Aage Niels Bohr was a Danish nuclear physicist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1975 with Ben Mottelson and James Rainwater "for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection". Starting from Rainwater's concept of an irregular-shaped liquid drop model of the nucleus and Mottelson developed a detailed theory, in close agreement with experiments. Since his father, Niels Bohr, had won the prize in 1922, he and his father were one of the six pairs of fathers and sons who have both won the Nobel Prize and one of the four pairs who have both won the Nobel Prize in Physics. Aage Niels Bohr was born in Copenhagen on 19 June 1922, the fourth of six sons of the physicist Niels Bohr and his wife Margrethe Bohr, his oldest brother, died in a boating accident in 1934, his youngest, from childhood meningitis. Of the others, Hans became a physician; the family lived at the Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of Copenhagen, now known as the Niels Bohr Institute, where he grew up surrounded by physicists who were working with his father, such as Hans Kramers, Oskar Klein, Yoshio Nishina, Wolfgang Pauli and Werner Heisenberg.
In 1932, the family moved to the Carlsberg Æresbolig, a mansion donated by Carl Jacobsen, the heir to Carlsberg breweries, to be used as an honorary residence by the Dane who had made the most prominent contribution to science, literature or the arts. Bohr went to high school at Sortedam Gymnasium in Copenhagen. In 1940, shortly after the German occupation of Denmark in April, he entered the University of Copenhagen, where he studied physics, he assisted his father, helping draft correspondence and articles related to epistemology and physics. In September 1943, word reached his family that the Nazis considered them to be Jewish, because Aage's grandmother, Ellen Adler Bohr, had been Jewish, that they therefore were in danger of being arrested; the Danish resistance helped the family escape by sea to Sweden. Bohr arrived there in October 1943, flew to Britain on a de Havilland Mosquito operated by British Overseas Airways Corporation; the Mosquitoes were unarmed high-speed bomber aircraft, converted to carry small, valuable cargoes or important passengers.
By flying at high speed and high altitude, they could cross German-occupied Norway, yet avoid German fighters. Bohr, equipped with parachute, flying suit and oxygen mask, spent the three-hour flight lying on a mattress in the aircraft's bomb bay. On arrival in London, Bohr rejoined his father, he became a junior researcher at the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, but served as personal assistant and secretary to his father. The two worked on the British atomic bomb project. On 30 December 1943, they made the first of a number of visits to the United States, where his father was a consultant to the Manhattan Project. Due to his father's fame, they were given false names. In 1945, the director of the Los Alamos Laboratory, Robert Oppenheimer, asked them to review the design of the modulated neutron initiator, they reported. That they had reached this conclusion put Enrico Fermi's concerns about the viability of the design to rest; the initiators performed flawlessly in the bombs used in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945.
In August 1945, with the war ended, Bohr returned to Denmark, where he resumed his university education, graduating with a master's degree in 1946, with a thesis concerned with some aspects of atomic stopping power problems. In early 1948, Bohr became a member of the Institute for Advanced Study in New Jersey. While paying a visit to Columbia University, he met Isidor Isaac Rabi, who sparked in him an interest in recent discoveries related to the hyperfine structure of deuterium; this led to Bohr becoming a visiting fellow at Columbia from January 1949 to August 1950. While in the United States, Bohr married Marietta Soffer on 11 March 1950, they had three children: Vilhelm and Margrethe. By the late 1940s it was known that the properties of atomic nuclei could not be explained by then-current models such as the liquid drop model developed by Niels Bohr amongst others; the shell model, developed in 1949 by Maria Goeppert-Mayer and others, allowed some additional features to be explained, in particular the so-called magic numbers.
However, there were properties that could not be explained, including the non-spherical distribution of charge in certain nuclei. In a 1950 paper, James Rainwater of Columbia University suggested a variant of the drop model of the nucleus that could explain a non-spherical charge distribution. Rainwater's model postulated a nucleus like a balloon with balls inside that distort the surface as they move about, he discussed the idea with Bohr, visiting Columbia at the time, had independently conceived the same idea, had, about a month after Rainwater's submission, submitted for publication a paper that discussed the same problem, but along more general lines. Bohr imagined a rotating, irregular-shaped nucleus with a form of surface tension. Bohr developed the idea further, in 1951 publishing a paper that comprehensively treated the relationship between oscillations of the surface of the nucleus and the movement of the individual nucleons. Upon his return to Copenhagen in 1950, Bohr began working with Ben Mot
Are You My Mother?: A Comic Drama is a graphic memoir written and illustrated by Alison Bechdel. The book is a companion piece to Fun Home. While Fun Home dealt with Bechdel's relationship with her father, Are You My Mother? is about her relationship with her mother. Bechdel interweaves memoir with psychoanalysis and exploration of various literary works Virginia Woolf's To the Lighthouse, its title alludes to the children's picture book Are You My Mother?, written by P. D. Eastman. Are You My Mother? is composed of seven chapters, each introduced by a description of a dream that Bechdel had. The dream is interpreted and explained in the context of various events in Bechdel's life, jumping backwards and forwards in time in doing so; the book covers events that occurred before she was born all the way up to the process of editing Are You My Mother? itself. The book is Bechdel's attempt to come to grips with her relationship with her mother, an unaffectionate amateur actor trapped in a marriage to a closeted homosexual.
In exploring her mother's lack of warmth, Bechdel supplements her own recollections with insights from the psychoanalyst Donald Winnicott with reference to his notion of the true self and the false self and his theory on transitional objects. While various scenes depicting visits to psychologists in life make it clear that Bechdel's childhood left a troubling mark on her adult life, the book ends on an uplifting note, concluding with the lines, "There was a certain thing I did not get from my mother. There is a gap, a void, but in its place, she has given me something else. Something, I would argue, far more valuable, she has given me the way out."Much like Fun Home, Are You My Mother? Folds various other works into the story to help illuminate the narrative; as well as the writings of Donald Winnicott, Bechdel pulls from the works of the feminist poet and essayist Adrienne Rich. In her book review for The New York Times, Katie Roiphe wrote that Are You My Mother? is "as complicated, brainy and satisfying as the finest prose memoirs."
Laura Miller's review for The Guardian called the book profound, but stated that the book's heavy focus on psychoanalysis weighs it down. The book won the 2013 Judy Grahn Award for Lesbian Non-Fiction, was a shortlisted finalist for the 2013 Lambda Literary Award for Lesbian Memoir or Biography. Dykes to Watch Out For
Adrian Schinoff is a musician and composer. His song Te Quise Tanto, sung by Paulina Rubio and composed in collaboration with Coti Sorokin, was number one in Top Latin Songs of 2004 and it was awarded by the ASCAP at the 13th annual awards in 2005 as The Winner Song in the Pop-Ballad category ASCAP. After finishing his studies in Music therapy in 1992 in Argentina, he played with the guitarist Luis Salinas, worked with Fabián Gallardo and the rock band Rescate. In 1998, he moved to Spain to continue his career working as a session musician with, among others, Joaquín Sabina, Marta Sanchez, Julieta Venegas, Coti, M Clan, Carlos Núñez, Nuria Fergó, Chila Lynn, Matias Eisen, while touring with Coti, Estopa, Edu y Chipper. Between 2000 and 2004, he worked as a music director for Operación Triunfo and Chenoa, he did demonstrations for Korg. From 2006, as a result of touring with Niña Pastori, he formed links with several musicians and artists of the New Flamenco genre, he worked with Josemi Carmona and Estrella Morente while touring with Carmen Linares for Blanca Li in 201.0Hhe collaborated with Rosario Flores as musician and producer, as the music director in the Antonio Carmona tour.
In 2010 he produced the album De Noche by Antonio Carmona CarmonaAntonio together with Gustavo Santolalla and Anibal Kerpel at Capitol Records. A year he co-produced the single'Mi Son' by Rosario Flores with Juan Luis Guerra with Antonio Carmona. In 2015 he was the musical director of Pablo Alborán's Tour Terral. In 2016 he was nominated to a Latin Grammy Award as Mixing Engineer for his work with Spanish Singer/Songwriter Pablo Alborán in the "tres noches en las ventas" album, as best recording of the year, his own recording projects include Adrian Schinoff y los Salvavidas, Blackdados. Together with the singer Sonia Terol he produced a series of meditation music entitled I Am This. In October 2014 he released the album El Embalao featuring Luis Salinas on guitar. Facebook Discogs Allmusic
An underwater bridge is a military structure, employed during World War II and the Korean War. Underwater bridges constructed of logs and dirt just beneath the surface of the water in a river or similar narrow body of water, allow heavier vehicles to cross the river driving through only shallow water. Air reconnaissance finds such "bridges" difficult to spot. Soviet troops, notably Georgy Zhukov, used the concept during the Khalkhin Gol campaign and in World War II. North Korean troops used such structures during the Korean War to cross the Naktong River during the Battle of Pusan Perimeter of August-September 1950. In the Vietnam War the Ho Chi Minh trail used such bridges. Low water crossing Ford Lone Sentry article about underwater bridges
The Asian golden cat is a medium-sized wild cat native to the northeastern Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It has been listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List since 2008, is threatened by hunting pressure and habitat loss, since Southeast Asian forests are undergoing the world's fastest regional deforestation; the Asian golden cat's scientific name honours the Dutch zoologist Coenraad Jacob Temminck. It is called Temminck's cat and Asiatic golden cat; the Asian golden cat is a medium-sized cat with a head-to-body length of 66–105 cm, with a 40–57 cm long tail, is 56 cm tall at the shoulder. In weight, it ranges from 9 to 16 kg, about two or three times that of a domestic cat. Asian golden cats in Sumatra are reddish brown in colour. Melanistic individuals were recorded in the eastern Himalayas. Golden, reddish brown and buff brown individuals were recorded in northeastern Bhutan. A spotted Asian golden cat with large rosettes on shoulders and hips was described for the first time based on a specimen from China in 1872.
This morph was recorded in West Bengal's Buxa Tiger Reserve. The Asian golden cat ranges from eastern Nepal, northeastern India and Bhutan to Bangladesh, Thailand, Laos, southern China and Sumatra, it prefers forest habitats interspersed with rocky areas and inhabits dry deciduous, subtropical evergreen and tropical rainforests. Since an individual was caught alive in 1831 in Nepal, the country is thought to be the westernmost part of the cat's range. However, it was photographed for the time in the country in May 2009 in Makalu Barun National Park at an altitude of 2,517 m. In India, Asian golden cats were recorded in: temperate and subalpine forest in Sikkim's Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve up to 3,960 m altitude. In Bhutan's Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park, it was recorded by camera traps at an altitude of 3,738 m. In northern Myanmar, it was recorded in Hkakaborazi National Park. In 2015, it was recorded for the first time in the hill forests of Karen State. In Laos, it inhabits bamboo regrowth and degraded forest from the Mekong plains to at least 1,100 m.
In China, it was recorded in protected areas in the Qinling and Minshan Mountains between 2004 and 2009. Results of surveys in Sumatra indicated that it is more common than sympatric small cats, suggesting that it is more numerous than thought before the turn of the 21st century, it has been recorded in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Parks. Asian golden cats are solitary. Previous observations suggested that they are nocturnal, but a field study on two radio-collared specimens revealed arrhythmic activity patterns dominated by crepuscular and diurnal activity peaks, with much less activity late at night. In the study, the male's territory was 47.7 km2 in size and increased by more than 15% during the rainy season. The female's territory was 32.6 km2 in size. Both cats traveled between only 55 m to more than 9 km in a day, were more active in July than in March. Asian golden cats recorded in northeast India were active during the day with activity peaks around noon. Asian golden cats can climb trees.
They hunt birds, rodents and small ungulates such as muntjacs and young sambar deer. They are capable of bringing down prey much larger than themselves, such as domestic water buffalo calves. In the mountains of Sikkim, Asian golden cats prey on ghoral. Captive Asian golden cats kill small prey with the nape bite typical of cats, they pluck birds larger than pigeons before beginning to feed. Their vocalizations include hissing, meowing, purring and gurgling. Other methods of communication observed in captive Asian golden cats include scent marking, urine spraying, raking trees and logs with claws, rubbing of the head against various objects – much like a domestic cat. Not much is known about the reproductive behavior of this rather elusive cat in the wild. Most of what is known has been learned from cats in captivity. Female Asian golden cats are sexually mature between 18 and 24 months, while males mature at 24 months. Females come into estrus every 39 days, at which time they leave markings and seek contact with the male by adopting receptive postures.
During intercourse, the male will seize the skin of the neck of the female with his teeth. After a gestation period of 78 to 80 days, the female gives birth in a sheltered place to a litter of one to three kittens; the kittens weigh 220 to 250 g at birth, but triple in size over the first eight weeks of life. They are born possessing the adult coat pattern and open their eyes after six to twelve days. In captivity, they live for up to twenty years; the Asian golden cat inhabits some of the fastest developing countries in the world, where it is threatened by habitat destruction following deforestation, along with a declining ungulate prey base. In Sumatra, it has been reported killed in revenge for preying on poultry. In Southeast Asia and China, it is threatened by poaching for the illegal wildlife trade; this trade has the greatest potential. Asian golden cats are poached for their fur. In
SS Peter Zenger was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after John Peter Zenger, a printer and journalist in New York City that printed The New York Weekly Journal, he was accused of libel in 1734, by William Cosby, the governor of New York, but the jury acquitted Zenger, who became a symbol for freedom of the press. Peter Zenger was laid down on 31 March 1943, under a Maritime Commission contract, MC hull 1527, by J. A. Jones Construction, Panama City, Florida, she was allocated to A. H. Bull & Co. Inc. on 31 July 1943. On 11 October 1946, she was laid up in Astoria, Oregon. On 22 July 1954, she was withdrawn from the fleet to be loaded with grain under the "Grain Program 1954", she returned loaded with grain on 4 August 1954, she was withdrawn from the fleet on 20 May 1963, to have the grain unloaded, she returned empty on 25 May 1963. On 19 July 1966, she was sold for $45,355.55 to Inc. for scrapping. She was removed from the fleet on 5 August 1966. Convoy UGS-40