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2016 Prince Edward Island electoral reform referendum

The 2016 Plebiscite on Democratic Renewal was a non-binding referendum on electoral reform held in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island between 27 October – 7 November 2016. This was the second electoral reform referendum to be held in Prince Edward Island, following a vote to maintain the status quo in 2005; the referendum asked which of five voting systems residents would prefer to use in electing members to the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island. The referendum, after four instant run-off rounds, indicated mixed member proportional representation was the preferred choice with 55.03% support on the final ballot. Despite a variety of voting options and a long voting period, the final 36.46% turnout was low by PEI standards. The province gets more than 80% turnout in provincial general elections. Although no defined threshold of minimum turnout had been set, Premier Wade MacLauchlan cited the low turnout as a factor in choosing not to proceed with immediate electoral reform.

Instead, a third referendum on the subject was held in 2019. The official question on the ballot was: "Rank the following electoral systems in your order of preference, 1 through 5. You may choose as many, or as few, of the electoral system options as you want." The options were listed alphabetically on the ballot as: Dual Member Proportional Representation First-Past-The-Post First-Past-The-Post Plus Leaders Mixed Member Proportional Representation Preferential Voting The result of the plebiscite was found by using the Preferential Voting system, itself one of the options for elections being considered. Voters were given the opportunity to rank the five options from most preferred to least preferred, although they did not have to rank all five options. If more than half of the voters chose one option as their first choice, that option won; the option with the fewest votes was dropped, those ballots were distributed to the other options based on the second choice on those ballots. This was repeated as necessary.

After four counts, the Mixed Member Proportional Representational option received a majority of the votes, followed by the existing first-past-the-post system. This plebiscite marked several firsts in Canadian electoral history. Sixteen- and seventeen-year-old PEI residents were permitted to vote on the grounds that they will be aged eighteen in the next provincial election, which would be held using the voting system that wins this plebiscite; as well, plebiscite voters were able to submit their votes online or via touch-tone telephone for the first time in a major Canadian vote. Internet and telephone voting was open from 12:00 noon Saturday 29 October 2016 and ran until 7:00 p.m. on Monday, 7 November 2016. In-person voting was open in polling stations across the province on Friday, 4 November 2016, 4:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m. and Saturday, 5 November 2016, 10:00 a.m. - 8:00 p.m. Premier Wade MacLauchlan said after the vote that he is doubtful the result of the referendum "can be said to constitute a clear expression of the will of Prince Edward Islanders" due to the unusually low turnout.

MacLauchlan did commit to discussing the results when the provincial legislature resumed on 15 November 2016. MacLauchlan's government introduced a motion in the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island to hold a second referendum on electoral reform at the next provincial general election, stating that the low turnout for the referendum did not provide a mandate to implement the change and the need for a more specific referendum question with two choices. A motion by Green Party leader Peter Bevan-Baker to implement mixed-member proportional representation in line with the referendum results was defeated on 22 November 2016 by a vote of 6–20; the next Prince Edward Island electoral reform referendum was held on 23 April 2019 with the 66th Prince Edward Island general election. Results of this referendum were close with 51.7% voting No and 48.3% voting Yes. Neither side met the conditions for the results to be considered binding. Official website

Patrice Holloway

Patrice Yvonne Holloway was an American soul and pop singer. Patrice Yvonne Holloway was born on March 23, 1951 in Los Angeles, the youngest of three children born to Wade Holloway, Sr. and his wife, the former Johnnie Mae Fossett. Patrice is the younger sister of Motown artist Brenda Holloway. Holloway had a contract with Motown, recording songs such as "The Touch of Venus" and "For the Love of Mike", none of which were released, she recorded a few minor singles for the Capitol Records label during the mid-1960s, notably "Love And Desire", "Ecstasy" and "Stolen Hours", which became popular on the Northern Soul scene in the 1970s. She sang background vocals with her sister on many records for other artists, including Joe Cocker and the Grease Band's 1968 cover version of The Beatles' "With a Little Help from My Friends" the theme song to the 1980s television series The Wonder Years. Patrice recorded the soul classic, "Stay With Your Own Kind", noteworthy for its direct treatment of inter-racial relationships at a time when this was controversial.

Patrice co-wrote'You've Made Me So Very Happy', which in 1969 rose to No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 when the band Blood Sweat & Tears covered it, two years after it was co-written and recorded by her sister Brenda. Holloway is most noted for her work as the singing voice of Valerie in Hanna-Barbera's 1970 Josie and the Pussycats television series and on the concurrent Josie and the Pussycats album. Valerie was the first female African-American cartoon character to star as a television series regular, was nearly cut from the show by Hanna-Barbera. Record producer Danny Janssen demanded that Holloway—and therefore Valerie—remain in the show, as he felt her voice was necessary to produce the Jackson 5-esque bubblegum pop that H-B had requested he produce, it is Patrice's voice that does lead on the series' theme song,'Josie and The Pussycats,' amongst many other songs. After the first season of Josie, Holloway recorded a few solo singles, produced by Janssen, for Capitol Records. Neither she, nor Pussycats bandmates Cheryl Ladd and Cathy Dougher, performed the songs for the second-season episodes, which were titled Josie and the Pussycats in Outer Space.

Holloway died of a heart attack at the age of 55 on October 3, 2006. 1963: "Stevie" b/w " The Boy of My Dreams" 1966: "Stolen Hours" b/w "Lucky, My Boy" 1967: "Love and Desire" b/w "Ecstasy" 1967: "Stay with Your Own Kind" b/w "That's All You Got To Do" 1971: "That's The Chance You Gotta Take" b/w "Evidence" 1972: "Black Mother Goose" b/w "That's The Chance You Gotta Take" 1968: "With a Little Help from My Friends" – Joe Cocker1969 "Someday We'll Be Together" Diana Ross & the Supremes 1969 "Sunshower" Thelma Houston 1970 Reach Out & Touch Diana Ross 1971: GandharvaBeaver & Krause 1972: MoonshotBuffy Sainte-Marie Patrice Holloway at AllMusic Remembering Patrice Holloway Patrice Holloway at Find a Grave

2007 Cricket World Cup qualification

The 2007 Cricket World Cup was contested between 16 of the 97 countries that are members of the International Cricket Council. The 11 teams with One-Day International status at the time of drafting qualified automatically for the World Cup. Meanwhile, the 86 other members of the ICC played off in a series of tournaments to capture one of the remaining five spots in the World Cup. Held in Austria in August 2003, the European Cricket Council Trophy 2003 was contested by 11 teams across 3 preliminary groups; the top four teams from these groups progressed through to a championship group, where each team played each other once. Group Stages: Group Standings: Norway, Greece and Austria progressed to the Championship Group. Final Standings: Norway qualified to participate in European Championships 2nd Division 2004, after finishing on top of the championship group. Held in Africa during March 2004, 8 teams played off in two groups of four. After each team has played one game against the other three teams in their pool, the top two teams advanced to the next round.

The two top teams in each group progressed, playing semi-finals, a third-place play-off and a final, where South Africa Country Districts defeated Botswana. Final Standings: In bold: Advanced to the ICC Six Nations WCQS Tournament Botswana qualified to participate in the ICC Six Nations WCQS Tournament, after being the country with the highest standing at the end of the tournamentIn italics: Won tournament but was not eligible to advance to next the stage South Africa Country Districts were undefeated throughout the tournament, but because they were not a country, were not eligible to advance to the ICC Six Nations WCQS Tournament Similarly to the African Affiliates playoff, the Americas Affiliates Championship was contested in March 2004 to decide the team that would progress through to the next round. Five ICC Affiliate members played off in a round-robin format from 23 March to 27 March, playing each other once. Competed in Belgium in 2004 and separate to the 1st Division Championships for the first time, six countries played off on four grounds in Antwerp and Mechelen.

Italy went through unbeaten, qualifying for a play off at the ICC World Cup Qualifying Series Division 2 for the twelfth and final place for the 2005 ICC Trophy. Hosted in Malaysia in June 2004, the ACC Trophy was contested by 15 countries divided into four groups; the tournament progressed into a knockout phase, with the top two teams from each group progressing to the quarter finals. At the end of the tournament, the runner-up Oman and the winner United Arab Emirates, did enough to secure themselves a spot in the ICC Trophy. Both Namibia and Uganda qualified for the ICC Trophy after they finished ahead of the other four teams in a round robin tournament played in Zambia in August 2004. Though the tournament isn't considered to be a qualification tournament, the European Championship is considered to be the most important European tournament on the calendar. Contested by Denmark, Ireland, Scotland as well as an ECB England XI, the format is a round robin tournament, with the winner being the team that finishes on top.

Denmark, Holland and Scotland were guaranteed a direct spot into the ICC Trophy, with the ECB XI being ineligible. Bermuda hosted the 2004 Americas Cricket Championship in July 2004, played as a round robin tournament with the top three out of the six teams progressing through to the ICC Trophy. Japan hosted the tournament from May 25 to May 29, 2004, with teams from Fiji, Indonesia and Tonga contesting in a round robin format, with the top two ranked teams and Tonga, playing in a final to decide the tournament winner. Fiji beat Tonga in the final by 181 runs, hence qualifying to the ICC World Cup Qualifying Series Division 2; this new event for the eight teams that had narrowly missed out on direct qualification for the ICC Trophy was played in Malaysia in February 2005. Two groups of four teams each played each other in a round robin stage, with the top two teams from each group progressing to a knockout stage, where the winners would progress to a final. Papua New Guinea emerged winners in Kuala Lumpur on 26 February.

Papua New Guinea therefore managed to grab the final spot into the ICC Trophy. Group A Group B The 2005 ICC Trophy was a cricket tournament held in Ireland between 1 July and 13 July, it was an international one-day tournament played over 50 overs per side between 12 associate members of the International Cricket Council. It came with the prize of a place in the 2007 Cricket World Cup for the five top-ranked teams, with the prize of official One Day International status from 1 January 2006 for the five top-ranked teams along with Kenya, given official one-day status till the 2009 Trophy. On 7 July, Bermuda and Canada qualified for the semi-finals. With that, they won places in the 2007 Cricket World Cup and, from 1 January 2006, official One Day International status. On 11 July, the Netherlands achieved this by beating the UAE to finish fifth. Scotland won the tournament, beating Ireland in the final

Mighty Milky Way

Mighty Milky Way is an action puzzle video game for the Nintendo DSi. It is the second title after Mighty Flip Champs! in the Mighty series from WayForward Technologies. The game was released for download through DSiWare on May 9, 2011 in North America and May 27, 2011 in Europe, it was the last game released for the Nintendo DS in Japan. Mighty Milky Way tasks players with guiding Luna, a French-speaking extraterrestrial, safely towards a portal at the end of each level while avoiding enemies and electric barrels; each level is filled with small planets, each with their own center of gravity, which Luna walks around clockwise at a speed controlled by the player. By kicking off of planets, in some cases destroying them, Luna can propel herself through space in a specific direction, sometimes swayed by a planet's gravity. Kicking off a planet causes any enemies on it to fly off its orbit, which can be used to destroy other obstacles. By collecting pieces of candy, Luna can create additional planets to help her navigate difficult sections.

The game received "favorable" reviews according to the review aggregation website Metacritic. Reviewing for IGN, Lucas M. Thomas praised the game's unusual design, described the game as challenging. Thomas said the game requires repeated attempts for each level but that "Mighty Milky Way's frustrations always feel like the good kind". Official website Mighty Milky Way at MobyGames

British Wreck Commissioner's inquiry into the sinking of the RMS Titanic

The sinking of the RMS Titanic on 15 April 1912 resulted in an inquiry by the British Wreck Commissioner on behalf of the British Board of Trade. The inquiry was overseen by High Court judge Lord Mersey, was held in London from 2 May to 3 July 1912; the hearings took place at the London Scottish Drill Hall, at 59 Buckingham Gate, London SW1. There were a total of 42 days of official investigation. Lord Mersey and the various counsels and experts in marine law and shipping architecture, questioned White Star Line officials, government officials, surviving passengers and crew, those who had aided the rescue efforts. Organisations represented by legal counsels included shipping unions and government organisations. Nearly 100 witnesses testified; the questioning resulted in a report that contained a detailed description of the ship, an account of the ship's journey, a description of the damage caused by the iceberg, an account of the evacuation and rescue. The final report was published on 30 July 1912.

Its recommendations, along with those of the earlier United States Senate inquiry that had taken place in the month after the sinking, led to changes in safety practices following the disaster. The sinking of the RMS Titanic, a trans-Atlantic passenger liner operated by White Star Line, occurred in the early hours of 15 April 1912 while the ship was on its maiden voyage from Southampton, UK, to New York, United States; the sinking was caused by a collision with an iceberg in the North Atlantic some 700 nautical miles east of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Over 1500 passengers and crew died, with some 710 survivors in Titanic's lifeboats rescued by RMS Carpathia a few hours later. There was some confusion in both the United States and the UK over the extent of the disaster, with some newspapers at first reporting that the ship and the passengers and crew were safe. By the time Carpathia reached New York, it had become clear that Titanic, reputed to be unsinkable, had sunk and many had died. Official inquiries were set up in both countries to investigate the circumstances of the disaster.

When news of the disaster reached the UK government the responsibility for initiating an inquiry lay with the Board of Trade, the organisation responsible for British maritime regulations and whose inspectors had certified Titanic as seaworthy before her maiden voyage. On 22 April 1912, Sydney Buxton, President of the Board of Trade, asked Lord Loreburn, the Lord Chancellor, to set up a commission of inquiry; the Lord Chancellor appointed Lord Mersey as the inquiry's President. The resultant hearings took place from 2 May to 3 July 1912 at the London Scottish Drill Hall, on Buckingham Gate; the location was chosen for its large size, as sizeable audiences were expected, but turned out to have terrible acoustics that made it hard to hear what was going on. The last two days were held at Caxton Hall, Westminster due to the Scottish Drill Hall being booked for an examination. To assist the inquiry, Titanic's builders Harland and Wolff provided a 20 feet half-model of the ship showing its starboard side, next to, mounted a large map showing the North Atlantic shipping lanes and locations of sea ice.

The Attorney General for England and Wales, Sir Rufus Isaacs, gave the commission a list of 26 questions concerning issues such as Titanic's construction, how she had been navigated and the ice warnings received prior to the collision with the iceberg. A further question was added after the inquiry began concerning the role played by SS Californian, in the vicinity of Titanic but had not rendered assistance to the sinking ship; those carrying out the questioning and representation included legal counsels, assessors and experts in marine law and shipping architecture. The five assessors consisted of Rear Admiral the Honourable Somerset Gough-Calthorpe. Involved were the Attorney General, Sir Rufus Isaacs, Robert Finlay, Thomas Scanlan, Clement Edwards. Organisations represented; the maritime law firm Hill Dickinson represented the White Star Line. Other counsel included Hamar Greenwood and Henry Duke, the solicitor-general John Simon, the prime minister's son Raymond Asquith, Sidney Rowlatt, Edward Maurice Hill.

Organisations with counsel representing or watching on their behalf included the Board of Trade, the White Star Line, the National Sailors' and Firemen's Union of Great Britain and Ireland, the Chamber of Shipping of the United Kingdom, the British Seafarers' Union, the Imperial Merchant Service Guild, the Marine Engineers' Association, the National Union of Stewards, the builders of the ship and Wolff. Organisations with representatives watching the proceedings were Allan Line Royal Mail Steamers, Canadian Pacific Railway, Leyland Line. During 36 days of official investigations, testimony was recorded from nearly 100 witnesses in the form of answers to set questions that the process was designed to answer; these questions, combined with sometimes extensive cross-examination, resulted in over 25,000 questions being recorded in the official court records. With a cost of nearly £20,000, it was the longest and most detailed court of inquiry in British history up to that time; those testifying included survivin