ARM Cortex-A9

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ARM Cortex-A9
Designed by ARM Holdings
Max. CPU clock rate 0.8 GHz  to 2 GHz 
Microarchitecture ARMv7-A
Cores 1–4
L1 cache 32 KB I, 32 KB D
L2 cache 128 KB–8 MB (configurable with L2 cache controller)

The ARM Cortex-A9 MPCore is a 32-bit processor core licensed by ARM Holdings implementing the ARMv7-A architecture. It is a multicore processor providing up to 4 cache-coherent cores.[1]

Overview[edit]

Key features of the Cortex-A9 core are:[2]

  • Out-of-order speculative issue superscalar execution 8-stage[3] pipeline giving 2.50 DMIPS/MHz/core.
  • NEON SIMD instruction set extension performing up to 16 operations per instruction (optional).
  • High performance VFPv3 floating point unit doubling the performance of previous ARM FPUs (optional).
  • Thumb-2 instruction set encoding reduces the size of programs with little impact on performance.
  • TrustZone security extensions.
  • Jazelle DBX support for Java execution.
  • Jazelle RCT for JIT compilation.
  • Program Trace Macrocell and CoreSight Design Kit for non-intrusive tracing of instruction execution.
  • L2 cache controller (0–4 MB).
  • Multi-core processing.

ARM states that the TSMC 40G hard macro implementation typically operating at 2 GHz; a single core (excluding caches) occupies less than 1.5 mm2 when designed in a TSMC 65 nanometer (nm) generic process[4] and can be clocked at speeds over 1 GHz, consuming less than 250 mW per core.[5]

Chips[edit]

MediaTek M6575

Several system on a chip (SoC) devices implement the Cortex-A9 core, including:

Systems on a chip[edit]

Developer Name Cores Process NEON SIMD Vector floating point unit GPU
Altera SoC FPGA 1–2 28 nm Yes VFPv3 optionally implemented in FPGA; TES Electronic Solutions D/AVE HD
AMLogic AML8726-M 1 65 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400
AMLogic AML8726-MX 2 40 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400 MP2
AMLogic AML8726-M8 4 28 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-450 MP6
Apple Inc. A5 2 32 nm
45 nm
Yes VFPv3 PowerVR SGX543MP2
Apple Inc. A5X 2 45 nm Yes VFPv3 PowerVR SGX543MP4
Broadcom BCM11311 (Persona ICE) 2 40 nm ? ? Broadcom Videocore IV
Broadcom BCM21654 1 40 nm Yes VFPv3 Broadcom Videocore IV
Broadcom BCM21664T 2 40 nm Yes VFPv3 Broadcom Videocore IV
Calxeda EnergyCore ECX-1000[9] 4 40 nm Yes VFPv3
ELVEES Multicore 1892VM14Ya 2 40 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-300
Freescale Semiconductor i.MX6[34] 1-4 40 nm Yes VFPv3-D32 Vivante Corporation GPU IP cores[35]
HiSilicon K3V2 (Hi3620) 4 40 nm Yes VFPv3 Vivante GC4000
LG Corp LG L9 2 ? ? ? ARM Mali-400 MP4
Marvell ARMADA 38x 1-2 28 nm Yes ? -
Marvell PXA986 2 45 nm Yes VFPv3 PowerVR SGX540 / Vivante GC1000 (Galaxy Tab 3 7-inch)
Marvell PXA988 2 45 nm Yes VFPv3 Vivante GC1000
MediaTek MT6575 1 40 nm Yes VFPv3 PowerVR SGX531[17]
MediaTek MT6577 2 40 nm Yes VFPv3 PowerVR SGX531[18]
Mindspeed Technologies Comcerto 2000 2 ? Yes ?
Nufront NuSmartTM 2816(NS2816) 2 ? Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400[36]
Nufront NuSmartTM 2816M (NS2816M) 2 ? Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400
Nufront NuSmartTM 115 (NS115) 2 ? Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400
Nvidia Tegra 2 series 2 40 nm No VFPv3-D16 GeForce ULP
Nvidia Tegra 3 (Kal-El) series 4 40 nm Yes VFPv3 GeForce ULP
Renesas Electronics [1] ? ? ? ?
Renesas Electronics RZ/A1H[37] 1 various Yes VFPv3
WXGA 2D graphics 10MByte RAM SoC
Renesas Electronics RZ/A1M[38] 1 various Yes VFPv3
WXGA 2D graphics 5MByte RAM SoC
Renesas Electronics RZ/A1L[39] 1 various Yes VFPv3
WXGA 2D graphics 3MByte RAM SoC
Renesas Electronics RZ/A1LU[40] 1 various Yes VFPv3

RZ/A1L plus Ethernet AVB support and a JPEG codec unit, 3MByte RAM SoC

Rockchip RK2928 1 40 nm ? ? ARM Mali-400
Rockchip RK3066[25] 2 40 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400 MP4
Rockchip RK3128 2 ? Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400 MP4
Rockchip RK3188[41] 4 28 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400 MP4
Samsung Exynos 4 Dual (4210) 2 45 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400 MP4
Samsung Exynos 4 Dual (4212) 2 32 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400 MP4
Samsung Exynos 4 Quad (4412) 4 32 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400 MP4
Samsung Exynos 4 Quad (4415) 4 28 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400 MP4
STMicroelectronics SPEAr1310 ? ? No VFPv3
STMicroelectronics SPEAr1340 2 ? No VFPv3-D16 ARM Mali-200[42]
ST-Ericsson Nova A9500 2 45 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400
ST-Ericsson NovaThor U8500 2 45 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400
ST-Ericsson NovaThor U9500 2 45 nm Yes VFPv3 ARM Mali-400
Sony PlayStation Vita 4 40 nm Yes VFPv3 PowerVR SGX543MP4+
Texas Instruments Sitara AM437x 1 45 nm Yes VFPv3 SGX530 Graphics Engine
Texas Instruments OMAP4430
OMAP4460
2 45 nm Yes VFPv3 PowerVR SGX540
Texas Instruments OMAP4470 2 45 nm Yes VFPv3 PowerVR SGX544
Trident Microsystems PNX8473[43] 1 ? ? ? PowerVR SGX531
Trident Microsystems PNX8483[44] 1 ? ? ? PowerVR SGX531
Trident Microsystems PNX8491[45] 1 ? ? ? PowerVR SGX531
WonderMedia WM8850 1 ? Yes ? ARM Mali-400
WonderMedia WM8880 2 40 nm ? ? ARM Mali-400 MP2
WonderMedia WM8950 1 ? ? ? ARM Mali-400[31]
WonderMedia WM8980 2 40 nm ? ? ARM Mali-400 MP2
Xilinx Zynq-7000[46] 2 28 nm Yes VFPv3
ZiiLABS ZMS-20 ? ? Yes VFPv3 ZiiLABS flexible Stemcell media processing

Development platforms[edit]

Developer Name SoC RAM Flash SD SATA USB Ethernet Wi-Fi Bluetooth Other
MYIR MYD-AM437X Texas Instruments Sitara AM437x 512MB DDR3 4GB eMMC SD Card 4 x USB2.0 Host +1 x USB 2.0 Device 2 x 10/100/1000M-bit Ethernet 2 x Camera, HDMI, LCD/TSP
MYIR MYD-C7Z010/20 Xilinx XC7Z010/20 1GB DDR3 4GB eMMC SD Card 4 x USB2.0 Host 10/100/1000M-bit Ethernet
MYIR MYD-Y7Z010/007S Xilinx XC7Z010/007S 512MB DDR3 4GB eMMC SD Card USB2.0 Host 3 x 10/100/1000M-bit Ethernet 3 x PMoD, 1 x FMC,1 xSFP
Boardcon EM4418

MINI4418

Samsung S5P4418 1GB DDR3 4GB eMMC 1 SD/MMC 2x USB 2.0 Host + 1x USB 2.0 OTG 10/100/1000M-bit Ethernet MAC(RTL8211E-VB-CG) 802.11b/g/n BT4.0 GPS,3G
Boardcon EM3188[47] Rockchip RK3188 1GB DDR3 4GB eMMC 1 Micro SD/MMC 2x USB 2.0 Host + 1x USB 2.0 OTG 10/100M 802.11b/g/n BT4.0 CAN, RS485, HDMI, 2x UART, PCI-E, LVDS, Camera, 2x TTL_LCD
Boardcon EM4412[48] Samsung Exynos 4412 2GB DDR3 4GB eMMC 1 Micro SD/MMC 2x USB 2.0 Host + 1x USB 2.0 OTG 10/100M 802.11b/g/n RS485, RS232, CAN, Ethernet, HDMI, HSIC, MIPI-CSI, HS-SPI,Camera, LCD, Keypad
FriendlyARM NanoPi-2[49]

NanoPi-2 Fire[50] NanoPi M2[51] NanoPC-T2[52]

Samsung S5P4418 32bit 1GB DDR3 8GB on PC-T2 2 microSD ports 2.0 USB port/s RTL8211E on NanoPi-2 Fire, M2, PC-T2. 802.11b/g/n BT 4.0 Dual mode 40 RasberryPi compatible GPIO pins, UART, very small size and cost.
Origenboard Origenboard[53] Samsung Exynos 4210 1 GiB DDR3 2 port SD/MMC embedded SWB-A31 SWB-A31
Odroid Odroid-X[54] Samsung Exynos 4412 2 GiB LPDDR2-800 SDHC + eMMC module socket (non-standard) 6×USB 2.0 host + micro-USB 2.0 device 10/100 Mbit/s
Odroid Odroid-U3[55] Samsung Exynos 4412 2 GB eMMC module socket (non-standard), microSD 3×USB 2.0 host + micro-USB 2.0 device/host 10/100 Mbit/s Hardkernel has other product variants using the 4412. USB supports external Notebook harddrive with no external power. Preloaded emmc with Android and LUbuntu available.[56]
PandaBoard PandaBoard TI OMAP4430[57] 1 GiB LPDDR2 SD/MMC LAN9514-JZX LAN9514-JZX LS240-WI-01-A20 LS240-WI-01-A20
Calao systems Snowball[58] ST-Ericsson Nova A9500[59] 1 GiB LPDDR2 4/8 GB eMMC microSD FT232R LAN9221 AW-NH580 AW-NH580 GPS, accelerometer, magnetometer, gyroscope, barometer
Trim-Slice Trim-Slice[60] Tegra 2 series 1 GiB DDR2-667 SDHC + microSDHC GL830 embedded RTL8111DL RT3070
Radxa Radxa Rock[61] Rockchip RK3188 2 GiB DDR3-800 8 GB microSDXC USB 2.0 host + micro-USB 2.0 device 10/100 Mbit/s 150 Mbit/s 802.11b/g/n Bluetooth 4.0
TOPIC Miami/Florida[62] Xilinx xc7z030 1 GiB DDR3L 256Mb NOR 1Gb NAND microSD 2x (FPGA) USB 2.0 OTG 10/100/1000 Mbit/s 802.11b/g/n Single chip CPU/FPGA module. HDMI-in/out, PMOD, 4x serial.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ARM Cortex-A9 MPCore". Arm.com. Retrieved 2012-02-02. 
  2. ^ "Cortex-A9 Processor Specifications". ARM. 
  3. ^ "White paper: The ARM Cortex-A9 Processors" (PDF). ARM. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Cortex-A9 Single Core Processor". Arm.com. Retrieved 2012-02-02. 
  5. ^ "ARM spins multicore-enabled Cortex core - News - Linux for Devices". 
  6. ^ SoC FPGA overview, Altera 
  7. ^ Mobile Internet Devices, Amlogic, archived from the original on 4 May 2014 
  8. ^ "BCM11311 - Persona ICE Application Processor". Broadcom. 
  9. ^ a b "EnergyCore™ ECX-1000: Technical Specifications". Calxeda. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
  10. ^ "High Performance, Dual-Core IP Set-top Box SoC". Entropic. 
  11. ^ QorIQ® Layerscape 1024A Dual-Core Communications Processor, NXP Semiconductors 
  12. ^ "Introducing the i.MX 6 Series". Freescale Semiconductor. 
  13. ^ http://www.hisilicon.com
  14. ^ "HiSilicon Unveils Quad-Core Cortex A9 K3V2 Processor (Hi3620)". 
  15. ^ Johnny Cullen (24 January 2011). "Sony outs tech specs for NGP". VG247. Retrieved 25 January 2011. 
  16. ^ "Sony Playstation Vita Teardown & Product Analysis". TechInsights. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  17. ^ a b "MediaTek - MT6575". MediaTek. 
  18. ^ a b "MediaTek - MT6577". MediaTek. 
  19. ^ Roy Rubenstein (9 October 2012). "An ARM based programmable processor is set to enable new communications products". 
  20. ^ Kevin Trosian (8 January 2013). "Mindspeed to Showcase the Industry's First ARM Cortex A9-based Communications Processor with Integrated DPI at 2013 CES". 
  21. ^ "MACOM to Showcase Newly Acquired Mindspeed Comcerto 2000 System-on-Chip (SoC) Processors at the 2014 International CES". 7 January 2014. 
  22. ^ "Computer System Chip". Nufront. 
  23. ^ NXP to show the first fully integrated 45nm set top box soc based on ARM cortex - A9 processors 
  24. ^ "Exynos 4210". samsung.com. 2012-01-20. Retrieved 2012-02-02. 
  25. ^ a b RK3066 Dual-Core Era is coming 
  26. ^ SPEAr1310 Dual-core Cortex A9 embedded MPU for communications 
  27. ^ SPEAr1340 Dual-core Cortex A9 embedded MPU for communications 
  28. ^ ST-Ericsson NovaThor U8500, ST-Ericsson, archived from the original on 22 July 2013, retrieved 19 February 2011 
  29. ^ ST-Ericsson NovaThor U9500, ST-Ericsson, archived from the original on 2 October 2011, retrieved 25 September 2011 
  30. ^ "AM437x Sitara Processors". 
  31. ^ a b "WonderMedia Announces PRIZM WM8950 with Android 4.0 Support". 19 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  32. ^ White Paper: Extensible Processing Platform (PDF) 
  33. ^ ZiiLABS ZMS-20 Dual ARM Cortex A9 Media Processor 
  34. ^ Introducing the i.MX 6 Series of Applications Processors (PDF) 
  35. ^ Vivante GPU IP Cores Power the Latest Freescale i.MX 6 Series of Application Processors 
  36. ^ Nufront 2GHz ARM Cortex-A9 for Desktop, Laptop and Netbook – NuSmart 2816 
  37. ^ RZ A1H Home 
  38. ^ RZ A1M Home 
  39. ^ RZ A1L Home 
  40. ^ RZ A1L, Home 
  41. ^ http://www.gizmochina.com/2012/12/05/review-of-rockchip-rk3166-quad-core-chipset/
  42. ^ SPEAr family of embedded microprocessors (PDF) 
  43. ^ PNX8473 
  44. ^ PNX8483 
  45. ^ PNX849x [dead link]
  46. ^ http://www.xilinx.com/products/silicon-devices/epp/zynq-7000/index.htm
  47. ^ "EM3188 SBC". Boardcon Embedded Design. Retrieved 2018-04-09. 
  48. ^ "EM4412 SBC". Boardcon Embedded Design. Retrieved 2018-04-09. 
  49. ^ NanoPi-2 wiki 
  50. ^ NanoPi-2 Fire wiki 
  51. ^ NanoPi M2 wiki 
  52. ^ NanoPC-T2 wiki 
  53. ^ OriginBoard Documents 
  54. ^ Open Exynos4 Quad Mobile Development Platform 
  55. ^ Odroid U3 Platform 
  56. ^ Odroid Store 
  57. ^ OMAP 4 Platform: OMAP4430/OMAP4460 
  58. ^ Snowball technical documentation, archived from the original on 2011-07-15 
  59. ^ Changing the game: ST-Ericsson Unveils NovaThor Family of Smartphone Platforms Combining its Most Advanced Application Processors with the Latest Generation of Modems 
  60. ^ Trim-Slice Models 
  61. ^ Radxa Rock specification 
  62. ^ Topic Embedded Products Boards 

External links[edit]

ARM Holdings
Other