and a boom in the development of areas around London, the absorption of South Kensington into London was sealed by the arrival of the Underground at Gloucester Road and South Kensington in 1868, linking the area directly to the main railway termini and to the political and financial hearts of the city in Westminster, the West End and the City of London. In 1863 it was decided that the Church of England parish of Kensington should be divided up, the parish of South Kensington was created, the parish church being St Stephen's on the corner of Gloucester Road and Southwell Gardens; the area is the subject of Donovan's song "Sunny South Kensington", about the area's reputation as the hip part of London in the 1960s. Notable residents have included: Oscar Wilde, poet and wit, lived with his wife and children at 34 Tite Street. Sir Henry Cole, campaigner and first director of the South Kensington Museum, lived at 33 Thurloe Square.
Charles Booth, pioneer of social research, lived at 6 Grenville Place. George Wallis, FSA, museum curator and art educator, first Keeper of Fine Art Collection at South Kensington Museum, his children, including Whitworth Wallis and Rosa Wallis. Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree, actor-manager, lived at 31 Rosary Gardens. Sir J M Barrie and novelist, author of Peter Pan, his wife Mary née Ansell, actress, at 133 Gloucester Road Beatrix Potter and artist, spent her early life in Bolton Gardens. Virginia Woolf and her sister Vanessa Bell and interior designer, lived at 22 Hyde Park Gate until 1904. Francis Bacon, Irish-born British artist, lived at 17 Queensberry Mews and 7 Reese Mews. Benny Hill, lived at 1 & 2 Queen's Gate. Nicholas Freeman, OBE, controversial Leader of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, lived in Harrington Gardens, near Gloucester Road. Sir Isaiah Berlin, liberal philosopher Sir Francis Galton, Victorian polymath, eugenicist, tropical explorer, inventor, proto-geneticist and statistician.
Dennis Gabor, electrical engineer and physicist, most notable for inventing holography, 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics. Lived in No. 79, Queen's Gate. Peter Finch, English-born distinguished Australian actor, won 5 BAFTA acting awards and he was the first person to win a posthumous Academy Award in an acting category. Group Captain Sir Douglas Robert Steuart Bader CBE, DSO & Bar, DFC & Bar, FRAeS, DL was a Royal Air Force flying ace during the Second World War, he was credited with 22 aerial victories, four shared victories, six probables, one shared probable and 11 enemy aircraft damaged Brompton Chelsea Earls Court Kensington Knightsbridge West Kensington London/South Kensington-Chelsea travel guide from Wikivoyage What's on in South Kensington – the home of science and inspiration South Kensington Web site Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea Web site City of Westminster Web site Exploring South Kensington Architecture and history
The A316, known in parts as the Great Chertsey Road, is a major road in England, which runs from the A315 Chiswick High Road, Turnham Green, Chiswick to join head-on the M3 motorway at Sunbury-on-Thames. Its initial London section Chiswick Lane heads south — following this it is a straight dual carriageway aligned WSW. Outward from London the road starts as Chiswick Lane at Chiswick, between 75 and 79 Chiswick High Road. Near the geographical centre of Chiswick it crosses the A4 at the Hogarth Roundabout, the connection for central London, the west of England, South Wales; the road goes on past the grounds of Chiswick House as Burlington Lane, becomes Great Chertsey Road, passing Chiswick School. It crosses the Thames on Chiswick Bridge. After Chiswick Bridge, the A316 is Clifford Avenue until its next crossroads, the South Circular Road and the A3003 to Mortlake and Barnes at Chalker's Corner, it becomes the dual-carriageway Lower Richmond Road before crossing the B353 at Manor Circus, North Sheen and the single-carriageway Lower Mortlake Road before crossing the A307 at Richmond Circus.
Finishing its bypass of Richmond to the north, it forms a long bend, as Twickenham Road, skirting most of Old Deer Park on the south side, before crossing the Thames again on Twickenham Bridge. After this the road is called The Avenue, includes a sharp 35 degree correctional bend, before reaching St Margarets Roundabout, St Margarets, the junction for the short A3004 in both directions; the long western section after this in the Borough is Chertsey Road. It passes the London Road Roundabout, before passing an unusually relocated and architecturally Grade I church, All Hallows; the road passes Whitton Road Roundabout in north Twickenham, the turning for Twickenham Rugby Stadium. The road becomes dual-carriageway again and runs through south Whitton, passing The Stoop rugby ground and a prominent pub/hotel complex. After crossing the River Crane, the A316 leaves returns to Hounslow. Between Hospital Bridge Roundabout in Richmond-upon-Thames, Apex Corner Roundabout, the road resumes the name Great Chertsey Road.
After Apex Corner Roundabout, which the A316 crosses over by way of a flyover — most of the remainder of the road is called Country Way. The road crosses the Longford River while bisecting Hanworth. By the Kempton Park Reservoirs SSSI the A316 turns SSW with sliproads to the Nallhead Road Roundabout, passes a Dairy Crest building: Job's Dairy, the building belonged to Unigate before being bought by Dairy Crest; the building has distinctive sculptures of cows made of fibreglass on the roof, installed in 1977, which replaced some earlier stone cow sculptures. The road passes the Kempton Park Steam Engines at the prominent waterworks, exits the London area; the final short section of the A316 is called Hanworth Road. The road enters the borough near Kempton Park Racecourse, before joining the motorway end-on at Sunbury Cross in Sunbury-on-Thames. Slip roads link the road with the A308.. Just to the north of the road as it joins the M3 is the site of some former greyhound kennels, now occupied by warehouses.
The greater part of the road was planned in the 1920s as a relief road linking London with South West England. Construction began in 1928 and the road, together with Chiswick and Twickenham Bridges, was opened in 1933; the section between Hanworth and Sunbury is part of an older route. A pub once stood adjacent to the A316 in Hanworth called the "Brown Bear"; the A316 was the first road in Britain to have stationary traffic enforcement cameras on it, when, on 22 May 1992 Metropolitan Police traffic officer Roger Reynolds switched on the first such camera, a Gatso, near Twickenham Bridge facing the road westbound. Adjacent to the road in Old Deer Park is a memorial bench to a local girl, Nicola Regan, who died after being run over on this stretch of road in front of a group of friends on 22 March 1991. On 6 October 1997, the A316 in Hanworth was the scene of one of the earliest recorded road rage incidents in Britain when Toby Exley, a chef from Teddington, his partner Karen Martin, from Twickenham, both died when their car, a Ford Fiesta, collided with the central reserve after being hit by a speeding Vauxhall Senator which drove away.
The driver of the Vauxhall Senator, Jason Humble, from Cove in Hampshire, was arrested, found guilty at the Old Bailey on 2 April 1998 of manslaughter and sentenced to 12 years imprisonment. SABRE Roads by Ten - A316
Wandsworth Town is a district of south London within the London Borough of Wandsworth. It is situated 4.6 miles southwest of Charing Cross. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. Wandsworth takes its name from the River Wandle. Wandsworth appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Wendelesorde; this means'enclosure of Waendel', whose name is lent to the River Wandle. To distinguish it from the London Borough of Wandsworth, from the Wandsworth District of the Metropolis and the Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth, which all covered larger areas, it is known as Wandsworth Town. At the time of the Domesday Book, the manor of Wandsworth was held by William, son of Ansculfy, by St Wandrille's Abbey, its Domesday assets were 12 hides, with 22 acres of meadow. It rendered £9. Since at least the early 16th century, Wandsworth has offered accommodation to consecutive waves of immigration, from Protestant Dutch metalworkers fleeing persecution in the 1590s to recent Eastern European members of the European Union.
Between Wandsworth town centre and the river is the site of Co's Ram Brewery. Shire horse-drawn brewery drays were still used to deliver beer to local pubs. Whilst brewing by Young's stopped in September 2006 when Young & Co merged its operations with Charles Wells of Bedford, brewing does continue on the site by a master brewer albeit in small amounts. A planning application to redevelop the site for residential and shopping/leisure "mixed use" was submitted in 2012. Wandsworth gas plant was built in 1834 against the River Thames near Wandsworth Bridge; the undertaking became the Wandsworth and Putney Gaslight and Coke Company in 1854 and was incorporated by Act of Parliament in 1856. Coal for making coal gas was brought by sea from North East England and unloaded on the Thames beside the gasworks; the firm grew by a series of mergers and takeovers so that by 1936 it served a considerable area of south-west London. The company's name evolved each time it merged with or took over neighbouring gas companies, but from 1936 it was the Wandsworth and District Gas Company.
The company became part of the South Eastern Gas Board. Wandsworth has a low foreign born population, compared to London as a whole, at 28.1%. The most prevalent foreign born population is South African; the former wharf area of the river-front is now lined with new apartment blocks, with several bars and restaurants. Notable pubs include the Ship Inn and the Waterfront, on the western and eastern side of Wandsworth Bridge respectively. Wandsworth Common is set back from the river, at the top of East Hill, is adjoined by an area known locally as "the Toast Rack" that has some of the most expensive townhouses in London, as well as the restaurant Chez Bruce Harveys, where chef Gordon Ramsay learned his trade, for which co-owner Bruce Poole gained a Michelin star in 1999. In the area is the Royal Victoria Patriotic Building, which now contains flats, a theatre school and a restaurant; the Tonsleys/Old York Road is a residential area of old Wandsworth close to the river and town centre, so called because many of the street names have the word "Tonsley" included.
It has a village feel with the Old York Road's shops at its heart. The area has three notable pubs: the East Hill and the Alma. Brady's Fish Restaurant serves chips; the area was used as the location for the BBC TV series Outnumbered. East Hill is an area of large Victorian houses bordered by the west side of Wandsworth Common. Wandsworth High Street is dominated by the regenerated Southside shopping centre and restaurant complex. Behind the shopping centre, following the River Wandle upstream towards Earlsfield and further south to Wimbledon, is King George's Park. Wandsworth Museum occupies the former Victorian library in West Hill having been moved here in 2007; the De Morgan Centre is situated in Wandsworth Museum and houses a collection of Victorian artwork. A green plaque to commemorate aviation pioneer Alliott Verdon Roe was unveiled by Wandsworth Council and members of the Verdon-Roe family beside the A3 close to Wandsworth Fire Station on the site of Roe's first workshop in the stables of his brother's house at 47 West Hill.
The underpass beneath the Wandsworth Bridge roundabout was the location for the scene in Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange in which a tramp is attacked. There are several schools in Wandsworth including Shaftesbury Park Primary School; the nearest railway stations are Wandsworth Town. Wandsworth Town is served by Southfields tube station in the Southfields area of the Town. All Saints' is the original parish church of Wandsworth, dating back to the 12th century, although the present building is of the 18th century. St Anne's and Holy Trinity churches were built in the 19th century to accommodate a growing population. Built in 1851, Wandsworth Prison is a Category B men's prison, it is the largest prison in London and one of the largest in Europe, with a similar capacity to Liverpool Prison. List of people from Wandsworth List of schools in Wandsworth James Thorne, "Wandsworth", Handbook to the Environs of London, London: John Murray Wandsworth travel guide from Wikivoyage Template:Wandsworth Radio