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Abenaki

The Abenaki are a Native American tribe and First Nation. They are one of the Algonquian-speaking peoples of northeastern North America; the Abenaki originate in what is now called Quebec and the Maritimes of Canada and in the New England region of the United States, a region called Wabanahkik in the Eastern Algonquian languages. The Abenaki are one of the five members of the Wabanaki Confederacy. "Abenaki" is a geographic grouping. They came together as a post-contact community after their original tribes were decimated by colonization and warfare; the word Abenaki and its syncope, are both derived from Wabanaki, or Wôbanakiak, meaning "People of the Dawn Land" in the Abenaki language. While the two terms are confused, the Abenaki are one of several tribes in the Wabanaki Confederacy. Wôbanakiak is derived from wôban and aki — the aboriginal name of the area broadly corresponding to New England and the Maritimes, it is sometimes used to refer to all the Algonquian-speaking peoples of the area—Western Abenaki, Eastern Abenaki, Wolastoqiyik-Passamaquoddy, Mi'kmaq—as a single group.

The Abenaki people call themselves Alnôbak, meaning "Real People" and by the autonym Alnanbal, meaning "men". Ethnologists have classified the Abenaki by geographic groups: Western Abenaki and Eastern Abenaki. Within these groups are the Abenaki bands: The homeland of the Abenaki, which they call Ndakinna, extended across most of what is now northern New England, southern Quebec, the southern Canadian Maritimes; the Eastern Abenaki population was concentrated in portions of New Brunswick and Maine east of New Hampshire's White Mountains. The other major tribe, the Western Abenaki, lived in the Connecticut River valley in Vermont, New Hampshire and Massachusetts; the Missiquoi lived along the eastern shore of Lake Champlain. The Pennacook lived along the Merrimack River in southern New Hampshire; the maritime Abenaki lived around the St. Croix and Wolastoq valleys near the boundary line between Maine and New Brunswick; the English settlement of New England and frequent wars forced many Abenaki to retreat to Quebec.

The Abenaki settled in the Sillery region of Quebec between 1676 and 1680, subsequently, for about twenty years, lived on the banks of the Chaudière River near the falls, before settling in Odanak and Wôlinak in the early eighteenth century. In those days, the Abenaki practiced a subsistence economy based on hunting, trapping, berry picking and on growing corn, squash and tobacco, they produced baskets, made of ash and sweet grass, for picking wild berries, boiled maple sap to make syrup. Basket weaving remains a traditional activity for members of both communities. During the Anglo-French wars, the Abenaki were allies of France, having been displaced from Ndakinna by immigrating English people. An anecdote from the period tells the story of a Maliseet war chief named Nescambuit or Assacumbuit, who killed more than 140 enemies of King Louis XIV of France and received the rank of knight. Not all Abenaki natives fought on the side of the French, however. Much of the trapping was traded to the English colonists for durable goods.

These contributions by Native American Abenaki peoples went unreported. Two tribal communities formed in Canada, one once known as Saint-Francois-du-lac near Pierreville and the other near Bécancour on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River, directly across the river from Trois-Rivières; these two Abenaki reserves continue to develop. Since the year 2000, the total Abenaki population has doubled to 2,101 members in 2011. 400 Abenaki reside on these two reserves, which cover a total area of less than 7 square kilometres. The unrecognized majority are off-reserve members, living in various cities and towns across Canada and the United States. There are about 3,200 Abenaki living in Vermont and New Hampshire, without reservations, chiefly around Lake Champlain; the remaining Abenaki people live in multi-racial towns and cities across Canada and the US in Ontario, New Brunswick, northern New England. Four Abenaki tribes are located in Vermont. On April 22, 2011, Vermont recognized two Abenaki tribes: the Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk-Abenaki and the Elnu Abenaki Tribe.

On May 7, 2012, the Abenaki Nation at Missisquoi and the Koasek Traditional Band of the Koas Abenaki Nation received recognition by the State of Vermont. The Nulhegan are located in the Northeast Kingdom of Vermont, with tribal headquarters in Brownington, the Elnu Abenaki are located in southeastern Vermont with tribal headquarters in Jamaica, Vermont; the Elnu Abenaki tribe focuses on carrying on the traditions of their ancestors through their children and teaching about their culture. The chief and political leader of the Nulhegan Band is Don Stevens; the Sokoki are located along the Missisquoi River in northwestern Vermont, with tribal headquarters in Swanton. Their traditional land is along the river, extending to its outlet at Lake Champlain. In December 2012, Vermont's Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe created a tribal forest in the town of Barton; this forest was established with assistance from the Vermont Land Trust. It contains a hunting camp and maple sugaring facili

Royal Numismatic Society

The Royal Numismatic Society is a learned society and charity based in London, United Kingdom which promotes research into all branches of numismatics. Its patron as of 2014 was Queen Elizabeth II. Foremost collectors and researchers, both professional and amateur, in the field of numismatics are amongst the fellows of the Society, they must be elected to the Society by the Council. The Numismatic Chronicle is the annual publication of the Royal Numismatic Society; the society was founded in 1836 as the Numismatic Society of London and received the title "Royal Numismatic Society" from Edward VII by Royal Charter in 1904. The history of the Society was presented as a series of annual Presidential addresses by R. A. Carson – these were published in the Numismatic Chronicle between 1975 and 1978; the fifth and latest instalment was written to mark the 150th anniversary of the Society in 1986, the full text was published in 1986 as A History of the Royal Numismatic Society, 1936-1986. The society has an annual journal, The Numismatic Chronicle, publishes a book series known as the Special Publications.

Honorary Fellowship The Medal of the Royal Numismatic Society The Parkes Weber Prize The Lhotka Prize The Samir Shamma Prize for Islamic Numismatics The Gilljam Prize for Third-Century Numismatics List of presidents of the Royal Numismatic Society List of special publications of the Royal Numismatic Society Official website The Numismatic Chronicle on jstor Snible.org

Bhawani Prasad Mishra

Bhawani Prasad Mishra was a Hindi poet and author. He was honoured with Sahitya Akademi Award in 1977 for his book Buni Hui Rassi. Born on 29 March 1913 in the village Tigaria of Hoshangabad district in erstwhile Central Province of British India. Bhawani Bhai lived for a long time in Delhi but died on 20 February 1983 amidst his family members at Narsinghpur town of Madhya Pradesh where he had gone to attend a marriage function; some of the notable works of Mishr are- Ye kohare mere haainn Trikaal sandhyaaah, Tus ki aag, Kuchh neeti kuchh rajneethtti, Idaṃ na mam, Buni hui rassi. Kathputli kavita. Satpuda ke ghane jungle pahila pain Ghar ki yaad A Gandhian in thought and deeds, Mishr was disturbed by the so-called effects of colonization in the country, he used to say it a kind of poisoned sweet in the garb of present English education system of India. POEMS BY SHRI BHAWANI PRASAD MISHRA Photo and books of Bhawani Prasad Mishra in www.kavitakosh.org Introduction of Bhawani Prasad Mishra in www. gadyakosh