Abu Sayyaf

Abu Sayyaf known by ISIL as the Islamic StateEast Asia Province, is a Jihadist militant and pirate group that follows the Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam. It is based in and around Jolo and Basilan islands in the southwestern part of the Philippines, where for more than four decades, Moro groups have been engaged in an insurgency seeking to make the province independent; the group is considered violent and was responsible for the Philippines' worst terrorist attack, the bombing of Superferry 14 in 2004, which killed 116 people. The name of the group is derived from the Arabic abu, sayyaf; as of 2012, the group was estimated to have between 200 and 400 members, down from 1,250 in 2000. They use improvised explosive devices and automatic rifles. Since its inception in 1989, the group has carried out bombings, kidnappings and extortion, they have been involved in criminal activities, including kidnapping, child sexual assault, forced marriage, drive-by shootings and drug trafficking. The goals of the group "appear to have alternated over time between criminal objectives and a more ideological intent".

The group has been designated as a terrorist group by Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom and the United States. From 15 January 2002 – 24 February 2015, fighting Abu Sayyaf became a mission of the American military's Operation Enduring Freedom and part of the Global War on Terrorism. Several hundred United States soldiers were stationed in the area to train local forces in counter-terror and counter-guerrilla operations, following a status of forces agreement and under Philippine law, they were not allowed to engage in direct combat; the group was founded by Abdurajak Abubakar Janjalani, led after his death in 1998 by his younger brother Khadaffy Janjalani until his death in 2006. On 23 July 2014, Abu Sayyaf leader Isnilon Hapilon swore an oath of loyalty to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIL. In September 2014, the group began kidnapping people for ransom, in the name of ISIL. In the early 1970s, the Moro National Liberation Front was the main Muslim rebel group fighting in Basilan and Mindanao.

Abdurajik Abubakar Janjalani, the older brother of Khadaffy Janjalani, had been a teacher from Basilan, who studied Islamic theology and Arabic in Libya and Saudi Arabia during the 1980s. Abdurajik went to Afghanistan to fight against the Soviet Union and the Afghan government during the Soviet–Afghan War. During that period, he is alleged to have met Osama Bin Laden and been given $6 million to establish a more Islamic group drawn from the MNLF; the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao was established in 1989 in part in response. Both Abdurajik Abubakar and Khadaffy were natives of Isabela City, one of the poorest cities of the Philippines. Located on the northwestern part of Basilan, Isabela is the capital of the province. Isabela City is administered under the Zamboanga Peninsula political region north of Basilan, while the rest of the island province of Basilan is since 1996 governed as part of ARMM to the east. In the early 1990s, MNLF moderated into an established political government, the ARMM.

It was established in 1989 institutionalized by 1996, became the ruling government in southern Mindanao. When Abdurajik returned to Basilan island in 1990, he gathered radical members of the old MNLF who wanted to resume armed struggle and in 1991 established the Abu Sayyaf. Janjalani was fundedby a Saudi Islamist, Mohammed Jamal Khalifa, who came to the Philippines in 1987 or 1988 and was head of the Philippine branch of the International Islamic Relief Organization foundation. A defector from Abu Sayyaf told Filipino authorities, "The IIRO was behind the construction of Mosques, school buildings, other livelihood projects" but only "in areas penetrated influenced and controlled by the Abu Sayyaf". According to the defector, "Only 10 to 30% of the foreign funding goes to the legitimate relief and livelihood projects and the rest go to terrorist operations". Khalifa married Alice "Jameelah" Yabo. By 1995, Abu Sayyaf was active in large-scale attacks; the first attack was the assault on the town of Ipil in Mindanao in April 1995.

This year marked the escape of 20-year-old Khadaffy Janjalani from Camp Crame in Manila along with another member named Jovenal Bruno. On 18 December 1998, Abdurajik was killed in a gun battle with the Philippine National Police on Basilan Island, he is thought to have been about 39. The death of Aburajik marked a turning point in Abu Sayyaf operations; the group shifted to kidnappings and robberies, under younger brother Khadaffy. Basilan and Sulu experienced some of the fiercest fights between government troops and Abu Sayyaf through the early 1990s. Abu Sayyaf operates in the southern Philippines with members traveling to Manila and other provinces, it was reported that Abu Sayyaf began expanding into neighboring Malaysia and Indonesia by the early 1990s. Abu Sayyaf is strongest of the Philippine Islamist separatist groups; some Abu Sayyaf members studied or worked in Saudi Arabia and developed ties to mujahadeen, while fighting and training in the war against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

Abu Sayyaf proclaimed themselves to be freedom fighters. Until his death in a gun battle on 4 September 2006, Khaddafy Janjalani was considered the nominal leader of the group by the Armed Forces of the Philippines. 23-year-old Khadaffy took leadership of one of the Abu Sayyaf's factions in an internecine struggle. He worked to consolidat

Narodny Tyl

Narodny Tyl — community organization, volunteering association which seeks to help Ukrainian military involved in an armed conflict with Russia. The future founders of the "Narodny Tyl" began to volunteering in the spring of 2014, during the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. Help begins with recharge cards, mobile military and grew into a broad military support to the Armed Forces of Ukraine and volunteer battalions; as of autumn 2014, the organization consisted of 30-40 volunteers who took part in the association. In August 2014 around the name "Narodny Tyl" conflict - the name was going to register on a politician and businessman Leo Partskhaladze. Once volunteers have expressed outrage, policies changed the name of their organization the "Narodny Tyl Ukrainy". A new NGO called "reliable rear", on which the incident has been exhausted. In late August, volunteer association "People's rear" registered as an NGO. On 20 December 2014 the office held an open house. Visitors to become acquainted with the activities within the organization and models of equipment, ask questions volunteers.

Association "Narodny Tyl" provides the necessities of military clothing, iron moveable wood stoves, modern military helmets, body armor and personal kits to the sights and telescopic sights, thermal imagers, cars, SUVs and equipped reanimobiles. Together with other volunteer projects organized production results, sleeping bags, etc. In August 2014 the volunteers "Narodny Tyl" with "Sisters of Victory" project launched by the French translation of the manual technique of warfare in urban environments. By the end of the year was published 500 copies of the 245-page manual.2014 the volunteers group "Narodny Tyl" created a website "Myrotvorets" that hosts a database of information on terrorists. With this base at checkpoints Ukrainian soldiers detain their accomplices. Intelligence agencies of different countries are interested in information collected. Medical unit sends soldiers medicines for general purpose and specialized individual first aid kits, staffed nearly NATO standards; the structure includes hemostatic Celox, Combat-Application-Tourniquets, bandages...

As of December 2014 the troops were transferred more than five thousand of these kits. The project provides Ukrainian troops with unmanned aerial vehicles for reconnaissance and fire adjustment. Volunteers provide training for future operators. At the end of 2014 was sent to the front 13 vehicles; the "Narodny Tyl wheels" vehicles for intelligence and special forces, ensure their maintenance. SUVs and minivans are modified, painted in protective color. For 6 months submitted 37 such cars; the organization purchased and sent to the front five ambulances. The "Narodny Tyl tablet computer" project was launched in November 2014 with tablet computers donated ASUS representative office in Ukraine. Maps and special software, books on military affairs are installed on the tablet computers. In summer 2015 Narodny Tyl was one of co-organizers of supplying books for school libraries in Luhansk Oblast; the project conducted auctions of paintings by famous artists. All funds received from the sale of works of art are going to fund other projects, "Narodny Tyl".

Volunteers Association "People's rear" were awarded by state awards: Order of Merit Third Class and Order of Princess Olga Third Class. Civil volunteer movement helping Ukrainian forces in the war in Donbass

Liam Smith (footballer, born 1995)

Liam Phillip Smith is an English professional footballer. He plays as a midfielder for Newcastle United. Smith graduated from the Newcastle United Academy in 2015, signing his first professional contract with the club. In March 2016, Smith joined Blackpool on a two-month youth loan deal, he made his professional debut in Blackpool's match against Coventry City in March 2016, played seven further games. In July 2016, Smith was signed on loan through to January 2017 by Crewe Alexandra, though he suffered an ankle injury during pre-season and returned to Newcastle for treatment, returning to Crewe in September, he suffered a second ankle injury shortly after his return to Crewe Alexandra and returned to Newcastle United, having made no appearances for the League Two side. In August 2017, Smith played for Newcastle United U21s in an EFL Trophy group stage game against Crewe at Gresty Road, scored his side's opening goal in the 4th minute of a 2-1 win; as of 19 July 2016. Liam Smith at Soccerway Newcastle United profile