A Midsummer Night's Dream is a comedy written by William Shakespeare in 1595/96. It portrays the events surrounding the marriage of the Duke of Athens, to Hippolyta. There include the adventures of four young Athenian lovers and a group of six amateur actors who are controlled and manipulated by the fairies who inhabit the forest in which most of the play is set; the play is one of Shakespeare's most popular works for the stage and is performed across the world. The play consists of four interconnecting plots, connected by a celebration of the wedding of Duke Theseus of Athens and the Amazon queen, which are set in the woodland and in the realm of Fairyland, under the light of the moon; the play opens with Hermia, in love with Lysander, resistant to her father Egeus's demand that she wed Demetrius, whom he has arranged for her to marry. Helena, Hermia's best friend, pines unrequitedly for Demetrius, who broke up with her to be with Hermia. Enraged, Egeus invokes an ancient Athenian law before Duke Theseus, whereby a daughter needs to marry a suitor chosen by her father, or else face death.
Theseus offers her another choice: lifelong chastity as a nun worshipping the goddess Artemis. Peter Quince and his fellow players Nick Bottom, Francis Flute, Robin Starveling, Tom Snout and Snug plan to put on a play for the wedding of the Duke and the Queen, "the most lamentable comedy and most cruel death of Pyramus and Thisbe". Quince bestows them on the players. Nick Bottom, playing the main role of Pyramus, is over-enthusiastic and wants to dominate others by suggesting himself for the characters of Thisbe, the Lion, Pyramus at the same time. Quince insists. Bottom would rather be a tyrant and recites some lines of Ercles. Bottom is told by Quince that he would do the Lion so as to frighten the duchess and ladies enough for the Duke and Lords to have the players hanged. Snug remarks that he needs the Lion's part because he is "slow of study". Quince assures Snug that the role of the lion is "nothing but roaring." Quince ends the meeting telling his actors "at the Duke's oak we meet". In a parallel plot line, king of the fairies, Titania, his queen, have come to the forest outside Athens.
Titania tells Oberon that she plans to stay there until she has attended Theseus and Hippolyta's wedding. Oberon and Titania are estranged because Titania refuses to give her Indian changeling to Oberon for use as his "knight" or "henchman", since the child's mother was one of Titania's worshippers. Oberon seeks to punish Titania's disobedience, he calls upon Robin "Puck" Goodfellow, his "shrewd and knavish sprite", to help him concoct a magical juice derived from a flower called "love-in-idleness", which turns from white to purple when struck by Cupid's arrow. When the concoction is applied to the eyelids of a sleeping person, that person, upon waking, falls in love with the first living thing they perceive, he instructs Puck to retrieve the flower with the hope that he might make Titania fall in love with an animal of the forest and thereby shame her into giving up the little Indian boy. He says, "And ere I take this charm from off her sight,/As I can take it with another herb,/I'll make her render up her page to me."
Hermia and Lysander have escaped to the same forest in hopes of running away from Theseus. Helena, desperate to reclaim Demetrius's love, tells Demetrius about the plan and he follows them in hopes of finding Hermia. Helena continually makes advances towards Demetrius, promising to love him more than Hermia. However, he rebuffs her with cruel insults against her. Observing this, Oberon orders Puck to spread some of the magical juice from the flower on the eyelids of the young Athenian man. Instead, Puck mistakes Lysander for Demetrius, not having seen either before, administers the juice to the sleeping Lysander. Helena, coming across him, wakes him while attempting to determine whether he is asleep. Upon this happening, Lysander falls in love with Helena. Helena, runs away with Lysander following her; when Hermia wakes up, she sees that Lysander goes out in the woods to find him. Oberon sees Demetrius still following Hermia, who thinks Demetrius killed Lysander, is enraged; when Demetrius goes to sleep, Oberon sends Puck to get Helena.
Upon waking up, he sees Helena. Now, both men are in love with Helena. However, she is convinced that her two suitors are mocking her. Hermia finds Lysander and asks why he left her, but Lysander claims he never loved Hermia, just Helena. Hermia accuses Helena of stealing Lysander away from her while Helena believes Hermia joined the two men in mocking her. Hermia tries to attack Helena. Lysander, tired of Hermia's presence, tells her to leave. Lysander and Demetrius decide to seek a place to duel to prove; the two women go their own separate ways, Helena hoping to reach Athens and Hermia chasing after the men to make sure Lysander doesn't get hurt or killed. Oberon orders Puck to keep Lysander and Demetrius from catching up with one another and to remove the charm from Lysander so Lysander can return to love Hermia, while Demetrius continues to love Helena. Meanwhile and his band of six labourers have arranged to perform their play about Pyramus and Thisbe for Theseus' wedding and venture into the forest, near Titania's bower, for their rehearsal.
Quince leads the actors in their rehearsal of the play. Bottom is spotted by Puck, who (taking his n
State Road 25 is a highway in the U. S. state of Indiana. Although it is designated a north–south road, in practice it travels northeast from its southern terminus at State Road 32 to its northern terminus at State Road 15 in Warsaw. SR 25 heads north from its southern terminus towards Waynetown. In Waynetown SR 25 is concurrence with U. S. Route 136. SR 25 heads north towards Wingate passing over Interstate 74. In Wingate SR 25, has an intersection with the southern terminus of State Road 55. After Wingate SR 25 heads north toward West Point, where SR 25 turns east northeast toward Lafayette. SR 25 terminates at the intersection with U. S. Route 231, south of West Lafayette. At this point and as of September 2013 the route is discontinuous due to the transfer of several urban road segments to the city of Lafayette; the route followed Teal Road and Sagamore Parkway through the south and east sides of Lafayette. SR 25 resumes at the interchange with I-65 on the northeast side of town. After I-65, SR 25 heads northeast out of Lafayette and after a roundabout, curves to the right and becomes a 4-lane limited access highway.
It heads towards Delphi, bypassing it on the south side, having interchanges with U. S. Route 421, State Road 18, State Road 39 and the western terminus of State Road 218. SR 25 heads northeast towards Logansport, going past the communities of Rockford and Clymers. SR 25 intersects with passing U. S. Route 24, U. S. Route 35, State Road 29 near Logansport. SR 25 heads into downtown Logansport after exiting off the Hoosier Heartland Highway onto Burlington Ave. State Route 25 from Lafayette to Logansport is part of the National Highway System, a network of routes deemed most important for the nation's economy and defense. In Logansport SR 25 has one way pairs with southbound on Broadway. At Sixth Street SR 25 turns north on to Sixth Street. SR 25 leaves Logansport on north side of town. On the south side of Rochester SR 25 has an interchange with U. S. Route 31. Through Rochester SR 25 is concurrent with State Road 14. SR 25 leaves town on the north side. West of Mentone SR 25 turn due east. SR 25 passes through Mentone having an intersection with State Road 19.
East of Mentone SR 25 heads east and northeast towards its northern terminus in Warsaw at State Road 15. Between 1917 and 1926 SR 25 went from Michigan City to the Ohio State Line, east of Angola, the route is now U. S. Route 20. In 1926, SR 25 was changed to a route from Logansport to Rochester. In 1930, the route went from Lafayette to Rochester. In 1932, SR 25 went from SR 32 to Warsaw. SR 25 passed through Lafayette, entering from the south on 4th Street, continuing on 3rd and 4th Streets where they are one-way streets, to Union and Salem Streets, to 14th Street one block on Greenbush Street to 15th Street which became Schuyler Avenue. With the building of Sagamore Parkway and the rerouting of US 52 onto it, SR 25 was rerouted to Teal Road, to Sagamore Parkway/US 52, to Schuyler Avenue; this routing is still seen on maps. In 2012, INDOT dropped the routing of SR 25, SR 26, a few other routes inside the city limits of Lafayette and West Lafayette; as a result, these route are now technically discontinuous.
However, there has been much outcry from the local communities because it is nearly impossible for visitors to adequately navigate these cities without the routes. As a result, many mapping services are refusing to remove the route designations until INDOT comes up with a solution, which may come in the use of newly constructed alignments for US 231 around the cities as a bypass. On September 13, 2013, the US 231 bypass in West Lafayette was given over to traffic. At the same time both SR 25 and SR 26 ceased to be signed on their respective alignments between US 231 and Interstate 65
Peter Wiedemann is a German ophthalmologist, specialist in medical and surgical retina and head at the Department of Ophthalmology at the Leipzig University, since 1993. After finishing high school in Ingolstadt, he studied medicine in Bochum, Stanford and in Erlangen; the following four years he spent in the field of pharmacology, beginning his work at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. During a research stay at the Doheny Eye Institute of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles he worked for Stephen J. Ryan. K. Heimann, who became his teacher during the succeeding residency at the University of Cologne, Stephen J. Ryan became his mentors and the most influential persons of his academic and clinical life. After his residency, he stayed in Cologne till 1993. At the age of 39, he got the position of chair at Leipzig University. Along with his clinical work in Leipzig, he continued his research work in the field of macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and proliferative vitreoretinopathy.
He was a member of the directorate of the University Hospital of Leipzig, the Executive Vice President of the Leipzig University, the President of the Saxonian Ophthalmological Society, the President of the German Ophthalmological Society and member of the Club Jules Gonin Executive Committee. He is the Secretary General of the Academia Ophthalmologica Internationalis, a board member of the ICO, the Scientific Program Chair for the World Ophthalmology Congress, member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, member of the European Academy of Ophthalmology as well as of the European Board of Ophthalmology and guest professor of Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China. 1988 Chibret Fellowship 1989 Prix Galien 1993 Science Price of the Rheinisch Westfällische Augenärzte 1996 Henley Lecture 1997 Lecture Argentina Ophthalmological Society 1997 BEAVRS Alcon Professorship 1998 Lecture Japanese Ophthalmological Society 1998 Gonin Lecture 2000 EVER Lecture 2004 Montgomery Lecture 2010 Doheny Scholar 2011 ARVO Silver Fellow Wiedemann has published more than 400 peer reviewed papers and eight books.
His clinical papers focus on proliferative vitreoretinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, central retinal vein occlusion and diabetic retinopathy. His basic science papers concern the role of retinal pigment epithelial or Muller cells in retinal diseases; as the co-editor of the Ryan's RETINA 5th edition, the standard reference for retinologist worldwide, he was responsible for the surgical section. CV of Peter Wiedemann at Leopoldina Homepage of the Department of Ophthalmology at the Leipzig University Video of Peter Wiedemann as a co-author of "RETINA 5th Edition" on YouTube Peter Wiedemann as one of the most quoted German scientists in the field of ophthalmology