Abruzzo or Abruzzi is a region of Southern Italy with an area of 10,763 square km and a population of 1.2 million. It is divided into four provinces: L'Aquila, Teramo and Chieti, its western border lies 80 km east of Rome. Abruzzo borders the region of Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east, the Adriatic Sea to the east. Geographically, Abruzzo is divided into a mountainous area in the west, which includes the Gran Sasso d'Italia, a coastal area in the east with beaches on the Adriatic Sea. Abruzzo is considered a region of Southern Italy in terms of its culture, language and economy, although geographically it may be considered central; the Italian Statistical Authority deems it to be part of Southern Italy because of Abruzzo's historic association with the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. Abruzzo is known as "the greenest region in Europe" as half of its territory, the largest in Europe, is set aside as national parks and protected nature reserves. There are three national parks, one regional park, 38 protected nature reserves.
These ensure the survival of 75% of Europe's living species, including rare species such as the golden eagle, the Abruzzo chamois, the Apennine wolf and the Marsican brown bear. Abruzzo is home to Calderone, Europe's southernmost glacier; the visiting nineteenth-century Italian diplomat and journalist Primo Levi said that the adjectives "forte e gentile" best describe the beauty of the region and the character of its people. "Forte e gentile" has since become the motto of its inhabitants. Abruzzo is divided into four administrative provinces: Human settlements in Abruzzo have existed since at least the Neolithic times. A skeleton from Lama dei Peligni in the province of Chieti dates back to 6,540 BC under radiometric dating; the name Abruzzo appears to be derivative of the Latin word "Aprutium". In Roman times, the region was known as Picenum, Sabina et Samnium, Flaminia et Picenum, Campania et Samnium; the region was known as Aprutium in the Middle Ages, arising from four possible sources: it is a combination of Praetutium, or rather of the name of the people Praetutii, applied to their chief city, the old Teramo.
Many cities in Abruzzo date back to ancient times. Corfinio was known as Corfinium when it was the chief city of the Paeligni, was renamed Pentima by the Romans. Chieti is built on the site of the ancient city of Teate, Atri was known as Adria. Teramo, known variously in ancient times as Interamnia and Teramne, has Roman ruins which attract tourists. After the fall of the Roman Empire, a string of invasions and rulers dominated the region, including the Lombards and Hungarians. Between the 9th and 12th centuries, the region was dominated by the popes. Subsequently, the Normans took over, Abruzzo became part of the Kingdom of Sicily the Kingdom of Naples. Spain ruled the kingdom from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries; the French Bourbon dynasty took over in 1815, establishing the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, ruled until Italian unification in 1860. Until 1963, Abruzzo was part of the combined Abruzzi e Molise region; the term Abruzzi derives from the time. The territory was administered as Abruzzo Citeriore and Abruzzo Ulteriore I and II from Naples, the capital of the kingdom.
Abruzzo Citeriore is now Chieti province. Teramo and Pescara provinces now comprise what was Abruzzo Ulteriore I. Abruzzo Ulteriore II is now the province of L'Aquila. In the twentieth century, war had a great impact on the region. During the Second World War, Abruzzo was on the Gustav Line, part of the German's Winter Line. One of the most brutal battles was the Battle of Ortona. Abruzzo was the location of two prisoner of war camps, Campo 21 in Chieti, Campo 78 in Sulmona; the Sulmona camp served as a POW camp in World War 1. Geographically, Abruzzo is located in central Italy and southern Italy, stretching from the heart of the Apennines to the Adriatic Sea, includes mountainous and wild land; the mountainous land is occupied by a vast plateau, including Gran Sasso, at 2,912 metres the highest peak of the Apennines, Mount Majella at 2,793 metres. The Adriatic coastline is characterized by long sandy beaches to the North and pebbly beaches to the South. Abruzzo is well known for its landscapes and natural environment and nature reserves, characteristic hillside areas rich in vineyards and olive groves, one of the highest densities of Blue Flag beaches.
The Abruzzo region has two types of climate that are influenced by the Apennine Mountains, dividing the climate of the coastal and sub-Apennine hills from the interior's high mountain ranges. Coastal areas have a Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and mild winters and rainy hills with a sublittoral climate where temperatures decrease progressively with increasing altitude and precipitation with altitude. Precipitation is strongly affected by the presence of the Apennines mountain ridges of the region; the Adriatic coast are sidelined rainfall from the west to the barrier effect of the Apennines undergoing the action of gentle winds descending from it. The minimum annual r
The Courthouse Square Historic District is a national historic district located at Farmington, St. Francois County, Missouri; the district encompasses 26 contributing buildings in the central business district of Farmington. It developed between about 1871 and 1954, includes representative examples of Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, Late Victorian, Beaux Arts, Bungalow / American Craftsman style architecture. Located in the district is the separately listed St. Francois County Jail and Sheriff's Residence. Other notable buildings include the St. Francois County Courthouse, Rottger Building, Gierse Tailor Shop, Long Memorial Hall, Methodist Episcopal Church, Masonic Temple, Fitz Building, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004
Well Dunn known as The Southern Rockers, was a professional wrestling tag team that competed in several promotions in the United States. The team was composed of Rex King and Steve Doll, the team name "Well Dunn" was a play on the term "well done". Accordingly, King wrestled as "Timothy Well" and Doll as "Steven Dunn". King and Doll held championships in Pacific Northwest Wrestling, the United States Wrestling Association, the World Wrestling Council, Music City Wrestling, they are best known, for competing in the World Wrestling Federation from 1993 to 1995. In the WWF, Well Dunn faced the promotion's top tag teams and were contenders for the WWF Tag Team Championship, they had a feud with The Bushwhackers. The team split up in 1996 but reunited in 1998. During this reunion, Doll attacked the team disbanded permanently. Doll died from complications related to a blood clot in 2009, Well died in 2017 from kidney failure. Prior to teaming with Rex King, Steve Doll competed in Pacific Northwest Wrestling with partner Scott Peterson as the Southern Rockers.
The team was fashioned after The Rock'n' Roll Express, Doll and Peterson held the NWA Pacific Northwest Tag Team Championship together seven times. In 1989, Doll replaced Peterson with King, they won the tag team title by defeating Scotty the Body and The Grappler on August 26. After an inconclusive rematch on September 9, the title was vacated and another rematch was ordered, they held the title until PNW ordered it vacated again on November 4 after a match against Brian Adams and Jeff Warner. They dropped the title to Adams and The Grappler on December 14 but regained the belts by winning a rematch on January 27, 1990. In February 1990, the Southern Rockers vacated the championship and left PNW, they began competing for the United States Wrestling Association, where they won the USWA World Tag Team Championship. Three days after winning the title belts and Doll dropped them to Robert Fuller and Brian Lee, they regained them six days however. On April 28, they lost the title to The Uptown Posse but were able to regain it less than a month later.
On June 2, King competed in a handicap match. Unable to defeat both men, he lost the championship. Doll returned to PNW. King remained in Tennessee, he moved to Puerto Rico, where he wrestled for the World Wrestling Council. With Ricky Santana as his new partner, he held the WWC World Tag Team Championship twice; the team split up in May 1992 when Santana did not appear for a match to determine the winners of the vacant tag team title. The following month and King reunited to win the WWC World Tag Team Championship from Doug Masters and Ron Starr. On August 1, the title was vacated due to a controversial finish in a match against a tag team known as Solid Gold. King replaced Doll with Ray González to win the vacant title; the team got back together again in the USWA, where they defeated The Moondogs to win the tag team belts for a fourth time together. Due to an interpromotional agreement between the USWA and the World Wrestling Federation and King wrestled at several events alongside WWF wrestlers.
While in Tennessee, the team showed a "blatant disregard for the rules" and were involved in a storyline in which they were suspended indefinitely from the USWA as a result. On June 15, 1993, they wrestled in their first official WWF match and defeated the team of Tito Santana and Virgil, it was in the WWF that Well Dunn "first experienced widespread fame". In the WWF, they continued to wrestle as heels and were described as "among the sneakiest and most cunning" teams in the promotion; the team signed with the WWF and took on the new name Well Dunn, with Doll competing as Steven Dunn and King wrestling under the name Timothy Well. They wore bow ties in addition to wrestling singlets with thongs over top; this led wrestling author RD Reynolds to state that the team was "proof positive that bow ties and thongs do not match". The team made its WWF television debut on the July 8, 1993 episode of WWF Superstars in a lost to The Smoking Gunns. TheyAll-American Wrestling, teamed with Blake Beverly in a loss to Tatanka and The Steiner Brothers on July 16.
They continued to face the WWF's top face tag teams, including The Smoking Gunns and Men on a Mission. In August, manager Harvey Wippleman began appearing with the team. On the October 10 episode of All-American Wrestling, they defeated Smoky Mountain Wrestling Tag Team Champions The Rock'n' Roll Express by countout but did not win the championship. On October 8, 1993, Well Dunn wrestled their first match against The Bushwhackers, who became the team's longtime rivals. During a match against Men on a Mission, Timothy Well sustained an injury; this forced the team out of action in the WWF for several months, although they did return to competing in Tennessee. Upon their return to the WWF, Well Dunn had a short series of matches against WWF Tag Team Champions The Headshrinkers, including a match televised on WWF Wrestling Challenge. Well Dunn became involved in a storyline in which Adam Bomb, managed by Wippleman, turned on the manager and began wrestling as a face. On the August 13 episode of WWF Superstars, Well wrestled a singles match against Bomb.
This led to a blow off match one week in which Bomb teamed