An acropolis was in ancient Greece a settlement a citadel, built upon an area of elevated ground—frequently a hill with precipitous sides, chosen for purposes of defense. Acropolis had a function of a religious sanctuary with sacred springs highlighting its religious significance. Acropolis became the nuclei of large cities of classical antiquity, such as ancient Athens, for this reason they are sometimes prominent landmarks in modern cities with ancient pasts, such as modern Athens. One well-known acropolis is the Acropolis of Athens, located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and containing the Parthenon; the word acropolis means in Greek "upper city," and though associated with the Greek cities Athens, Argos and Corinth, may be applied generically to all such citadels, including Rome, Celtic Bratislava, many in Asia Minor, or Castle Rock in Edinburgh. An example in Ireland is the Rock of Cashel. Acropolis is the term used by archaeologists and historians for the urban Castro culture settlements located in Northwestern Iberian hilltops.

The most famous example is the Acropolis of Athens, which, by reason of its historical associations and the several famous buildings erected upon it, is known without qualification as the Acropolis. Acropolis of Athens achieved its form in the fifth century BC and is an archeological site. Although originating in the mainland of Greece, use of the acropolis model spread to Greek colonies such as the Dorian Lato on Crete during the Archaic Period; because of its classical Hellenistic style, the ruins of Mission San Juan Capistrano's Great Stone Church in California, United States has been called the "American Acropolis". Other parts of the world developed other names for the high citadel or alcázar, which reinforced a strong site. In Central Italy, many small rural communes still cluster at the base of a fortified habitation known as La Rocca of the commune; the term acropolis is used to describe the central complex of overlapping structures, such as plazas and pyramids, in many Maya cities, including Tikal and Copán.

Choragic Monument of Thrasyllos Asklepieion of Athens Idjang Media related to Acropolis at Wikimedia Commons The Acropolis of Athens The Acropolis Restoration Project UNESCO World Heritage Centre — Acropolis, Athens Acropolis Museum The Parthenon Frieze Acropolis: description, photo album The Acropolis: A Walk Through History

Sports in Hyderabad

The most popular sports played in Hyderabad are cricket and association football. At the professional level, the city has hosted international sporting events; the city had produced highest number of Olympian footballers in India. Field Hockey and Cricket is popular among the current generation and apart from modern sports the Indian traditional wrestling is popular among all group of people in Hyderabad. During the rule of the Nizams of Hyderabad, the Nizams as well as the nobility patronized the games; the sixth Nizam, or Asaf Jah VI was fond of horse racing and established the Hyderabad Race Club in 1868. A Paigah nobleman, Moin ud-Dowlah established the Moin-ud-Dowlah Gold Cup Tournament in 1930. Football became the most popular sport in Hyderabad during the "Golden Period" from the 1950s to the 1970s. During this period, Hyderabad-based players formed the nucleus of the Indian Football Team; the prominent players of this time include Peter Thangaraj and Shabbir Ali. At the professional level, the city has hosted national and international sports events such as the 2002 National Games of India, the 2003 Afro-Asian Games, the 2004 AP Tourism Hyderabad Open women's tennis tournament, the 2007 Military World Games, the 2009 World Badminton Championships and the 2009 IBSF World Snooker Championship.

Regular events held in Hyderabad are. The upcoming events in Hyderabad can be found by visiting Event Maxima International-level sportspeople from Hyderabad include: cricketers Ghulam Ahmed, M. L. Jaisimha, mahesh devnani, Mohammed Azharuddin, V. V. S. Laxman, Venkatapathy Raju, Shivlal Yadav, Arshad Ayub, Syed Abid Ali, Mithali Raj and Noel David; the Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium The new Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium has a capacity of 55,000 spectators, including an ultra-modern gymnasium along with a swimming pool. It has been accorded Test match status by the International Cricket Council, and serves as a home ground of Hyderabad Cricket Association. The Swarnandhra Pradesh Sports Complex and the G. M. C. Balayogi Athletic Stadium at Gachibowli are associated specially for football. SAAP Tennis Complex has a central court that holds 4000 spectators and has seven courts with synthetic surface, a sophisticated Velodrome for cycling at Osmania University; the Saroornagar Indoor Arena and The KBR Stadium are multi-purpose indoor sports facilities for, ping-pong, equestrianism, weight-lifting, archery, sepak takraw and shooting.

The Aquatics Complex Stadium at Gachibowli, can host all water sports and synchronized events, with a capacity of 3000 spectators. Water games like rowing, yachting and canoeing are conducted at Hussain Sagar lake; the city has five Go-Karting tracks and a Paint Ball Field. Gachibowli Athletic StadiumThis stadium has a capacity of 30,000 spectators, it is an ultra modern stadium with 8 line competition synthetic athletic track and 4-lane synthetic practice track. It uses the latest high-mast lighting for day-night events and provides obstruction-free viewing for all spectators and is a picturesque stadium amidst breath-taking landscape. G. M. C. Balayogi SATS Indoor StadiumThis stadium has a capacity of around 5,000 spectators air-conditioned, a multi-purpose stadium, it has wooden flooring, approved by International Federation and is up to DIN standards. Aquatics ComplexThis stadium has a capacity of 2000 spectators, is an aquatic complex for swimming, water polo and synchronized events, it is a temperature controlled pool through modern heating systems and fibre-reinforced polymer filters.

Swarnandhra Pradesh Sports ComplexLocated in Gachi Bowli, this sports complex uses a synthetic turf with sophisticated sprinkler system for watering and drainage and has galleries with RC flat slabs and unique suspended steel roof structure. Pavilion housing the Federation Office and amenities including lounges for players and media. Fateh Maidan Sports ComplexOne of the oldest sports establishments of the city, it is located at Basheerbagh in central Hyderabad. Translated, the name'Fateh Maidan' means'victory ground', it consists of the Lal Bahadur Shastri Stadium, the newly constructed ultra-modern SAAP Tennis Complex & a multi-purpose Indoor Stadium among other establishments. The Lal Bahadur StadiumThis stadium has a capacity of 25,000 spectators and is equipped with floodlights around the field and provision of internal lights for the spectators. With dimensions 105 m x a 1-inch grass turf; the Stadium is run by the Sports Authority of Telangana, SAAP, was till the main cricket stadium for holding International cricket matches in the city.

SAAP Tennis Complex, Fateh MaidanThis central court has a capacity of 4000 spectators and has a 7 top class synthetic surfaces. G. Bhaskar Rao Indoor StadiumThis multi-purpose stadium has a capacity of 2000 spectators and adopts a world class wooden flooring with temperature control. Shooting Range, Hyderabad Central UniversityThis is an outdoor shooting range with a capacity of 600 spectators and facilities for 120 competitors at a time, with facilities for 15 different games at a time using latest electronic target equipment. Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium This is an exclusive cricket stadium in Hyderabad, it has a capacity of 55,000 spectators and is bu

Patriarch of the West

Patriarch of the West was on several occasions between 450 and 2006 one of the official titles of the Bishop of Rome, as patriarch and highest authority of the Latin Church. The title no longer appears among the official ones, starting from the publication of the 2006 Annuario Pontificio; the origin of the definition of the Patriarch of the West is linked to the unhinging of the ancient system based on the three apostolic centers of Rome and Alexandria and the constitution, with the First Council of Constantinople in 381 and the Council of Chalcedon in 451 and despite the papal opposition of the New Pentarchy, with the elevation of the Patriarchate of Constantinople and Jerusalem. In this system, with the exception of Rome, the other four patriarchates fell under the authority of the Byzantine Empire and came to conform as territorially well defined entities. Rome, on the other hand, became the seat with authority over the territories of the Western Roman Empire. In 450, the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II addressed himself in a letter to Pope Leo I, mentioning him as a patriarch explicitly for the West.

When the Western Roman Empire collapsed in 476 and extended by Justinian I the eastern legislation on Rome with the Pragmatic sanction of 554, the imperial ecclesiastical system of the Pentarchy found complete application. In 642, while the Byzantine Emperors imposed the support for Miaphysitism on the popes, Pope Theodore I formally assumed for the first time the title of Patriarch of the West. On 22 March 2006, the Vatican released a statement explaining this omission on the grounds of expressing a "historical and theological reality" and of "being useful to ecumenical dialogue"; the title Patriarch of the West symbolized the pope's special relationship with, jurisdiction over, the Latin Church—and the omission of the title neither symbolizes in any way a change in this relationship, nor distorts the relationship between the Holy See and the Eastern Churches, as solemnly proclaimed by the Second Vatican Council