A Perfect Murder is a 1998 American crime thriller film directed by Andrew Davis and starring Michael Douglas, Gwyneth Paltrow, Viggo Mortensen. It is a modern remake of Alfred Hitchcock's 1954 film Dial M for Murder, though the characters' names are all changed, over half the plot is rewritten and altered. Loosely based on the play by Frederick Knott, the screenplay was written by Patrick Smith Kelly. Steven Taylor is a Wall Street financier, married to Emily; when his risky personal investments start unraveling, he intends to access Emily's personal fortune of $100 million. Emily is having an affair with painter David Shaw, is considering leaving Steven. Steven knows about the affair, has learned that David is an ex-convict with a history of conning rich women out of their money. Steven offers David $500,000 to murder Emily; when David responds that he and Emily are in love, Steven reminds him his next arrest will mean 15 years imprisonment. Steven hides the door key, from Emily's keyring, outside the service entrance to their lavish Manhattan condominium apartment.
He attends his regular card game, during which time Emily stays in. David will use the key, kill her, make it look like a robbery. At his card game, Steven takes a break, using his cellphone to make a call to an automated bank system, while using a second phone to call Emily. Emily answers in the kitchen, is attacked by a masked assailant, but stabs him in the neck with a meat thermometer. Steven finds the assailant's body, he puts it back on Emily's keychain. Police arrive, they remove the assailant's mask and Karaman notices that Steven is surprised – the body is not David's. David assumes it is Emily. Steven takes Emily to stay at her mother's. David calls Steven and plays an audio tape of him discussing the plan and demands the full $500,000. Emily visits her friend and tells her she has decided to leave Steven. Emily wonders. Raquel agrees that Steven might kill her, that he would get her fortune, as Emily refused to sign a prenuptial agreement. Emily uses her connections to speak to a bank executive.
She informs Karaman, who says that Steven's alibi is solid, though there is the minor concern that the dead assailant did not have a key. Emily returns to her apartment for the first time; this spurs her to go to the apartment of the assailant. Emily confronts Steven with his financial problems. Steven responds with David's sordid past and accuses him of being a blackmailer conning her and threatening him; when he saw the dead body in their kitchen, he assumed it was David and took the key from his pocket so as not to implicate Emily. Steven finds a note directing him to a park. David's phone rings, Steven answers – it is a ticketing agent, confirming David's train to Montreal. Steven swaps the money for the audio tape. Reaching the private compartment on the train, David opens the bathroom door. A dying David laughs, revealing he mailed a copy of the tape to Emily. Steven finds the mail still unopened, he hides the money and tape in his safe before Emily enters the room. Steven showers dresses for dinner, but Emily suggests they stay in instead.
As she heads out to pick up food, she mentions that they should have the locks changed since her key is missing. Steven checks the service entrance, finds the key he hid for David, realizes that the attacker had put it back after unlocking the door. Emily appears, revealing that she knows everything now, having found the tape in the safe while he showered; when she turns to leave, Steven attacks she uses David's gun to kill him. When Karaman arrives, Emily plays David's tape explains what happened after she told Steven, to which Karaman states she had no choice. In Hitchcock's Dial M For Murder, the characters played by Ray Milland and Grace Kelly are depicted as living in a modest London flat, although it is implied that they are quite wealthy, as Milland's character, Tony Wendice, is a retired tennis champion. Michael Douglas and Gwyneth Paltrow's characters are shown as an wealthy couple. Both Kelly and Paltrow's characters are shown as striking blondes. Both films make use of the mystery of the fact that no key was found on the dead man when he was killed by both Kelly and Paltrow's characters, as both their husbands had removed them in an attempt to pin the crime on their wives.
Toward the beginning of Dial M For Murder, when Kelly and Robert Cummings are shown together in the Wendice flat, Milland comes home, Kelly greets him with "There you are!" and kisses him. In homage to the original film, Douglas's character greets Paltrow the same way when she arrives home to their apartment at the beginning of A Perfect Murder; the title A Perfect Murder matches the translation, made in some countries of Hitchcock's film, known in Italian as Il delitto perfetto and in Spanish as Crimen perfecto. Principal photography began on October 14, 1997. Filming took place in & around the city of New York; the location of Steven & Emily's apartment was filmed at The Convent of The Sacred Heart building in Manhattan. The Bradford Mansion was filmed at the Salutation House in Long Island. Filming ended on January 13, 1998. An alternate ending exists and is presented, with optional commentary, on the original B
A bat-borne virus is any virus whose primary reservoir is any species of bat. The viruses species include coronaviruses, lyssaviruses, SARS coronavirus, rabies virus, nipah virus, lassa virus, Ebola virus and Marburg virus. Bat-borne viruses are among the most important of the emerging viruses. Bat-borne viruses are transmitted via bat bite and transfer via saliva, as well as aerosolization of saliva, and/or urine. Like rabies virus, newly emerging bat-borne viruses can be transmitted to humans directly by bats; these include Ebola virus, SARS coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2 respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Left unrecognized and untreated, the interval between transmission of rabies virus strains until the disease manifests in the victims, varies from hours to years. Most victims are not aware of either having been exposed to a bat's secretions; this can be due to a lack of awareness of a bat's presence in the same space, such as when sleeping, not feeling the bite if aware of the bat's presence, and/or exposure to bat saliva, and/or feces in closed environments.
These include caves and human living spaces such as attics, basements and sheds. It is believed that bat roosting habits, reproductive cycle, hibernation, produce a natural susceptibility to viruses. In addition, bats are known to have persistent viral infections at a rate higher than other mammals; this is believed to be due to a shorter antibody half-life. Bats have been shown to be more susceptible to reinfection with the same viruses, whereas other mammals humans, have a greater propensity for developing varying degrees of immunity. Bats harbor more viruses than rodents and are capable of spreading disease over a wider geographic area owing to their ability to fly and their migration and roosting patterns. In addition, certain species of bat, like the brown bat, favor roosts in attic spaces of human dwellings from which they invade spaces in other parts of the structure; this brings them into contact with humans. Rodents, on the other hand, are more confined to their geographic location and seek seasonal shelter in burrows and in human dwellings and buildings in the immediate area.
The 2002 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome, the 2012 outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome have been traced to have an origin in bats. Coronaviruses are positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses with four genera: Alphacoronavirus, Betacoronavirus and Deltacoronavirus. Of these four, alphacoroanviruses and betacoronaviruses are bat-borne. In 2020, a food market that sells live wild game in Wuhan, China is being linked to the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2. Through genetic analyses, scientists found that the coronavirus resembles viruses that are found in bats. Subsequent genetics studies suggested that the virus may have transmitted to people from pangolins, since the sequences of coronavirus from these animals have high similarity with SARS-CoV-2, these species were sold in the market. There are, however concerns from the scientific community about the validity of the genetics technique, used. Although bats are not unique among mammals to carry rabies, they are known to carry and transmit the disease.
For example, they are a source of rabies fatalities in the United States which results in one to two infections per year in that country. Dogs are, by far, the main source of human rabies deaths, contributing up to 99% of all rabies transmissions to humans according to the World Health Organization. Hantaviruses found in rodents and shrews, were discovered in two species of bats; the Mouyassué virus was isolated from banana pipistrelle bats captured near Mouyassué village in Cote d'Ivoire, West Africa. The Magboi virus was isolated from hairy slit-faced bats found near the Magboi River in Sierra Leone in 2011, they are negative sense, RNA viruses in the Bunyaviridae family. Henipavirus is a genus of RNA viruses in the family Paramyxoviridae, order Mononegavirales containing five established species. Henipaviruses are harboured by pteropid fruit bats and microbats of several species; the filoviruses are responsible for fatal hemorrhagic infections in monkeys. These include Ebolaviruses. Cryptic bat rabies Histoplasmosis New York Dept. of Health: Bats and Rabies Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Diseases spread by bats
Great Lever is a suburb of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. In Lancashire, it is 2 1⁄2 miles south of Bolton town centre and the same distance north of Farnworth; the district is served by frequent buses running to Bolton town centre and the Royal Bolton Hospital. The population is 16,969; the parish church of St. Michael is a Grade 2 listed building. On Green Lane are two large public houses: Southfield's, a pub and restaurant with tennis courts and grassland, the Brooklyn with a bowling green. Both were houses built for local mill owners. Beehive Mill on Crescent Road is Grade II listed. On the opposite side of Green Lane from the park are the grounds of Bolton Cricket Club; the two conjoined. Will Hill Brook, which drains into the Doe Hey Reservoirs, forms the southern boundary between Great Lever and Farnworth. Primary schools in Great Lever include Bishop Bridgeman CE Primary School, Essa Primary School, Lever Edge Primary Academy, St Michael's CE Primary School, SS Simon and Jude CE Primary School and St William of York RC Primary School.
There are numerous play-centres for pre-school children. The main secondary school in the area is Essa Academy for pupils aged 11 to 16. Footballer Albert Shepherd played for Newcastle United. Former Manchester City striker Paul Moulden owned a chip shop in the area and ex-Bolton player Roy Greaves ran a pub called Monteraze here for many years. Ralph Gubbins, a forward with Bolton Wanderers, Tranmere Rovers and Hull City, lived in Great Lever during his time with Wanderers. Another resident was Wales and Bolton Wanderers striker Wyn Davies who went on to represent both Manchester clubs; the architect Charles Holden, known for many London Underground buildings, was born in Great Lever. Band leader Jack Hylton was born Great Lever in 1892 as John Greenhalgh Hilton. St Mark's School and Church, Fletcher St
Ministry of Jal Shakti is a ministry under Government of India, formed in May 2019 under the second Modi ministry. This was formed by merging of two ministries; the formation of this ministry reflects India's seriousness towards the mounting water challenges the country has been facing over the past few decades. The ministry was incorporated with an aim to clean the river Ganges, they would encompass any international or national disputes between inter-state water bodies and the rivers which are shared by India along with other neighboring countries. A special project "Namami Gange" project has been launched to clean Ganga and its tributaries to provide safe drinking water to people of the country; the ministry has launched its special campaigns on social so that citizens of the country become aware of water conservation. The Minister of Jal Shakti is the head of this ministry, is one of the cabinet ministers of the Government of India. Since 31 May 2019, Gajendra Singh Shekhawat is the Minister of Jal Shakti.
The Minister of State is Rattan Lal Kataria
A calcareous glade is an ecological community, found in the central eastern United States. Calcareous glades occur where bedrock such as limestone occurs near or at the surface, have shallow and little soil development; because of the shallow soil and the extreme conditions created by it, trees are unable to grow in the glades. This creates a habitat, sunny and hot. Calcareous glade vegetation is more similar to that of a desert habitat than a grassland, being dominated by small spring annuals with occasional geophytic or succulent perennials; the usage of the words "glades" and "barrens" to describe dry, rocky communities in the United States is not uniform, the terms are used interchangeably. Calcareous glade communities can intergrade with dry rocky prairies in sloping habitats. Due to their unsuitability for agriculture, glade communities have survived to the present day at a higher rate than deeper-soil prairie communities; the Interior Low Plateau is a region in the Upper South, known for its calcareous glade communities.
This region is centered in Tennessee and Kentucky, extends into northern Alabama, southern Illinois, southern Indiana, southern Ohio. These glades are best developed in the area of the Central Basin in Tennessee, where they are geographically widespread and harbor high levels of endemism. Outside of the Central Basin, calcareous glades are found in lower numbers throughout the Interior Low Plateau, species endemism is reduced. Glades in the Interior Low Plateaus are characterized by species such as one-flower gladecress, limestone skullcap, widow's-cross stonecrop, poverty dropseed and glade violet; the limestone glades of the Central Basin in Tennessee are called "cedar glades". The name comes from the abundance of eastern redcedar that occurs on the margins of the glades or in cracks in the bedrock where the roots can gain a foothold. Many of the characteristic plants that grow in the limestone glades of the Central Basin are endemics that occur nowhere else, or disjunct populations of plants that are widespread in the prairies of the central U.
S. Some species with restricted ranges that occur in the glades of the Central Basin include the Tennessee coneflower, Pyne's ground plum, leafy prairie clover, Tennessee milkvetch, Nashville breadroot, limestone fameflower; these glades can be saturated with water in the winter and spring, leading to "xerohydric" conditions. The central basin of Tennessee is one of the largest areas containing limestone glades; because of the rapid growth of metropolitan Nashville and the surrounding cities of Murfreesboro and Lebanon, many of the limestone glades have been destroyed by development. The State of Tennessee and the Nature Conservancy have established a number of parks and preserves to protect important plant populations. Cedars of Lebanon State Park in Wilson County and Long Hunter State Park in Davidson County both protect substantial limestone glade ecosystems. Calcareous glades are well developed in the Ozark Mountains. In Missouri, the majority of these glades are found on dolomitic limestones, with less than 1% formed from carbonate limestone.
Species indicative of Ozarkian calcareous glade communities include Cheilanthes feei, Echinacea simulata, Heliotropium tenellum, Isoetes butleri, Oenothera macrocarpa, Ophioglossum engelmannii. In Missouri, Physaria filiformis is a species restricted to calcitic limestone glades; the Ridge and Valley region, which extends north from Pennsylvania south to Alabama, has significant calcareous glade communities. These glades have dolomitic soils, resulting in a high magnesium content. In Virginia, these glades provide habitat for rare magnesiophiles such as Addison's leatherflower, tall larkspur, smooth coneflower, glade wild quinine. At the southern end of the Ridge and Valley in Alabama in Bibb County, species endemism of glade communities peaks; this area, known as a Ketona Dolomite Outcrops, was first recognized as ecologically significant in 1992. Since its discovery, eight new plant taxa to science have been described from this region, in addition to the 60 species of conservation concern found in or around this community.
Endemic species of this area include Castilleja kraliana, Dalea cahaba, Liatris oligocephala, Lithospermum decipiens, Spigelia alabamensis. Center for Cedar Glade Studies at Middle Tennessee State University Common and Endemic Herbaceous Plants of Cedar Glades
The National Football League playoffs for the 2016 NFL season began on Saturday, January 7, 2017. The postseason tournament concluded with Super Bowl LI on Sunday, February 5, 2017, when the New England Patriots defeated the Atlanta Falcons at NRG Stadium in Houston, Texas. Within each conference, the four division winners and the two wild card teams qualified for the playoffs; the four division winners are seeded 1 through 4 based on their overall won-lost-tied record, the wild card teams are seeded 5 and 6. The NFL does not use a fixed bracket playoff system, there are no restrictions regarding teams from the same division matching up in any round. In the first round, dubbed the wild-card playoffs or wild-card weekend, the third-seeded division winner hosts the sixth seed wild card, the fourth seed hosts the fifth; the 1 and 2 seeds from each conference receive a bye in the first round. In the second round, the divisional playoffs, the number 1 seed hosts the worst surviving seed from the first round, while the number 2 seed will play the other team.
The two surviving teams from each conference's divisional playoff games meet in the respective AFC and NFC Conference Championship games, hosted by the higher seed. Although the Super Bowl, the fourth and final round of the playoffs, is played at a neutral site, the designated home team is based on an annual rotation by conference. * Indicates overtime victory Source: A.^ The Pittsburgh-Kansas City game was rescheduled from a 1:05 p.m. kickoff due to public safety concerns about an ice storm affecting the Great Plains region. It thus became the first Divisional Playoff game played on Sunday night; the league subsequently used it as a test to consider whether to shift future Sunday playoff games into primetime, as moving games from the 1 p.m. afternoon slot generates more viewers. Indeed, NBC, the broadcaster of the game, issued a press release on the following day that proclaimed that the contest was the "most-watched, highest-rated, primetime playoff game ever" in either the Wild Card or Divisional round.
The league has resisted Sunday primetime games in the past because of the competitive disadvantage: if the winner was the lowest remaining seed, they would have to fly back home late Sunday night/early Monday and travel again before their next game. The Raiders were one of the most dominant teams in the AFC during the season, but in the final two weeks of the regular season, they lost starting quarterback Derek Carr and second-string quarterback Matt McGloin to injuries; the Raiders lost the last game and ended up going into the playoffs with Connor Cook under center, making Cook the first quarterback in the Super Bowl era to make his first NFL start in the postseason. Houston had plenty of problems during the season as well, scoring only 25 touchdowns, the lowest number by a playoff team since the NFL expanded to a 16-game season in 1978, but in this game, they proved more than a match for the Raiders, holding them to just 202 total yards and 2-for-16 on third down conversions while scoring 27 points, without losing any turnovers or allowing any sacks.
Early in the first quarter, Shane Lechler's 30-yard punt pinned the Raiders back at their own 7-yard line. Oakland gained only two yards on their ensuing drive and Marquette King's 31-yard punt gave the Texans excellent field position on the Raiders' 40-yard line, which they converted on a Nick Novak field goal from 50 yards. Three plays into Oakland's next drive, Houston lineman Jadeveon Clowney intercepted a screen pass from Cook and returned it three yards, with an unnecessary roughness penalty on Menelik Watson adding another 15 yards and giving the Texans a first down on Oakland's 4-yard line. Lamar Miller scored on a 4-yard touchdown run to give Houston a 10–0 lead with just over six minutes left in the first quarter. Both teams had to punt on their next possession and Jalen Richard returned Lechler's 51-yard kick 37 yards to the Texans' 38-yard line. Latavius Murray rushed four times for 31 yards as the team drove to a touchdown on his 2-yard run, cutting the deficit to 10–7. In the second quarter, Houston quarterback Brock Osweiler completed passes to tight end C. J. Fiedorowicz for yardage gains of 18 and 17 yards while Miller added a 19-yard carry as the team drove 75 yards in 10 plays to score on Novak's 38-yard field goal, making the score 13–7.
On, the Texans got the ball on their own 40-yard line with 2:25 left in the half. Osweiler completed a 19-yard pass to Will Fuller and a 38-yard pass to DeAndre Hopkins finished the drive with a 2-yard touchdown pass to Hopkins that gave his team a 20–7 halftime lead; the third quarter started with six consecutive punts. With 28 seconds left in the period, Houston returner Tyler Ervin muffed King's 56-yard punt, but teammate Eddie Pleasant recovered the ball and returned it 12 yards to the Texans' 47-yard line. Houston drove 53 yards in nine plays, including a 19-yard reception by Fuller, to score on Osweiler's 1-yard touchdown run and go up 27–7. After being shut down up to this point, Oakland's offense managed to respond, moving the ball 75 yards in 11 plays, with Cook completing 5 of 9 passes for 50 yards on the drive. Oakland's defense forced a three-and-out with 6:27 left, but safety Corey Moore ended the drive with an interception of a high pass intended for Amari Cooper. Cook was intercepted again in the final two minutes, by A. J.