Acura is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Honda. The brand was launched in the United States and Canada on 27 March 1986, marketing luxury and high-performance vehicles, it was introduced to Hong Kong in 1991, Mexico in 2004, China in 2006, Russia in 2014 and Kuwait in 2015, is sold in Ukraine. Honda's plan to introduce Acura to the Japanese domestic market in 2008 was delayed, due to economic reasons, withheld as a result of the financial crisis of 2007–2008. Acura holds the distinction of being the first Japanese automotive luxury brand; the creation of Acura coincided with the introduction of a JDM Honda dealership sales channel, called Honda Clio, which sold luxury vehicles, joining established Honda Verno, followed by Honda Primo the following year. In its first few years of existence, Acura was among the best-selling luxury marques in the US. Though sales were down in the mid-to-late 1990s, the brand experienced a revival in the early 2000s, due to drastic redesigns and the introductions of new models.
In the late 1980s, the success of the company's first flagship vehicle, the Legend, inspired fellow Japanese automakers Toyota and Nissan to launch their own luxury brands and Infiniti, respectively. The 1990 launch of the NSX, a mid-engine exotic sports car, offered a reliable and practical alternative to exotic European sports cars, introduced Honda's VTEC variable valve timing system to the North American market; the 1993 Legend coupé featured Acura's first use of a six-speed manual transmission, mated to a Type II engine. In the late 1990s, Acura produced a Type R version of its compact Integra coupé, which featured a reduced curb weight, a stiffer and lower suspension, a high-output VTEC engine. In the early 2000s, Acura introduced new models, including the company's first all-original SUV, the MDX, two models which replaced the Integra coupé and sedan, the RSX and TSX, respectively. Type-S versions of the RSX, CL, TL were added to the brand's lineup during that decade. Acura's 2005 RL flagship introduced a torque-vectoring all-wheel drive system.
The 2007 RDX, a crossover SUV, featured the first North American use of a turbocharged Honda engine. In the 2010s, Acura debuted more new models, including the ILX, TLX, ZDX, RLX, the latter of which introduced Acura's Jewel Eye LED headlights. A second generation NSX was launched in 2016 and features a twin-turbocharged mid-engine, a nine-speed dual-clutch transmission, Sport Hybrid SH-AWD; the brand was created around the same time as Japanese rivals Nissan and Toyota developed their Infiniti and Lexus premium brands respectively. The Japanese government imposed voluntary export restraints for the U. S. market, so it was more profitable for Japanese automakers to export more expensive cars to the U. S. Following a decade of research, Honda opened 60 new dealerships in North America by 1986, to support its Acura automobile division. Acura was the first Japanese luxury brand, introduced under the slogan, "Acura. Precision Crafted Automobiles." Its initial offering consisted of two models: the executive class Legend and the compact class Integra, available as a five-door and three-door hatchback.
The Legend was the result of Project XX, a joint venture Honda entered into with the UK's Austin Rover Group. It was mechanically related to the Rover 800 series, while the Integra was an improvement of the Honda Quint hatchback; the success of these models the Legend, led to competing Japanese luxury brand ventures. The goal of the Legend was to compete with rivals Toyota Crown and the Nissan Cedric and Gloria, but due to its 1986 introduction worldwide, Toyota and other companies like Lincoln took notice of the markets reaction to the Legend and the Vigor and offered vehicles that addressed the executive size car. Toyota introduced the Lexus ES, Nissan introduced the Infiniti J30 and Ford utilized the Taurus platform and named their new sedan the Lincoln Continental. In 1987, Acura's first full year of sales, they sold 109,000 cars with the flagship Legend sedan accounting for 55,000 sales and the rest were of the smaller Integra. By 1990, Acura was selling 138,000 vehicles, including 54,000 Legends, compared to Mercedes-Benz's 78,000 cars and 64,000 each for BMW and Lexus.
In 1990, five years after the debut of the Legend and Integra, Acura introduced the NSX, a midship V6 powered, rear-wheel-drive sports car. The NSX, an acronym for "New Sports eXperimental", was billed as the first Japanese car capable of competing with Ferrari and Porsche; this vehicle served as an "image car" for both the Honda and Acura brands, heralding the introduction of Honda's VTEC technology. The NSX was the world's first all-aluminum production car, was marketed and viewed by some as the "Everyday Supercar" thanks in part to its ease of use and reliability, traits that were unheard of in the supercar segment at the time. With the release of the NSX, Acura introduced the "A-badge", a stylized pair of calipers—a tool used for exacting measurements to imply that Acura vehicles are built to precise and demanding standards. Despite a strong start in market acceptance for the Acura brand, sales suffered in the mid-to-late 1990s; some critics attributed this decline in part to less inspiring designs, which were re-branded Japanese-spec Hondas, such as the Acura Vigor in 1992.
Additionally, during this time Acura switched to an alphanumeric nomenclature formula, dropping the Legend and Integra titles, following the lead of the NSX s
Uğur Mumcu was a Turkish investigative journalist for the daily Cumhuriyet. He was assassinated by a bomb placed in his car outside his home. Uğur Mumcu was born the third of four siblings in Kırşehir, he in 1961 attended School of Law at Ankara University. Graduating in 1965 he began his career practicing law. In 1969 he ended his legal career to return to his alma mater, he started to write during university, first in the magazine Yön and in several other leftist periodicals. Between 1968 and 1970, he wrote articles on politics for the newspapers Akşam, Cumhuriyet and Milliyet. Arrested shortly after the 1971 military coup, he was tortured. Mumcu wrote that his torturers had told him: "We are the Counter-Guerrilla; the President of the Republic cannot touch us."In 1974, Uğur Mumcu started a career as a columnist, with the periodical Yeni Ortam and from 1975 on, in the daily Cumhuriyet, which he continued until his death. Uğur Mumcu published books on historical political issues of Turkey, he was investigating the Kurdistan Workers' Party's ties with the National Intelligence Organization at the time of his assassination.
Shortly before his death, Mumcu was investigating how 100,000 firearms owned by the Turkish Armed Forces had ended up in the possession of Jalal Talabani, one of the Kurdish leaders of northern Iraq and, as of 2008, president of Iraq. Twenty-five days after the death of Mumcu, General Eşref Bitlis, investigating the same issue, died in a plane crash, believed to be due to sabotage. In his 8 January Cumhuriyet article, titled Ültimatom, Mumcu emphatically stated that he would soon reveal in a new book the ties between Kurdish nationalists and some intelligence organizations. According to his son, Özgür, Mumcu had an appointment with retired prosecutor Baki Tuğ on 27 January to learn more about Abdullah Öcalan's suspected ties with the MİT. Öcalan was detained on 31 March 1972 while studying political sciences at the University of Ankara. Per clause 16/1 of the Martial Law, he was sentenced to three months in jail for participating in a boycott, he was released on 24 October 1972 after the National Intelligence Organization forwarded a message to the prosecutor handling the case, Tuğ, that one of the suspects was one of their agents.
Tuğ said that he could not remember whether the agent was Öcalan, or one of the other suspects. On the morning of 24 January 1993, Mumcu left his home and was killed by a C-4 plastic bomb as he started his car, a Renault 12, license numbered 06 YR 245. There are numerous hypotheses over, responsible for his murder. Given the various links between the Turkish deep state and Turkish armed forces, Counter-Guerrilla, Kurdish forces and the CIA and Mossad, the hypotheses are not mutually exclusive as Mumcu was investigating some of these links. One hypothesis is that he was killed to protect state secrets regarding the PKK. PKK supreme council member Mustafa Karasu alleged that Mumcu was killed by the state in order to prevent his publicizing the fact that the PKK was aware it had been infiltrated by the MİT; the mole was Necati. Karasu alleges that they became aware of his MİT identity in May 1997, misinformed him; the deep state might have contracted the killing out to JITEM. His assassination was pinned on Iran.
According to this hypothesis, Iran's SAVAMA employed the unknown Islamic Movement Organisation to carry out the assassination. Mehmet Ali Şeker, Mehmet Zeki Yıldırım, Ayhan Usta were taken into custody. However, it was revealed; the İstanbul police had been conducting an operation targeting Islamist organizations, just before the attack. Its intelligence chief, Hanefi Avcı, said. Rather, they seemed to have been well trained by a state. During the course of the investigation, voluminous documents relating SAVAMA to the Kurdish Hezbollah were found. In addition, the Ankara police detained three suspects who were found to have stayed at a hotel in Ankara before the attack: Yusuf Karakuş, Abdülhamit Çelik, Mehmet Şahin. Karakuş said that two Iranian spies were involved in the bombing: Muhammed Reza and Muhsin Karger Azad. Çelik, a.k.a. "Abdullah Gürgen", said. Azad was ostensibly a consulate employee, but secretly an alleged Gladio member. Azad left Turkey after he was "named and shamed" in the newspapers along with other diplomats alleged to be spies.
Former Interior Minister Hasan Fehmi Güneş said that there was no doubt in his mind as to SAVAMA's involvement. The alleged motivation for the Iran hypothesis is that Iran's leaders saw secularism as inimical to Islam, Mumcu had to be killed because he was an outspoken promoter of it. However, others dispute the Iran hypothesis as the assassination coincided with a state visit from Iran to negotiate the passage of a natural gas pipeline from Iran, subject to an embargo by the United States. Tensions flared after the assassination, the $25 billion pipeline deal fell through. In an earlier investigation, Mumcu had been on the CIA's trail. Working on the Mehmet Ali Ağca case, he was the first to discover the connection between the Turkish mafia and the Turkish extreme right. In his Cumhuriyet column, Mumcu named Ruzi Nazar as the CIA's liaison with the far-right Grey Wolves; the CIA's Turkey station chief, Paul Henze, an American repo
The men's 800 metre freestyle event at the 2020 Summer Olympics will be held on 28 and 30 July at the Tokyo Aquatics Centre. It will be the event's recurrence to the Games for the first time in more than a century. Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were; the Olympic Qualifying Time for the event is 7:54.31. Up to two swimmers per National Olympic Committee can automatically qualify by swimming that time at an approved qualification event; the Olympic Selection Time is 8:08.54. Up to one swimmer per NOC meeting that time is eligible for selection, allocated by world ranking until the maximum quota for all swimming events is reached. NOCs without a male swimmer qualified in any event can use their universality place; the competition consists of two rounds: a final. The swimmers with the best 8 times in the heats advance to the final. Swim-offs are used as necessary to break ties for advancement to the next round. All times are Japan standard time The swimmers with the top 8 times, regardless of heat, advance to the final
Ávila TV is a public regional television channel based in the city of Caracas. It can be seen in the metropolitan area of Caracas on UHF channel 47 or Inter channel 89, in the rest of the country on Digital TV channel 25.3 or CANTV TV Satelital channel 15. Focusing on music and culture, it attracts young adults between the ages of 14 and 30. Avila TV grew out of the Metropolitan School of Audiovisual Production which, still hosted in the same building, provides Caracas youth access to a free one-year program on video techniques, both at Ávila's headquarters and at cultural centers; the channel was inaugurated on July 6, 2006 by Caracas metropolitan mayor, Juan Barreto. With an investment of about 11m bolívares fuertes; the channel was transferred to the Venezuelan Ministry of Communications and Information, MINCI, as established in the Gaceta Official Nº 39.083 date 18 December 2008, 11 days after opposition politician Antonio Ledezma assumed power as mayor of Caracas. Controversial changes in management and dismissal of employees who volunteer much of their time has caused concern among some of the collective and its audience that functionaries from the national government are trying to stifle the wide-ranging critical voice the station has presented.
On December 2015, a decision was taken to re-politicize the channel and include pro-government news programs and documentaries. Ávila TV has a urban-oriented programming made by young producers that don't come from the traditional media and have not been formally educated as broadcasters. Avila holds a school of media producers called EMPA where they include youngsters and other members of the public who want to learn about media production, trying to attract people from the most populated areas of Caracas. Ávila features foreign programs from other Hispanic American countries and Japan, as well as films and documentaries. The varied programming includes both short clips or common 30-minute/1 hour long programs. Ávila TV is a radical television experiment, trying to make TV an instrument of social inclusion. Based on a radical narrative of the city of Caracas, its social discourse is built from a different perspective from traditional TV channels; as well as programs on gender issues which tackle the typical machismo perspective, it hosts programs that talk about homosexuality and others that address Indigenous and Afro-Venezuelan rights.
The channel tries to broadcast a closer or more approximate vision of the working class and the world of young caraqueños. ¿Dime qué escuchas? Son de la zona Sin pena ni culpa El coroto Recreándola Vive con cancha Arena presenta Cápsulas espaciales Recreo Paisaje sonoro Radio crema Papaya ¿Que hago yo aquí? Naruto Dragon Ball Sailor Moon Fullmetal Alchemist Code Geass Aquí no hay quien viva La que se avecina Malviviendo Mr. Robot Cine especial Sala bizarra El autobús Al margen Documéntala El Aguacate Caracas en Directo La Chatarra TV El Cartel Calle Caribe El Matineé Peluos con Curita El Programa Mío Rompe la Liga Habitante o Ciudadano KolectiVoz Caracas Tribal La Brujula Sexual Point 47 Donde Pisas La Bolita del Mundo Cara de Vidrio Onda Nuestra Wataca Saun República del Oeste Bipolar Idol R. P. T. Guerra Nuestra Sabor Bacano Urbanautas Metalmorfosis El Mañanero Lo que sea El Entrompe de Falopio Así mismo La Cuadra Asamblea Nacional Televisión Buena Televisión teleSUR Televisión Educativa TVes Venezolana de Televisión ViVe List of Venezuelan television channels Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Comunicación e Información Avila Pendiente's Blog
Paul McDonald Calvo is a Guamanian politician. He was the third elected Governor of Guam from 1979 to 1983. Calvo was born in Agaña, is the eldest son of Eduardo "Jake" Torres Calvo and Veronica Mariano McDonald, his only two brothers and two sisters-in-law are Edward, Frances Matias Calvo & Rosario Castro Calvo. His paternal grandparents were Doña Regina Martinez Torres, his maternal grandparents were Dolores Mariano. He attended George Washington High School in Guam, he attended the Peacock Military Academy and Santa Clara University. He embarked on a business career in his family's insurance company in 1958, entered politics during the 1960s as a member of the Republican Party, he was elected as a senator in the Legislature of Guam in 1965, during his three terms in the body served as chair of the government Committee on Finance and Taxation and parliamentary leader of the Republican Party. Calvo was elected governor in 1978, served until 1982. Calvo teamed up with Senator Tony Palomo to challenge the incumbents, Gov. Carlos Camacho and Lt. Gov. Kurt Moylan.
The Calvo-Palomo ticket's attacks on the administration included charges of corruption and favoritism, the primary election was so close – Camacho-Moylan won by only 261 votes – that Calvo-Palomo decided to run as a write-in team for the general election. While Calvo-Palomo lost in the general election, they forced a runoff election to be held between Camacho-Moylan and the Democratic team of Ricardo J. Bordallo and Rudy Sablan. Camacho-Moylan lost the runoff, afterward Carlos Camacho retired from politics and gave control of the Republican Party to Calvo. During his first year as governor, Calvo reduced the government of Guam's deficit by $27 million, but the deficit continued to climb for the rest of his term due to long-standing problems with tax collections. Guam's economy began to regain health under Calvo's administration, as he sought to attract new businesses to Guam, including a tuna-fishing fleet, a garment manufacturer, hotel construction. Visitor arrivals registered sharp increases.
But Calvo's term as governor was marred by the teacher's strike of 1981, which lasted many months and caused deep divisions in Guam's education system. He decided to retire from politics. Although he has never run for office since, Calvo remains influential in Republican politics, as its senior statesman, his son Eddie Baza Calvo was one of the most popular senators in I Liheslaturan Guåhan/the Guam Legislature and was elected governor of Guam in 2010 along with running mate Ray Tenorio, he is married to Rosa Herrero Baza and had eight children: Vera Calvo-Garces, married to Fabian Garces. Kathrine "Kathy" Calvo-Sgro, married to Peter "Pete" Sgro, Jr. Paul Anthony Calvo, Jr. married to Shelly Vargas Calvo. Edward J. B. Calvo, married to Christine Lujan Sonido Barbara Calvo-Damron, married to Mark Damron. Marie Calvo-Benito, married to Michael "Mike" Benito. Reyna Calvo Clare CalvoHe has 23 grandchildren and 13 great-grandchildren: Pablo Garces Fabian Garces Julia Garces French Christopher Sgro Matthew Sgro Katarina Sgro Maria Sgro Paul Daniel Calvo Mason Calvo Brittany Calvo Danny Calvo Eddie Calvo Vinson Calvo Rosae Calvo Paul Jerome Calvo Melva Calvo Celine Calvo Matthew Damron Rose Damron Aubrey Lyles Alyssa Benito Brianna Benito Jake Benito Kenneth Paul Smith Paul M. Calvo Bio at Guampedia, Guam's Online Encyclopedia
The J. R. R. Tolkien Lecture on Fantasy Literature is a free public lecture delivered annually at Pembroke College, Oxford University; the series was founded by Pembroke postgraduate students Will Badger and Gabriel Schenk in memory of J. R. R. Tolkien, Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Pembroke from 1925 until 1945; the aim of the series is to stimulate more serious study of fantasy literature at Oxford University and beyond. The lecture can be on any subject dealing with fantasy, science fiction, horror, or related speculative genres; the Pembroke College Middle Common Room announced the series in 2012, the first lecture was delivered on 18 January 2013 by fantasy writer Kij Johnson. The latest lecture was given by Marlon James in 2019. Science Fiction critic and publisher Cheryl Morgan blogs about the lecture series on her website. Fantasy author Juliet E. McKenna has written about the series. Official Website Press Release for the launch of the series Pembroke College, Official Website