click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Accademia dei Lincei

The Accademia dei Lincei is an Italian science academy, located at the Palazzo Corsini on the Via della Lungara in Rome, Italy. Founded in the Papal States in 1603 by Federico Cesi, the academy was named after the lynx, an animal whose sharp vision symbolizes the observational prowess that science requires. Galileo Galilei was the intellectual centre of the academy and adopted "Galileo Galilei Linceo" as his signature. "The Lincei did not long survive the death in 1630 of Cesi, its founder and patron", "disappeared in 1651". During the nineteenth century, it was revived, first in the Vatican and in the nation of Italy, thus the Pontifical Academy of Science, founded in 1847, claims this heritage as the Accademia Pontificia dei Nuovi Lincei, descending from the first two incarnations of the Academy. A lynx-eyed academy of the 1870s became the national academy of Italy, encompassing both literature and science among its concerns; the first Accademia dei Lincei was founded in 1603 by Federico Cesi, an aristocrat from Umbria, passionately interested in natural history – botany.

Cesi's father disapproved of the research career. His mother, Olimpia Orsini, supported him both morally; the Academy struggled due to this disapproval, but after the death of Frederico's father he had enough money to allow the academy to flourish. The academy, hosted in Palazzo Cesi-Armellini near Saint Peter, replaced the first scientific community Giambattista della Porta's Academia Secretorum Naturae in Naples, closed by the Inquisition. Cesi founded the Accademia dei Lincei with three friends: the Dutch physician Johannes van Heeck and two fellow Umbrians, mathematician Francesco Stelluti and polymath Anastasio de Filiis. At the time of the Accademia's founding Cesi was only 18, the others only 8 years older. Cesi and his friends aimed to understand all of the natural sciences; the literary and antiquarian emphasis set the "Lincei" apart from the host of sixteenth and seventeenth century Italian Academies. Cesi envisioned a program of free experiment, respectful of tradition, yet unfettered by blind obedience to authority that of Aristotle and Ptolemy, whose theories the new science called into question.

While a private association, the Academy became a semi-public establishment during the Napoleonic domination of Rome. This shift allowed local scientific elite to carve out a place for themselves in larger scientific networks. However, as a semi-public establishment, the Academy's focus was directed by Napoleonic politics; this focus directed the member's efforts towards stimulating industry, turning public opinion in favor of the French regime and secularizing the country. The name "Lincei" came from Giambattista della Porta's book "Magia Naturalis," which had an illustration of the fabled cat on the cover and the words "...with lynx like eyes, examining those things which manifest themselves, so that having observed them, he may zealously use them". Accademia dei Lincei's symbols were both an eagle; the academy's motto, chosen by Cesi, was: "Take care of small things if you want to obtain the greatest results". According to T. O'Conor Sloane, their other motto was Sagacius ista; when Cesi visited Naples, he met with many scientists in fields of interest to him including the botanist, Fabio Colonna, the natural history writer, Ferrante Imperato, the polymath della Porta.

Della Porta was impressed with Cesi, dedicated three works to the Linceans including a treatise on distillation called De Distillatione, a book on curvilinear geometry called Elementa Curvilinea, The Transformations of the Atmosphere. Della Porta encouraged Cesi to continue with his endeavours. Giambattista della Porta joined Cesi's academy in 1610. While in Naples, Cesi met with Nardo Antonio Recchi to negotiate the acquisition of a collection of material describing Aztec plants and animals written by Francisco Hernández de Toledo; this collection of material would become the Tesoro Messicano. The goal was nothing less than the assembly of modern science reflected on the method of observation: the church of knowledge; the Academy was to possess in each quarter of the global communes with adequate endowments to retain membership. These communes were complete with libraries, museums, printing presses, botanical gardens. Members wrote letters around their observations; the Lyncæis denounced marriage as a mollis and effeminata requies.

Membership was banned to monks. Members were ordered to "penetrate into the interior of things in order to know the causes and operations of nature, as it is said the lynx does, which sees not only what is outside, but what is hidden within."Galileo was inducted to the exclusive Academy on April 25, 1611, became its intellectual center. Galileo felt honoured by his association with the Academy for he adopted Galileo Galilei Linceo as his signature; the Academy supported him during his disputes with the Roman Inquisition. Among the Academy's early publications in the fields of astronomy and botany were Galileo's "Letters on Sunspots" and "The Assayer", the Tesoro Messicano describing the flora and drugs of the New World, which took decades of labor, down to 1651. With this publication

Augusta Read Thomas

Augusta Read Thomas is an American composer. Thomas was born in New York, she attended The Green Vale School before continuing at St. Paul's School, a boarding school, in Concord, New Hampshire. After graduating from high school, she studied composition with Alan Stout and M. William Karlins at Northwestern University; this was. After graduating from Northwestern, Thomas studied with Jacob Druckman at Yale University and at the Royal Academy of Music with Paul Patterson. Shortly after she received her master's degree from the Royal Academy of Music, Augusta Read Thomas was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship, she was the youngest woman recipient of the fellowship at the age of 23. She taught at the Eastman School of Music and received tenure there at the age of 33, but left to teach at the Northwestern University School of Music. While still at Eastman, she was appointed as a Mead Composer in Residence at the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, a post she retained until 2006, when she was succeeded by Osvaldo Golijov and Mark-Anthony Turnage.

Thomas is the longest-serving Mead Composer in Residence in the history of the CSO. In 2006, she resigned from teaching at Northwestern, she is Chair of the Board of the American Music Center, divides her time between Chicago and Becket, Massachusetts. In 2007, Astral Canticle, a double concerto for violin and orchestra, was named one of two finalists for the Pulitzer Prize in Music. On November 8, 2010, the University of Chicago announced that Augusta Read Thomas would be appointed University Professor of Composition in the Department of Music and the College, she is only the 16th designated professor. An album by Chanticleer including her choral pieces "The Rub of Love" and "Love Songs" won a Grammy; some of her other works are "Aurora", "Galaxy Dances", "Prayer Bells", "Words of the Sea", "Bells Ring Summer", "Silhouettes", "Purple Syllables", "Ring Flourish Blaze". In 2014 Nimbus Records released an Augusta Read Thomas CD series highlighting her most important work. A Portrait of Augusta Read Thomas included her saxophone concerto Hemke Concerto "Prisms of Light", written for and performed by Frederick Hemke and the New Haven Symphony Orchestra under William Boughton.

Selected Works for Orchestra contained performances of "Words of the Sea", conducted by Pierre Boulez, "Carillon Sky", conducted by. In 2016, the Chicago Tribune named Thomas "Chicagoan of the Year" for her work on the Ear Taxi Festival, "a Chicago-centic marathon of new-music performances that, for six heady days in October, brought together some 500 local musicians to present 100 recent classical works, 54 of them world premieres. Thomas is married to Anglo-American composer Bernard Rands. In 1997, Russian-American cellist Mstislav Rostropovich and the Boston Symphony Orchestra presented an unconventional concert in which new works by both Rands and Thomas were premiered. Cello Concerto No. 1 – Vigil, for cello solo & chamber orchestra Meditation, concerto for trombone & orchestra Words of the Sea Violin Concerto – Spirit Musings, for violin solo & chamber orchestra Concerto for Orchestra – Orbital Beacons Ceremonial Piano Concerto – Aurora, for piano solo & orchestra Cello Concerto No. 2 – Ritual Incantations, for cello solo, concertino group of flute, oboe & violin soli, & chamber orchestra Ring Out Wild Bells, to the Wild Sky, for soprano solo, S.

A. T. B. Choir & orchestra Daylight Divine, for soprano solo, children's choir & orchestra magnecticfireflies, for concert band Prayer Bells Canticle Weaving, concerto for trombone Chanting to Paradise, for soprano solo, S. A. T. B. Choir & orchestra Song in Sorrow, for soprano solo, female-voice sextet, S. A. T. B. Choir & orchestra Sunlight Echoes, for S. A. T. B. Choir & orchestra Trainwork Dancing Galaxy, for concert band Galaxy Dances Gathering Paradise, song-cycle for soprano & orchestra Silver Chants the Litanies, concerto for horn & chamber orchestra Tangle Astral Canticle, for double concerto violin, flute soli & orchestra Credences of Summer Shakin' Prayer and Celebration, for chamber orchestra Helios Choros I Helios Choros III Terpsichore's Dream, for chamber orchestra Absolute Ocean, for soprano, harp soli & chamber orchestra Dream Threads Helios Choros II Violin Concerto No. 3 – Juggler in Paradise, for violin solo & orchestra Jubilee Of Paradise and Light, for string orchestra Radiant Circles Cello Concerto No. 3 – Legend of the Phoenix Aureole Hemke Concerto "Prisms of Light", for alto saxophone and orchestra EOS Brio Clara's Ascent Alleluia, for a cappella S.

A. T. B. Choir The Rub of Love, for a cappella S. A. T. B. Choir Psalm 91: verse 11, for a cappella S. A. T. B. Choir Love Songs, for a cappella S. A. T. B. Choir Ring Out Wild Bells, to the Wild Sky, for soprano solo, S. A. T. B. Choir & orchestra Daylight Divine, for soprano solo, children's choir & orchestra Chanting to Paradise, for soprano solo, S. A. T. B. Choir & orchestra Song in Sorrow, for soprano solo, female-voice sextet, S. A. T. B. Choir & orchestra Sunlight Echoes, for S. A. T. B. Choir & orchestra Four Basho Settings, for a cappella children's choir To the Rain, for a cappella children's choir Fruit

Haplogroup DE

Haplogroup DE is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. It is defined by the single nucleotide polymorphism mutations, or UEPs, M1, M145, M203, P144, P153, P165, P167, P183. DE is unique. An immediate subclade, haplogroup D, is found in Eastern Asia, parts of Central Asia, the Andaman Islands, but sporadically in West Africa and West Asia; the other immediate subclade, haplogroup E, is common in Africa, to a lesser extent the Middle East and Europe. The most well-known unique event polymorphism that defines DE is the Y-chromosome Alu Polymorphism "YAP"; the mutation was caused when a strand of DNA, known as Alu, inserted a copy of itself into the Y chromosome. Hence, all Y chromosomes belonging to DE, D, E and their subclades are YAP-positive. All Y chromosomes that belong to other haplogroups and subclades are YAP-negative; the age of haplogroup DE estimated at between 65,000 and 71,000 years, has been more estimated at 73,000 and most at 76,000 years old. The subclades of DE continue to confound investigators trying to reconstruct the migration of humans because, while they are common in Africa and East Asia, they are largely absent between these two regions.

As the paragroup DE, including DE*, is rare, the majority of DE male lines fall into subclades of either D-CTS3946 or E-M96. D-CTS3946 is suggested to have originated in Africa, though its most widespread subclade, D-M174 originated in Asia – the only place where D-M174 is now found. E-M96 is more to have originated in East Africa. However, a West Asian origin for E-M96 is considered possible by some scholars. All subclades of DE, including D and E, appear to be exceptionally rare – non-existent – in mainland South Asia and South East Asia. Given that D-M174 is dominant in Japan, the Andaman Islands, Tibet, whereas E-M96 is common in Africa and the Middle East, some researchers have suggested that the rarity of DE lineages in India – a region considered important in the dispersal of modern humans – may be meaningful. By comparison, subclades of CF – the only "sibling" haplogroup of DE – are found in India at significant proportions. DE*Basal DE* is unusual in that it is found, at low frequencies, among males from three separated regions: West Africa, the Caribbean, Asia.

A 2003 study by Weale et al. of the DNA of over 8,000 males worldwide, found that five out of 1,247 Nigerian males belonged to DE*. The DE* found possessed by these five Nigerians, according to the study's authors, was "the least derived of all YAP chromosomes according to known binary markers" – to such an extent that it suggested that DE had originated in West Africa and expanded from there. However, Weale et al. cautioned. In addition, the "paraphyletic" status of the Nigerian examples of DE-YAP may be "illusory" because the "branching order, hence the origin, of YAP-derived haplogroups remains uncertain", it was "easy to misinterpret paraphyletic groups", subsequent research might show that the Nigerian examples of DE were as divergent from DE*, D* and E*. "he only genealogically meaningful definition of the age of a clade is the time to its most recent common ancestor, but only if DE* is paraphyletic does it... become automatically older than D or E..." The relationship between DE*, according to Weale et al. "can be viewed as a missing-data problem..."

In 2007, another West African example of DE* was reported – carried by a speaker of the Nalu language, among 17 Y-DNA samples taken in Guinea Bissau. The sequence of this individual differed by one mutation from those of the Nigerian individuals, indicating common ancestry, although the relationship between the two lineages has not been determined. In 2004, members of a tribal group in Karnataka, India were found to belong to DE, at a frequency of about 0.6% of the total group tested, but were not excluded from sub-haplogroups of DE. More recent studies have not found any further DE* in India. In 2008, a basal paternal marker belonging to DE* was identified in two individuals from Tibet, belonging to the Tibeto-Burman group. A 2010 study found six additional samples of DE in southeastern Nigeria in individuals of the Ibibio and Oron ethnic groups. In 2012, haplogroup DE* was found in one Caribbean sample. A 2019 study by Haber et al. suggested that three of the Nigerians analysed by Weale et al. in 2003 belonged, not to DE*, but to D0, a proposed haplogroup thought to represent a deep-rooting DE lineage branching close to the DE bifurcation but on the D branch as an outgroup to all other known D chromosomes.

Another carrier of D0 is famous skater Ruslan bin Makin Al-Bitar from Syria. Two other D0 samples were found in Saudi Arabia. In the Recent ISOGG tree, D0 was renamed D2, D-M174 was renamed D1; the YAP insertion was discovered by scientists led by Michael Hammer of the University of Arizona. Between 1997 and 1998 Hammer published three articles relating to the origins of haplogroup DE; these articles state. As as 2007, some studies such as Chandrasekar et al. 2007, cite the publications by Hammer. The scenarios outlined by Hammer include an out of Africa migration over 100,000 years ago, the YAP+ insertion on an Asian Y-chromosome 55,000 years ago and a back migration of YAP+ from Asia to Africa 31,000 years ago by its subclade haplogroup E; this analysis was based on the fact that older African lineages, such as haplogroups A and B, were YAP negative whereas

Roger Gilla Dubh Ó Seachnasaigh

Sir Ruadhri Gilla Dubh Ó Seachnasaigh, Chief of the Name, 1583–1650. Ó Seachnasaigh was married to Elis Lynch at the time of his father's death, by whom he had his heir, Sir Dermot, a daughter, Gyles. He had no issue by her. A portrait of Sir Roger, dressed in his armour, is preserved in Kilkenny castle. Fiddaun Castle was most built by Sir Roger, as he is the first mentioned living there and it is not known before his time. Gyles Ni Seachnasaigh, who receives no mention in the surviving O'Shaughnessy pedigrees, but who appears in several other sources, married Donal III O'Donovan of County Cork, she had sons Donal IV O'Donovan, Cornelius and Richard, is an ancestor through the first of the present Lords of Clancahill. She was alive as late as May 1676, it was her distance from, eventual irrelevance to, the family into which she was born, which caused her to be forgotten by the O'Shaughnessy genealogists. The families were acquainted with each other, in fact some daughters go unmentioned in many surviving Irish pedigrees.

Those of the O'Shaughnessys are incomplete before and beyond her generation. But the O'Donovans made sure Gyles was celebrated by the poets in their country and her elegy was composed by an Ó Dálaigh. Notes SourcesD'Alton, Illustrations and Genealogical, of King James's Irish Army List. Dublin: 1st edition, 1855. Pp. 328–32. History of Galway, James Hardiman, 1820 Tabular pedigrees of O'Shaughnessy of Gort, Martin J. Blake, Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, vi, p. 64. John O'Donovan; the Genealogies and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach. Dublin: Irish Archaeological Society. 1844. Pedigree of O'Shaughnessy: pp. 372–91. Old Galway, Professor Mary Donovan O'Sullivan, 1942 Galway: Town and Gown, edited Moran et al. 1984 Galway: History and Society, 1996

List of In Living Color sketches

This is a list of sketches on In Living Color. Al MacAfee – A parody of Joe Louis Clark, David Alan Grier plays a strict, yet clueless shop teacher with a bad hip, he is known for working as a Hall Monitor and using a bullhorn to yell at innocent students and teachers, while being oblivious to bad things going on around him, as well as the consistent rejection by a fellow female teacher, with whom he is infatuated. Various cast members portray teachers who put up with Mr. MacAfee. Andrea Dice Clay – Kelly Coffield portrays the female counterpart of raunchy, wise-guy comedian Andrew Dice Clay. With sayings like "Ya think that's easy to do when you're stacked like this?" and "The last time I saw something like that, it had an eraser at the end of it." A related set of skits featured Coffield as "Samantha Kinison," a female version of rage-filled comic Sam Kinison. Kinison himself appeared in a sketch. Anton Jackson – Damon Wayans portrays a filthy, drunken homeless person with a unique world view.

Amongst other happenings, he appeared in Po' People's Court, had his own Public-access television cable TV show entitled This Ol' Box, had a marriage of convenience. He carried with him his "personal facilities", a jar that he used as a toilet and which seemed to contain a floating pickle and brine; the character was shown on an episode of Saturday Night Live hosted by Damon Wayans where Anton testifies in the O. J. Simpson trial, was briefly in 1992's Mo' Money featuring Damon and younger brother Marlon Wayans. Arsenio Hall – The former late-night talk show host is played by Keenen Ivory Wayans, complete with a long index finger and prosthetic rear end. Many of Hall's mannerisms are incorporated into the sketches, including his riotous laugh and dance and the phrases "I haven't seen it yet, but my people tell me..." and "strive to be number one." Hall is portrayed as being obsessed with his Coming to America co-star and friend, Eddie Murphy. Ace and Main ManJamie Foxx and Tommy Davidson play of a pair of bouncers who never seem to let anyone in the club that should be let in, because they don't think it's that person.

Enough, they run into the featured celebrity and proceed to deny them to the point where a fight is about to break out. When their boss comes out, Tommy's hyper-active character flips on Jamie's character, leaving Jamie to humiliation, Tommy's character going into the club, only to be kicked out himself. Mr. and Ms. BrooksKim Wayans and David Alan Grier play a loving elderly couple who insult and attempt to kill each other. After numerous failed attempts, they resort to attacking each other, such as when Ms. Brooks realizes her husband had laid a trap for her and she pulls out a sword and says "Prepare to Enter the Dragon!", prompting Mr. Brooks to reply "The only thing I see draggin' around here is your saggy breasts!" Their old age causes them to fall to the ground and be unable to get up, when they are interrupted by someone, under the impression they are about to engage in sexual intercourse. They end with "And we stiiiiilll together!" Benita Butrell – Kim Wayans portrays a neighborhood woman who breaks the fourth wall by gossiping directly to the viewer and airing her neighbors' dirty laundry after they pass by her...but she "ain't one to gossip, so you didn't hear that from me."

She claims to be close to a "Miss Jenkins", the target of her most vicious gossip. The Brothers Brothers – Two brothers both named Tom Brothers who discuss black issues despite not realizing they are black; the pair were a parody of the Smothers Brothers. Some episodes included their double dating, or applying to a country club and failing to notice its clandestine whites-only policy; each episode ended with the Brothers being handed an acoustic guitar and upright bass and singing a song summing up the racial lesson of their show. The songs were dubbed by the Smothers Brothers themselves. Background Guy – Jim Carrey plays a guy who does wacky funny stuff while news anchors are doing serious news commentaries. In one sketch he was a football player doing goofy antics while sports anchors are doing the halftime report during the Super Bowl. Calhoun TubbsDavid Alan Grier portrays an old bluesman whose songs invariably insult or otherwise offend his audience. Catchphrase: "I wrote a song about it.

Like to hear it? Here it go!" He always strums the same bar of blues and ends his little songs with a falsetto "Ahhhh haaa", concludes with a shouted "Thank you much!". He once claims to have written over 12,000 songs and sold more records than Michael Jackson and the Beatles in upper New Jersey. David Alan Grier based the character on the famed Ann Arbor, Michigan personality "Shakey Jake" Woods, with whom he was familiar from his days at the University of Michigan. Candy CaneAlexandra Wentworth portrays a host to a children's television show. Candy has serious adult issues that she brings up on the would-be kiddie show, such as getting stood up on dates and men who had sex with her and

Low (Cracker song)

"Low" is a song by American rock band Cracker. It appears on their 1993 album Kerosene Hat, it reached number 64 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart in May 1994, the song's biggest success was on the rock charts, where it reached number three on the Modern Rock Tracks chart in November 1993 and number five on the Album Rock Tracks chart in March 1994. The music video, directed by Carlos Grasso, portrayed lead singer David Lowery badly losing a boxing match with actress/comedian Sandra Bernhard; the song was featured in the film The Perks of Being a Wallflower and its accompanying soundtrack in addition to The Wolverine and an episode of Hindsight and Rectify. B-side track "Whole Lotta Trouble" was featured on the soundtrack of the 1995 film Empire Records. UK CD single"Low" – 4:36 "I Ride My Bike" – 6:32 "Sunday Train" – 3:42 "Whole Lotta Trouble" – 2:26US CD single"Low" – 4:35 "Sunday Train" – 3:42 "Whole Lotta Trouble" – 2:26 "I See The Light" – 5:13 "Steve's Hornpipe" – 2:13 In 2017, Lydia Lunch and Cypress Grove covered the song on their album Under the Covers.

Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics