A Tribe Called Quest was an American hip hop group formed in 1985 and composed of rapper and main producer Q-Tip, rapper Phife Dawg, DJ and co-producer Ali Shaheed Muhammad, rapper Jarobi White, who left the group amicably in 1991. That year, the group released its jazz-influenced second album, The Low End Theory, regarded for helping shape alternative hip hop in the 1990s. Along with De La Soul, the group was a central part of the Native Tongues, enjoying the most commercial success out of all the groups to emerge from that collective. In 1998, the group broke up shortly before releasing its fifth album, The Love Movement, but in 2006, the group's original members reunited and toured the United States. In 2016, the group released its sixth and final album, We Got It from Here... Thank You 4 Your Service, still incomplete when Phife Dawg died in March 2016, was completed by the other members after his death; the group is regarded as a pioneer of alternative hip hop music. John Bush of AllMusic called them "the most intelligent, artistic rap group during the 1990s."
The Source gave the group's debut album, People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm, a perfect rating of five'mics,' the first time the magazine gave out this rating. In 2005, A Tribe Called Quest received a Special Achievement Award at the Billboard R&B/Hip-Hop Awards in Atlanta. In 2007, the group was formally honored at the 4th VH1 Hip Hop Honors. Q-Tip and Phife Dawg were childhood friends who grew up together in New York City. Q-Tip performed as a solo artist under the name MC Love Child teaming up with Ali Shaheed Muhammad as a rapper and DJ duo. While the duo made demos with Phife, he only became a full member once Jarobi White joined; the group's final name was coined in 1988 by the Jungle Brothers, who attended the same high school as Q-Tip and Muhammad. Q-Tip made two separate appearances on the Jungle Brothers' debut album, Straight Out the Jungle, in the songs "Black is Black" and "The Promo". In early 1989, the group signed a demo deal with Geffen Records and produced a five-song demo, which included album tracks "Description of a Fool", "I Left My Wallet in El Segundo" and "Pubic Enemy".
Geffen decided against offering the group a recording contract, the group was granted permission to shop for a deal elsewhere. After receiving lucrative offers for multi-album deals from a variety of labels, the group opted for a modest deal offered by Jive Records. Jive Records was known as an independent rap label that owed its success to building the careers of artists Boogie Down Productions and Too Short. Less than a year after signing with Jive, the group released their first single, "Description of a Fool", their debut album People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm, was released on April 10, 1990, was marked by a playful lyrical approach, as on the call-and-response-inspired "Can I Kick It?". People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm was met with mixed reviews. Count Dracula of The Village Voice called the album "so user-friendly. You could play it in the background when you're reading Proust." The Source rated the album the magazine's highest possible rating. However, Chuck Eddy of Rolling Stone wrote that the album "is one of the least danceable rap albums ever", he went on to say "it's impossible to imagine how people will put this music to use."The album only gained momentum after the release of the singles "Bonita Applebum" and "Can I Kick It?", went gold six years later.
After its release, Jarobi White left the group for personal reasons. A remastered 25th anniversary edition of People's Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm is now available on Legacy Recordings and RCA Records; the group continued to gather a loyal fan base through touring and guest appearances such as on De La Soul's "A Roller Skating Jam Named "Saturdays". The group's second album, The Low End Theory, was released on September 24, 1991, with "Check the Rhime" as the lead single. Based around a sample from Average White Band's "Love Your Life", the song established the vocal interplay between Q-Tip and Phife; the group began to focus on a range of social issues, from date rape to consumerism. The songs were noticeably shorter, more abrupt, bass-heavy. Guests on the album included Leaders of the New School, Brand Nubian, Vinia Mojica, their innovative sampling and structuring of jazz records has led many critics to label their style as jazz rapAround this time, the group began to make experimental and visually stylish music videos with director Jim Swaffield, among them the promo clip for "Check the Rhime," set in their childhood neighborhood of St. Albans, the black-and-white "Jazz" which cuts abruptly into its colorful B-side "Buggin' Out," and the anthem "Scenario,".
A live performance of "Scenario" with Leaders of the New School on The Arsenio Hall Show led to greater popularity. The Low End Theory was produced by A Tribe Called Quest along with Skeff Anselm. Pete Rock created the original rough draft version for "Jazz". In contrast to most of the hip-hop albums released in the early 1990s, which featured rough beats at fast tempos, such as Ice Cube's Amerikkka's Most Wanted (
In Ukraine, emergency medical services are provided by the Ukrainian Emergency Medical Services, a special type of government rescue service, the main task of, to provide free of charge medical assistance to victims and any other persons who take part in the response to and/or recovery process after incidents of any kind. Ukrainian Emergency Medical Service is a state service, that functions at both a national level and regional level; the national level is represented by the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and the Ukrainian national disaster and emergency medicine centre. At the Regional level there are 24 regional centres and a further special regional centre for the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. There are additional municipal command posts in the autonomous cities of Sevastopol; the main task of the UEMS is to provide first aid and advanced medical assistance through provision of ambulances at any incident where medical care is required. In the case of a large scale disaster, supplementary help can be provided in the form of a mobile hospital of State Emergency Service of Ukraine.
Additionally, the UEMS has the option to request support from private aircraft or those in use by the State Emergency Service, Ministry of Defence and/or any other government agency. The emergency medical services of Ukraine seek to provide: Emergency care for injured and victims after any incident. Management and provision of infection control and anti-epidemic work in any given disaster area. Sharing and analysis of information about the medical and social consequences of a disaster. Responsibility for health of Search and Rescue team members and other medical personnel. Creation of and rational use of reserves of resources. Researching scientific problems of disaster and emergency medicine. Training medical professionals to provide sophisticated medical aid after an incident, with limited recourses; the emergency services act according to Response plans. The coordination function of the UEMS is provided by coordinating commissions. Commissions have coordinated: Composition and order of using medical personnel and resources for disaster response.
Planning for medical response to major incidents. Finding ways to improve the functioning of the UEMS. Training programs for personnel of the UEMS. Coordination and creation of reserves and material and technical resources. For assistance to victims the UEMS utilises medical teams at local hospitals such as: EMS teams. Urgent medicare teams in hospitals with trauma units. Specialised medical teams of permanent readiness and teams of urgent medicare at dedicated centres. UEMS personnel have been deployed as part of Ukrainian joint teams in response to: 1999 İzmit earthquake 2001 Gujarat earthquake 2003 Bam earthquake 2005 Kashmir earthquake Regulation Act N.343 1997 "About disaster medicine service" Regulation Act N.827 2001 "About disaster medicine service" Ukrainian Disaster Medicine Team Mission to India following the Earthquake of 2001
Downside School is a co-educational Catholic independent school for children aged 11 to 18, located in Stratton-on-the-Fosse, between Westfield and Shepton Mallet in Somerset, south west England, attached to Downside Abbey. It has both day pupils. A school for English Catholic boys, it was established in 1617 by English and Welsh monks, living in exile at Douai, France; the monastic community returned to England in 1795, with both the community and its school housed in the Shropshire home of Sir Edward Smythe, a former pupil. By 1814 the abbey and school, had been re-established at its present site, in Somerset. Downside School became co-educational with boys and girls in all year groups in 2005. In 2017 the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse began an investigation into the English Benedictine Congregation, including Ampleforth College and Downside School. Ten individuals from the two schools, including monks, were convicted or accepted a caution for abuse; the final report released in August 2018 said that the abuse had been inflicted on pupils for over 40 years, but the schools had tried to cover up the allegations.
Downside School has since instituted measures for protecting and safeguarding its students and appointed a new headmaster. Downside is run by the Benedictine monks of Downside Abbey. Several monks work in the school as chaplains, it has a board of governors consisting of seven others. Of the latter three are members of the Benedictine community; however the school does not have a separate legal status from the abbey, so the monastic trustees have financial and executive control of the school. The governors provide general management; the school is divided into six houses. Each house takes its name from the Community's martyrs or benefactors: Powell House although in the senior school is a Junior House for all boys in Third Form before they join their senior house in Fourth Form, it is named after the Martyr Blessed Philip Powell, a monk of St Gregory's at Douai. Barlow House is situated on the south side of the main quad, it is named after the Martyr, Ambrose Barlow, a monk of St Gregory's at Douai.
The house colours are white. Caverel House was a boys' house but was re-furbished and changed to a girls' house following the admission of girls to Downside in September 2005. Caverel is named after Abbot Philippe de Caverel; the house colours are white. Isabella House was founded in 2007 as a second girls' house in the senior school; the house is situated in a purpose built building in the south-east of the school grounds. Isabella is named after Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain and Portugal; the house colours are blue. Roberts House is situated in the west sides of the main quad, it is named after the Martyr and monk of St. Gregory's in St. John Roberts; the house colours are white. Smythe House is situated in the east side of the main quad, is named after the major Benefactor Sir Edward Smythe; the house colours are black. Monks from the monastery of St Gregory's, Douai in Flanders, came to Downside in 1814. In 1607, St Gregory's was the first house after the Reformation to begin conventual life with a handful of exiled Englishmen.
For nearly 200 years St Gregory's trained monks for the English mission and six of these men were beatified by Pope Pius XI in 1929. Two of these monks, SS John Roberts and Ambrose Barlow, were among the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales canonised by Pope Paul VI in 1970. Imprisoned driven from France at the Revolution, the community remained at Acton Burnell in Shropshire for 20 years before settling in Somerset in 1814; the Monastery was completed in 1876 and the Abbey Church in 1925, being raised to the rank of a minor basilica in 1935 by Pius XI. Attached to the Monastery, the School provides a Catholic boarding education for boys and girls between the ages of 11 and 18 years. During the 19th century Downside remained a small monastic school, it was Dom Leander Ramsay who founded the modern Downside and planned the new buildings, designed by Leonard Stokes, that opened in 1912 and now form two sides of the "Quad". The 20th century brought about changes for Downside in the expansion of the school buildings and school numbers — over 600 boys at one point.
Over the decades the number of pupils had been falling but development drives and renewed demand for boarding education has seen numbers rise. As part of the renewal, girls were admitted in 2004. Since the opening of Isabella House in 2007 60% of the pupils are boys and 40% are girls. On Saturday 15 May 1943, during a cricket match between the school and an army team, two Hawker Hurricane fighter aircraft appeared over the playing fields at around 3 pm, they proceeded to circle the fields, performing manoeuvres as they did so, an eyewitness describing them "diving over the field and banking steeply". In what would be the final pass, at around 3:20 pm, both aircraft flew across the cricket ground at an low altitude, climbed to clear the tall fir trees bordering the field; the second aircraft appeared to clip the trees with its tail and nose-dived straight into the ground and bouncing, the burning debris coming to rest amongst the schoolboys watching the cricket match from an embankment. The pilot and nine people on the ground were killed, with ten of them seriously.
In September 2013 a single-person aircraft crashed in the school grounds, causing the death of the pilot. The IICSA, following investigation into the English Benedictine Congreg