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ACT (test)

The ACT is a standardized test used for college admissions in the United States. It is administered by ACT, a nonprofit organization of the same name; the ACT test covers four academic skill areas: English, mathematics and science reasoning. It offers an optional direct writing test, it is accepted by all four-year colleges and universities in the United States as well as more than 225 universities outside of the U. S; the main four ACT test sections are individually scored on a scale of 1–36, a composite score is provided. The ACT was first introduced in November 1959 by University of Iowa professor Everett Franklin Lindquist as a competitor to the Scholastic Aptitude Test; the ACT consisted of four tests: English, Social Studies, Natural Sciences. In 1989, the Social Studies test was changed into a Reading section, the Natural Sciences test was renamed the Science Reasoning test, with more emphasis on problem-solving skills as opposed to memorizing scientific facts. In February 2005, an optional Writing Test was added to the ACT.

By the fall of 2017, computer-based ACT tests were available for school-day testing in limited school districts of the US, with greater availability expected in fall of 2018. The ACT has seen a gradual increase in the number of test takers since its inception, in 2012 the ACT surpassed the SAT for the first time in total test takers. ACT, Inc. says that the ACT assessment measures high school students' general educational development and their capability to complete college-level work with the multiple choice tests covering four skill areas: English, mathematics and science. The optional Writing Test measures skill in writing a short essay. ACT states that its scores provide an indicator of "college readiness", that scores in each of the subtests correspond to skills in entry-level college courses in English, social science and biology. According to a research study conducted by ACT, Inc. in 2003, there was a relationship between a student's ACT composite score and the probability of him or her earning a college degree.

To develop the test, ACT incorporates the objectives for instruction from middle and high schools throughout the United States, reviews approved textbooks for subjects taught in Grades 7–12, surveys educators on which knowledge skills are relevant to success in postsecondary education. ACT publishes a technical manual that summarizes studies conducted on its validity in predicting freshman GPA, equating different high school GPAs, measuring educational achievement. Colleges use the ACT and the SAT because there are substantial differences in funding, curricula and difficulty among U. S. secondary schools due to American federalism, local control, the prevalence of private, homeschooled students, lack of a rigorous college entrance examination system similar those used in some other countries. ACT scores are used to supplement the secondary school record and help admission officers put local data—such as coursework and class rank—in a national perspective; the majority of colleges do not indicate a preference for the SAT or ACT exams and accept both, being treated by most admissions officers.

According to "Uni in the USA," colleges that require students to take the SAT Subject Tests do so regardless of whether the candidate took the SAT or ACT. Most colleges use ACT scores as only one factor in the admission process. A sampling of ACT admissions scores shows that the 75th percentile composite score was 24.1 at public four-year institutions and 25.3 at private four-year institutions. Students should check with their prospective institutions directly to understand ACT admissions requirements. In addition, some states and individual school districts have used the ACT to assess the student learning and/or the performance of schools, requiring all high school students to take the ACT, regardless of whether they are college bound. Colorado and Illinois were the first to incorporate the ACT as part of their mandatory testing program in 2001. Other states followed suit in subsequent years. During the 2018–2019 school year, 13 states will administer the ACT test to all public school 11th graders, another six states will fund ACT test administration as an option or choice for districts.

While the exact manner in which ACT scores will help to determine admission of a student at American institutions of higher learning is a matter decided by the individual institution, some foreign countries have made ACT scores a legal criterion in deciding whether holders of American high school diplomas will be admitted at their public universities. The ACT is more used in the Midwestern, Rocky Mountain, Southern United States, whereas the SAT is more popular on the East and West coasts. However, the ACT is being used more on the East Coast. Use of the ACT by colleges has risen as a result of various criticisms of the effectiveness and fairness of the SAT; the required portion of the ACT is divided into four multiple choice subject tests: English, mathematics and science reasoning. Subject test scores range from 1 to 36; the English and reading tests have subscores ranging from 1 to 18. In addition, students taking the optional writing test rec

Sophia Eleonore of Saxony

Sophia Eleonore of Saxony was a duchess of Saxony by birth and the landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1627 to 1661 through her marriage to Landgrave George II. She was the eldest surviving child of John George I, Elector of Saxony, Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia, she was born in Dresden. Her two sisters were Magdalene Sibylle, her brothers were Johann Georg, August and Maurice. She married Landgrave Georg II of Hesse-Darmstadt on April 1627 in Torgau, aged seventeen, they had fifteen children. However, her daughter Elisabeth Amalie Electress Palatine, converted to Roman Catholicism in 1653, she died in Darmstadt. She had the following children with George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt: Louis VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt George, married Dorothea Augusta, Duchess of Holstein-Sonderborg.

Appleton Oaksmith

Appleton Oaksmith, of Carteret County, North Carolina, was the son of Seba Smith and Elizabeth Oakes Smith. Appleton Oaksmith was one of the most colorful characters of mainland Carteret County. Before the Civil War, Appleton ventured into the shipping business purchasing several ships of his own, he had however, involved himself in the filibustering campaigns of General Walker in Nicaragua accepting the office of secretary in Walker's new “government” and helping arrange for the supply of Walker's small military force. When Walker's bid for U. S. recognition failed and his militia was ousted from the country, there is mounting evidence that Appleton began to employ his ships in support of the Confederate states, at least in gun-running if not by allowing his ships to be used in the transport of slaves. In December 1861, Appleton was captured on Fire Island, New York and indicted for equipping a slave ship. With Lincoln's suspension of habeas corpus in effect, he was jailed, was convicted in June 1862 of slave trading.

He escaped from the jail in Suffolk County, New York on September 11, 1862, fled to England. His imprisonment placed the entire family in a compromised political and social position, but they vehemently maintained Appleton's innocence, his mother Elizabeth would spend years seeking audiences with government officials in New York and with the President of the United States to procure her son's innocence. He spent years in exile in London. On his return to the U. S. after his pardon, his vision for east Bogue Banks was that of a new resort by the sea. He first was unsuccessful, he turned his attention to the area which now comprises all of Atlantic Beach and a portion of east Pine Knoll Shores. He soon acquired title to all of this property in the names of two straw ladies, his wife and her sister, Ellen Mason, he was a representative of Carteret County in the North Carolina General Assembly in 1874. With his first wife, Isotta Rebecchini, Oaksmith had 4 children,: Buchanan Oaksmith Elizabeth Oaksmith 1858–1879 Corrine Oaksmith 1860-1879 Peyton "Randolph" Oaksmith.

After divorcing him Isotta tried to recover custody of their children. With his second wife, Augusta Mason, Appleton had 8 additional children: Theodora Geraldine Vincent Eleanor Mildred Pauline Katherine Stanley Bessie, Corrine and Pauline all drowned on 4 July 1879 when the family's boat capsized. Only Appleton and his sons Stanley survived the accident, it was rumored, though never proven. Appleton Oaksmith Papers Portrait

Undisputed Attitude

Undisputed Attitude is the seventh studio album by American thrash metal band Slayer, released on May 28, 1996 by American Recordings. The album consists entirely of covers of punk rock and hardcore punk songs, includes two tracks written by guitarist Jeff Hanneman in 1984 and 1985 for a side project called Pap Smear; the cover songs on the album were recorded by the bands Minor Threat, T. S. O. L. D. R. I. D. I. Dr. Know, the Stooges, Verbal Abuse, whose work was prominently featured with the inclusion of cover versions of five of their songs. Undisputed Attitude peaked at number 34 on the US Billboard 200. Undisputed Attitude was recorded at Capitol Studios in Los Angeles with producer Dave Sardy, while Reign in Blood producer Rick Rubin served as executive producer. Recorded in three to four weeks, the album was the brainchild of guitarist Kerry King, who stated that the songs chosen were from influential bands who "made Slayer what it is"; the album was to feature material from classic heavy metal artists such as Judas Priest, UFO and Deep Purple.

However, after several rehearsals "things didn't pan out" according to King, so the band instead elected to cover punk songs. Slayer considered covering 1960s psychedelic rock band the Doors as they were an influence to vocalist and bassist Tom Araya; when asked which track they considered recording, Araya responded, "Maybe'When the Music's Over','Five to One', something like that." A cover of Black Flag's "Rise Above" was suggested by Rubin, although was shelved after the band was not sure how to arrange it musically. Guitarist Jeff Hanneman had written four unreleased songs in 1984–1985 while in the side project Pap Smear with Slayer drummer Dave Lombardo and Suicidal Tendencies guitarist Rocky George; the band chose the best two, namely "Ddamm" and "Can't Stand You". "Gemini" was written by Araya several months before entering the recording studio. King asserts; the song begins before becoming a more typical Slayer song. The band's cover of Minor Threat's "Guilty of Being White" raised questions about a possible message of white supremacy.

The controversy involved the changing of the refrain "guilty of being white" to "guilty of being right", at the song's ending. This incensed Minor Threat frontman Ian MacKaye, who stated "that is so offensive to me". King said the lyric was altered for "tongue-in-cheek" humor, saying that the band thought racism was "ridiculous" at the time. Undisputed Attitude was released on May 28, 1996, peaked at number 34 on the Billboard 200 album chart. Paul Kott of AllMusic commented that "Undisputed Attitude, while not perfect, is a fitting tribute to the bands that inspired Slayer to break from the traditional metal mould." Sandy Masuo of Rolling Stone reasoned: "some punk purists will undoubtedly cry foul, but when the dust settles it's hard to argue with Slayer's mettle." Entertainment Weekly's Chuck Eddy dubbed Slayer's cover interpretations "generic hardcore-punk", observed that the group "seem to think that playing as fast and rigidly as possible makes for harder rock -- but it's just lazy shtick."Reviewing 2003 Slayer box set Soundtrack to the Apocalypse, Adrien Begrand of PopMatters dismissed the effort as "easily the weakest album in the Slayer catalogue", while Westword Online's Michael Roberts dubbed the record their "biggest mistake."

Araya has since stated that he "knew it wouldn't do well, people want to hear Slayer! The real die-hards picked up on it and, expected." Tom Araya – bass, vocals Kerry King – guitars Jeff Hanneman – guitars Paul Bostaphdrums Dave Sardy – producer, mixing Rick Rubin – executive producer Greg Gordon – engineer Ralph Cacciurri.


Balgheim is a municipality in the district of Tuttlingen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. Balgheim lies in a basin on the edge of the Baar at the foot of the Swabian Jura and the Dreifaltigkeitsberg; the European Watershed, the divide between the Rhine and Danube watersheds, occurs in the town's territory. The source of the Prim, which joins the Neckar in Rottweil, is located only a kilometer away from the source of the Faulenbach, an eventual tributary of the Danube, in neighboring Dürbheim. Balgheim is bordered by Böttingen to the north, Dürbheim to the southeast, Rietheim-Weilheim to the south, the city Spaichingen to the west. Tombs dating from the Merovingian dynasty indicate that Balgheim was founded in the 6th or 7th century, it was first mentioned in writing in 1113. In 1420 it was sold to the Free Imperial City Rottweil, where it remained until 1689, after which its rule changed until it became part of Württemberg in 1806. Balgheim belongs to the Amt Spaichingen; the Bundesstraße 14 between Rottweil and Tuttlingen passes by the east edge of Balgheim.

The Gäubahn passes over the European Watershed here. On workdays the Ringzug provides hourly connections to Rottweil and Geisingen-Leiferdingen

Geoffrey Bellmaine Stakes

The Geoffrey Bellmaine Stakes is a Melbourne Racing Club Group 3 Thoroughbred horse race for mares four years old and older, held with set weights with penalties conditions, over a distance of 1200 metres at Caulfield Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia in February. Prize money for the race is A$160,000; the race has been held on the same race card as the Group 1 C F Orr Stakes since 2003. 2000 - Hyderabad Race Club Plate 2001 - Hyderabad Race Club Stakes 2002 - Hyderabad Race Club Handicap 2003 - Moduline Plate 2004–2011 - Hyderabad Race Club Stakes 2012–2015 - Geoffrey Bellmaine Stakes 2016 - Bellmaine Stakes 2000–2001 - 1200 metres 2002 - 1600 metres 2003 onwards - 1200 metres 2001–2006 - Listed race 2007 onwards - Group 3 List of Australian Group races Group races