Abbey Theatre

The Abbey Theatre known as the National Theatre of Ireland, in Dublin, Ireland, is one of the country's leading cultural institutions. First opening to the public on 27 December 1904, despite losing its original building to a fire in 1951, it has remained active to the present day; the Abbey was the first state-subsidized theatre in the English-speaking world. Since July 1966, the Abbey has been located at 26 Lower Abbey Street, Dublin 1. In its early years, the theatre was associated with the writers of the Irish Literary Revival, many of whom were involved in its founding and most of whom had plays staged there; the Abbey served as a nursery for many of leading Irish playwrights, including William Butler Yeats, Lady Gregory, Seán O'Casey and John Millington Synge, as well as leading actors. In addition, through its extensive programme of touring abroad and its high visibility to foreign American, audiences, it has become an important part of the Irish cultural brand; the Abbey arose from three distinct bases.

The first was the seminal Irish Literary Theatre. Founded by Lady Gregory, Edward Martyn and W. B. Yeats in 1899—with assistance from George Moore—it presented plays in the Antient Concert Rooms and the Gaiety Theatre, which brought critical approval but limited public interest. Lady Gregory envisioned a society promoting "ancient idealism" dedicated to crafting works of Irish theatre pairing Irish culture with European theatrical methods; the second base involved the work of two Dublin directors and Frank Fay. William worked in the 1890s with a touring company in Ireland and Wales, while his brother Frank was involved in amateur dramatics in Dublin. After William returned to Dublin, the Fay brothers staged productions in halls around the city and formed W. G. Fay's Irish National Dramatic Company, focused on the development of Irish acting talent. In April 1902, the Fays gave three performances of Æ's play Deirdre and Yeats' Cathleen Ní Houlihan in St Theresa's Hall on Clarendon Street; the performances played to a working-class audience rather than the usual middle-class Dublin theatregoers.

The run was a great success, thanks in part to the beauty and force of Maud Gonne, who played the lead in Yeats' play. The company continued at the Antient Concert Rooms, producing works by Seumas O'Cuisin, Fred Ryan and Yeats; the third base was the financial support and experience of Annie Horniman, a middle-class Englishwoman with previous experience of theatre production, having been involved in the presentation of George Bernard Shaw's Arms and the Man in London in 1894. An acquaintance of Yeats from London circles, including the Order of the Golden Dawn, she came to Dublin in 1903 to act as Yeats' unpaid secretary and to make costumes for a production of his play The King's Threshold, her money helped found the Abbey Theatre and, according to the critic Adrian Frazier, would "make the rich feel at home, the poor—on a first visit—out of place."The founding of the Theatre is connected with a broader wave of change found in European drama at the end of the nineteenth century. The founding of Théâtre Libre in Paris in 1887 and the work of the Moscow Art Theatre in 1895 represented a challenge to a “stale metropolitanism".

This movement echoes Lady Gregory's commitment and determination to make the Abbey Theatre a theatre for the people. Encouraged by the St Theresa's Hall success, Lady Gregory, Æ, John Millington Synge founded the Irish National Theatre Society in 1903 with funding from Horniman, they were joined by playwrights from Fay's company. At first, they staged performances in the Molesworth Hall; when the Mechanics' Theatre in Lower Abbey Street and an adjacent building in Marlborough Street became available after fire safety authorities closed it, Horniman and William Fay agreed to buy and refit the space to meet the society's needs. On 11 May 1904, the Society formally accepted Horniman's offer of the use of the building; as Horniman did not reside in Ireland, the royal letters patent required were granted in the name of Lady Gregory, although paid for by Horniman. The founders appointed William Fay theatre manager, responsible for training the actors in the newly established repertory company, they commissioned Yeats' brother Jack to paint portraits of all the leading figures in the society for the foyer, hired Sarah Purser to design stained glass for the same space.

On 27 December, the curtains went up on opening night. The bill consisted of three one-act plays, On Baile's Strand and Cathleen Ní Houlihan by Yeats, Spreading the News by Lady Gregory. On the second night, In the Shadow of the Glen by Synge replaced the second Yeats play; these two bills alternated over a five-night run. Frank Fay, playing Cúchulainn in On Baile's Strand, was the first actor on the Abbey stage. Although Horniman had designed the costumes, neither she nor Lady Gregory was present, as Horniman had returned to England. In addition to providing funding, her chief role with the Abbey over the coming years was to organise publicity and bookings for their touring productions in London and provincial England. In 1905 without properly consulting Horniman, Lady Gregory and Synge decided to turn the theatre into a limited liability company, the National Theatre Society Ltd. Annoyed by this treatment, Horniman hired Ben Iden Payne, a former Abbey employee, to help run a new repertory company which she founded in Manchester.

Leading actors Máire Nic Shiubhlaigh, Honor Lavelle, Emma Vernon, Máire Garvey, Frank Walker, Seamus O'Sullivan, Pádraic Colum and George Roberts left the Abbey. The press w


Donakonda is in Andhra Pradesh, the town is situated in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Donakonda mandal in Kandukur revenue division. Donakonda is located at 15.8333°N 79.4833°E / 15.8333. The land is flat though hilly country begins some distance away. Donakonda Railway Station is a station on the Guntur-Guntakal railway line and falls under the Guntur division of South Central Railway. Donakonda Airport is located at Donakonda in India; the airfield was constructed during World War II by the British regime to refuel its aircraft. It is closed. Now the Government of Andhra Pradesh handover the Donakonda airport to Bhogapuram Airport Authority and the extension of airport project is going on

List of 2010 Winter Olympics medal winners

The 2010 Winter Olympics were held in Vancouver, British Columbia, from February 12 to February 28, 2010. A total of 2,632 athletes representing 82 National Olympic Committees participated in these Games. Overall, 86 events in 15 disciplines were contested. Two disciplines were open only to men: Nordic combined and ski jumping, while figure skating was the only sport in which men and women competed together in teams. Two new events were introduced: men's and women's ski cross. Medals were won by 450 individual athletes from 26 countries. Canada won its first gold medal at an Olympic Games it hosted, having failed to do so at both the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal and the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary. Canada finished first in gold medal wins and became the first host nation since Norway in 1952 to lead the gold medal count, with 14. Canada broke the record for the most golds won at a single Winter Olympics, 13, set by the Soviet Union in 1976 and Norway in 2002; the United States placed first in total medals—its second time doing so in a Winter Games—and set a record for most medals won at a single Winter Olympics, with 37, breaking the previous record of 36, set by Germany in 2002.

In the men's individual event in biathlon, two silver medals were awarded for a second-place tie. No bronze medal was awarded for that event. Athletes from Slovakia and Belarus won the first Winter Olympic gold medals for their nations. Norwegian cross-country skier Marit Bjørgen was the most successful athlete, winning three gold, one silver and one bronze medal, became the ninth Winter Olympian to win five medals at one edition of the Games. Chinese short-track speed skater Wang Meng won three gold medals. Athletes that won at least two gold medals or at least three total medals are listed below. List of 2010 Winter Paralympics medal winners General"Results and Medalists—2010 Winter". International Olympic Committee. "Olympic Medals: Gold, Bronze". Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics. Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on 2010-02-12. Retrieved 2010-02-13. "Olympic Medals: Medallists". Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics. Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on 2010-04-08.

Retrieved 2010-04-06. Specific IOC's 2010 Winter Olympic page