The Acts of Peter is one of the earliest of the apocryphal Acts of the Apostles. The majority of the text has survived only in the Latin translation of the Vercelli manuscript, under the title Actus Petri cum Simone, it is notable for a description of a miracle contest between Saint Peter and Simon Magus, as the first record of the tradition that St. Peter was crucified head-down; the Acts of Peter was composed in Greek during the second half of the 2nd century in Asia Minor. Consensus among academics points to its being based on the Acts of John, traditionally both works were said to be written by Leucius Charinus, whom Epiphanius identifies as the companion of John. In the text, Peter performs many miracles, see Acts 5 verse 12, he healed a crippled beggar. Acts 3. Peter preaches. In his outrage, Peter challenges Simon to a contest in order to prove whose works are from a divine source and whose are trickery, it is said that Simon Magus takes flight and Peter strikes him down with the power of God and prays that Simon be not killed but that he be badly injured.
The Acts continue to say that he was taken to Terracina to one Castor "And there he was sorely cut, so Simon the angel of Satan came to his end.". Following this incident, Peter is going to flee the city. Peter requests to be crucified upside-down because he does not believe that a man is worthy to be killed in the same manner as Jesus Christ; these concluding chapters describing Peter's crucifixion are preserved separately as the "Martyrdom of Peter" in three Greek manuscripts and in Coptic, Ethiopic, Arabic and Slavonic versions. Because of this, it is sometimes proposed that the martyrdom account was an earlier, separate text to which the preceding chapters were affixed. Acts of Peter and Andrew Acts of Peter and the Twelve Acts of Peter and Paul Quo vadis Richard Adelbert Lipsius, Maximilian Bonnet:Acta apostolorum apokryphae pars prior, Hermann Mendelsohn, Leipzig 1891. Greek und Latin text. Bernhard Pick:The Apocryphal Acts of Paul, John and Thomas; the Open Court Publishing Co. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.
Ltd, London 1909. Elias Avery Lowe: Codices Latini Antiquiores: a palaeographical guide to Latin manuscripts prior to the ninth century. Ed. under the auspices of the Union Académique Internationale for the American Council of Learned Societies and the Carnegie Institution of Washington, Vol. 4. Clarendon, Oxford 1947, Reprint Zeller, Osnabrück 1988. Description of codex vercelli 158. English translation Early Christian Writings: Acts of Peter
Junction Boulevard Junction Avenue, is a two-mile north-south route that runs through the neighborhoods of Jackson Heights, Corona and Rego Park in Queens, New York. It is known as 94th Street in East Elmhurst and serves LaGuardia Airport; the northern extent of Junction Boulevard begins at LaGuardia Airport, running through the East Elmhurst neighborhood as 94th Street. Upon intersecting 32nd Avenue, it continues as Junction Boulevard. Along its route, it intersects with the following major roads: Grand Central Parkway, Astoria Boulevard, Roosevelt Avenue, Corona Avenue, Long Island Expressway, with its southern end at Queens Boulevard. Junction Boulevard passes by the Rego Center Mall. For most of its length, its width varies from two to four lanes; the entire length of 94th Street and Junction Boulevard is followed by the Q72 bus. Junction Boulevard contains two New York City Subway stations: Junction Boulevard station on the IRT Flushing Line 63rd Drive–Rego Park station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line
Houston is the seat of the internationally renowned Texas Medical Center, which contains the world's largest concentration of research and healthcare institutions. All 47 member institutions of the Texas Medical Center are non-profit organizations, they provide patient and preventive care, research and local, international community well-being. Employing more than 73,600 people, institutions at the medical center include 13 hospitals and two specialty institutions, two medical schools, four nursing schools, schools of dentistry, public health and all health-related careers, it is where one of the first—and still the largest—air emergency service, Life Flight, was created, a successful inter-institutional transplant program was developed. More heart surgeries are performed at the Texas Medical Center than anywhere else in the world; some of the academic and research health institutions at the center include MD Anderson Cancer Center, Baylor College of Medicine, UT Health Science Center, Memorial Hermann Hospital, The Methodist Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital, University of Houston College of Pharmacy.
The Baylor College of Medicine has annually been considered within the top ten medical schools in the nation. S. hospitals specializing in cancer care by U. S. News & World Report since 1990; the Menninger Clinic, a renowned psychiatric treatment center, is affiliated with Baylor College of Medicine and The Methodist Hospital System. With hospital locations nationwide and headquarters in Houston, the Triumph Healthcare hospital system is the third largest long term acute care provider nationally. Four separate and distinct state universities are located in Houston; the University of Houston is a nationally recognized Tier One research university and is the flagship institution of the University of Houston System. The third-largest university in Texas, the University of Houston has nearly 44,000 students on its 667-acre campus in southeast Houston; the University of Houston–Clear Lake and the University of Houston–Downtown are stand-alone universities. Located in the historic community of Third Ward is Texas Southern University, one of the largest and most comprehensive black institutions in the United States.
The University of Houston System's annual impact on the Houston-area's economy equates to that of a major corporation: $1.1 billion in new funds attracted annually to the Houston area, $3.13 billion in total economic benefit, 24,000 local jobs generated. This is in addition to the 12,500 new graduates the UH System produces every year who enter the workforce in Houston and throughout Texas; these degree-holders tend to stay in Houston. After five years, 80.5 percent of graduates are still working in the region. Several private institutions of higher learning—ranging from liberal arts colleges to a nationally recognized research university—are located within the city. Most notably, Rice University, one of the leading teaching and research universities in the United States and ranks in the top 20 of best overall universities by U. S. News & World Report. Three community college districts exist with campuses around Houston; the Houston Community College System serves most of Houston. The northwestern through northeastern parts of the city are served by various campuses of the Lone Star College System, while the southeastern portion of Houston is served by San Jacinto College, portions in the northeast are served by Lee College.
The Houston Community College and Lone Star College systems are within the 10 largest institutions of higher learning in the United States. A 2007 Money survey stated that 91.1% of the students attending schools within the city limits go to public schools and 8.9 percent go to private schools. All public school systems in Texas are administered by the Texas Education Agency; as of 2018 24 school districts serve different sections of the city of Houston. The largest school district serving the city limits is the Houston Independent School District, which serves a large majority of the area within the city limits. A portion of west Houston falls under the Spring Alief independent school districts. Aldine takes parts of northern Houston. Parts of Pasadena, Clear Creek, Crosby, Cypress-Fairbanks, Fort Bend, Galena Park, Humble, Klein, New Caney and Spring independent school districts take students from the city limits of Houston or otherwise cover parts of the Houston city limits; the North Forest Independent School District served portions of Houston until its July 1, 2013 closure, when it was absorbed by Houston ISD.
There are many charter schools that are run separately from school districts, but are administered by the Texas Education Agency. In addition, public school districts—such as Houston ISD and Spring Branch ISD—also have their own charter schools. Since 1995 the state of Texas allowed the formation of charter schools; some charter schools are overseen by traditional school districts while others only have oversight by the State of Texas. In 2003 charter schools in the Houston area had a combined total of 15,428 students. In 2006, over 25% of charter schools in Texas were located in Greater Houston. In 2006, Todd Ziebarth, a researcher of the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, said that charter schools may have as many as 15% of the market share of students in Greater Houston. During that year Houston Independent School District officials estimated that 12,000 to 13,000 pupils living within the HISD boundaries attend state charter schools. In 2006 around 10,000 students attended HISD-affiliated charter schools
Youth Challenge International is a youth-centred, non-profit, non-religious, non-governmental organization focused on international development issues. It aims to equip developing country youth with skills and resources to contribute positively to their communities as well as engage Canadian youth in international development and social justice issues. Over 200 Canadian youth volunteer overseas annually with YCI; the organization's mission is to "build the skills and confidence of young people to effect positive change in their communities". YCI's operations and programming is rooted in 4 core principles: Youth Involvement: Youth take active decision making and leadership roles in YCI's projects Volunteerism: The spirit of volunteerism as central to, a key force motivating YCI's work Partnership: Working with local, youth-led or youth focused organizations Youth Capacity Building: YCI seeks to help both youth and youth development organizations build the capacity to work autonomously as effective change agents in their respective communitiesYCI operates on the belief that effective aid must have an explicitly youth focus – economic and social development outcomes cannot be improved without youth-specific programming.
Youth represent a large share of the Global South's population structure with 1.3 billion young people aged 12 to 24 now living in developing countries. As the largest cohort of developing country youth in history, this group now makes up well over half the population of most developing countries. A critical challenge facing this population is youth unemployment, compounded by the HIV/AIDS crisis, gender inequality and disenfranchisement. Taking into account these factors, YCI's program rationale focuses on targeting these issues to promote positive youth-focused change in the developing world. YCI operates programs in countries characterized as politically stable, less developed countries that have an existing development relationship with the northern partners of YCI such as Canada and Australia. Organizations that YCI has collaborated with include: Youth Challenge Guyana in Guyana, Reto Juvenil International in Costa Rica, Youth Challenge Australia in Vanuatu, ZANGOC and Faraja Trust in Tanzania, YMCA-Ghana in Ghana, Association for Adolescent Development and the Program for Adolescent Mothers in Grenada, Emmanuel Development Association in Ethiopia.
All of YCI's partners are autonomous non-profit organizations with an indigenous board of directors and local staff. An international complement of field staff joins this base to help deliver field projects in each country. YCI's long term development goal is to assure that each partner has the stability and capacity to develop a greater regional role in designing and evaluating important development and conservation projects, along with increasing the participation of local youth and community stakeholdersIn addition, YCI has built relationships with other Canadian organizations including most YMCA Canada and YMCA GTA as well as Club 2/3 and Oxfam Quebec, developing collaborative programming in both Ghana and Benin. Youth Challenge International was born as a charitable organization in 1989. Inspired by the UK-based Operation Raleigh, Canadian alumni from this project, along with new volunteers and sponsors in Canada, organized to send a group of Canadian youth to Guyana to work with Guyanese youth on community identified projects.
In 1990, YCI sent 40 young Canadians, side by side with 40 Guyanese youth, worked on major community projects in conservation and health. During its inaugural year, YCI partnered with the Adventure Club of the Soviet Union, sending a team of Canadian and Russian youth to the Arctic to participate in community service activities and conduct scientific research. In 1991, a similar program to the one in Guyana was launched in Costa Rica; the following year, the mutual successes of these programs led to the establishment of autonomous organizations in both these countries. Around the same time, Australian alumni from the original Operation Raleigh, initiated Youth Challenge Australia to provide similar opportunities to Australian Youth. In 1997, the Youth Challenge Organizations; these organizations now function autonomously, financially independent from one another, but meet on a yearly basis to participate in co-operative decision making and joint planning for the member organizations. Throughout the 1990s and 2000s, YCI has continued to increase the number of countries it operates in and has sent over 2,500 volunteers abroad, partnering with over 15 countries.
It operates in Tanzania, Ethiopia, Benin, Costa Rica and Vanuatu. In addition, as of 2006, YCI has been working to engage Canadian youth in global development issues domestically, promoting awareness and advocacy through the functioning of its Volunteer Action Teams. In 2009, YCI launched its American partner Youth Challenge America. Two female volunteers from New Brunswick were abducted in Ghana on June 4, 2019 and were freed in a raid by police eight days later; the ideal YCI volunteer candidate is aged 18–35, interested in international youth development, motivated to make positive change, seeking an international team-based experience and available for 5 to 12 weeks. Since there are programs throughout the year, volunteers have different options in terms of dates. YCI programs are structured to be team-based. A main component of YCI is selecting individuals to volunteer overseas on var
Oh Chanukah is an English version of the Yiddish Oy Chanukah. The English words, while not a translation, are based on the Yiddish. "Oy Chanukah" is a traditional Yiddish Chanukah song. "Oh Chanukah" is a popular modern English Chanukah song. This upbeat playful children's song has lines about dancing the Horah, Spinning Dreidels, or Shining Tops. Eating latkes, singing happy songs. According to archives at the University of Pennsylvania Library, "Freedman Jewish Music Archive", alternate names the Yiddish version of song has been recorded under include "Khanike Days, "Khanike Khag Yafe", "Khanike Li Yesh", "Latke Song", "Yemi Khanike", "Chanike Oy Chanike." Chanukah is and was sometimes written as Khanike as, the standard transliteration from Yiddish according to the YIVO system. The Society for Jewish Folk Music in St. Petersburg published two classical compositions which make extensive use of this tune: "Freylekhs" for solo piano, by Hirsch Kopyt "Dance Improvisation" for violin and piano, by Joseph Achron There is no formal connection between Achron's work and Kopyt's, except for the shared tune.
According to the musicologist Paula Eisenstein Baker, who published the first critical edition of Leo Zeitlin's chamber music, Zeitlin wrote an orchestral version of Kopyt's piano piece sometime before June 13, 1913 and included this orchestral version in his overture "Palestina." Joachim Stutschewsky elaborated on Kopyt's piece in a work for cello and piano called "Freylekhs: Improvisation". The works by Kopyt and Stutschewsky share two distinct melodies: the one that became "Oh Chanukah, Oh Chanukah" and an arpeggiated tune. In all three pieces, this arpeggiated melody comes first, followed by "Oh Chanukah, Oh Chanukah." However, both tunes are written together as one single melody at the top of Achron's score, the structure of these compositions suggest that the two melodies were in fact a single one. The arpeggiated tune does not feel introductory, it returns several times throughout Achron's work. If they were one tune and not two we have an interesting question: Why did only half the tune get lyrics?
A common Yiddish version of the song is below with alternate words, verses, or pronunciations on the right. The bolded words are. The"" in the bottom left indicated. There is a Hebrew version, which has the same melody, its words penned by Avraham Avronin; the words correspond to the original, with slight variations for rhyme and rhythm’s sake. Thus the first line names the holiday; the only big change is in the last line - whereas the original calls to praise God for the miracles he performed, the Hebrew one praises the miracles and wonders performed by the Maccabees. This reflects the anti-religious polemic of early Zionism, evident in many other Israeli Chanukah songs. In Israel, it’s still a popular song, but since the country has a rich inventory of Chanukah songs it is not as popular as the English version in English speaking countries, or the Yiddish version in the past. Hanukkah Hanukkah music Passover music Christmas music Ma'oz Tsur YouTube Video - Young boy singing "Oy Chanukah"
Scott Smith is a politician in Manitoba, Canada. He was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba as New Democratic Party from 1999 to 2007, was a cabinet minister in the government of Gary Doer. Smith was born and raised in Brandon and worked as a firefighter for twenty years before entering provincial politics, he was elected to the Brandon City Council in 1995, defeating an incumbent councillor in the city's seventh ward. He ran for Mayor of Brandon in a by-election two years and finished third against Reg Atkinson in a close three-way contest. Smith continued to sit as a councillor during the mayoral campaign, was re-elected without opposition in 1998. While on council, he served as chair of Brandon's poverty task force, grants review committee and taxi review committee. Smith was first elected to the Manitoba legislature in the 1999 provincial election, defeating longtime Progressive Conservative MLA and sitting Minister of Education and Training James McCrae in the division of Brandon West.
The NDP won a majority government provincially, Smith entered the legislature as a backbench supporter of Gary Doer's government. He served as Legislative Assistant to the Minister of Industry and Mines. Minister of Consumer and Corporate AffairsSmith was promoted to cabinet on January 17, 2001 as Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, with responsibility for administration of the Liquor Control Act. In this capacity, he defended his government's support for rent control over opposition from landlord groups, he increased the maximum rent increase from 1.5% to 2% for 2002, but lowered it to 1% for 2003. In May 2002, Smith introduced legislation giving investors the right to seek financial compensation from advisers who mismanage funds through violations of the Manitoba Securities Act. Maximum compensation was set at $100,000; this legislation was the first of its kind in Canada. Smith introduced legislation to protect customers from negative option billing, reformed provincial laws concerning reverse mortgages.
Liquor Control ActAs Minister responsible for the Liquor Control Act, Smith indicated that his government would not expand the number of private wine stores in the province. He oversaw a tax break for Manitoba's microbrewery industry in April 2001, when the Manitoba Liquor Control Commission reduced its mark-up rates. In June 2001, Smith announced that Manitoba's liquor laws would be reformed to allow liquor stores, beverage rooms and private clubs to open on Sundays. Municipalities were allowed to pass by-laws exempting themselves from the legislation. Due in part to extra revenue from this change, the Manitoba Liquor Control Commission's net profits increased by $4.7 million in the 2001-02 year. Other responsibilitiesSmith was appointed to the influential Treasury Board of cabinet on March 24, 2001, replacing Oscar Lathlin. Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, he was appointed to an all-party task force on provincial security. In December 2001, he introduced steps to prevent the spread of forged birth certificates.
Minister of Transportation and Government ServicesPremier Gary Doer shuffled his cabinet on September 25, 2002, appointed Smith as Minister of Transportation and Government Services with responsibility for Emergency Measures and administration of the Manitoba Lotteries Corporation Act. TransportationIn October 2002, Smith instructed drivers of the province's fleet vehicles to purchase environmentally friendly ethanol fuel in areas where it was reasonably available, he said that the Doer government wanted to see ethanol made more available across the province, hoped his decision would provide an incentive for retailers. Provincial ethanol purchases increased in the last three months of the year. Smith unveiled two hybrid electric cars for the provincial fleet in December 2002, said that he planned to double the number of environmentally friendly vehicles in provincial service. In February 2003, Smith introduced a plan to have the Trans-Canada Highway twinned as far as the Saskatchewan border over a period of four years.
The plan was conditional on financial aid from the federal government. In the same year, he joined with federal cabinet minister Rey Pagtakhan to announce significant upgrades to Manitoba's highway system. Smith introduced a number of measures to improve driving safety in Manitoba. In September 2003, he indicated that repeat drunk drivers would be required to install ignition-interlock devices in their cars, requiring them to pass a breathalyzer test before the car could be started, he introduced tougher penalties for seatbelt violations, sought to introduce high-technology drivers' licenses with biometric information. Government ServicesSmith announced in November 2002 that the Doer government would expedite the tendering process for provincial capital construction, indicating that 80% of projects would be tendered by January. Many contracts had not been not tendered until the spring or early summer in previous years, some in the industry complained that the delays led to market confusion. Smith was in charge of the provincial government's efforts to maintain economic viability for the financially troubled port city of Churchill in northern Manitoba.
The government pledged one million dollars to find new markets and new products for the city in early 2003. Smith presided over a memorial ceremony for the victims of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks at the International Peace Garden in September 2003, he drew attention to his own background as a firefighter in paying tribute to those who died in the New York City attacks. Minister of Industry, Economic Development and MinesSmith was re-elected in the 2003 provincial election, winning an unexpectedly easy victory over former Brando