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Acorn Computers

Acorn Computers Ltd. was a British computer company established in Cambridge, England, in 1978. The company produced a number of computers which were popular in the UK, including the Acorn Electron and the Acorn Archimedes. Acorn's BBC Micro computer dominated the UK educational computer market during the 1980s, it is more known for its BBC Micro model B computer than for its other products. Though the company was broken up into several independent operations in 1998, its legacy includes the development of reduced instruction set computing personal computers. One of its operating systems, RISC OS, continues to be developed by RISC OS Open; some of Acorn's former subsidiaries lived on: ARM Holdings technology is dominant in the mobile phone and personal digital assistant microprocessor market. Acorn is sometimes referred to as the "British Apple" and has been compared to Fairchild Semiconductor for being a catalyst for start-ups. In 2010, the company was listed by David Meyer in ZDNet as number nine in a feature of top ten "Dead IT giants".

Many British IT professionals gained their early experiences on Acorns, which were more technically advanced than commercially successful US hardware. On 25 July 1961, Clive Sinclair founded Sinclair Radionics to develop and sell electronic devices such as calculators; the failure of the Black Watch wristwatch and the calculator market's move from LEDs to LCDs led to financial problems, Sinclair approached government body the National Enterprise Board for help. After losing control of the company to the NEB, Sinclair encouraged Chris Curry to leave Radionics and get Science of Cambridge up and running. In June 1978, SoC launched a microcomputer kit, the Mk 14, that Curry wanted to develop further, but Sinclair could not be persuaded so Curry resigned. During the development of the Mk 14, Hermann Hauser, a friend of Curry's, had been visiting SoC's offices and had grown interested in the product. Curry and Hauser decided to pursue their joint interest in microcomputers and, on 5 December 1978, they set up Cambridge Processor Unit Ltd. as the vehicle with which to do this.

CPU soon obtained a consultancy contract to develop a microprocessor-based controller for a fruit machine for Ace Coin Equipment of Wales. The ACE project was started at office space obtained at 4a Market Hill in Cambridge; the ACE controller was based on a National Semiconductor SC/MP microprocessor, but soon the switch to a MOS Technology 6502 was made. CPU had financed the development of a SC/MP based microcomputer system using the income from its design-and-build consultancy; this system was launched in January 1979 as the first product of Acorn Computer Ltd. a trading name used by CPU to keep the risks of the two different lines of business separate. The microcomputer kit was named as Acorn System 75. Acorn was chosen because the microcomputer system was to be growth-oriented, it had the attraction of appearing before "Apple Computer" in a telephone directory. Around this time, CPU and Andy Hopper set up Orbis Ltd. to commercialise the Cambridge Ring networking system Hopper had worked on for his PhD, but it was soon decided to bring him into CPU as a director because he could promote CPU's interests at the University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory.

CPU purchased Orbis, Hopper's Orbis shares were exchanged for shares in CPU Ltd. CPU's role changed as its Acorn brand grew, soon CPU was the holding company and Acorn was responsible for development work. At some point, Curry had a disagreement with Sinclair and formally left Science of Cambridge, but did not join the other Acorn employees at Market Hill until a little while later; the Acorn Microcomputer renamed the Acorn System 1, was designed by Sophie Wilson. It was a semi-professional system aimed at engineering and laboratory users, but its price was low enough, at around GB£80, to appeal to the more serious enthusiast as well, it was a small machine built on two cards, one with an LED display and cassette interface, the other with the rest of the computer. All CPU signals were accessible via a Eurocard connector; the System 2 made it easier to expand the system by putting the CPU card from the System 1 in a 19-inch Eurocard rack that allowed a number of optional additions. The System 2 shipped with keyboard controller, external keyboard, a text display interface, a cassette operating system with built-in BASIC interpreter.

The System 3 moved on by adding floppy disk support, the System 4 by including a larger case with a second drive. The System 5 was similar to the System 4, but included a newer 2 MHz version of the 6502. Development of the Sinclair ZX80 started at Science of Cambridge in May 1979. Learning of this prompted Curry to conceive the Atom project to target the consumer market. Curry and another designer, Nick Toop, worked from Curry's home in the Fens on the development of this machine, it was at this time that Acorn Computers Ltd. was incorporated and Curry moved to Acorn full-time. It was Curry who wanted to target the consumer market—other factions within Acorn, including the engineers, were happy to be out of that market, considering a home computer to be a rather frivolous product for a company operating in the laboratory equipment market. To keep costs down and not give the doubters reason to object to the Atom, Curry asked industrial designer Allen Boothroyd to design a case that could function as an external keyboard for the microcomputer systems.

The internals of the System 3 were placed inside the keyboard, creating a quite typical set-up for an inexpensive home computer of the early 1980s—the

Pak Tho railway station

Pak Tho station is a railway station located in Pak Tho Subdistrict, Pak Tho District, Ratchaburi. It is a class 2 railway station located 118.628 km from Thon Buri railway station. In the future, the Maeklong Railway is planned to extend and meet the Southern Line mainline at this station, with 3 new stations between Maeklong and Pak Tho, these are: Rapid 169/170 Bangkok-Yala-Bangkok Ordinary 251/252 Bang Sue Junction-Prachuap Khiri Khan-Bang Sue Junction Ordinary 254/255 Lang Suan-Thon Buri-Lang Suan Ordinary 261/262 Bangkok-Hua Hin-Bangkok Pak Tho station Is a subway station on the route SRT Dark Red Line Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning Have studied the improvement and construction of the Mae Klong railway line Which will be constructed through Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram and Ratchaburi provinces Samut Sakhon will cross the Tha Chin River, and expecting to use alternative route 4, a bypass route Samut Sakhon Province By deviating from the original train line about 31 km.

Between Ban Khom Railway Station and Khlong Chak Railway Station Elevate across Ekachai road And deviate along the route of Rama II Road around the km 26 + 800 to the 32 + 160 km and divert to the left to go straight to connect with the original train line. While Samut Songkhram will be constructed across the Mae Klong River. Which is expected to use the third option, to bypass Samut Songkhram city By diverging from the original train line about 66 km after passing Bang Kraboon Railway Station, which will be an elevated railway along the National Highway No. 325 to cross the Mae Klong Canal And Highway 325 at the intersection to Damnoen Saduak District 40 + 850 km and crossing the Mae Klong River From going down to the ground level to connect with the new construction railway line. And connected to Pak Tho Railway Station Ratchaburi Which will build a train parallel with the royal highway number 3093 and will have 3 more new railway stations in this period Expected total value of this project is 42,243 million baht.

When completed, it will be a new southern railway line, which will help shorten the original train route, which must run through Nakhon Pathom and Ratchaburi before going to Pak Tho Station. The new Southern Railway will reduce the distance by about 43 kilometers and the aim of the project includes the development of the Southwest Transport Center. At about 18:30 on 24 February 2020, a freight train and a passenger train collided head on at the station. At least 30 people were injured. Ichirō, Kakizaki. Ōkoku no tetsuro: tai tetsudō no rekishi. Kyōto: Kyōtodaigakugakujutsushuppankai. ISBN 978-4-87698-848-8. Otohiro, Watanabe. Tai kokutetsu yonsenkiro no tabi: shasō fūkei kanzen kiroku. Tōkyō: Bungeisha. ISBN 978-4-286-13041-5. "โครงการงานศึกษาและออกแบบโครงการระบบรถไฟฟ้าชานเมือง ร่วมกับรถไฟฟ้าทางไกลเชื่อมต่อระบบขนส่งมวลชน ในเขตกรุงเทพมหานครและปริมณฑล"

Hotel Ponce Intercontinental

The Hotel Ponce Intercontinental is an abandoned hotel with a still existing structure at Cerro del Vigía in Ponce, Puerto Rico. The structure, what it once was, is considered a historic landmark and a national icon in the city of Ponce and Puerto Rico at large; the property is owned by PRIDCO who bought it from a group of local Ponce industrialists. Its architecture is classical modern; when it opened, in 1960, it became the first modern hotel in the city. The hotel is located in the northern section of the city of Ponce, on a hill just north of the El Vigia Hill, behind Cruceta del Vigía and Castillo Serralles; the hotel had a large circular outdoor swimming pool, a ballroom named Salón Ponciana, a cocktail bar named Bar Coquí. On the top of the hotel, WRIK-TV had its transmission antenna; the hotel is on a lot measuring 25 cuerdas. The land area is 22.5 cuerdas. The hotel was designed in 1957-58 by American architect William B. Tabler, FAIA. Tabler, whose offices were in New York City, designed hotels worldwide for the Statler chain and Intercontinental.

Tabler designed the Ponce Intercontinental in a modern style with ample space for cross ventilation and light, interior details, quasi-futuristic traits. The design takes advantage of the location of the building for natural ventilation and exposure to large and spacious panoramic views of the Caribbean Sea from the top sector of the El Vigia Hill in the municipality of Ponce, Puerto Rico; the architectural design of this hotel is simple but consistent with a curvilinear theme, unique in Puerto Rico. The concrete shells that housed the restaurant, activities rooms are geared to take advantage of large open spaces with majestic views of the Caribbean Sea; the use of ornamental roofs is typical of modern architecture of the mid-1950s era. The first stone of the Hotel was placed on January 6, 1958, under the project name “Hotel El Ponceño”, the Hotel opened as a luxury hotel on 1 February 1960; the cost of the construction of the hotel was $3.75 million USD. The Hotel operated for 15 years and was of particular importance in the collective memory of the Ponce's popular society in the 1960s through the 1970s.

The hotel was a bustling center of entertainment that stood out as a center of large musical events of those years. The Ponce Intercontinental is remembered for being the birthplace of great artistic and political events of its time. Celebrities, such as Chucho Avellanet, Iris Chacon, El Gran Combo de Puerto Rico, Celia Cruz, Marco Antonio Muñiz, José José, Sandro de America, Camilo Sesto and others, stayed or performed at the hotel; the hotel closed on May 1975 for reasons that continue to be unknown. Speculation was that there were labor conflicts as well as that the management of the hotel was disappointed with the Government of Puerto Rico's failure to build a better access road to the hotel; the hotel's only access road was through a narrow one-way, one-lane alley in a financially deprived neighborhood north of the city. High operating costs and its location were reported as reasons for its demise. In 1979, the mayor of Ponce José G. Tormos Vega announced that the hotel would reopen under new owners for the 1979 Pan American Games, held in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

However, the hotel didn’t reopened and in 1981, a group of Puerto Rican and American investors were looking into purchasing the property. No other developments were subsequently reported. In 1985, under government guidelines, Puerto Rico's Compañia de Fomento Industrial decided to buy the structure on 7 November 1985, with the goal of remodeling it, expanding its facilities, providing the city of Ponce with world-class accommodations. PRIDCO commissioned the architectural firm of Pablo Quinones & Associates to initiate investigations and studies on the condition of the main structure with the intention of upgrading it to modern codes; the design team, consisting of personnel with expertise in architecture and engineering, generated its recommendations, which were delivered to the PRIDCO. The team traveled to New York City in 1985-86, where it located the original plans at the offices of William B. Tabler; as a design strategy for its architectural features, they decided to remodel the essence of its main structure and proposed an enlargement to accommodate a modern convention center within the premises.

On 7 October 1985 as a result of the landslide in Mameyes, the hotel was used as temporary accommodation for people affected by the floods. As the time of the relocation of those people became longer than anticipated, the plans to enlarge and re-model the hotel were abandoned. In 1999, George Philip Rivera, owner of the second largest shrimp farm in Puerto Rico and a local boxing promoter, was interested buying and in remodeling property to have it operate as El Vigía Hotel & Casino, he envisioned the construction of a multilevel parking garage and banquet facilities. However, by 2001 the sale had fallen through and PRIDCO put the property for sale again. CBC Development won the auction for the property and planned to demolish the structure and build a 365-unit walk-up apartment complex. In 2006, however, CBC Development changed plans, it planned to remodel the hotel, build an 80-room condo hotel, a 15,200 ft. square convention center, 80 villas. The project was named Vista Magna Resort. Two years however, in 2008, due to the estructural damage deemed too extensive, CBC decided it would instead demolish the structure and build a new hotel having some elements of the nostalgic original building.

In any event, neither repairs nor demolition took place and in 2012, CBC Development alon

Spawn: The Animation

Spawn: The Animation is an American animated superhero television series produced by Film Roman and Todd McFarlane Productions. It is the sequel series to Todd McFarlane's Spawn animated series that aired on HBO; the series made it through pre-production before being put on indefinite hiatus. Some animations of the show exist, the show was never put into animation production; this was due to the series' getting caught up in some "legal wranglings." Those "wranglings" have since been resolved and the rights will revert to Todd McFarlane, the director, by the end of this year. In an interview with Supanova dated June 2, 2009, McFarlane says, "I'm 85% done with it, I just have to pick a studio, put a music score on top of it, I'm done." In the same interview, McFarlane stated that he would like to return the series to HBO, because they gave him his "big break" when he first started with his previous Spawn animated series. According to Todd McFarlane's Twitter page, the animation was to find a new home in Hollywood in 2010.

In November 2010, McFarlane said that he has been pitching his series to studios in Hollywood and that they are still ironing out some of the animation techniques that will be used. At the New York Comic Con of October 2014, McFarlane revealed images of Sam and Twitch from the new animated series; as of 2019, McFarlane states that he plans on doing two animated shows of Spawn, one for children and the other for adults after the movie is out.. Official series website Wolverine Premiere Interview with Todd Mcfarlane

Instruction of Any

The Instruction of Any, or Ani, is an Ancient Egyptian text written in the style of wisdom literature, thought to have been composed in the Eighteenth Dynasty of the New Kingdom, with a surviving manuscript dated from the Twenty-First or Twenty-Second Dynasty. Due to the amount of gaps and corruption it has been considered a difficult, at times obscure, text to translate; the text retains the traditional format of an older man giving advice to a younger man – as the scribe Any, who works in the court of Nefertari, advises his son. However the Instruction of Any is distinguished from earlier works, as its intended audience was the ordinary person rather than the aristocracy; the themes covered by the instructions include respect for religion, honesty and the avoidance of relations with unfaithful women. Unlike other works of instruction, the endings of which tend towards acquiescence and gratitude for the wisdom imparted, this text contains an epilogue in which a son first responds to his father's maxims critically rather than compliantly.

The father refutes the son's objections by force of argument. The most substantial surviving manuscript is contained in the Papyrus Boulaq 4 held in the Cairo Museum, though only small fragments of the first pages remain. Fragments of the text are found in three other papyrus sections in the Musée Guimet, the Papyrus Chester Beatty V held in the British Museum, in four ostraca from Deir el-Medina. Quotations are taken from Christian Jacq "The Living Wisdom of Ancient Egypt". "Truth is sent by God." "Even if he were an important person, a man whose nature is evil does not know how to remain upright." "Celebrate the feast of your God and begin it at the correct time. God is unhappy if He is neglected." "Be careful to avoid the mistake of lying: it will prevent you from fighting the evil inside yourself." "...choose what is good to say and keep evil words prisoner in your body." "Keep a loving heart whose words stay hidden. He will provide for your needs, he will listen to what you say, your offering will be acceptable to Him."

"Everyone can master their own nature if the wisdom which he has been taught has made that nature stable." "A lazy man never gets around to doing anything. He who knows how to make plans is worthy of consideration." "Do not join a crowd that you meet when it has gathered to fight. Keep away from rebels." "Give back in abundance the bread your mother gave you. Support her as she supported you." "Pour out the water of libation for your father and mother who rest in the valley of death. The Gods will bear witness to this just act." "Scorn the woman who has a bad reputation in your town, do not look at her as she passes. Do not try to sleep with her." "Marry a woman when you are young, let her have children while you are young." "All will go well for the man whose household is numerous." "Distance yourself from the rebel, do not make a friend of him. Make friends with the just and righteous man whose actions you have observed." "Build your own home for yourself and do not assume that your parents house will come to you by right."

"Do not eat bread without giving some to those near you who do not have anything to eat, since the bread is eternal while man does not last." "Do not sit down when there is a person standing, older than you or whose rank is higher than yours." "You will know happiness if your life is lived within the limits set by the will of God." "Do not fill your heart with desire for the goods of others, but rather concern yourself with what you have built up yourself." "When death comes, it embraces the old like a child in the arms of its mother." "Do not lose yourself in the exterior world to the extent that you neglect the place of your eternal rest."

Quercus prinoides

Quercus prinoides known as dwarf chinkapin oak, dwarf chinquapin oak, dwarf chestnut oak or scrub chestnut oak, is a shrubby, clone-forming oak native to eastern and central North America, ranging from New Hampshire to the Carolinian forest zone of southern Ontario to eastern Nebraska, south to Georgia, Alabama and Oklahoma. It has a disjunct distribution common in New England and in the Appalachian Mountains, in the eastern Great Plains but rare in the Ohio Valley in between. Quercus prinoides was named and described by the German botanist Karl Ludwig Willdenow in 1801, in a German journal article by the German-American Pennsylvania botanist Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg; the epithet prinoides refers to its resemblance to the chestnut oak. However, this shrubby oak, now accepted as a distinct species, is more related to chinkapin oak than to chestnut oak; these two kinds of oak have sometimes been considered to be conspecific, in which case the earlier-published name Q. prinoides has priority, with the larger chinkapin oak usually classified as Quercus prinoides var. acuminata, the shrubby form as Q. prinoides var. prinoides.

It is analogous to the bear oak, which forms part of the red oak group, but has a much wider distribution than bear oak, which occurs in a small area of the northeastern US. The dwarf chinkapin oak is a shrub or small tree that only grows to 13–20 feet tall and 13–20 feet wide, it sometimes spreads vegetatively by means of underground rhizomes. The leaves of dwarf chinkapin oak resemble those of chinkapin oak, although they are smaller: 2-6 inches long, compared to 4-7 inches long for chinkapin oak; the acorns are 1/2 to 1 inches long, with the cup enclosing about half of the acorn. While similar in foliage and fruits, but with smaller leaves, the dwarf chinkapin oak may be distinguished from the chinkapin oak by differences in growth habit and habitat. Like all white oaks, Q. prinoides has sweet-tasting green acorns that mature in a single growing season and germinate as soon as they fall to the ground with no winter dormancy. It hybridizes with any other species in the white oak group. Flowering and seed production begin at 3-4 years old.

The acorns of dwarf chinkapin oak are sweet tasting and relished by humans and many kinds of wildlife. The wood has little commercial value because of the shrub's small size