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Aberdyfi Welsh pronunciation: known as Aberdovey, is a village and community on the north side of the estuary of the River Dyfi in Gwynedd, on the west coast of Wales. The Community had a population of 878 as of the 2011 census; the electoral ward had a larger population of 1,282. The village was founded around the harbour and shipbuilding industry, but is now best known as a seaside resort with a high quality beach; the centre is on the river and seafront, around the original harbour and beach but it stretches back from the coast and up the steep hillside in the midst of typical Welsh coastal scenery of steep green hills and sheep farms. Penhelig, with its own railway station, is the eastern part of the village. Aberdyfi is a popular tourist attraction, with many returning holidaymakers from the metropolitan areas of England, such as the West Midlands, less than 100 miles to the east. A large proportion of houses in the village are now holiday homes, resulting in high house prices; the town is located within the Snowdonia National Park.

In the 2011 census, 38.5% of the population of Aberdyfi ward identified themselves as Welsh. The anglicised spelling for the village and community is Aberdovey; the Welsh Aberdyfi is now used locally and by the Gwynedd Council and the Welsh Government. Some entities continue to use the anglicisation e.g. in their name and/or address and some use the two spellings interchangeably. Local tradition suggests that the Romans established a track into Aberdyfi as part of the military occupation of Wales around AD78; the strategic location in mid-Wales was the site of several conferences between north and south Wales princes in 540, 1140, for the Council of Aberdyfi in 1216. The hill in the centre of Aberdyfi, Pen-y-Bryn, has been claimed to be the site of fortifications in the 1150s, which were soon destroyed; the site of Aberdyfi Castle however is said to be at the motte earthworks further up the river near Glandyfi. During the Spanish Armada of 1597, a Spanish ship, the Bear of Amsterdam missed her objective at Milford Haven and ended up having entered the Dyfi estuary.

She was unable to leave for 10 days because of the wind and could not be boarded as no suitable boats were available. An attempt to burn her was frustrated by winds and when she did leave she ended up being captured by a waiting English fleet off the Cornish coast. In the 1700s, the village grew with the appearance of several of the inns still in current use. Copper was mined in the present Copperhill Street, lead in Penhelig. An electoral ward of the same name stretches inland along the A494 road and includes Pennal community; the total population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 1,282. In the 1800s, Aberdyfi was at its peak as a port. Major exports were oak bark. Ship building was based in seven shipyards in Penhelig where 45 sailing ships were built between 1840 and 1880; the railway came to Aberdyfi in 1863 built by the Welsh Coast Railway. The first train was ferried across the river, as the line to Dovey Junction and Machynlleth was not completed until 1867. Due to public demand, this section had to use a long tunnel behind Aberdyfi, further major earthworks and tunnels were needed along the bank of the river.

This line, which became part of the Cambrian Railways, the Great Western Railway, is scenic. A jetty was built with railway lines connecting it with the wharf and the main line; the Aberdyfi & Waterford Steamship Company imported livestock from Ireland which were taken further by the railway. Coal and timber were imported. Local coastal shipping links with Liverpool were strong, with many Aberdyfi men sailing on international voyages from Liverpool; the S. S. Dora was one of the last ships trading between Aberdyfi and Liverpool and was scuttled, with no loss of life, by a German submarine in 1917; the jetty and wharf continued in commercial use for coal until 1959. After prolonged negotiations, redevelopments from 1968–1971, including rebuilding the jetty, led to their present use for recreational purposes; some local fishing still occurs. The first Outward Bound centre was opened in Aberdyfi in 1941. Many of their activities involve the river and jetty; the first Aberdyfi lifeboat was bought in 1837.

Run by the RNLI since 1853, it has taken part in many rescues, sometimes with loss of life of crew members. The current lifeboat, an Atlantic 75, is housed in the boathouse by the jetty and is launched using a lifeboat tractor, it is averaging about 25 emergency launches each year. Chapels in Aberdyfi include the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist chapel, the English Presbyterian chapel, the Wesleyan Methodist chapel, the Welsh Independent congregational chapel; the Church in Wales is St Peter's. Road access to Aberdyfi is by the A493, with Tywyn four miles to the north and Machynlleth 11 miles to the east. Aberdyfi is on the Cambrian Coast railway line; the village of Aberdyfi has two railway stations and Penhelig. Trains on the Cambrian Line are operated by Transport for Wales; the local bus service is operated by Lloyds Coaches with services to Tywyn, where a connection can be made for Dolgellau, to Machynlleth, where connections are available to Aberystwyth. A ferry used to operate across the River Dyfi to Ynyslas.

The last ferryman was Ellis Williams. Popular recreational activities focus on the beach and watersports, such as windsurfing, fishing, crabbing and canoeing on the estuary. Activities in Aberdyfi The Dovey Yacht Club has a prominent position on the river front of the village, it was founded in 1949 and helped develop the popularity of the GP14 ding


Cytinus is a genus of parasitic flowering plants. Species in this genus do not produce chlorophyll, but rely on its host plant. Cytinus parasitizes Cistus and Halimium, two genera of plants in the Cistaceae family, it has been found on Ptilostemon chamaepeuce. Several species are found in the Mediterranean Region, South Africa, with a undescribed species from Madagascar. C. capensis and C. sanguineus are dioecious. C. Hypocistis has been shown to infect Halimium halimifolium and Cistus monspeliensis in Portugal; the genus Cytinus was included in the parasitic family Rafflesiaceae, but is now put into the family Cytinaceae, together with the genus Bdallophytum with four species. Cytinus ruber is now a subspecies of C. hypocistis. The young C. hypocistis is cooked as an asparagus substitute and an extract has been used in herbal medicine for dysentery, throat tumors and as an astringent. C. ruber is edible and was used in folk medicine as an emmenagogue. Cytinus capensis — South Africa Cytinus hypocistis — Mediterranean from Morocco to southern France and Turkey Cytinus ruber - Mediterranean Cytinus sanguineus — South Africa Cytinus visseri — South Africa Govaerts, R. & Nickrent, D.

L.: 658. Cytinus ruber Cytinaceae. Bot. Mag. 26: 314-321. Nickrent, Daniel L.. BMC Evolutionary Biology 4: 40. Doi:10.1186/1471-2148-4-40 Thorogood, C. J. & Hiscock, S. J.: Host Specificity in the Parasitic Plant Cytinus hypocistis. Research Letters in Ecology. Doi:10.1155/2007/84234 Burgoyne, P. M.: A new species of Cytinus from South Africa and Swaziland, with a key to the Southern African species. Novon 16: 315-319. Abstract Cytinaceae References Pictures of type specimens from South Africa


Aitape is a small town of about 18,000 people on the north coast of Papua New Guinea in the Sandaun Province. It is a coastal settlement, equidistant from the provincial capitals of Wewak and Vanimo, marks the midpoint of the highway between these two capitals. Aitape has 240 V power, telephone, a bank, a post-office, a courthouse and a police station, a supermarket and many tradestores, a petrol station, two airstrips, two secondary schools, a mission office and a hospital. Aitape was established as a train station by German colonists in 1905 as part of German New Guinea. During the Second World War the town was occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army. Aitape can be reached by logging road from Wewak. Boats leave Aitape Harbor to Vanimo and Wewak. There are two airstrips: Tadji, where most flights land, Aitape. Tadji airstrip is located 10 km east of town. First contact between the Aitape area and the outside world is believed to have occurred during the 15th century when large sailing expeditions arrived from China.

It is certain that Malay fishing fleets were active along the Sepik coastline from the early 17th century when island inhabitants were recruited as navigators for these Malay fishing vessels. The first Christian missionary arrived in the Aitape area in 1896, it was Societatis Verbi Divini from Holland. The first mission station was established on the island of Tumleo in 1896. A second station was set up at Pro on the mainland the following year; the inhabitants of Pro requested that the mission station be established to protect them from raids by much larger settlements. The major native settlements at the time were at Sissano and Arop; the island settlements of Tumleo and Seleo made up the next group of main settlements. Both the Siau and Bakla would band together annually for major trading expeditions taking in the Aitape coastline to the south east areas around Wewak. German authorities found it difficult to colonize the Bakla of the Aitape area; the Aitape area was described as uncontrolled during the German colonial period.

Still, the Germans built a solid prison at Aitape and installed a powerful radio station which maintained quality communication with Europe. In 1908, the Aitape coastline was struck by a major tsunami event resulting in the collapse of an area of coastline between Arop and Sissano creating the Sissano Lagoon. By 1914 there were 6 new stations established along the coast; the town along with the rest of German New Guinea passed to Australian control after the First World War and became part of the Territory of New Guinea. During the Second World War the town was occupied, along with the rest of the Territory of New Guinea, by the Imperial Japanese Army. During the recapture American forces bypassed the Japanese 18th Army based at Wewak, taking Aitape on 22 April 1944. A base was repulsed a major Japanese counter-attack; the Americans were content to hold Aitape and not advance far towards Wewak. In fact, Aitape was captured as part of a 3-pronged invasion by the Allies. There was little or no strategic gain to be had in doing so as the Japanese force based at Wewak no longer posed a real threat – cut off, short of supplies, weakened from battle and diseases.

In mid-1944, General Douglas MacArthur, the American Commander-in-Chief of Allied forces in the South-West Pacific Area, secured an agreement from the Australian government for Australian forces to take over at Aitape. MacArthur continued island hopping in preparation for the re-capture of the Philippines; the Aitape-Wewak campaign was the final Australian military campaign on mainland New Guinea. It ran from November 1944 to the war's end in August 1945, it was fought by Australian Imperial Force with air and naval support. Australian intelligence soldier Leonard Siffleet was beheaded by Japanese on Aitape beach 24 October 1943. In July 1998, the area surrounding the town suffered from a destructive tsunami that killed over 2,000 people. A magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred offshore and triggered a large undersea landslide that generated the tsunami. The area worst hit was Warapu village about 8 km west of Aitape; the village was situated on a narrow spit between a large lagoon. It is estimated that waves with an average height of 10.5 metres passed over the spit into the lagoon.

East Aitape Rural LLG West Aitape Rural LLG

Joe Gill (actor)

Joe Gill is a British actor, known for playing the part of Finn Barton in the ITV soap opera Emmerdale. Gill made his acting debut during an episode on Casualty as Moxy Price in the episode titled "What You Believe" in August 2013. Gill made his first screen appearance in Emmerdale on 6 December 2013; the character and casting was announced on 5 November 2013. Of his casting, Gill said, "I'm grateful to be given this opportunity; the cast and crew have been class with me so far and the fact I'm able to learn from these experienced professionals everyday is just brilliant. I'm hoping my character can contribute to how amazing the show is doing at the moment." Gill left Emmerdale in late 2017 when his character was killed off unexpectedly, although the storyline had been in the works for the better part of a year. During the course of 2018/19 Gill performed in'The Full Monty' on stage with Gary Lucy, Kai Owen, Andrew Dunn, James Redmond and Louis Emerick, he portrayed'Lomper' Joe Gill on IMDb

Sharad Diwadkar

Sharad Jagannath Diwadkar was a Bombay cricketer. He was an off-spinning all-rounder who played 82 first class matches between 1957-58 and 1973-74. Diwadkar's best match bowling figures were 11 for 146, when he helped State Bank of India recover from a first-innings deficit to win the final of the 1966-67 Moin-ud-Dowlah Gold Cup Tournament over Indian Starlets by 16 runs, his best innings figures were 6 for 19, off 20 overs, when Bombay beat Saurashtra by an innings in the 1965-66 Ranji Trophy. He made his highest score of 177 in the Ranji Trophy final of 1963-64, when Bombay defeated Rajasthan. Cricinfo Profile Cricketarchive Profile Makarand Waingankar, "This Jimmy couldn't play for India"

2009–10 Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball team

The 2009–10 Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball team represented Louisiana Tech University in the 2009–10 men's college basketball season. This was Kerry Rupp's 3rd season as head coach; the Bulldogs played their home games at Thomas Assembly Center and compete in the Western Athletic Conference. They finished the season 24–11, 9–7 in WAC play and lost in the semifinals of the 2010 WAC Men's Basketball Tournament, they were invited to the 2010 Tournament where they advanced to the quarterfinals before falling to Missouri State. In the WAC preseason polls, released October 20 via media teleconference La Tech was selected to finish 5th in the coaches poll and 6th in the media poll. Sr. Kyle Gibson was selected to the coaches All-WAC second team. Source Source All times are Central On December 7, Sr. Kyle Gibson was named the WAC player of the week for the fourth week of the season with weekly averages of 27.5 PPG, 6.5 RPG, 4.0 AST, 1.5 Steals and 59.3 FG%. On January 4, So. Olu Ashaolu was named the WAC player of the week for the eighth week of the season with weekly averages of 15.5 PPG, 16.5 RPG, 1.5 AST, 0.5 Steals and 52.4 FG%.

Louisiana Tech Bulldogs basketball 2009–10 WAC men's basketball season