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Abraham Lincoln: The Man

Abraham Lincoln: The Man is a larger-than-life size 12-foot bronze statue of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States. The original statue is in Lincoln Park in Chicago, several replicas have been installed in other places around the world. Completed by Augustus Saint-Gaudens in 1887, it has been described as the most important sculpture of Lincoln from the 19th century. At the time, the New York Evening Post called it "the most important achievement American sculpture has yet produced." Abraham Lincoln II, Lincoln's only grandson, was present, among a crowd at the unveiling. The artist created the Seated Lincoln sculpture in Chicago's Grant Park; the sculpture depicts a contemplative Lincoln about to give a speech. It is set upon a pedestal and, in Chicago, an exedra designed by architect Stanford White. Chicago businessman Eli Bates provided $40,000 in his will for the statue. Saint-Gaudens was specially selected for the commission after a design competition failed to produce a winning artist.

Saint-Gaudens, who revered the President, had seen Lincoln at the time of his inauguration, viewed Lincoln's body lying in state. For his design, the artist relied on a life mask and hand casts made of Lincoln in 1860 by Leonard W. Volk. While planning and working on the Standing Lincoln, Saint-Gaudens was first enticed to what would become his home and studio, an associated artist's colony. To convince him to vacation near Cornish, New Hampshire, a friend told him the area had "many Lincoln-shaped men"; the sculpture's naturalism influenced a generation of artists. The monument was a favorite of Hull House founder Jane Addams, who once wrote, "I walked the wearisome way from Hull-House to Lincoln Park... in order to look at and gain magnanimous counsel from the statue." Journalist Andrew Ferguson discusses the statue at length in his book Land of Lincoln, writing that the statue presents "a sort of world-weariness that seems kind". The City of Chicago awarded the monument landmark status on December 12, 2001.

It is located near the Chicago History North Avenue. Replicas of the statue stand at Lincoln Tomb in Springfield, Parque Lincoln in Mexico City, Parliament Square in London; the Parliament Square statue was given to Britain in July 1920. The American Ambassador made a formal presentation at Central Hall, where Prime Minister David Lloyd George accepted the gift on behalf of the people of Britain; the Mexico City statue was presented by United States President Lyndon Johnson to the people of Mexico in 1964. Johnson received a small copy of the bust from the statue, which since is seen displayed in the Oval Office of the White House. In 2016, a newly cast replica of the full-height statue was installed in the garden at Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site in Cornish. From 1910 onwards, Saint-Gaudens' widow, oversaw the casting of a number of smaller replicas of the statue, reduced to under one-third the size of the original. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: first cast – sold to Clara Stone Hay, 1911 on display in Washington.

The sculpture belonged to the family of Lincoln's White House aide John Hay. Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven: second cast – gift of Allison Armour, 1937 purchased by George Armour Harvard Art Museums: third cast – purchased from Doll & Richards, Boston, by Grenville L. Winthrop, 1912 Hotchkiss School: donated by Homer Sawyer in 1939–40 Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh: gift of Charles Rosenbloom, 1943 Chazy School District, New York: purchased 1923 by William H. Miner Detroit Institute of Art: donated by Mrs Walter O. Briggs, 1952 Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills: cast in 1940 by Gorham Greenfield Village and Henry Ford Museum, Michigan: gift of the Ford Motor Company Carnegie Library, Jackson District Library, Michigan: gift, 1915 Lincoln Memorial University Library, Tennessee: donated by Sarah Lynn in memory of her husband, John Lynn, in 1938 Lincoln Tomb, Illinois Newark Museum, New Jersey: gift of Franklin Murphy, 1920 Saint-Gaudens Memorial, New Hampshire: donated by Augusta Saint-Gaudens, 1919 Fay School, Massachusetts Abraham Lincoln School of Languages, Cuba List of public art in Chicago List of public art in Mexico City Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Master Sculptor, exhibition catalog online as PDF from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on this statue

Welcome to My Truth

"Welcome to My Truth" is a song by American recording artist Anastacia from her third studio album, Anastacia. Written by Anastacia, Kara DioGuardi, John Shanks and released as the album's third single in Europe on November 8, 2004, the song chronicles Anastacia's strained relationship with her father, who left her at a young age, along with the singer's battle with breast cancer. While "Welcome to My Truth" failed to match overall the success of its predecessors, "Left Outside Alone" and "Sick and Tired", it fared well in certain European nations, such as Italy, the Netherlands, Spain; the song was well received by music critics. Andy Gill of The Independent wrote that this song is connected to Anastacia's battle with cancer:"It's more to be the trigger behind the anthemic positivism of "Welcome to My Truth." Directed by Diane Martel, the video was filmed in the Napa County, California, on July 17–18, 2004. In the music video, a young girl is seen watching her parents having a fight, while clips are shown of Anastacia in a garden singing that "she has hit about a million walls".

The father – played by actor Wade Williams – reluctantly leaves the house and waves goodbye to the little girl. At the second verse, the little girl is shown playing with toys and watching TV with her brother and mother; when the chorus reprises, the girl is at school painting a portrait of Mona Lisa, for which she is given a medal. When she gets home, she sticks the number-one prize to the refrigerator so that her mother could see it and be proud of her; the mother, does not take notice of her prize and walks by it, which upsets the child. Next, the child is shown painting a happy painting at nighttime. Anastacia is seen hugging the girl in a garden, as Anastacia's past and present collide we can see she is overcoming her pain; the painting the child creates represents that though her life is not as perfect as she wants it to be, she can still be happy. UK CD 1"Welcome to My Truth" – 4:03 "Left Outside Alone" UK CD 2"Welcome to My Truth" – 4:03 "The Saddest Part" – 4:10 "Left Outside Alone" – 3:48 "Welcome to My Truth" – 4:06 "Welcome to My Truth" European CD single"Welcome to My Truth" – 4:03 "The Saddest Part" – 4:10European CD maxi single"Welcome to My Truth" – 4:03 "The Saddest Part" – 4:10 "Sick and Tired" – 3:59 "Welcome to My Truth" Australian CD single"Welcome to My Truth" – 4:03 "The Saddest Part" – 4:10 "Sick and Tired" – 3:59 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Fabius Valens

Fabius Valens of Anagnia was a Roman commander favoured by Nero. In 69 he was commander of Legio I Germanica based in Germania Inferior; when the troops refused to endorse the new emperor Galba after Nero's death, he had them proclaim Vitellius, the governor of Germania Inferior, as emperor. The forces supporting Vitellius were divided into two armies for the march on Rome, one of them commanded by Valens, the other by Aulus Caecina Alienus. Valens' troops took a route through Gaul to recruit additional soldiers joining with the Vitellian army led by Caecina at Cremona. By Galba had been killed and Otho had been proclaimed emperor at Rome. Otho's forces met the combined Vitellian armies at the first Battle of Bedriacum. Valens and Caecina won a decisive victory, Otho committed suicide when he heard the news of his army's defeat, allowing Vitellius to make a triumphant entry into Rome. However, the armies in the east had proclaimed Vespasian as emperor, two armies supporting Vespasian marched on Rome.

The first to reach Italy was composed of five legions from Pannonia and Moesia, commanded by Antonius Primus. Valens was ill at the time, so that the force that Vitellius despatched from Rome to counter this threat was commanded by Caecina. Caecina tried to betray Vitellius and proclaim Vespasian as emperor, but his army refused to follow his lead, put him in chains. By this time Valens had recovered from his illness and was on his way to join the army, but before he could reach his men, the Vitellian forces had been defeated by Antonius at the second Battle of Bedriacum. Valens tried to continue the struggle, departed by ship from Pisa for Gaul to try to raise new troops, he put in at Hercules Monoecus but was advised not to try to march inland as a procurator named Valerius Paulus had raised a strong force from former members of Otho's Praetorian Guard. These had been dismissed from the service after Vitellius' victory, but were only too ready to re-enlist to support Vitellius' rival. Valens therefore sailed on, was cast up by a storm on the Stoechades.

Here he was caught by surprise by some galleys sent after him by Valerius Paulinus, captured. Paulinus sent him back to Italy, his head was taken to Narni to be shown to the Vitellian troops who were still resisting there and had been hoping that Valens would return with reinforcements. The sight of Valens' head was enough to persuade them to surrender. One anecdote says that he appeared on the music-stage hall at Nero's coming of age celebrations, not at the command of Nero but voluntarily. At the time this was frowned upon, many people thought that he was a man of fashion. P. A. L. Greenhalgh, The Year of the Four Emperors and Nicolson, 1975