AIM-54 Phoenix

The AIM-54 Phoenix is a radar-guided, long-range air-to-air missile, carried in clusters of up to six missiles on the Grumman F-14 Tomcat, its only operational launch platform. The Phoenix was the United States' only long-range air-to-air missile; the combination of Phoenix missile and the AN/AWG-9 guidance radar was the first aerial weapons system that could engage multiple targets. Due to its active radar tracking, the brevity code "Fox Three" was used when firing the AIM-54. Both the missile and the aircraft were used by the United States Navy. In US service both are now retired, the AIM-54 Phoenix in 2004 and the F-14 in 2006, they were replaced by the shorter-range AIM-120 AMRAAM, employed on the F/A-18 Hornet and F/A-18E/F Super Hornet—in its AIM-120D version, the latest version of the AMRAAM just matches the Phoenix's maximum range. The AIM-54 is credited with 62 air-to-air kills, all scored by Iran during the long Iran–Iraq War. Following the retirement of the F-14 by the U. S. Navy, the weapon's only current operator is the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force.

Since 1951, the Navy faced the initial threat from the Tupolev Tu-4K'Bull' carrying anti-ship missiles or nuclear bombs. During the height of the Cold War, the threat would have expanded into regimental-size raids of Tu-16 Badger and Tu-22M Backfire bombers equipped with low-flying, long-range, high-speed, nuclear-armed cruise missiles and considerable electronic countermeasures of various types; this combination was considered capable of threatening carrier groups. The Navy would require a long-range, long-endurance interceptor aircraft to defend carrier battle groups against this threat; the proposed F6D Missileer was intended to fulfill this mission and oppose the attack as far as possible from the fleet it was defending. The weapon needed for interceptor aircraft, the Bendix AAM-N-10 Eagle, was to be an air-to-air missile of unprecedented range when compared to contemporary AIM-7 Sparrow missiles, it would work together with Westinghouse AN/APQ-81 radar. The Missileer project was cancelled in December 1960.

In the early 1960s, the U. S. Navy made the next interceptor attempt with the F-111B, they needed a new missile design. At the same time, the USAF canceled the projects for their land-based high-speed interceptor aircraft, the North American XF-108 Rapier and the Lockheed YF-12, left the capable AIM-47 Falcon missile at a quite advanced stage of development, but with no effective launch platform; the AIM-54 Phoenix, developed for the F-111B fleet air defense fighter, had an airframe with four cruciform fins, a scaled-up version of the AIM-47. One characteristic of the Missileer ancestry was that the radar sent it mid-course corrections, which allowed the fire control system to "loft" the missile up over the target into thinner air where it had better range; the F-111B was canceled in 1968. Its weapons system, the AIM-54 working with the AWG-9 radar, migrated to the new U. S. Navy fighter project, the VFX, which would become the F-14 Tomcat. In 1977, development of a improved Phoenix version, the AIM-54C, was developed to better counter projected threats from tactical anti-naval aircraft and cruise missiles, its final upgrade included a re-programmable memory capability to keep pace with emerging ECM.

The AIM-54/AWG-9 combination had multiple track capability and launch. On the F-14, four missiles can be carried under the fuselage tunnel attached to special aerodynamic pallets, plus two under glove stations. A full load of six Phoenix missiles and the unique launch rails weighs in at over 8,000 lb, about twice the weight of Sparrows, putting it above the allowable bringback load; as such, carrying six Phoenix missiles would necessitate the jettison of at least some of the Phoenix missiles if they were not used. The most common air superiority payload is a mix of two Phoenix, four Sparrow, two Sidewinder missiles. Most other US aircraft relied on the smaller, semi-active medium-range AIM-7 Sparrow. Semi-active guidance meant the aircraft no longer had a search capability while supporting the launched Sparrow, reducing situational awareness; the Tomcat's radar could track up to 24 targets in track-while-scan mode, with the AWG-9 selecting up to six potential targets for the missiles. The pilot or radar intercept officer could launch the Phoenix missiles once parameters were met.

The large tactical information display in the RIO's cockpit gave information to the aircrew and the radar could continually search and track multiple targets after Phoenix missiles were launched, thereby maintaining situational awareness of the battlespace. The Link 4 datalink allowed US Navy Tomcats to share information with the E-2C Hawkeye AEW aircraft. During Desert Shield in 1990, the Link 4A was introduced; the F-14D entered service with the JTIDS that brought the better Link 16 datalink "picture" to the cockpit. The Phoenix has several guidance modes and achieves its longest range by using mid-course updates from the F-14A/B AWG-9 radar as it climbs to cruise between 80,000 ft and 100,000 ft at close to Mach 5; the Phoenix uses this high altitude to gain gravitational potential energy, converted into kinetic energy as the missile dives at high velocity towards its target. At around 11 miles from the target, the missile act

Jillian Whiting

Jillian Whiting is an Australian television presenter. Whiting was born in Mackay, Queensland on 12 July 1971, moving with her family to Brisbane after her parents divorced; the move enabled her brother Chris to attend university and so she could attend high school in Brisbane. After graduating from the University of Queensland, Whiting took up a position as a research assistant in 1991 with Seven Brisbane where she became a reporter and weekend news presenter for Seven News, she joined Nine Brisbane in 1996 as a reporter and soon became presenter of the weekend editions of Nine News Queensland. She became co-presenter of the weekday news with Bruce Paige in 2001, she returned to presenting on weekends following the birth of her first child. In 2006 she became presenter of the Gold Coast edition of Nine Gold Coast News after production moved to Brisbane, soon after assumed role as presenter of Extra, Nine's local tabloid current affairs program. In December 2008, Whiting resigned from the Nine Network in Brisbane.

In January 2009, Jillian returned to the Seven Brisbane where she became a presenter for Queensland Weekender and a fill-in presenter for Seven News Brisbane. During recent years Whiting has been a presenter with Brisbane radio station 4BC and a columnist for The Courier-Mail. Whiting is involved in media consulting work which has included establishing her own media consulting business. Whiting has two children. Whiting has a brother, Chris. In 2009, Whiting said. Saxton Speakers profile

Ramaz Shengelia

Ramaz Shengelia was a Georgian and Soviet football player. Born in Kutaisi, Shengelia started career in his hometown club Torpedo Kutaisi in 1968, he spent four seasons for the club, scoring 29 goals in 75 games in the Soviet First League. Shengelia became the top scorer of the club twice. After the successful spell in the second strongest team in Georgian SSR, he was invited to Dinamo Tbilisi in 1977; the head coach of the Tbilisi-based club, Nodar Akhalkatsi arrived to Kutaisi in order to monitor the performance of Shengelia and his other teammate Tamaz Kostava. Both of them signed for Dinamo for the following season. During the debut years, Shengelia has to compete for the starting place with Revaz Chelebadze. However, Shengelia found his place in the team and became the top scorer of the club during 1978 season. Dinamo won the championship for the second time in history, while Shengelia was nominated as Soviet Footballer of the Year ahead of Oleg Blokhin and Georgi Yartsev; the season of 1981 was the most successful for Shengelia.

Dinamo won UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, after defeating Carl Zeiss Jena in the final. Shengelia scored 4 goals during the tournament. At the end of the season he finished 7th in Ballon d'Or nominees. Two of his teammates were the nominees for the title, as Aleksandre Chivadze finished 8th, while David Kipiani was 11th in the final ranking. Shengelia was again named Soviet Footballer of the Year in 1981. During the following season, Dinamo lost in the semifinal of UEFA Cup Winners' Cup to Standard Liège. However, Shengelia became the topscorer of the tournament with 6 goals. Shengelia retired from football in 1988, but he came out of retirement a year joining the Swedish club IFK Holmsund with his teammate Tengiz Sulakvelidze. Holmsund competed in the second tier of the championship. During the only season with the club, Shengelia scored 2 goals in 13 appearances, he played in 26 games scoring 10 goals for the USSR national football team, including performance at the 1982 FIFA World Cup. He represented his country in 5 FIFA World Cup qualification matches.

After the dissolution of Soviet Union, Shengelia worked in Georgian national football team as an assistant of Aleksandre Chivadze. Was invited to Georgian Football Federation by his former coach and then-president of the federation Nodar Akhalkatsi. Shengelia died of a brain haemorrhage in Tbilisi in June 2012, at the age of 55; the football stadium in his hometown Kutaisi is named after him. Source 1Includes UEFA European Cup, UEFA Cup and UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. 2Includes other competitive competition USSR Federation Cup. Score and results list Soviet Union's goal tally first. Dinamo Tbilisi Soviet Top League: 1978 Soviet Cup: 1979 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1980–81 UEFA European Under-21 Championship: 1980 Soviet Footballer of the Year: 1978, 1981 Soviet Top League top scorer: 1981 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup top scorer: 1981–82 UEFA European Under-21 Championship top scorer: 1980 Grigory Fedotov club member Merited Master of Sports The best 33 football players of the Soviet Union: 1st. In Memoriam; the star of Dinamo Tbilisi Ramaz Shengelia.

Georgia online