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A Design for Life

"A Design for Life" is a single released by Welsh band Manic Street Preachers in 1996 and the first to be taken from the Everything Must Go album of May that same year. It debuted at number 2 in the UK Singles Chart; the title was inspired by the debut An Ideal for Living. The opening line of the song'Libraries gave us power' was inspired by a legend engraved over the entrance to the former library in Pillgwenlly, Newport, 15 miles from the band's home town of Blackwood in Wales:'Knowledge is Power'; the next line,'then work came and made us free', refers to the German slogan Arbeit macht frei that featured above the gates of Nazi concentration camps and, used by the band in their song "The Intense Humming of Evil" on the album The Holy Bible. The song explores themes of class conflict and working class identity and solidarity, inspired by the band's strong socialist convictions, its video exemplifies this theme further. Vintage advertising slogans promoting compliance and domesticity clash with scenes of fox hunting, Royal Ascot, a polo match and the Last Night of the Proms representing what the band saw as class privilege.

The video was directed by Pedro Romhanyi. The song was the first to be written and released by the band following the disappearance of figurehead Richey Edwards the previous year. Interviewed in 2014 by NME for their "Song Stories" video series and guitarist James Dean Bradfield recalled that the lyric had been a fusion of two sets of lyrics — "Design for Life" and "Pure Motive" — sent to him from Wales by bassist Nicky Wire, while he was living in Shepherd's Bush; the music was written "in about ten minutes" and Bradfield felt a sense of euphoria with the result. The song was credited with having "rescued the band" from the despair felt after the disappearance of Edwards, with Wire describing the song as "a bolt of light from a dark place"; the single reached number 2 in the UK Singles Charts on 27 April 1996 and was the first in a run of five consecutive releases to be top ten hits. It spent a total of 14 weeks in the chart, with 7 weeks in the UK Top 40, being the best performing single by the band, along with Your Love Alone Is Not Enough.

It has achieved Silver status in the UK. With A Design for Life the band began a run of 11 years where all their singles until 2007 charted within the Top 20 in the UK, with the single "Indian Summer" from their eighth studio album Send Away the Tigers breaking the run by peaking at number 22; the song peaked at number 48 in New Zealand, at number 50 in Australia. In both countries it only charted for one week. In Ireland it charted in the top 20, reaching number 17; the CD single included the songs "Mr Carbohydrate", "Dead Passive" and "Dead Trees and Traffic Islands", while the cassette included a live version of "Bright Eyes". As part of Record Store Day 2016, 2000 copies were released on 12" vinyl in a copper sleeve; the song is referred to in the song "Slide Show" on Travis' 1999 album, The Man Who: "'Cause there is no design for life, There's no devil's haircut in my mind, There is not a wonderwall to climb or step around". In May 2007 NME magazine placed "A Design for Life" at number 30 in its list of "50 Greatest Indie Anthems Ever".

In October 2011 NME placed it at number 75 on its list of "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years". On 18 June 2009 the band were invited to open the new £15m Cardiff Central Library, unveiling a plaque inscribed with the words to the opening line of the song. At the event, Wire spoke about how his experience with libraries had inspired the song; the Cardiff Arms Park Male Voice Choir performed a version of the song, in front of the band, which Nicky Wire described as "spine tingling". Wire said in an interview with The Guardian that the occasion had been a great honour for the band: "For us, it seemed like a chance to give something back to Wales. Seeing one of our lyrics – "Libraries gave us power", from A Design for Life – inscribed on the opening plaque was in its own way as affecting as playing the Millennium Stadium." The instrumental of the song featured in adverts for the supermarket Sainsbury's during the 2012 Summer Paralympics. All music by James Dean Bradfield and Sean Moore and all lyrics by Nicky Wire, except where noted: "A Design for Life" – 4:19 "Mr Carbohydrate" – 4:13 "Dead Passive" – 3:19 "Dead Trees and Traffic Islands" – 3:43 "A Design for Life" – 4:21 "A Design for Life" – 4:48 "A Design for Life" – 4:35 "Faster" – 5:46 "A Design for Life" "Bright Eyes" "Australia" "A Design For Life" "A Design For Life" "Dead Trees and Traffic Islands" "A Design For Life" "Mr Carbohydrate" Manic Street Preachers - A Design For Life on YouTube acoustic version James Dean Bradfield, August 2013 at walesonline.co.uk

Ami Mammadov

Ami Agha oglu Mammadov was a Soviet Navy Matros and a posthumous Hero of the Soviet Union. Mammadov was posthumously awarded the title on 20 April 1945 for his actions during the capture of Mykolaiv. Mammadov destroyed several German vehicles with his anti-tank rifle and was killed when the house he was defending collapsed under German fire. Mammadov was born in 1922 in Baku in the family of a worker, he graduated from seventh grade. After completing his education Mammadov worked as a fitter and a driver in the Azizbekovneft oilfield. In 1942, Mammadov was drafted into the Soviet Navy, he became a Matros in the Black Sea Fleet Naval Infantry. In May 1943 he became an Anti-tank rifleman in the 384th Separate Naval Infantry Battalion. In the fall of 1943, he fought in the amphibious operations to capture Taganrog and Osipenko. In late March, the 28th Army began fighting to capture Mykolaiv. To help their advance, a detachment from 384th Battalion of 55 sailors under the command of Senior lieutenant Konstantin Olshansky was landed in Mykolaiv.

Mammadov took up positions in a wooden house along with nine other soldiers under the command of Starshina 1st class Yury Lisitsyn. At dawn, the detachment was attacked by German troops; the attack was repulsed by soldiers positioned in a cement shed. The German troops renewed the attack, attempting to bypass the cement shed, were stopped by fire from the wooden house; the German forces brought up mortars and artillery, shelling the positions of the landing force. During the fourth attack, the German troops concentrated on the wooden house, killing one of its defenders. Before the fifth attack, German troops used Nebelwerfers and thermite shells to set fire to the wooden house. Three of the defenders were killed by machine gun fire. Most of the defenders of the house were wounded. Mammadov continued to fire his anti-tank gun, disabling a tank, two armored cars, six firing points. Mammadov killed dozens of German soldiers. A sixth attack was repulsed, during a seventh attack the burning house collapsed under tank fire.

Mammadov and five others died in the building. Mammadov was buried in a mass grave in the park of 68 Marines in Mykolaiv. On 20 April 1945 Mammadov was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin, along with the other participants in the operation. A bust of Mammadov was built in Baku near School No. 101

Mustafa Edige Kirimal

Mustafa Edige Kirimal was a Crimean-born Lipka-Tatar politician. Kirimal is best known for his meticulous research and publications on the history of Crimean Tatars in the first half of the 20th century, he served as the editor of Dergi, one of the publications of the Institute for the Study of the USSR in Munich, was among the first scholars to explore the fate of ethnic minorities living in the Soviet Union. Edige's father Mustafa Shinkievich, descended from a Lithuanian Tatar or Polish Tatar family, had moved to Crimea before World War I, he was a descendant of soldiers under the command of the Golden Horde Khan Toktamish who had fled to Lithuania in the late 14th century. Born in Bahçesaray in 1911, Edige received his early education in Dereköy, near Yalta and graduated from the Russian gymnasium in Yalta, he enrolled in the Institute of Pedagogy in Simferopol, now the Crimea State Medical University, but his involvement in Crimean Tatar nationalist activities made it impossible for him to remain in Crimea.

The Soviet repression, marked by the arrest and deportation of thousands of Tatars, forced Edige to flee to Azerbaijan and to Iran. He arrived in Istanbul in 1932. Two years he joined his uncle Yakup Shinkievich, serving in Vilnius, a city under Polish rule. Edige graduated from the University of Vilnius with a degree in political science in 1939. Following the invasion of Poland by German forces in September 1939, he left for Berlin and for Istanbul. During the German occupation of Ukraine and Crimea, Kirimal was active in Germany, trying to secure rights and protection for the Crimean Tatars, helped refugees from Crimea settle in German camps. Gerhard von Mende give him the title "President of the Crimean Tatar National Central Committee". After World War II ended, Kirimal pursued his graduate studies and received his doctorate degree from the University of Münster in Germany, his quoted monograph,'Der Nationale Kampf der Krim-türken - The National Struggle of the Crimean Tatars', was based on his dissertation.

He joined the staff of the newly founded Institute for the Study of the USSR in Munich in 1954 and became the editor of "Dergi", the Institute's publication in Turkish. Kirimal published numerous articles on the history of Crimean Tatars under Soviet rule, he was fluent in Turkish and German. He retired in 1972 when the Institute closed, died in 1980 in Munich, where he was living in exile, his body was transported from Munich to Simferopol via Istanbul by the Westeuropean Crimean Tatar Cultural Center in 2007, 27 years later

Shut Up (Unnies song)

"Shut Up" is a song by Unnies, a special girl group comprising the cast members from the South Korean reality show Sister's Slam Dunk. Written and produced by Park Jin-young, it was released by KBS Media and LOEN Entertainment on July 1, 2016. Sister's Slam Dunk is a South Korean reality show starring Ra Mi-ran, Kim Sook, Hong Jin-kyung, Min Hyo-rin and Tiffany that follows the cast's attempt at fulfilling their personal dreams. In order to accomplish Min Hyo-rin's dream of debuting as a member of a girl group, the cast formed a special girl group named Unnies and began working on a song produced by Park Jin-young. Hyo-rin had been a trainee at JYP Entertainment but was cut by the company, although she debuted as a soloist and has released an album, it was a regret of hers that she had been unable to debut as a girl group member. Recording and choreography practice sessions for the song revealed to be titled "Shut Up", took place at JYP's headquarters and made up several episodes of the show.

"Shut Up" was released on July 1, 2016. Its music video, which features guest appearances by You Hee-yeol, Kim Joon-ho, Park Jin-young, Nine Muses member Kyungri and Got7 member Jackson, was released on July 8. All profits from the single are donated towards helping people in need achieve their dreams. Unnies made their debut performance with "Shut Up" on the KBS music television show Music Bank on July 1, 2016. "Shut Up" debuted at number 4 on the South Korean Gaon weekly digital chart. Sales Shut Up on YouTube Shut Up on YouTube

Flipped SO(10)

Flipped SO is a grand unified theory, to standard SO as flipped SU is to SU. In conventional SO models, the fermions lie in three spinorial 16 representations, one for each generation, which decomposes under /Z5 as 16 → 10 1 ⊕ 5 ¯ − 3 ⊕ 1 5 This can either be the Georgi–Glashow SU or flipped SU. In flipped SO models, the gauge group is not just SO but SOF × UB or /Z4; the fermion fields are now three copies of 16 1 ⊕ 10 − 2 ⊕ 1 4 These contain the Standard Model fermions as well as additional vector fermions with GUT scale masses. If we suppose /Z5 is a subgroup of SOF we have the intermediate scale symmetry breaking /Z5 → /Z5 where χ = − A 4 + 5 B 4 In that case, 16 1 → 10 1 ⊕ 5 ¯ 2 ⊕ 1 0 10 − 2 → 5 − 2 ⊕ 5 ¯ − 3 1 4 → 1 5 note that the Standard Model fermion fields come from all three /Z5 representations. In particular, they happen to be the 101 of 161, the 5 ¯ − 3 of 10−2 and the 15 of 14; the other remaining fermions are vectorlike. To see this, note that with a 161H and a 16 ¯ − 1 H Higgs field, we can have VEVs which breaks the GUT group down to /Z4.

The Yukawa coupling 161H 161 10 − 2 will pair up the 5 − 5 ¯ 2 fermions. And we can always introduce a sterile neutrino φ, invariant under /Z4 and add the Yukawa coupling < 16 ¯ − 1 H > 16 1 ϕ OR we can add the nonrenormalizable term < 16 ¯ − 1 H >< 16 ¯ − 1 H > 16 1 16 1 Either way, the 10 component of the fermion 161 gets taken care of so that it is no longer chiral. It has been left unspecified so far whether /Z5 is the Georgi–Glashow SU or the flipped SU; this is. One reason for studying flipped. Nobuhiro Maekawa, Toshifumi Yamashita, "Flipped SO model", 2003 K. Tamvakis, "Flipped SO", 1988

Linnsburg, Indiana

Linnsburg is a small unincorporated community in Walnut Township, Montgomery County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The town is a former whistle stop on the Monon branch and still has active rail service today from Nucor Steel to Avon. Linnsburg was platted by Susan McMullen in 1870. A post office was established at Linnsburg in 1887, remained in operation until 1934. In the early hours of May 13, 1995 an F-2 tornado struck this small community and killed two people as they slept in their beds. There was no warning; the storm damaged portions of Nucor Steel, Walnut Township Elementary School, several homes and farms. Police officers and fire fighters from all around the county converged on the scene and spent hours digging through the rubble for survivors; this was part of a series of tornadoes. Linnsburg is located just south of Mace, at 40°00′01″N 86°48′00″W