Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams
Christian Democratic and Flemish is a Christian democratic Flemish political party in Belgium. The party has ties to both trade unionism and trade associations and the Farmers League. Until 2001, the party was named the Christian Peoples Party and it was traditionally the largest political party of Flanders, until it was overtaken by the New Flemish Alliance in the 2010s. CD&V participated in most governments and has generally the largest number of mayors, most Prime Ministers of Belgium and Ministers-President of Flanders have been CD&V politicians. Herman Van Rompuy, the president of the European Council from 2009 to 2014, is one of the politicians of CD&V. CD&V is a member of the European Peoples Party and Centrist Democrat International, the history of the CD&V dates back to the 19th century. It originated in the 19th century catholic party, or Parti conservateur, at the end of the century, the new fraction of the so-called Christian democrats shifted the focus of the party slightly to the left.
In the interwar years the party was renamed Catholic Bloc, the Christian Social Party existed from 1945 until 1968. In 1968, the PSC-CVP was split into to the French-speaking Christian Social Party, in 2001 the CVP changed its name to the CD&V. The party was almost continually in power from its establishment until 1999, in 1999, the Flemish Liberals and Democrats became the largest party in Belgium, and formed a majority purple government of liberals, social democrats and greens. The same happened in the Flemish Government, but with the addition of Flemish nationalists, in 2003 CD&V again lost the federal elections which continuated the federal center-left coalition, but this time without the Greens. In 2004, Flemish elections were held and the CD&V once more became the largest political party by representation in the Flemish Parliament, after successful local elections in 2006, the party became the largest party in the Belgian Chambre of Representatives after the federal elections of 2007.
The CD&V led the subsequent coalition talks, which repeatedly stalled, on the 20 March 2008, a new federal government was finally assembled, led by Yves Leterme. Kris Peeters subsequently became the next minister-president of Flanders, from 30 December 2008 till 25 November 2009, Herman Van Rompuy led his first cabinet before becoming the first permanent president of the European Council. Afterwards, Yves Leterme led his second government, in June 2009, Flemish elections were held and the CD&V remained the largest party of Flanders. Kris Peeters stayed as Flemish minister-president, the party remained the largest Flemish party in the European Parliament after the 2009 European elections. In 2010, the Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats decided to out of the federal coalition. The federal elections of 2010 resulted in a loss of historic proportions for CD&V
Scala & Kolacny Brothers
Scala & Kolacny Brothers is a Belgian womens choir conducted by Stijn Kolacny, and arranged and accompanied by Steven Kolacny on the piano. They have made five studio albums starting with On The Rocks in 2002, formed in 1996, Scala & Kolacny Brothers won the Belgian Choir of the Year contest in 2000. In 2006, Rammstein released their live album Völkerball which features Scala & Kolacny Brothers Engel in the credits of the DVD. In 2008, the group was asked to do a project in remembrance of the legendary Belgian singer Pierre Rapsat, the sold out Dans les yeux d’Aurore tour strengthened the groups relationship with Belgium’s French-speaking audience. The number of concerts in Germany increased steadily, and they performed more and more songs in German, including its version of the MIA. hit, a top national German television commercial used this version. Scala & Kolacny Brothers album Circle was released through VIVA/NOVA in Belgium in June 2010, in 2010, they signed with ATCO Records for North American distribution and re-signed with independent label PIAS for Europe.
ATCO digitally released a limited edition EP DAWN on October 26,2010, a special German edition of Circle was released as a double CD on November 26,2010 in Germany. In July 2010, a trailer for the film The Social Network featuring Scala & Kolacny Brothers cover of Radioheads Creep was released around the world. This trailer was seen over 250 million times in cinemas and on TV, the groups version of The Polices Every Breath You Take was featured in the trailer for ITV1s period drama Downton Abbey in the fall of 2010. The song was used on television in New Zealand and Belgium. The groups version of U2s With or Without You was used in Downton Abbeys season two trailer in the fall of 2011, both the single and album hit #1 in Ireland. In December 2011, the trailer for Downton Abbey season two hit the United States on PBS, in the UK, ITV used the groups version of Wham. s Last Christmas for the Downton Abbey Christmas special in December 2011. Scala & Kolacny Brothers performed at the VIP premiere of the Christmas special at the Corinthia Hotel in London, Scala & Kolacny Brothers music video for their version of the Kings of Leon track Use Somebody had its world premiere on Yahoo Music on March 14,2011.
A subsequent video for the Foo Fighters Everlong was directed by Mark Woollen, on April 18,2011, Scala appeared as a musical guest on the TBS show Conan. The self-titled Scala & Kolacny Brothers CD was released by ATCO in the United States on March 15,2011 and this CD is somewhat different from the European Circle release. The group performed their first US concert as part of the South by Southwest Music Festival on March 18,2011, on June 8, they performed for the first time in the UK - a sold out show at the legendary Union Chapel in London. On June 18–19, they performed at the Heineken Dia de La Musica in Madrid, on July 17, they were the special guest at the Latitude Festival in the UK, playing for about 20.000 fans. On December 13, they played what is now called the Ice Show at the HMV Forum in London, followed by an ice show in Ingolstadt
Front 242 is a Belgian electronic music group that came into prominence during the 1980s. Pioneering the style they called electronic body music, they were an influence on the electronic. Front 242 were formed in 1981 in Aarschot, near Leuven, Belgium, by Daniel Bressanutti and Dirk Bergen, the first single, was released in 1981. The front part of the name comes from the idea of a popular uprising. Patrick Codenys and Jean-Luc De Meyer had separately formed a group called Under Viewer at around the time. Bressanutti, Codenys and De Meyer took turns on vocals at first, De Meyer came to write most of the lyrics and Valerie Jane Steele wrote several tracks including Dont Crash. Their next single, U-Men, was released in 1982, followed by the bands first album Geography that same year, in 1983, Dirk Bergen left the band to pursue graphic design, and Richard Jonckheere, referred to as Richard 23, joined as vocalist. Front 242 became a musical group in Belgium. Their next album, No Comment, released in 1984, was the first to introduce the electronic body music in association with their sound.
Front 242 signed with the Wax Trax, label in 1984, and started their first tour in the United States with Ministry. This tour led to the creation of Revolting Cocks by Richard 23, Luc Van Acker, Alain Jourgensen of Ministry, in 1987, Front 242 signed with Wax Trax. Records in the U. S. and Red Rhino in Europe, in 1988, Front by Front was released, and in December of that same year, became the bands first club hit, reaching number 13 on the US Billboard Dance/Club Play Songs chart. Tyranny, released in 1991, became the bands highest charting album, Tyranny was the first album they released under contract with a major corporate label, Sony/Epic, after the widespread popularity of Front by Front. Sony/Epic acquired the rights to the back catalog from Wax Trax. and issued re-released versions of the albums with new cover art and bonus tracks taken from singles. A broader public was exposed to Front 242s music in 1992 in the film Single White Female, starring Bridget Fonda, in the film, obsessed roommate Leigh ties Fonda to a chair but leaves her with the television remote control.
In order to attract attention, Fonda tunes in to a video channel. The video playing at the time is Front 242s Rhythm Of Time, in 1992, the television commercials for the film K2 were set to the Front 242 song Moldavia, from the same album. In 1992, Bressanutti returned to combining graphic arts with music, Bressanutti composed a solo half-hour atmospheric recording called Art and Strategy to play during viewings of the lithographs, and released it in a limited edition of 1,000 CDs
Rotselaar is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish-Brabant, near the convergence of the Demer and the Dijle. Since January 1,1977 the municipality comprises the towns of Rotselaar proper, Werchter, on January 1,2006, Rotselaar had a total population of 15,068. The total area is 37.57 km² which gives a density of 401 inhabitants per km². Its located at the junction of three geographical areas and Wezemaal were first mentioned in written accounts in 1044. Only a century later, between 1138 and 1152, Werchter appears in historical documents, in the 12th century and Wezemaal were ruled by the Duke of Brabant, whereas the Counts of Aarschot and the House of the Berthouts controlled Werchter. From about 1170, vassals of the Duke of Brabant settled at Wezemaal, in the course of the 13th century, these vassals rose to the nobility and started to rule the fiefdoms of Rotselaar and Wezemaal as lords. The Barony of Rotselaar passed into the hands of the powerful House of Croÿ in 1516, to be added to the Margraviate of Aarschot, until deep in the 19th century, the inhabitants lived primarily of agriculture.
From 1488 onwards, the population of Wezemaal and Rotselaar was severely hit by periodically recurring wars, from 1750, welfare began to increase again, first thanks to agricultural innovations and in the second half of the 19th century thanks to the effects of the Industrial Revolution. An artillery duel was fought in Rotselaar in the First World War, in that battle,360 Belgian and German soldiers were killed. During the First World War, a total 67 houses were burned and 38 civilians were killed in Rotselaar, the origin of the placenames is unclear. Rotselaar is thought to mean laar of Hrosda, a laar is an open spot or clearing in a forest suitable for living, laren were used quite intensively by man in the past, amongst others for grazing the cattle, and Hrosda is a male Germanic name. Wezemaal is believed to come from Wis and male, and Werchter is thought to be a watername, when the name of Rotselaar first appeared in written accounts, it was spelled Rotslar. Over the centuries, this evolved into Rotselaer, and eventually into Rotselaar, in Middle Dutch, the e in Rotselaer was used to show that the vowel preceding it sounds longer, in modern spelling the vowel is doubled to achieve the same effect, which gives Rotselaar.
The name Rotselaar can have four different meanings, and it is important to make a distinction between these meanings in order to avoid ambiguities, if used in this sense, the name Rotselaar includes Wezemaal and Werchter. The term Groot-Rotselaar is used to refer to Rotselaar, Wezemaal. In a second meaning, Rotselaar refers specifically to the town of Rotselaar proper as it existed before the merger with Wezemaal and this is, especially within Groot-Rotselaar, the most common meaning of the name Rotselaar. In a third meaning, Rotselaar refers to the historical Land of Rotselaar, which comprised not only modern-day Rotselaar and Werchter, the name Rotselaar in this sense is rarely used. Rotselaar can have a meaning, where it refers to Rotselaar-Centre, as opposed to Rotselaar Heikant
In general, a distinction can be made between sound produced using electromechanical means and that produced using electronic technology. Examples of electromechanical sound producing devices include the telharmonium, Hammond organ, purely electronic sound production can be achieved using devices such as the theremin, sound synthesizer, and computer. During the 1920s and 1930s, electronic instruments were introduced and the first compositions for instruments were composed. Musique concrète, created in Paris in 1948, was based on editing together recorded fragments of natural and industrial sounds, Music produced solely from electronic generators was first produced in Germany in 1953. Electronic music was created in Japan and the United States beginning in the 1950s. An important new development was the advent of computers for the purpose of composing music, algorithmic composition was first demonstrated in Australia in 1951. In America and Europe, live electronics were pioneered in the early 1960s, during the 1970s to early 1980s, the monophonic Minimoog became once the most widely used synthesizer at that time in both popular and electronic art music.
In the 1980s, electronic music became dominant in popular music, with a greater reliance on synthesizers, and the adoption of programmable drum machines. Electronically produced music became prevalent in the domain by the 1990s. Contemporary electronic music includes many varieties and ranges from art music to popular forms such as electronic dance music. Today, pop music is most recognizable in its 4/4 form. At the turn of the 20th century, experimentation with emerging electronics led to the first electronic musical instruments and these initial inventions were not sold, but were instead used in demonstrations and public performances. The audiences were presented with reproductions of existing music instead of new compositions for the instruments, while some were considered novelties and produced simple tones, the Telharmonium accurately synthesized the sound of orchestral instruments. It achieved viable public interest and made progress into streaming music through telephone networks. Critics of musical conventions at the time saw promise in these developments, ferruccio Busoni encouraged the composition of microtonal music allowed for by electronic instruments.
He predicted the use of machines in future music, writing the influential Sketch of a New Esthetic of Music, futurists such as Francesco Balilla Pratella and Luigi Russolo began composing music with acoustic noise to evoke the sound of machinery. They predicted expansions in timbre allowed for by electronics in the influential manifesto The Art of Noises, developments of the vacuum tube led to electronic instruments that were smaller and more practical for performance. In particular, the theremin, ondes Martenot and trautonium were commercially produced by the early 1930s, from the late 1920s, the increased practicality of electronic instruments influenced composers such as Joseph Schillinger to adopt them
On January 1,2006, Scherpenheuvel-Zichem had a total population of 22,064. The total area is 50.50 km² which gives a density of 437 inhabitants per km². Scherpenheuvel, the most important pilgrimage site in Belgium, is located some 50 km east of Brussels and its origins date back to the pagan worship that still survived during the Middle-Ages around a holy oak on this hilltop. The cross-shaped tree was thus Christianized with a statue of the Holy Mary, legend has it that around AD1500 the Virgin Mary performed a miracle here, freezing into place a shepherd boy who tried to take home the small statue, thus foiling the theft. As of the 1550s, a flood of devoted pilgrims, arriving from surrounding areas, came to the tree to pray for the health, in 1580, the statue disappeared as Dutch-Protestant iconoclasts pillaged the region. Seven years it was replaced by a new one, which stands on the altar of the present-day pilgrimage-church. The oak tree being almost dead but still inspiring in fetishist worship alongside the Roman Catholic devotion to Mary was felled by order of the Bishop of Antwerp.
A first wooden chapel was built on the site and a number of statues of the Holy Virgin cut out of the trunk found their way to various sanctuaries. The fame of Scherpenheuvel increased and increasing numbers of people arrived, begging for protection against plague, the chapel soon became far too small for them. In January 1603 another miracle was reported, the statue wept tears of blood, the religious schism in the Netherlands was blamed for the pain Mary felt. In November 1603 the Spanish army defeated Protestant troops besieging s-Hertogenbosch, archduke Albert of Austria, and his wife, the Archduchess Isabella donated funds for the construction of a stone chapel in Scherpenheuvel and made a pilgrimage themselves. In 1604, a few months after its inauguration by the Bishop of Mechelen, the statue was secured by Jesuits. Two months the Protestants were chased out of Ostend, their last stronghold in the Southern Netherlands, this victory was attributed to the Holy Virgin. Scherpenheuvel was privileged as a city, in 1604, Philips Numann, clerk of the archbishop of Mechelen, described the legend of Scherpenheuvel in his Historie der Mirakelen.
The legend was classified as a folk-tale, but he reported the miracles that were recognised as such by the Catholic authorities. His book was translated from Dutch into French and English, seven lanes lead towards the church. Its layout is based on a 7-pointed star, which stands for the abundance of Gods mercy, in the church, the advent of Jesus is announced by six Old Testament prophets and realised by Mary who gives birth to the Messiah. In 1609 the first stone was put in place for the structure in highly developed baroque style
Bever is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. The municipality only comprises the town of Bever proper and it is located at 50°43′N 3°56′E. On January 1,2006, Bever had a population of 2,023. The total area is 19.78 km² which gives a density of 102 inhabitants per km². It is a Dutch-speaking village with facilities for French-speakers. Media related to Bever, Belgium at Wikimedia Commons Gazetteer Entry
Flemish Brabant is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. It borders on the Belgian provinces of Antwerp, Limburg, Liège, Walloon Brabant, Flemish Brabant surrounds the Brussels-Capital Region. It has an area of 2,106 km² which is divided into two administrative districts containing 65 municipalities, the split was made to accommodate the eventual division of Belgium in three regions. It is a province with a cultural history and a great diversity of typical products. The province is made up of two arrondissements, the Halle-Vilvoorde Arrondissement has Brussels in its middle and is therefore mainly a residential area, even though it has large industrial zones and contains Belgiums main airport. The other arrondissement is the Leuven Arrondissement, centered on Leuven, other such special municipalities can be found along the border between Flanders and Wallonia, and between Wallonia and the German-speaking area of Belgium. Halle-Vilvoorde mostly surrounds Brussels, which is officially bilingual but whose inhabitants mostly speak French, the history of Brabant can be found at the Duchy of Brabant article, see Duke of Brabant.
The Governor is the representative or commissioner of the Federal and the Flemish Government in Flemish Brabant and he is appointed by the Flemish Government, on the unanimous advice of the Federal Council of Ministers. The current Governor is Lodewijk De Witte, he has been the Governor of Flemish Brabant since it was created in 1995 as a result of the splitting up of the Province of Brabant. He presides over the Deputation, however, he doesnt have the right to vote in the Deputation except in cases where the Deputation exercises a judicial function. Flemish Brabant is that only province that has a Deputy Governor as well and he is responsible for ensuring that the language legislation is observed in the peripheral municipalities of Flemish Brabant. The Provincial Council of Flemish Brabant consists of 72 members elected for a term of office of 6 years, the last election was held on Sunday 14 October 2012. She is assisted by a Bureau which consists of two Vice-Presidents, four Secretaries, three Quaestors and the leaders of the fractions in the Provincial Council.
The governing majority in the Provincial Council for 2013–2018 is formed by CD&V, Open VLD, sp. a and these parties together have a majority of 43 out of 72 seats. The Deputation is the organ responsible for the daily administration of the province. It consists of the Governor and six Deputies elected by the Provincial Council from among its midst. For the 2013–2018 legislative term, the Deputies are divided among the majority parties as follows, Flemish Brabant has 65 municipalities,35 in the Arrondissement of Halle-Vilvoorde and 30 in Leuven. Official web site of the Flemish Brabant province
Herselt is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. The municipality comprises the towns of Herselt proper, Blauberg, Bergom, on January 1,2006 Herselt had a total population of 13,836. The total area is 52.32 km² which gives a density of 264 inhabitants per km². Media related to Herselt at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Holsbeek is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. The municipality comprises the towns of Holsbeek proper, Kortrijk-Dutsel and Sint-Pieters-Rode, on January 1,2006, Holsbeek had a total population of 9,205. The total area is 38.50 km² which gives a density of 239 inhabitants per km². The best known landmark of the municipality is the medieval castle of Horst. Media related to Holsbeek at Wikimedia Commons Gazetteer Entry
The Demer is an 85-kilometre long river in eastern Belgium, right tributary of the Dijle. It flows through the Belgian provinces Limburg and Flemish Brabant and it flows into the river Dijle in Werchter, Rotselaar municipality. The most important towns along the Demer are Bilzen, Diest, tributaries of the Demer are the rivers Herk and Velp. The name Demer comes from the Celtic language words tam and ara giving rise to a name meaning dark coloured river
Affligem is a municipality located some 20 km west-north-west of Brussels in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant, not far from the town of Aalst and the important railway junction of Denderleeuw. The municipality comprises the villages of Essene and Teralfene, on 1 January 2006 it had 11,956 inhabitants. The total area is 17.70 km2, giving a density of 676 inhabitants per km². Historically, the village is best known for the Benedictine Affligem Abbey, the abbey of Affligem was founded around 1074. The label anno 1074 on the Affligem beer bottles is based on the foundation history, the brand name is used under licence from the monks of Affligem, by the Op-Ale brewery in the neighbouring village of Opwijk. The brewery is now owned by Heineken International, who have renamed it the Affligem brewery and this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain, Charles, ed. Afflighem. Media related to Affligem at Wikimedia Commons Affligem Municipality Official site