Aaliyah Dana Haughton was an American singer and model. Born in Brooklyn and raised in Detroit, she first gained recognition at the age of 10, when she appeared on the television show Star Search and performed in concert alongside Gladys Knight. At the age of 12, Aaliyah signed with Jive Records and her uncle Barry Hankerson's Blackground Records. Hankerson introduced her to R. Kelly, who became her mentor, as well as lead songwriter and producer of her debut album, Age Ain't Nothing but a Number; the album sold 3 million copies in the United States and was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. After facing allegations of an illegal marriage with Kelly, Aaliyah ended her contract with Jive and signed with Atlantic Records. Aaliyah worked with record producers Timbaland and Missy Elliott for her second album, One in a Million, which sold 3 million copies in the United States and more than 8 million copies worldwide. In 2000, Aaliyah appeared in Romeo Must Die.

She contributed to the film's soundtrack, which spawned the single "Try Again". The song topped the Billboard Hot 100 on airplay, making Aaliyah the first artist in Billboard history to achieve this goal. "Try Again" earned Aaliyah a Grammy Award nomination for Best Female R&B Vocalist. After completing Romeo Must Die, Aaliyah filmed her role in Queen of the Damned, released her self-titled third and final studio album in 2001. On August 25, 2001, Aaliyah and eight others were killed in a plane crash in the Bahamas after filming the music video for the single "Rock the Boat"; the pilot, Luis Morales III, was unlicensed at the time of the accident and toxicology tests revealed that he had traces of cocaine and alcohol in his system. Aaliyah's family filed a wrongful death lawsuit against Blackhawk International Airways, settled out of court. Aaliyah's music continued to achieve commercial success with several posthumous releases and has sold an estimated 24 to 32 million albums worldwide, she has been credited for helping to redefine contemporary R&B, pop and hip hop, earning her the nicknames the "Princess of R&B" and "Queen of Urban Pop".

Billboard lists her as the tenth most successful female R&B artist of the past 25 years, the 27th most successful in history. Aaliyah Dana Haughton was born on January 16, 1979, in Brooklyn, New York, was the younger child of Diane and Michael "Miguel" Haughton, she was of African-American descent. Her name has been described as a female version of the Arabic "Ali", but the original Jewish name "Aliya" is derived from the Hebrew word "aliyah", meaning "highest, most exalted one, the best." The singer was fond of her Semitic name, calling it "beautiful" and asserting she was "very proud of it" and strove to live up to her name every day. Aaliyah's mother enrolled Aaliyah in voice lessons at an early age, she started performing at weddings, church charity events. When Aaliyah was five years old, her family moved to Detroit, where she was raised along with her older brother, Rashad, she attended a Catholic school, Gesu Elementary, where in first grade she was cast in the stage play Annie, which inspired her to become an entertainer.

In Detroit, her father began working in the warehouse business, one of his brother-in-law Barry Hankerson's widening interests. Her mother raised Aaliyah and her brother. Throughout Aaliyah's life, she had a good relationship with Rashad, who recalled Aaliyah having a beautiful voice as a child. Aaliyah's family was close due to the struggles of her grandparents and when they moved to Detroit, the Hankersons were ready to take them in if necessary; these same bonds led under the Blackground Records label. Aaliyah's mother was a vocalist, her uncle, Barry Hankerson, was an entertainment lawyer, married to Gladys Knight; as a child, Aaliyah traveled with Knight and worked with an agent in New York to audition for commercials and television programs, including Family Matters. Aaliyah chose to begin auditioning, her mother made the decision to drop her surname. She auditioned at age 11 appeared in concerts alongside Knight, she had several pet animals during her childhood, including ducks and iguanas.

Her cousin Jomo had a pet alligator, which Aaliyah felt was too much, remarking, "that was something I wasn't going to stroke."Her grandmother died in 1991. Years after her death, Aaliyah said her grandmother supported everyone in the family and always wanted to hear her sing, as well as admitting that she "spoiled" her and her brother Rashad, she enjoyed Aaliyah's singing and would have Aaliyah to sing for her. Aaliyah said. Aaliyah's hands reminded her of her aunt, who died when she was young and whom Aaliyah remembered as an "amazingly beautiful woman"; when she was growing up, Aaliyah attended Detroit schools and believed she was well-liked, but got teased for her short stature. She grew to love her height, her mother would tell her to be happy that she compliment her. Other children disliked Aaliyah. "You always have to deal with people who are jealous, but there were so few it didn't matter. The majority of kids supported me, wonderful; when it comes to dealing with negative people, I just let it out the other.

Those people were invisible to me." In her adult life, she considered herself small. She had "learned to accept and love" herself and added: "... the most important thing is to think hi

Sindoor (1987 film)

Sindoor is a 1987 Bollywood drama film, produced by A. Krishnamurthy under the Tinu International Films banner, directed by K. Ravi Shankar, it stars Shashi Kapoor, Jaya Prada, Rishi Kapoor, Neelam Kothari in the pivotal roles and music composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal. The film was a remake of Tamil film Unnai Naan Santhithen; the film was remade as Sumangali in Telugu, starring Jaya Prada in the lead roles. The film opens with widowed Laxmi, a loving and caring mother to Lalita, a young college-going, devoted daughter. Ravi is a brilliant student. Gulshan Grover is a student of the same college. Vijay Choudhury joins the college as English Professor, he shares a good rapport with the students. After a few misunderstandings and Ravi fall in love. In a college function, Lalita sings the song "Patjhad Saawan Basant Bahaar", where she forgets the lyrics and the song is completed by Professor Vijay Choudhury. Upon asking how he knew the song, he replies that this was a famous song and his wife's favourite.

Lalita tells him she learned the song from her mother. At his home, he remembers his wife and here the movie goes into a flashback. Vijay and Laxmi are a married couple. Vijay is a professor, they make a hit singing pair. This leads to a budding misconception between Laxmi. Vijay forces Laxmi to leave the home; that day, Vijay comes to know that Kumar is getting married and his misconceptions are cleared, but Laxmi is nowhere to be traced. The movie comes back to the present. Laxmi knew about Lalita and Ravi's love and she meets Advocate Dharamdas, Ravi's maternal uncle and guardian, fixes their marriage, with a condition to pass the final year exams with good numbers. Lalita asks Vijay for home tuition. On visiting Lalita's home, Vijay sees Laxmi in widow's attire. Lalita informs Laxmi about this. Laxmi meets Vijay at his residence, tells him the story about her new avatar. Again a flashback. After leaving his home, Laxmi came to Pune to meet her friend Sunita. On the way, she saves a little girl named Lalita from an accident.

Prem Kapoor is the father of this girl. He wants to drive her home. Here, she tells him about her friend Sunita. Prem informs her that he is Sunita's husband and about her death, shows her Sunita's photograph in his room with a garland over it signifying her death, he requests Laxmi to stay at least for a day as its Lalita's birthday the next day and act like her mother as Lalita is a heart patient and she doesn't know about her mother's death. To which she disagrees, but acts like her mother. On the night of her birthday, Lalita is kidnapped by Shera, Prem's stepbrother, he asks for all of Prem's properties as a ransom. Prem is stabbed by Shera while saving Lalita. Shera is imprisoned. While taking his last breaths, he requests that Laxmi take care of and bring up Lalita as her own child. To spare Lalita from any shock and not letting her know that she isn't her mother, Laxmi acquires widow's getup; the story is again back to the present. Vijay apologizes to Laxmi for misunderstanding her twice, he starts giving Lalita and Ravi home tuition at Lalita's place.

Shera finds the whereabouts of Prem's family. Vijay and Laxmi started meeting each other, which once Ravi saw and informs Lalita about the affair between her mother and Professor Vijay. Which Lalita disbelieves and they have a breakup. Ravi warns him to leave the city. Shera takes advantage of the situation and beats Vijay up telling him Ravi is responsible for this. Laxmi knowing about Vijay's condition meets him. Lalita is shocked, she is saved by Ravi. She decides to leave her home with her father's photograph. Laxmi tries to stop her. Vijay tells him all the story so as to reconcile the family. Ravi insults him. Dharamdas tells the story to Ravi. Lalita is again kidnapped by Shera, he again asks the same ransom. Laxmi goes to meet Shera with the agreed ransom. A good fight scene at the climax. Gulshan Grover is killed by Shera. Shera shoots at Lalita. To save Lalita, Laxmi takes the bullet, is unconscious and Professor Vijay held her, her Mangalsutra, which she always hides, is out. Another misunderstanding and Lalita is all tears, ready to leave the scene.

Shera succumbs to the stabbing earlier in the climax by Gulshan Grover. Police arrive. Lalita is stopped by Ravi. Advocate Dharamdas tells Laxmi's story to Lalita. Lalita realizes her mistake ask for forgiveness from Laxmi. All reconcile; the film has Asrani as Chunilal and Aruna Irani as Ramkatori in a comic role. Lots of misunderstandings. Jaya Prada as Laxmi Choudhury Shashi Kapoor as Professor Vijay Choudhury Jeetendra as Prem Kapoor Rishi Kapoor as Kumar Govinda as Ravi Neelam Kothari as Lalita Kapoor Kader Khan as Advocate Dharamdas Prem Chopra Shakti Kapoor as Shera Gulshan Grover as Shera's Nephew Asrani as Chunilal Aruna Irani as Ramkatori The movie was well received by critics as well as by masses and was a commercial success. Jayaprada was appreciated for her performance. No award ceremony took place in the year of 1987 and 1988. Sindoor on IMDb


Mayonnaise, informally mayo, is a thick cold condiment or dressing used in sandwiches and composed salads or on French fries. It is a base in sauces such as Tartar sauce, it is a stable emulsion of oil, egg yolk, an acid, either vinegar or lemon juice. There are many variants using additional flavorings; the proteins and lecithin in the egg yolk serve as emulsifiers in mayonnaise. The color of mayonnaise varies from near-white to pale yellow, its texture from a light cream to a thick gel. Commercial egg-free alternatives are made for vegans and others who avoid chicken eggs or dietary cholesterol; until it was thought that the sauce did not exist prior to 1756, the year the French invaded the island of Menorca. However, the sauce appears in 19 recipes of a manuscript written in 1750 by Fray Francesc Roger, a Valencian friar who published the recipe in the"Art de la Cuina, llibre cuina menorquina del s. XVIII Francesc Roger calls the sauce "aioli bo", "bo" referring to the fact. Earlier recipes of similar emulsified sauces bearing garlic, appear in a number of Spanish recipe books, dating all the way back to the 14th century Llibre de Sent Soví, where it is called all-i-oli.

This sauce had spread throughout the Crown of Aragon, for Juan de Altamiras gives a recipe for it in his celebrated 1745 recipe book Nuevo Arte de Cocina. Thus, mayonnaise sauce existed in the Balearic Islands well before the French invasion of Menorca in 1756, precluding a French origin of the sauce, it was the French that made it famous. The 18th took the port of Mahon; the "aioli bo" sauce was thereafter adopted by the cook of the Duke of Richelieu, who upon his return to France made the sauce famous in the French court. At that point, the sauce became known as mahonnaise. A number of legends arose relating how the Duke of Richelieu first tried the sauce, including his discovery of the sauce in a local inn of Mahon where he would have asked the innkeeper to fix him some dinner during the siege of Mahon, that he invented it himself as a quick garnish. Modern French dictionaries suggest that the current spelling of the sauce as "mayonnaise" arose as a spelling typo or as a variant of the original spelling of the sauce, "mahonnaise", since the "y" sound helps break the diphthong..

Theories furthering a French origin of the sauce are discredited. An emulsion making use of abundant quantities of olive oil appears to have an unlikely French origin, given that olive oil at the time was only used in the cuisine of Provence; the claim that Lancelot de Casteau had published a recipe of the sauce is nowadays discredited as a 19th-century fabrication. The origin of the sauce in the city of Bayonne seems unlikely: Grimod de La Reynière's 1808 "bayonnaise" sauce is a sort of aspic: "But if one wants to make from this cold chicken, a dish of distinction, one composes a bayonnaise, whose green jelly, of a good consistency, forms the most worthy ornament of poultry and fish salads." In fact, the earliest known French recipes of the sauce appear to be recipes for an aspic, not a sauce: Viard's 1806 recipe for "poulets en mayonnaise" describes a sauce involving a velouté, vinegar, an optional egg to thicken it, which gels like an aspic. The word "mayonnaise" is first attested in English in 1815.

A common theory is that it is named for Port Mahon, itself named after its founder Mago Barca, in Menorca, in honor of the 3rd Duke of Richelieu's victory over the British in 1756, in fact the name "mahonnaise" is used by some authors. But the name is only attested long after that event. One version of this theory says that it was known as salsa mahonesa in Spanish, but that spelling is only attested later. Grimod de La Reynière rejected the name "mayonnaise" because the word "is not French". Carême preferred the spelling "magnonnaise", which he derived from the French verb manier'to handle'. Another suggestion is it derives from Charles de Lorraine, duke of Mayenne, because he took the time to finish his meal of chicken with cold sauce before being defeated in the Battle of Arques. Regardless of the origin of the term "mayonnaise", predating the arrival of Richelieu, the original name of the sauce before the second half of the 18th century was "aioli bo"; this term was used in the 1745 recipe book "Nuevo Arte de Cocina", by Juan de Altimiras, featuring numerous traditional Menorcan recipes.

Recipes for mayonnaise date back to the early nineteenth century. In 1815, Louis Eustache Ude wrote: No 58.—Mayonnaise. Take three spoonfuls of Allemande, six ditto of aspic, two of oil. Add a little tarragon vinegar, that has not boiled, some pepper and salt, minced ravigotte, or some parsley. Put in the members of fowl, or fillets of soles, &c. Your mayonnaise must be put to ice. Next dish your meat or fish, mask with the sauce before it be quite frozen, garnish your dish with whatever you think proper, as beet root, nasturtiums, &c. In an 1820 work, Viard describes something like the more familiar emulsified version: This sauce is made to "take" in many ways: with raw egg yolks, with gelatine, with veal or veal brain glaze; the most common method is to take a raw egg yolk in a small terrine, with a little salt and lemon juic