AARP is a United States-based interest group whose stated mission is "to empower people to choose how they live as they age". According to the organization, it had more than 38 million members as of 2018; the magazine and bulletin it sends to its members are the two largest-circulation publications in the United States. AARP was founded in 1958 by Ethel Percy Andrus and Leonard Davis, it is an influential lobbying group in the United States focusing on issues affecting the elderly. AARP sells paid memberships, markets insurance and other services to its members. According to the group's official history, Dr. Ethel Percy Andrus founded AARP in 1958. AARP evolved from the National Retired Teachers Association, which Andrus had established in 1947 to promote her philosophy of productive aging, to promote health insurance for retired teachers. After ten years, she opened the organization to all Americans over 50, creating AARP. Today, the NRTA is a division within AARP. Critics of AARP offer an alternative version of the group's origins.
60 Minutes reported in a 1978 exposé that AARP had been established as a marketing device by Leonard Davis, founder of the Colonial Penn Group insurance companies, after he met Ethel Percy Andrus. According to critics, until the 1980s AARP was controlled by Davis, who promoted its image as a non-profit advocate of retirees in order to sell insurance to members; as a result of this report, AARP conducted a competitive bidding process, and, in 1980, shifted the insurance contracts available to members to Prudential Financial. In the 1990s, the United States Senate investigated AARP's non-profit status, with Republican Senator Alan K. Simpson chairman of the United States Senate Finance Subcommittee on Social Security and Family Policy, questioning the organization's tax-exempt status in congressional hearings. According to Charles Blahous, the investigations did not reveal sufficient evidence to change the organization's status, though in an interview years by The Des Moines Register, Senator Simpson remained "troubled by AARP's practices", calling AARP "the biggest marketing operation in America and money-maker" and an organization whose practices are "the greatest abuse of American generosity I witnessed in my time in the U.
S. Senate"; the organization was named the American Association of Retired Persons, but in 1999, it changed its name to "AARP", to reflect that its focus was no longer American retirees. AARP no longer requires that members be retired, there are no longer any age restrictions for a full membership. AARP addresses issues affecting older Americans through lobbying efforts at the state and national governmental level, an activity permitted by its 501 status; the organization says that it is non-partisan and does not support, oppose or give money to any candidates or political parties. The total revenue for 2006 was $1 billion and it spent $23 million on lobbying. Middle-class security has been a major focus for the organization in recent years. AARP provides extensive consumer information, volunteer opportunities, events including an annual National Event & Expo. AARP launched Life Reimagined in May 2013, calling it a "first-of-its-kind series of online and offline experiences that guide people through life transitions by helping them discover new possibilities and connect with a community of people pursuing similar passions and goals".
USA Today called the iniative "the latest step for the AARP... as it continues to rebrand itself and become the go-to address for feeling good about aging". AARP has several affiliated organizations, including: AARP Foundation, a 501c3 non-profit charity that helps people over age 50 who are at social and economic risk. AARP Financial Services Corporation, a for-profit corporation that holds AARP's real estate. According to its 2015 Consolidated Financial Statement, the largest sources of income were: royalties for the rights to use AARP's intellectual property paid by commercial providers of products and discounts for AARP members. AARP Services, Inc. founded in 1999, is a wholly owned taxable subsidiary of AARP that manages the range of products and services offered as benefits to members. Its offers include Medicare supplemental insurance. AARP Services founded AARP Financial Incorporated, a subsidiary that manages AARP-endorsed financial products including AARP Funds. In a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission in June 2010, AARP Financial announced the discontinuation of AARP Funds AARP Services develops new products and market
Chris Carrawell is a retired American professional basketball player, best known for his All-American college career at Duke University. He is an assistant men's basketball coach under Mike Krzyzewski, his former coach at Duke. Born in a rough inner city neighborhood in north St. Louis and growing up without his father, Carrawell attended high school at Cardinal Ritter College Prep in St. Louis. Among his teammates were future NBA players Loren Woods and Jahidi White. In four years on the Cardinal Ritter varsity, he led the team to an overall 80–13 record, including a three-year undefeated streak at home; as a sophomore he posted averages of 19.4 points, 10.1 rebounds, 5.4 assists, 5.5 steals and 2.8 blocks per game. Carrawell was a USA today Top 40 All American going into his junior season, where he averaged 20.6 points and 10 rebounds per game as Cardinal Ritter won the state's Class AA championship. The following season, Cardinal Ritter defended its state title. Carrawell again led the team, averaging 8.2 rebounds and 5.5 assists per game.
Carrawell was named conference Player of the Year twice, earned Central Region honors as Gatorade Player of the Year, was a fourth-team Parade All-American. He set school career records for points and assists. Cardinal Ritter made USA Today's list of the top 25 high school teams in the country twice during Carrawell's prep career. Carrawell was recruited by Duke University's Mike Krzyzewski as the third most-prized piece of the class of 2000, he started 12 times out of the 31 games. He shot 57.6 % from the field. He ranked third on the team in offensive rebounds with 47, on a team that featured perimeter shooting, led the team in dunks with 22; some highlights as a Duke freshman in 1996–97 include Carrawell defending Wake Forest's center Tim Duncan, blocking a key Wake Forest shot down the stretch and led Duke to the win. As a sophomore in the 1997–98 season, Carrawell appeared as a reserve with ten starts as Duke posted a 32–4 mark, finishing in the Elite Eight. Carrawell, having scored in double figures 22 times, was fourth of the team's scorers with 10.1 points per game, performing well in two losses to North Carolina, scoring 19 in the first meeting with UNC and 18 in the ACC tournament game.
He ranked fourth on the team in rebounding, averaging 3.1 rebounds per game. Carrawell had offseason surgery on his left shoulder prior to the start of his sophomore season and missed four games due to a strained lower back. Carrawell contributed 9.9 points per game as a junior, starting all the games and helping his team to reach the Final Four in the 1998–99 season. He ranked third in rebounds and recorded 130 assists to place second on a team with several future NBA players. During the 39-game 1998–99 season, Carrawell started every game for a Duke team, undefeated in the ACC and that fell to the University of Connecticut in the 1999 national title game. For these efforts, he was named Third-Team All ACC. Carrawell averaged 16.9 points, 6.1 rebounds, 3.2 assists, 1.6 fouls, 0.9 steals, 2 turnovers, 1.1 blocks, makes 6 of 12.4 field goals, 0.8 of 2.2 three-pointers and 4.1 of 5.2 free throws in 35.6 minutes per game in his senior season. Being second in his team in scoring and assists, Carrawell led his team to finish with a record of 29–5, win the ACC Tournament championship, a number one seed, a Sweet 16 stint in the NCAA tournament.
He was 2000 ACC Player of the Year with Associated First Team All-American honors. Strong enough and mobile enough to guard several positions, Carrawell was a two-time All-ACC selection in his career with the Blue Devils, he is tied for 27th on the all-time scoring list at Duke with 1,455 career points and ranks 14th in school history with 0.8 blocks per game and tied for sixth with 116 overall wins. Carrawell helped the Blue Devils to succeed in the ACC during his tenure, finishing his career with 66 conference victories, second most all-time by a Duke player. Along with teammate Nate James, he is one of only two players in ACC history to play on teams that won four straight ACC regular-season championships, he was the only player to play in each of Duke's ACC-record 30 straight league wins. During Carrawell's collegiate career, the Blue Devils compiled a record of 133–24, including a 58–6 mark in ACC play. In 136 college games, he averaged 4.5 rebounds, 2.3 assists in 26.1 minutes. Carrawell was selected by the San Antonio Spurs in the second round of the 2000 NBA draft.
He played overseas after graduating from Duke. He played a year in Italy before returning to the United States to play in the inaugural season of the D League with the Asheville Altitude. In 56 games for the Altitude, he averaged 3.6 rebounds, 1.8 assists in 22.9 minutes. Over the next six years, he played in Lithuania for Kaunas, Australia for the Sydney Kings, the Philippines for the Alaska Aces, the American Basketball Association. While in the ABA he won the 2006 MVP Award, an ABA Championship and the 2006 ABA Championship MVP award. Carrawell retired after playing in the Netherlands in 2007 where his team finished second after losing in the championship finals. Carrawell spent four years at Duke in a variety of administrative roles. After being hired in 2007–08 as the Duke Athletics Outreach Coordinator, he became a graduate assistant and head team manager from 2008–2010 became an assistant video coordinator and assistant strength and conditioning coach 2010–11. While serving as a special assistant to the Duke women's team in 2011, the New Jersey Nets hired him to be an
The 2018 City of Playford Tennis International was a professional tennis tournament played on hard courts. It was the first edition of the tournament, part of the 2018 ATP Challenger Tour and the 2018 ITF Women's Circuit, it took place in Playford, Australia between 1 and 7 January 2018. 1 Rankings are as of 25 December 2017. The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Omar Jasika Marc Polmans Alexei Popyrin Max PurcellThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Maverick Banes Hugo Grenier Jason Kubler Marinko Matosevic 1 Rankings are as of 25 December 2017; the following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Michaela Haet Kaylah McPhee Ivana Popovic Alexandra WaltersThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Alison Bai Alexandra Bozovic Misa Eguchi Jennifer Elie Anna-Lena Friedsam Allie Kiick Marta Kostyuk Belinda Woolcock Jason Kubler def. Brayden Schnur, 6–4, 6–2 Zoe Hives def. Alexandra Bozovic, 6–4, 5–7, 7–6 Mackenzie McDonald / Tommy Paul def.