American Repertory Theater
The American Repertory Theater is a professional not-for-profit theater in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Founded in 1980 by Robert Brustein, the A. R. T. is known for its commitment to music -- theater explorations. Over the past thirty years it has garnered many of the nation's most distinguished awards, including a Pulitzer Prize, a Tony Award, a Jujamcyn Award. In December 2002, the A. R. T. was the recipient of the National Theatre Conference's Outstanding Achievement Award, in May 2003 it was named one of the top three theaters in the country by Time Magazine. The A. R. T. is housed in the Loeb Drama Center at Harvard University. The A. R. T. Houses the Institute for Advanced Theater Training at Harvard University and the Harvard-Radcliffe Drama Club. In 2002 Robert Woodruff replaced founder Robert Brustein as the A. R. T.'s Artistic Director. After Woodruff's departure in 2007, Associate Artistic Director Gideon Lester took the reins for 2008-09 season, in May 2008 Diane Paulus was named the new Artistic Director.
Paulus, a Harvard alum, is known as a director of theater and opera. Her work includes The Donkey Show. In the 1920s George Pierce Baker gave his celebrated 47 Workshop Playwriting course at Harvard as an elective in the English department. Baker's dramatic instruction was effective enough to attract the likes of Eugene O'Neill, Philip Barry, S. N. Behrman to Cambridge, but when Baker requested a space in which to stage scenes from the plays of his students, the administration balked. A wealthy donor from the Harkness family thereupon offered Harvard what was the munificent sum of a million dollars to build a theatre and a drama department for Baker. In one of the few such actions in its long history, Harvard turned down the bequest. Baker took the money to Yale. Under the leadership of Robert Brustein, the American Repertory Theater was established at Harvard in 1979 as a permanent professional arts organization on campus that offered undergraduate courses in acting and dramaturgy, taught by professional members of the company with teaching experience.
Brustein described the founding of the theater as "a groundbreaking event and an unusual act of faith by the administration". One of the reasons for the founding of A. R. T. and Brustein's appointment as director of the university's Loeb Drama Center, was to help improve the quality of Harvard-Radcliffe Drama Club shows on the main stage through practical courses in the craft of acting and directing through professional guidance of HRDC production. Brustein served as artistic director of the theater until 2002, when he was succeeded by Robert Woodruff, founder of the Bay Area Playwrights Festival. In 2008, Diane Paulus became the new artistic director; the A. R. T. has become a leading force in the American theater, producing groundbreaking work in Cambridge and beyond. During its 32-year history, it has welcomed many major American and international theater artists, presenting a diverse repertoire that includes premieres of American plays, bold reinterpretations of classical texts, provocative new music theater productions.
The A. R. T. has performed throughout the U. S. and worldwide in 21 cities in 16 countries on four continents. It is continues to be a training ground for young artists, with the artistic staff teaching undergraduate classes in acting, dramatic literature, dramaturgy and design. In 1987, the A. R. T. Founded the Institute for Advanced Theater Training at Harvard, which offers a five-semester M. F. A. Graduate program that operates in conjunction with the Moscow Art Theater School, the Institute provides world-class professional training in acting and voice. Since becoming artistic director, Diane Paulus has enhanced the A. R. T.’s core mission to expand the boundaries of theater by continuing to transform the ways in which work is developed, programmed and contextualized, always including the audience as a partner. Productions such as Sleep No More, The Donkey Show, The Blue Flower, Prometheus Bound, The Gershwins’ Porgy and Bess, Wild Swans, Pippin have engaged audiences in unique theatrical experiences.
The A. R. T.’s club theater, OBERON, which Paulus calls a second stage for the 21st century, has become an incubator for local and emerging artists, has attracted national attention for its innovative programming model. The theater's productions have garnered three Tony Awards, including for Best Revival of a Musical for its productions of Pippin and The Gershwins’ Porgy and Bess; the A. R. T. received the Tony Award for Outstanding Regional Theater, the Pulitzer Prize, many Elliot Norton and I. R. N. E. Awards, its recent premiere production of Death and The Powers: The Robots’ Opera was a 2012 Pulitzer Prize finalist. Notes from the Field: Doing Time in Education, Created and performed by Anna Deavere Smith with music composed and performed by Marcus Shelby. Directed by Leonard Foglia. Abbey Theatre's the Stars, written by Seán O'Casey. Directed by Sean Holmes. Fingersmith, Based on the novel by Sarah Waters, written by Alexa Junge. Directed by Bill Rauch. Trans Scripts, Part I: The Women, Written by Paul Lucas.
Directed by Jo Bonney. The Night of the Iguana, Written by Tennessee Williams. Directed by Michael Wilson and featuring James Earl Jones. Arrabal, Book by John Weidman, music by Gustavo Santaolalla. Directed and co-choreographed by Sergio Tr
The Brown–Forman Corporation is one of the largest American-owned companies in the spirits and wine business. Based in Louisville, Kentucky, it manufactures several well known brands throughout the world, including Jack Daniel's, Early Times, Old Forester, Woodford Reserve, Canadian Mist, GlenDronach, BenRiach, Finlandia, Herradura and Chambord. Brown–Forman owned Southern Comfort and Tuaca before selling them off in 2016; as of fiscal 2016 the company had sales of $3.08 billion. The 40 members of the Brown family, cousins that are descendants of founder George Garvin Brown, control more than 70% of the voting shares and have a net worth of $12.3 billion. The company was founded in 1870 by George Garvin Brown, a young pharmaceuticals salesman in Louisville, who had the then-novel idea of selling top-grade whiskey in sealed glass bottles. In 2005, the company sold its Lenox division, acquired in 1983, to Department 56 for $USD 160 million; the income generated by the sale was distributed to the shareholders in the form of a one time special dividend.
In 2006, the company acquired the Chambord liqueur brand for $US 255 million. In 2007, the company acquired Tequila Herradura, a Mexican company that produces the Casa Herradura tequila brand for $US 776 million, while it sold its Hartman Luggage division, to Clarion Capitol Partners. One year it sold the Bolla and Fontana Candida Italian wine brands to Gruppo Italiano Vini; the terms of neither sale were disclosed. In 2011, the company sold Fetzer Vineyards and associated brands to the Chilean wine producer Viña Concha y Toro S. A. for $US 238 million. In 2016, the Southern Comfort and Tuaca brands were sold to Sazerac Company for $543 Million. In 2016, Brown–Forman reached an agreement to purchase The BenRiach Distillery Company Limited for £285 million; the purchase brought GlenDronach, BenRiach, Glenglassaugh to Brown–Forman's portfolio. The company is a sponsor of the Brown–Forman Retailer of the Year awards given by the American Beverage Licensees. Brown–Forman has two classes of common stock, both of which are traded publicly on the New York Stock Exchange.
The Class A shares carry voting privileges and are thinly traded due to control by the Brown family while the Class B shares are Non-voting stock. In 2011, Brown–Forman was accused of illegally subsidizing its distributors in China, subsequently delaying payment to them as agreed under contract; the Shanghai Administration for Industry and Commerce fined Brown–Forman 2 million renminbi for illegal subsidization. In 2009, Newsweek magazine ranked Brown–Forman in their "Green Rankings" which examines 500 of the largest corporations on their environmental track record. Brown–Forman was ranked 63rd out of 500 overall, was ranked 3rd in the food and beverage industry sector. Early Times, Kentucky whiskey Old Forester, Kentucky straight bourbon whiskey Woodford Reserve, Kentucky straight bourbon whiskey Jack Daniel's, Tennessee whiskey Canadian Mist, blended Canadian whisky Collingwood, blended Canadian whisky BenRiach, single malt Scotch whisky GlenDronach, single malt Scotch whisky Glenglassaugh, single malt Scotch whisky Korbel, sparkling wine Sonoma-Cutrer Wines Finlandia Maximus vodka Don Eduardo El Jimador Herradura Pepe Lopez Chambord raspberry liqueur Little Black Dress List of major employers in Louisville, Kentucky Official website
Dylan Marlais Thomas was a Welsh poet and writer whose works include the poems "Do not go gentle into that good night" and "And death shall have no dominion". He became popular in his lifetime and remained so after his premature death at the age of 39 in New York City. By he had acquired a reputation, which he had encouraged, as a "roistering and doomed poet". Thomas was born in Swansea, Wales, in 1914. An undistinguished pupil, he became a journalist for a short time. Many of his works appeared in print while he was still a teenager, the publication in 1934 of "Light breaks where no sun shines" caught the attention of the literary world. While living in London, Thomas met Caitlin Macnamara, whom he married in 1937. In 1938 they moved to the Welsh fishing village of Laugharne where from 1949 they settled permanently and brought up their three children. Thomas came to be appreciated as a popular poet during his lifetime, though he found earning a living as a writer difficult, he began augmenting his income with reading tours and radio broadcasts.
His radio recordings for the BBC during the late 1940s brought him to the public's attention, he was used by the BBC as a populist voice of the literary scene. Thomas first travelled to the United States in the 1950s, his readings there brought him a degree of fame, while drinking worsened. His time in America cemented his legend, he went on to record to vinyl such works as A Child's Christmas in Wales. During his fourth trip to New York in 1953, Thomas became gravely ill and fell into a coma, from which he never recovered, he died on 9 November 1953. His body was returned to Wales, where he was interred at the churchyard of St Martin's in Laugharne on 25 November 1953. Although Thomas wrote in the English language, he has been acknowledged as one of the most important Welsh poets of the 20th century, he is noted for his original and ingenious use of words and imagery. His position as one of the great modern poets has been much discussed, he remains popular with the public. Dylan Thomas was born on 27 October 1914 in Swansea, the son of Florence Hannah, a seamstress, David John Thomas, a teacher.
His father had a first-class honours degree in English from University College and ambitions to rise above his position teaching English literature at the local grammar school. Thomas had one sibling, Nancy Marles, eight years his senior; the children spoke only English, though their parents were bilingual in English and Welsh, David Thomas gave Welsh lessons at home. Thomas's father chose the name Dylan, which could be translated as "son of the sea", after Dylan ail Don, a character in The Mabinogion, his middle name, was given in honour of his great-uncle, William Thomas, a Unitarian minister and poet whose bardic name was Gwilym Marles. Dylan, pronounced ˈ in Welsh, caused his mother to worry that he might be teased as the "dull one"; when he broadcast on Welsh BBC, early in his career, he was introduced using this pronunciation. Thomas gave instructions that it should be Dillan; the red-brick semi-detached house at 5 Cwmdonkin Drive, in which Thomas was born and lived until he was 23, had been bought by his parents a few months before his birth.
His childhood featured regular summer trips to Llanstephan where his maternal relatives were the sixth generation to farm there. His mother's family, the Williamses, lived in such farms as Waunfwlchan, Llwyngwyn and Penycoed; the memory of Fernhill, a dairy farm owned by his maternal aunt, Ann Jones, is evoked in the 1945 lyrical poem "Fern Hill". Thomas struggled with these throughout his life. Thomas was indulged by his mother and enjoyed being mollycoddled, a trait he carried into adulthood, he was skilful in gaining attention and sympathy. Thomas' formal education began at Mrs Hole's dame school, a private school on Mirador Crescent, a few streets away from his home, he described his experience there in Quite Early One Morning: Never was there such a dame school as ours, so firm and kind and smelling of galoshes, with the sweet and fumbled music of the piano lessons drifting down from upstairs to the lonely schoolroom, where only the sometimes tearful wicked sat over undone sums, or to repent a little crime – the pulling of a girl's hair during geography, the sly shin kick under the table during English literature.
In October 1925, Thomas enrolled at Swansea Grammar School for boys, in Mount Pleasant, where his father taught English. He was an undistinguished pupil. In his first year one of his poems was published in the school's magazine, before he left he became its editor. During his final school years he began writing poetry in notebooks. In June 1928 Thomas won the school's mile race, held at St. Helen's Ground. In 1931, when he was 16, Thomas left school to become a reporter for the South Wales Daily Post, only to leave under pressure 18 months later. Thomas continued to work as a freelance journalist for several years, during which time he remained at Cwmdonkin Drive and continued to add to his notebooks, amassing 200 poems in four books between 1930 and 1934. Of the 90 poems he published, half were written during these years. In his free time, he join
Oregon Shakespeare Festival
The Oregon Shakespeare Festival is a regional repertory theatre in Ashland, United States, founded in 1935 by Angus Bowmer. From March through October each year, the Festival offers 750 to 850 matinee and evening performances in three theatres to a total annual audience of about 400,000; the Festival welcomed its millionth visitor in 1971, its 10-millionth in 2001, its 20-millionth visitor in 2015. Depending on the time of year, between five and eleven plays are offered in daily rotation six days a week. A season at OSF consists of a wide range of classic and contemporary plays produced in three theatres. Three plays are staged in the outdoor Allen Elizabethan Theatre, three to four in the Thomas Theatre, five in the Angus Bowmer Theatre, it has completed the entire Shakespeare canon of 37 plays in 1958, 1978, 1997, 2016. It added non-Shakespearean plays in 1960 and since 2000 there has been at least one new work each season from playwrights such as Octavio Solis and Robert Schenkkan, several of which have gone on to other venues and numerous awards.
A complete list by year and theater is available at the Main article: Production history of the Oregon Shakespeare Festival. OSF provides a broad range of educational programs for middle schools, high schools, college students and theatre professionals; each year, the Festival offers 750 to 800 performances from February through late October or early November, to a total audience of about 400,000. The company consists of 700 volunteers; the Oregon Shakespeare Festival is listed as a Major Festival in the book Shakespeare Festivals Around the World. In addition to the plays, beginning in 1951 a free outdoor "Green Show" drawing audiences of 600 to 1200 including non-playgoers, precedes the evening plays from June through September from a modular steel stage with a sprung floor for the dancers, a removable wheelchair ramp for performers with disabilities, built-in storage facilities that eliminate carting equipment from and to distant storage facilities four days a week, it offered Elizabethan music and dancers.
From 1966 until 2007, it consisted of three Renaissance-themed shows in rotation inspired by the plays showing in the Allen Elizabethan Theatre. Live music was supplied by the Terra Nova Consort and other guest musicians and modern dance was performed by Dance Kaleidoscope. In 2008, the Green Show was revamped; the shows now vary with performers such as a dance group from Mexico or India one night, clowns doing ballet on stilts the next, a classical music quartet on another. A fire show, juggler, or magician might be seen along with improv, metal, or rock-n-roll variations on Shakespeare. Individual performers, choirs and orchestras may present Afro-Cuban, blues, contemporary, funk, hip-hop, mariachi, poetry, renaissance, or salsa, sometimes combined in unexpected ways. In 1893, the residents of Ashland built a facility to host Chautauqua events. In its heyday, it accommodated audiences of 1,500 for appearances by the likes of John Philip Sousa and William Jennings Bryan during annual 10-day seasons.
In 1917, a new domed structure was built at the site, but it fell into disrepair after the Chautauqua movement died out in the 1920s. In 1935, the similarity of the remaining wall of the then-roofless Chautauqua building to Elizabethan theatres inspired Southern Oregon Normal School drama professor Angus L. Bowmer to propose using it to present plays by Shakespeare. Ashland city leaders loaned him a sum "not to exceed $400" to present two plays as part of the city's Independence Day celebration. However, they pressed Bowmer to add. Bowmer agreed, feeling such an event was in perfect keeping with the bawdiness of Elizabethan theatre, the performances went forward; the Works Progress Administration helped construct a makeshift Elizabethan stage on the Chautauqua site, confidently billing it as the "First Annual Oregon Shakespearean Festival", Bowmer presented Twelfth Night on July 2 and July 4, 1935, The Merchant of Venice on July 3, directing and playing the lead roles in both plays himself.
Reserved seats cost $1, with general admission of $.50 for $.25 for children. The profit from the plays covered the losses the boxing matches incurred; the Festival has continued since, developed a reputation for quality productions. Angus Bowmer's first wife Lois served as art director, creating both costumes and scenery during the formative years of the Festival from 1935 to 1940 years. In 1939, OSF took a production of The Taming of the Shrew to the Golden Gate International Exposition in San Francisco, nationally broadcast on radio; the lead actress, learning at the last minute the broadcast would be to a national audience, suffered a panic attack, was rushed to the hospital, the stand-in took over. The scripts didn't arrive on the set until three minutes before air time; the Festival achieved widespread national recognition when, from 1951 to 1973, NBC broadcast abbreviated performances each year that were carried by more than 100 stations and, after 1954, on Armed Forces Radio and Radio Free Europe.
The programs won favorable review from critics that drew audiences to the Festival from around the country. The programs led Life magazine to do a story on the Festival in 1957, bringing more people to the plays; the NBC programs and the subsequent attention go a long way to explaining the mystery of how a tiny out-of-the-way timber town in the Northwest became a theatrical and tourist Mecca. Bin
James H. Dakin
James Harrison Dakin, American architect. Best known for his Neo-Gothic style. Best known as Architect of the Old Louisiana State Capitol, Old Bank of Louisville, other public buildings. Daikin was the son of James and Lucy Harrison Dakin of Hudson, New York, born in Northeast Township, he was seventh in line from the immigrant ancestor, Thomas Dakin, of Concord, through Simon, of the third generation, who went to Putnam County, New York, from Massachusetts. After learning the carpentry trade from his uncle, James Dakin moved to New York City, where he was apprenticed to Alexander Jackson Davis when the firm of Town and Davis, was formed in 1829; that year he married Joanna Belcher of Norwich, the widow of George Collard. They had seven children including two pairs of twins, with just two children surviving to adulthood. Dakin seems from an early date to have developed a practice of his own, for he was the architect of the large J. W. Perry house, in Brooklyn, in about 1830-31, of the Washington Square Dutch Reformed Church, an unusually advanced example of Gothic Revival work.
He was in touch with Minard Lafever during this period and, a beautiful draftsman drew a number of the plates, which are signed by him, in Lafever's The Modern Builder's Guide. Too, he had some means. From May 1, 1832, to November 1, 1834, he was a partner of Town & Davis, from existing accounts of the firm, he seems to have contributed a generous amount of working capital; the partnership ended in some disagreement. During this period Town & Davis were engaged on many important works, including the North Carolina State Capitol, the main building of New York University, the Marine Pavilion at Rockaway, it was at this time. Here Gallier met Dakin's younger brother, Charles Bingley Dakin working as a draftsman at James Dakin's firm and whom Gallier took along to New Orleans in 1834; that year, having left Town and Dakin to establish his own firm in New York, Dakin designed one of the finest buildings of his career, the Bank of Louisville in Kentucky, as well as the First Presbyterian Church in Troy, New York, done in the Greek Revival style.
In 1835, James Dakin followed his Gallier to New Orleans. Ambitious, he realized, as Gallier had, the opportunities New Orleans offered. For a time there seems to have been a loose partnership between the three. One example of their collaboration is Barton Academy in Mobile, started in 1835. Both James Dakin and James Gallier claimed to have been the architects of certain New Orleans buildings of the period. Within a year, the Dakins left Gallier and practiced for time together as Dakin & Dakin and as Dakin, Bell & Dakin. Charles began an ill-fated branch office in Mobile, where he supervised the construction of the Government Street Presbyterian Church, completed in 1836; the collapse of a row of warehouses he designed affected him so that it is thought to have been a cause contributing to his early death in St. Gabriel, Louisiana, he had gone to Texas to begin anew. That year the Great Fire of Mobile destroyed much of the firm's incomplete work there. James Dakin's work with Gallier included Christ Church, the front of, preserved as a Knights of Columbus clubhouse, the Verandah Hotel, the Merchants' Exchange on Royal Street.
In 1838 he designed St. Patrick's Church, an ambitious effort in a rich Gothic style modeled on York Minster; when difficulties occurred in its construction, Gallier was called in to revise the foundations and Dakin lost the contract in 1839. Afterward Gallier erroneously claimed it as one of his buildings. Dakin was architect of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of "Union Terrace" on Canal Street, of the State Arsenal, of the gracious row of thirteen houses on Julia Street known as the "Thirteen Buildings" or the Julia Street Row. At this time, Dakin, Bell & Dakin were employed as the architects of a proposed city hall for New Orleans, but the project was abandoned and the architects paid and discharged by the City Council on March 28, 1837; the relation of this design to Gallier's City Hall, if any, is not known. There is evidence that the Dakin brothers were the architects of several unidentified buildings in Cincinnati and St. Louis. James Dakin carried on after his brother's death, designing the Gayoso House Hotel in Memphis and the Medical College of Louisiana.
By 1845 he had accepted as an apprentice Henry Howard, among the best of the next generation of Louisiana architects. After 1848 James lived chiefly at Baton Rouge. During the Mexican-American War James H. Dakin served in 1846 as colonel of the 2nd Louisiana Volunteers, he returned to design the University of Louisiana, adjacent to the Medical College. The latter was absorbed by the university, the entire complex became Tulane University. In 1847 he won a competition for the new statehouse with a daring Gothic design, a style he chose "because no other style... could give suitable character to a building with so little cost" and because to use classic would give a building "w
Internet Broadway Database
The Internet Broadway Database is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel. It was conceived and created by Karen Hauser in 1996 and is operated by the Research Department of The Broadway League, a trade association for the North American commercial theatre community; the website has a corresponding app for both the IOS and Android. This comprehensive history of Broadway provides records of productions from the beginnings of New York theatre in the 18th century up to today. Details include cast and creative lists for opening night and current day, song lists and other interesting facts about every Broadway production. Other features of IBDB include an extensive archive of photos from past and present Broadway productions, links to cast recordings on iTunes or Amazon and attendance information, its mission was to be an interactive, user-friendly, searchable database for League members, journalists and Broadway fans. The League added Broadway Touring shows to the database for ease of tracking shows that play in theatres across the country.
It is managed by Karen Hauser, Michael Abourizk, Mark Smith of the Broadway League. Internet Theatre Database – ITDb Internet Movie Database – IMDb Internet Book Database – IBookDb Lortel Archives – IOBDb The Broadway League Official website Broadway League website
Trinity Repertory Company
Trinity Repertory Company is a non-profit regional theater located at 201 Washington Street in Providence, Rhode Island. The theater is a member of the League of Resident Theatres. Founded in 1963, the theater is "one of the most respected regional theatres in the country". Featuring the last longstanding Resident Acting Company in the U. S. Trinity Rep presents a balance of world premiere and classic works, including an annual production of A Christmas Carol, for an estimated annual audience of 110,000. In its 52-year history, the theater has produced nearly 67 world premieres, mounted national and international tours and, through its MFA program, trained hundreds of new actors and directors. Project Discovery, Trinity Rep's pioneering educational outreach program launched in 1966, annually introduces over 15,000 Rhode Island and Connecticut high school students to live theater through matinees as well as in-school residencies and workshops; as of 2016, Trinity Rep's educational programs serve students in around 60% of Rhode Island schools, its executive director is Tom Parrish, it has a 9 million USD annual budget.
Trinity Rep was founded when a small group of Rhode Island citizens sought to create a professional resident theater company in Providence. Incorporated as "The Foundation for Repertory Theater of Rhode Island, Inc." on March 21, 1963, the group hired Adrian Hall, a New York-based director from Texas. At Trinity United Methodist Church, located in Trinity Square, the first production The Hostage by Brendan Behan, opened on March 14, 1964. In 1968, Trinity Rep performed at the Edinburgh International Festival in Scotland, the first American theater company to do so; the company received the Tony Award for Outstanding Regional Theater Company in 1981, produced four television productions for PBS, toured India and Syria, has a strong commitment to the development of new works. The Trinity Rep Conservatory opened in 1977. A partnership in 2001 between Trinity Rep and Brown University created the Brown/Trinity Rep three-year MFA program for degrees in theatrical arts for actors & directors at the Pell Chafee Performance Center.
From its roots in Providence's Trinity United Methodist Church, Trinity Repertory Company moved in 1973 to its present home the Lederer Theater Center in downtown Providence. A historical vaudeville performance house known as the Emery Majestic Theatre, the historic building houses two performance spaces: the 500-plus seat Chace Theater and the 300-seat Dowling Theater, as well as offices, production shops, rehearsal halls; the building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Adrian Hall Anne Bogart Richard Jenkins Oskar Eustis Amanda Dehnert Curt Columbus National Register of Historic Places listings in Providence, Rhode Island Official website Trinity Repertory Company at the Internet Broadway Database Brown University - Trinity Rep Programs Article about Richard Jenkins at Trinity Rep