DJ Hero 2
DJ Hero 2 is a rhythm video game and a sequel to DJ Hero, a spinoff of the Guitar Hero series. DJ Hero 2 uses a special turntable-controller, the same as introduced in DJ Hero, to simulate turntablism, the act of creating a new musical work from one or more recorded songs using record players and sound effect generators; the game is developed by FreeStyleGames and is published by Activision, was released worldwide in October 2010. Similar to DJ Hero, players in DJ Hero 2 follow specific actions on the turntable controller in time to marked scrolling indicators on the game's screen, earning points for performing actions in time; the game includes a new freestyle mode, giving the player the chance to crossfade between tracks, scratch a section of a mix, or add sample effects during marked sections. The game features 83 mixes on disc comprising over 100 different songs, with further mixes available as downloadable content. Most mixes have been assembled by FreeStyleGames, but other professional DJs, including David Guetta, deadmau5, DJ Qbert, Tiësto and RZA, have provided both their mixing skills and character avatar for the game.
Players can challenge these mixes at any time in a Quickplay mode, progress through them in the single-player Empire mode, or play cooperatively or competitively with a second user in offline and online game modes. A third player can participate through singing the mix' vocals. DJ Hero 2 was well received by critics, receiving praises for maintaining and improving upon the core elements of the first game, for a soundtrack featuring a wide selection of genres. However, sales for the title were low, failing to reach similar numbers as DJ Hero from the previous year. In conjunction with poor sales from the Guitar Hero franchise, Activision announced the cancellation of further development in February 2011, leaving DJ Hero 2 as the final multi-platform iteration of the DJ Hero franchise. DJ Hero 2 follows from its predecessor in simulating the performance of a disc jockey mixing one or two songs using a special turntable controller; the controller, the same unit as shipped with DJ Hero, includes a rotatable turntable to use for recording scratching, three "stream" buttons to match notes from the two music tracks and an effects track, a slider to control the crossfade between tracks.
These actions are presented to the players through on-screen notation that scrolls in time with the music. Players score points by performing the actions but are not penalized otherwise. By completing a consecutive set of actions, the player can increase their scoring multiplier up to 4x. Certain marked sections, when played fill a "Euphoria" meter which can be unleashed using another button on the controller and will temporarily double the scoring; the player can earn the ability to rewind a song by a few seconds by playing a long string of consecutive notes. They can rewind the song by spinning the turntable in reverse. Small changes have been made in the turntable playback within DJ Hero 2: freestyle effects samples based on game-wide preselected "effect packs", are mix-specific, the game does not penalize the player for small variations in fast scratching sections as long as it follows the general beat of the song. Specially marked freestyle sections limited to only added sample effects over the track, allow the player to mix between the two tracks, use their own scratch effects, or add effects hits while within these sections.
The display for these freestyle sections shows marks where switching between the tracks would achieve a strong audio effect, the player is graded on how well they hit these markers after the end of each mix. In addition to using a turntable, players have the option to sing or rap to the mixes' lyrics, similar to vocal parts in current Guitar Hero or Rock Band games using a compatible microphone controller from most previous rhythm games; the game will score vocals based on the matching of pitch and rhythm. DJ Hero 2' features an improved single-player career mode called "Empire". Empire provides more structure for the player to proceed through the game than the simple set lists used in DJ Hero. Through Empire mode, the player works though a number of pre-determined setlists and boss battles with the celebrity avatars and fictional DJ's at one of six different venues, earning stars that unlock additional venues to play at. Completing certain setlists or battles unlock new characters, outfits for those characters, virtual turntable decks for the player.
Five of these decks are "power decks" that change the scoring mechanism or play style of the game. The primary focus of DJ Hero 2 has been the social aspects, according to FreeStyleGames' creative director Jamie Jackson; the game supports the "Party Play" mode introduced in Guitar Hero 5, allowing players to jump into a song, alter the difficulty during gameplay, change between turntable and vocals, leave at any time, while the game continues to run in a jukebox mode. Several new competitive modes engage two DJ players against each other. DJ Battles see; the online mode includes a s
Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3
Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3, sometimes abbreviated as DDR Universe 3, is a video game for Xbox 360. It was announced by Konami on May 15, 2008, released on October 21, 2008; the game has new songs, a story mode, the ability to create custom songs and custom character creation. Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3 Chinese Music Special Edition is a special release of Dance Dance revolution 3 by Konami for the Xbox 360 in the Asian region, it was released on May 12, 2009, as a stand-alone game and a bundle containing a dance pad controller. Universe 3 Chinese Music Special Edition is based on the North American release of Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3 with 21 additional added to the game; the new music is localized to Taiwanese artists and groups. Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3 Chinese Music Special Edition was announced in late 2008 by Konami Digital Entertainment Limited, Konami's Hong Kong based subsidiary. An official site was launched stating that Chinese Music Special Edition would contain 60 English songs in addition to 20 exclusive Chinese pop songs from Hong Kong and Taiwan.
The game was intended to be released before Christmas of 2008 and was delayed until May 2009. Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3 Chinese Music Special Edition will include the standard Dance Dance Revolution gameplay formula as well as new features first introduced in Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3 released in North America in 2008. DJ mode allows players to edit the music included in the game to create their own mixes. First seen in Dance Dance Revolution Ultramix 4, Quest mode lets players travel from locale to locale competing in dance offs with computer controlled dancers; as players progress through their quest, new songs and other items are unlocked for use in-game. Edit Mode allows players to make their own steps for a chosen song or make a video background for a chosen song. Songs in bold represent specialized record company licensing. Songs highlighted in red denote "boss songs" with expert/oni difficulties rated a 10. Songs mentioned on the back of the box but not available in the game: "It Takes Two" Rob Base & DJ E-Z Rock "Shake Your Groove Thing" Peaches & Herb "Sweet Dreams" Eurythmics "Tainted Love" Soft Cell "Harder, Faster, Stronger" Daft PunkFor the regional release of Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3 Chinese Music Special Edition, Konami added music from local artists.
The song list from the North American release of Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3 remains in addition to the new music. Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3 discussion thread at Zenius -I- Vanisher Dance Dance Revolution Universe 3 Chinese Music Special Edition Official site Konami Asia
A-side and B-side
The terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 78, 45, 331⁄3 rpm phonograph records, or cassettes, whether singles, extended plays, or long-playing records. The A-side featured the recording that the artist, record producer, or the record company intended to receive the initial promotional effort and receive radio airplay to become a "hit" record; the B-side is a secondary recording that has a history of its own: some artists released B-sides that were considered as strong as the A-side and became hits in their own right. Others took the opposite approach: producer Phil Spector was in the habit of filling B-sides with on-the-spot instrumentals that no one would confuse with the A-side. With this practice, Spector was assured that airplay was focused on the side he wanted to be the hit side. Music recordings have moved away from records onto other formats such as CDs and digital downloads, which do not have "sides", but the terms are still used to describe the type of content, with B-side sometimes standing for "bonus" track.
The first sound recordings at the end of the 19th century were made on cylinder records, which had a single round surface capable of holding two minutes of sound. Early shellac disc records records only had recordings on one side of the disc, with a similar capacity. Double-sided recordings, with one selection on each side, were introduced in Europe by Columbia Records in 1908, by 1910 most record labels had adopted the format in both Europe and the United States. There were no record charts until the 1930s, radio stations did not play recorded music until the 1950s. In this time, A-sides and B-sides existed. In June 1948, Columbia Records introduced the modern 331⁄3 rpm long-playing microgroove vinyl record for commercial sales, its rival RCA Victor, responded the next year with the seven-inch 45 rpm vinylite record, which would replace the 78 for single record releases; the term "single" came into popular use with the advent of vinyl records in the early 1950s. At first, most record labels would randomly assign which song would be an A-side and which would be a B-side.
Under this random system, many artists had so-called "double-sided hits", where both songs on a record made one of the national sales charts, or would be featured on jukeboxes in public places. As time wore on, the convention for assigning songs to sides of the record changed. By the early sixties, the song on the A-side was the song that the record company wanted radio stations to play, as 45 rpm single records dominated the market in terms of cash sales, it was not until 1968, for example, that the total production of albums on a unit basis surpassed that of singles in the United Kingdom. In the late 1960s, stereo versions of pop and rock songs began to appear on 45s; the majority of the 45s were played on AM radio stations, which were not equipped for stereo broadcast at the time, so stereo was not a priority. However, the FM rock stations did not like to play monaural content, so the record companies adopted a protocol for DJ versions with the mono version of the song on one side, stereo version of the same song on the other.
By the early 1970s, double-sided hits had become rare. Album sales had increased, B-sides had become the side of the record where non-album, non-radio-friendly, instrumental versions or inferior recordings were placed. In order to further ensure that radio stations played the side that the record companies had chosen, it was common for the promotional copies of a single to have the "plug side" on both sides of the disc. With the decline of 45 rpm vinyl records, after the introduction of cassette and compact disc singles in the late 1980s, the A-side/B-side differentiation became much less meaningful. At first, cassette singles would have one song on each side of the cassette, matching the arrangement of vinyl records, but cassette maxi-singles, containing more than two songs, became more popular. Cassette singles were phased out beginning in the late 1990s, the A-side/B-side dichotomy became extinct, as the remaining dominant medium, the compact disc, lacked an equivalent physical distinction.
However, the term "B-side" is still used to refer to the "bonus" tracks or "coupling" tracks on a CD single. With the advent of downloading music via the Internet, sales of CD singles and other physical media have declined, the term "B-side" is now less used. Songs that were not part of an artist's collection of albums are made available through the same downloadable catalogs as tracks from their albums, are referred to as "unreleased", "bonus", "non-album", "rare", "outtakes" or "exclusive" tracks, the latter in the case of a song being available from a certain provider of music. B-side songs may be released on the same record as a single to provide extra "value for money". There are several types of material released in this way, including a different version, or, in a concept record, a song that does not fit into the story lin
The pun called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect. These ambiguities can arise from the intentional use of homophonic, metonymic, or figurative language. A pun differs from a malapropism in that a malapropism is an incorrect variation on a correct expression, while a pun involves expressions with multiple interpretations. Puns may be regarded as in-jokes or idiomatic constructions as their usage and meaning are specific to a particular language or its culture. Puns have a long history in human writing. For example, the Roman playwright Plautus was famous for word games. Puns can be classified in various ways; the homophonic pun, a common type, are not synonymous. Walter Redfern summarized this type with his statement, "To pun is to treat homonyms as synonyms." For example, in George Carlin's phrase "atheism is a non-prophet institution", the word prophet is put in place of its homophone profit, altering the common phrase "non-profit institution".
The joke "Question: Why do we still have troops in Germany? Answer: To keep the Russians in Czech" relies on the aural ambiguity of the homophones check and Czech. Puns are not homophonic, but play on words of similar, not identical, sound as in the example from the Pinky and the Brain cartoon film series: "I think so, but if we give peas a chance, won't the lima beans feel left out?" which plays with the similar—but not identical—sound of peas and peace in the anti-war slogan "Give Peace a Chance". A homographic pun exploits words which are spelled the same but possess different meanings and sounds; because of their nature, they rely on sight more than hearing, contrary to homophonic puns. They are known as heteronymic puns. Examples in which the punned words exist in two different parts of speech rely on unusual sentence construction, as in the anecdote: "When asked to explain his large number of children, the pig answered simply:'The wild oats of my sow gave us many piglets.'" An example that combines homophonic and homographic punning is Douglas Adams's line "You can tune a guitar, but you can't tuna fish.
Unless of course, you play bass." The phrase uses the homophonic qualities of tune a and tuna, as well as the homographic pun on bass, in which ambiguity is reached through the identical spellings of, and. Homographic puns do not need to follow grammatical rules and do not make sense when interpreted outside the context of the pun. Homonymic puns, another common type, arise from the exploitation of words which are both homographs and homophones; the statement "Being in politics is just like playing golf: you are trapped in one bad lie after another" puns on the two meanings of the word lie as "a deliberate untruth" and as "the position in which something rests". An adaptation of a joke repeated by Isaac Asimov gives us "Did you hear about the little moron who strained himself while running into the screen door?" Playing on strained as "to give much effort" and "to filter". A homonymic pun may be polysemic, in which the words must be homonymic and possess related meanings, a condition, subjective.
However, lexicographers define polysemes as listed under a single dictionary lemma while homonyms are treated in separate lemmata. A compound pun is a statement. In this case, the wordplay cannot go into effect by utilizing the separate words or phrases of the puns that make up the entire statement. For example, a complex statement by Richard Whately includes four puns: "Why can a man never starve in the Great Desert? Because he can eat the sand, there, but what brought the sandwiches there? Why, Noah sent Ham, his descendants mustered and bred." This pun uses sand, there/sandwiches there, Ham/ham, mustered/mustard, bred/bread. The phrase "piano is not my forte" links two meanings of the words forte and piano, one for the dynamic markings in music and the second for the literal meaning of the sentence, as well as alluding to "pianoforte", the older name of the instrument. Compound puns may combine two phrases that share a word. For example, "Where do mathematicians go on weekends? To a Möbius strip club!"
Puns on the terms Möbius strip club. A recursive pun is one in which the second aspect of a pun relies on the understanding of an element in the first. For example, the statement "π is only half a pie.". Another example is. Another example is "a Freudian slip is when you say one thing but mean your mother." The recursive pun "Immanuel doesn't pun, he Kant," is attributed to Oscar Wilde. Visual puns are sometimes used in logos, emblems and other graphic symbols, in which one or more of the pun aspects is replaced by a picture. In European heraldry, this technique is called canting arms. Visual and other puns and word games are common in Dutch gable stones as well as in some cartoons, such as Lost Consonants and The Far Side. Another type of visual pun exists in languages. For example, in Chinese, a pun may be based on a similarity in shape of the written character, despite a complete lack of phonetic similarity in the words punned upon. Mark Elvin describes how this "peculiarly Chinese form of visual punning involved comparing written characters to objects."
Richard J. Alexander notes two additional forms which puns may take: graphological (sometimes
Gotham (TV series)
Gotham is an American crime drama television series developed by Bruno Heller and based on characters published by DC Comics and appearing in the Batman franchise those of James Gordon and Bruce Wayne. Danny Cannon directed the pilot, he is an executive producer along with Heller; the series stars Ben McKenzie as the young James Gordon. It premiered on Fox on September 22, 2014. In May 2018, Fox renewed the series for a fifth and final season of 12 episodes, which premiered on January 3, 2019, with its final episode scheduled to air on April 25, 2019; the series' creators intended to focus only on Gordon's early days with the Gotham City Police Department, but they subsequently included the Bruce Wayne character and the origin stories of several Batman villains, including Penguin, Catwoman, Poison Ivy, Scarecrow, Mr. Freeze, Hugo Strange, Solomon Grundy. In the first season, James Gordon, a new recruit in the Gotham City Police Department, is paired with veteran detective Harvey Bullock to solve the murders of Thomas and Martha Wayne.
The Waynes' young son, Bruce, is now in the care of butler Alfred Pennyworth. At the GCPD, Gordon is aided by captain Sarah Essen, detectives Renee Montoya and Crispus Allen, forensic scientist Edward Nygma, district attorney Harvey Dent. Whilst attempting to solve other crimes in the city, he encounters gang member Oswald Cobblepot, street orphans Selina Kyle and Ivy Pepper, medical professional Leslie Thompkins. After his fiancé Barbara Kean turns to a life of crime, Gordon begins a relationship with Leslie, he must avert a brewing gang war between Gotham's crime families, which pits him against crime lords Carmine Falcone, Salvatore Maroni, Fish Mooney. In the second season, Gordon works to bring down criminal mastermind Theo Galavan, who plans to take over Gotham as its new mayor and exact revenge against the Wayne Family with his sister Tabitha. After Galavan's death, Gordon begins investigating Arkham Asylum's enigmatic chief psychiatrist Hugo Strange, who conducts a series of unorthodox experiments in the underground Indian Hill facility secretly owned by Wayne Enterprises and controlled by the Court of Owls.
Strange revives Theo Galavan as the vigilante Azrael, transforms Victor Fries into Mr. Freeze, morphs Bridgit Pike into Firefly. With the aid of Bruce and Lucius Fox, Gordon is able to shut down Strange's Indian Hill facility, though its experimental subjects manage to escape into Gotham City. In the third season taking place six months Gordon has become a bounty hunter and works to track down the Indian Hill escapees. While attempting to reconcile with Leslie, Gordon is pitted against Carmine Falcone's son Mario Calvi, he encounters psychotic hypnotist Jervis Tetch, who has infected GCPD Captain Nathaniel Barnes with a virus, transforming him into a deranged vigilante known as the Executioner. Meanwhile, Nygma adopts the persona of the Riddler and becomes a rival to Cobblepot in the criminal underworld. After being reinstated into the GCPD, Gordon discovers that the Court of Owls' benefactor is Ra's al Ghul, the immortal leader of the League of Shadows who seeks to train Bruce into becoming his heir.
In the fourth season and Bullock continue to solve crimes in Gotham City. Although Jerome is killed, he manages to drive his twin brother Jeremiah Valeska insane by exposing him to Crane's chemicals. Jeremiah and Ra's al Ghul manage to render Gotham City an evacuated No Man's Land. In the fifth and final season and his allies work to restore order in Gotham City after it is cut-off from the rest of the world and all of the major criminals have each claimed their own territory in the desolate city. Jeremiah attempts to cement his "bond" with Bruce by reenacting the night of his parents' deaths. Leslie returns and marries Gordon. Politician Theresa Walker sends the military group Delta Force, led by Gordon's old army companion Eduardo Dorrance, to help the GCPD in their war against the overwhelming criminal populace. After transforming a mortally-wounded Dorrance into the superhuman Bane, Walker reveals herself as Ra's al Ghul's daughter, who seeks to force the government into destroying Gotham using Special Order 386 as part of her vendetta against Bruce and Barbara for the death of her father.
Ben McKenzie as James Gordon – In September 2013, it was reported that Fox was developing a TV series centred on James Gordon's early days as a police detective and the origin stories of various Batman villains. In February 2014, McKenzie was cast as the lead character; when describing his character in an interview, McKenzie stated that Gordon "is a honest man. The last honest man in a city full of crooked people. He's not an anti-hero, he's a true hero – but he will have to compromise." Donal Logue as Harvey Bullock – In early 2014, it was announced that Logue
Semi-Pro is a 2008 American sports comedy film from New Line Cinema. The film was directed by Kent Alterman and stars Will Ferrell, Woody Harrelson, André Benjamin and Maura Tierney; the film was shot in Los Angeles near Dodger Stadium, in Detroit, in Flint, Michigan. Released in theaters on February 29, 2008 and released on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on June 3, 2008, it was the last film from New Line Cinema before they merged with Warner Bros. In 1976, Jackie Moon is a singer who used the profits from his one-hit wonder, "Love Me Sexy", to buy a basketball team in the American Basketball Association, the Flint Tropics, becoming the owner, head coach, starting power forward; the ABA Commissioner announces a plan to merge the league with the National Basketball Association, but only four teams will move to the more established league. The Tropics, the worst team in the league, are in danger of dissolving. Jackie argues that the teams with the four best records should be merged and the Commissioner accepts.
Jackie trades the team's washing machine to the Kentucky Colonels for Ed Monix, a backup point guard who won an NBA Championship with the Boston Celtics, but did not play during the playoffs. The Commissioner reveals that the Tropics will need at least 2,000 fans at every remaining home game. Jackie begins to stage desperate stunts, like wrestling a bear named Dewie; the Tropics begin playing better with Monix, as well as the increased intensity of Clarence Withers, the Tropics' best player. Monix takes over as offensive and defensive coordinator and starting point guard, leaving Jackie as the head coach. Monix trains the team rigorously with a play he calls the "Puke" as the players are to run it, until they throw up. From Monix's training, the Tropics go on a winning run, moving from last to fifth. Jackie gets a visit from the Commissioner; the NBA does not think that Flint has a large enough media market and will not allow the Tropics into the league if they beat the first place San Antonio Spurs in the last game of the season.
Jackie admits that he stole "Love Me Sexy" from a napkin his mother wrote on three weeks before she died. Realizing that all his assets are stolen, Jackie trades Withers to the Spurs so that he may realize his dream of playing in the NBA. Monix inspires the team to leave everything on the court, while they may not be able to continue the franchise after this season, they have come far and still have a lot to prove. Going into the Spurs game, which Moon declares the "MegaBowl", the Tropics are in fifth place and with a win they would make it into fourth, although they have no chance of making it into the NBA; the game begins and the Tropics fall behind quickly. In the closing seconds of the first half, Jackie gets fouled hard by Petrelli while going up for a shot and is injured. Withers decides he has seen enough and rushes into the Tropics locker rooms with the rest of the team, which angers the Spurs. During halftime, an unconscious Jackie imagines, he apologizes for stealing her song and she gives him a weapon in order to win.
On the court, the Tropics reveal their new weapon: the alley-oop. With the return of Withers, the alley-oop is effective, but the referee calls the play a foul. After some persuasion by Jackie and Monix, is soon convinced that it is a legitimate score; the Tropics begin coming back. After the Spurs start defending against the Alley-Oop, Monix calls a time-out and calls for them to run the "Puke" with 12 seconds left and down by two points, 117–115; the play gives Jackie the ball, but he gets fouled hard again with two seconds left, giving him 2 free throws. Shooting granny style, Moon sinks the first basket; the second bounces off the rim but Monix tips it in right at the buzzer for two points to win, sparking a wild celebration in the arena and the streets of Flint. The Spurs' coach offers Withers his position back; the now-former ABA Commissioner offers Jackie a position on the staff of the NBA Assistant Commissioner, as a marketing director. As Jackie is about to accept, the Commissioner is mauled by Dewie the bear and the celebration turns into an arena-wide panic.
Sometime after the Mega Bowl, Dukes receives 2,300 dollars from Jackie via a package as well as a letter promising to pay the rest after the NBA merger, much to Dukes' surprise and happiness. The 5-year-old, 7 1⁄2-foot-tall, 700-pound male grizzly bear named Rocky appeared in the film in a scene where Will Ferrell's character wrestles him to promote his basketball team. Stuntman and trainer Randy Miller doubled for Ferrell during the wrestling match with the bear. On April 22, 2008, the bear bit 39-year-old Stephan Miller on the neck. A number shown in the teaser trailer 1-800-TROPICS, when called played a recorded message of Jackie Moon talking about season ticket packages for the 1976 season Several ads for Anheuser-Busch were filmed featuring Will Ferrell in character as Jackie Moon that were aired during Super Bowl XLII; some of the ads touted humorous promotional items with offers expiring in November 1977. A music video was released with Jackie Moon singing his'hit' "Love Me Sexy" Ferrell appeared in character as Jackie Moon in TV spots for Old Spice deodorant A prescreening at the Alamo Drafthouse in Austin, Texas two weeks prior to the box office debut featured an appearance by Will Ferrell and director Kent Alterman.
In order to obtain entrance to the theater, all viewers had to wear a basketball uniform similar to the one worn by Ferrell in the film. An official Jackie Moon Semi-Pro costume was released in summer 2008 for Halloween. A Sports Illustrated swimsuit issue spre
Symphony No. 5 (Beethoven)
The Symphony No. 5 in C minor of Ludwig van Beethoven, Op. 67, was written between 1804 and 1808. It is one of the best-known compositions in classical music, one of the most played symphonies. First performed in Vienna's Theater an der Wien in 1808, the work achieved its prodigious reputation soon afterward. E. T. A. Hoffmann described the symphony as "one of the most important works of the time"; as is typical of symphonies in the classical period, Beethoven's Fifth Symphony is in four movements. It begins with a distinctive four-note "short-short-short-long" motif: The symphony, the four-note opening motif in particular, are known worldwide, with the motif appearing in popular culture, from disco versions to rock and roll covers, to uses in film and television. Like Beethoven's Eroica and Pastorale, Symphony No. 5 was given an explicit name, besides the numbering. It became popular under "Schicksals-Sinfonie", the famous five bar theme was coined "Schicksals-Motiv"; this name is used in translations.
The Fifth Symphony had a long development process, as Beethoven worked out the musical ideas for the work. The first "sketches" date from 1804 following the completion of the Third Symphony. However, Beethoven interrupted his work on the Fifth to prepare other compositions, including the first version of Fidelio, the Appassionata piano sonata, the three Razumovsky string quartets, the Violin Concerto, the Fourth Piano Concerto, the Fourth Symphony, the Mass in C; the final preparation of the Fifth Symphony, which took place in 1807–1808, was carried out in parallel with the Sixth Symphony, which premiered at the same concert. Beethoven was in his mid-thirties during this time. In the world at large, the period was marked by the Napoleonic Wars, political turmoil in Austria, the occupation of Vienna by Napoleon's troops in 1805; the symphony was written at his lodgings at the Pasqualati House in Vienna. The final movement quotes from a revolutionary song by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle; the Fifth Symphony was premiered on 22 December 1808 at a mammoth concert at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna consisting of Beethoven premieres, directed by Beethoven himself on the conductor's podium.
The concert lasted for more than four hours. The two symphonies appeared on the programme in reverse order: the Sixth was played first, the Fifth appeared in the second half; the programme was as follows: The Sixth Symphony Aria: Ah! perfido, Op. 65 The Gloria movement of the Mass in C major The Fourth Piano Concerto The Fifth Symphony The Sanctus and Benedictus movements of the C major Mass A solo piano improvisation played by Beethoven The Choral Fantasy Beethoven dedicated the Fifth Symphony to two of his patrons, Prince Franz Joseph von Lobkowitz and Count Razumovsky. The dedication appeared in the first printed edition of April 1809. There was little critical response to the premiere performance, which took place under adverse conditions; the orchestra did not play well—with only one rehearsal before the concert—and at one point, following a mistake by one of the performers in the Choral Fantasy, Beethoven had to stop the music and start again. The auditorium was cold and the audience was exhausted by the length of the programme.
However, a year and a half publication of the score resulted in a rapturous unsigned review in the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung. He described the music with dramatic imagery: Radiant beams shoot through this region's deep night, we become aware of gigantic shadows which, rocking back and forth, close in on us and destroy everything within us except the pain of endless longing—a longing in which every pleasure that rose up in jubilant tones sinks and succumbs, only through this pain, while consuming but not destroying love and joy, tries to burst our breasts with full-voiced harmonies of all the passions, we live on and are captivated beholders of the spirits. Apart from the extravagant praise, Hoffmann devoted by far the largest part of his review to a detailed analysis of the symphony, in order to show his readers the devices Beethoven used to arouse particular affects in the listener. In an essay titled "Beethoven's Instrumental Music", compiled from this 1810 review and another one from 1813 on the op. 70 string trios, published in three installments in December 1813, E.
T. A. Hoffmann further praised the "indescribably profound, magnificent symphony in C minor": How this wonderful composition, in a climax that climbs on and on, leads the listener imperiously forward into the spirit world of the infinite!... No doubt the whole rushes like an ingenious rhapsody past many a man, but the soul of each thoughtful listener is assuredly stirred and intimately, by a feeling, none other than that unutterable portentous longing, until the final chord—indeed in the moments that follow it—he will be powerless to step out of that wondrous spirit realm where grief and joy embrace him in the form of sound.... The symphony soon acquired its status as a central item in the orchestral repertoire, it was played in the inaugural concerts of the New York Philharmonic on 7 December 1842, the National Symphony Orchestra on 2 November 1931. It was first recorded by the Odeon Orchestra under Friedrich Kark in 1910; the First Movement was featured on the Voyager Golden Record, a phonograph record containing a broad sample of the images, common sounds and music of Earth, sent into outer space aboard the Voyager probes in 1977.
Groundbreaking in terms of both its tech