The Adélie penguin is a species of penguin common along the entire coast of the Antarctic continent, its only habitat. It is the most spread penguin species, as well as the most southerly distributed of all penguins, along with the emperor penguin, it is named after Adélie Land, in turn named for Adèle Dumont d'Urville, the wife of French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville, who first discovered this penguin in 1840. Adélie penguins obtain their food by both predation and foraging, with a diet of krill and fish; the Adélie penguin is one of three species in the genus Pygoscelis. Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA evidence suggests the genus split from other penguin species around 38 million years ago, about 2 million years after the ancestors of the genus Aptenodytes. In turn, the Adélie penguins split off from the other members of the genus around 19 million years ago; these penguins are mid-sized, being 3.6 to 6.0 kg in weight. Distinctive marks are the white ring surrounding the feathers at the base of the bill.
These long feathers hide most of the red bill. The tail is a little longer than other penguins' tails; the appearance looks somewhat like a tuxedo. They are a little smaller than most other penguin species. Adélie penguins swim at around 5 miles per hour, they are able to leap some 3 metres out of the water to land on rocks or ice. Adult Adélie penguins are preyed upon by leopard seals. South polar skuas, in particular, Giant petrels kill many chicks and eat eggs as well. Giant Petrels and orcas will kill adult Adelie penguins. Kelp gulls and snowy sheathbills prey on chicks and eggs. Based on a 2014 satellite analysis of fresh guano-discoloured red/brown coastal areas, 3.79 million breeding pairs of Adélie penguins are in 251 breeding colonies, a 53% increase over a census completed 20 years earlier. The colonies are distributed around the coastline of the Antarctic ocean. Colonies have declined on the Antarctic Peninsula since the early 1980s, but those declines have been more than offset by increases in East Antarctica.
During the breeding season, they congregate in large breeding colonies, some over a quarter of a million pairs. Individual colonies can vary in size, some may be vulnerable to climate fluctuations; the Danger Islands have been identified as an "important bird area" by BirdLife International because it supports Adélie penguin colonies, with 751,527 pairs recorded in at least five distinct colonies. In March 2018, a colony of 1.5 million was discovered. Adélie penguins breed from October to February on shores around the Antarctic continent. Adélies build rough nests of stones. Two eggs are laid; the chicks remain in the nest for 22 days before joining crèches. The chicks go out to sea after 50 to 60 days. Apsley Cherry-Garrard was a survivor of Robert Falcon Scott’s ill-fated British Antarctic Expedition of 1910, he documented details of penguin behavior in his book The Worst Journey in the World. "They are extraordinarily like children, these little people of the Antarctic world, either like children or like old men, full of their own importance."
George Murray Levick, a Royal Navy surgeon-lieutenant and scientist who accompanied Scott, commented on displays of selfishness among the penguins during his surveying in the Antarctic: "At the place where they most went in, a long terrace of ice about six feet in height ran for some hundreds of yards along the edge of the water, here, just as on the sea-ice, crowds would stand near the brink. When they had succeeded in pushing one of their number over, all would crane their necks over the edge, when they saw the pioneer safe in the water, the rest followed."One writer observed how the penguin's curiosity could endanger them, which Scott found a particular nuisance: The great trouble with has been due to the fatuous conduct of the penguins. Groups of these have been leaping onto our floe. From the moment of landing on their feet their whole attitude expressed devouring curiosity and a pig-headed disregard for their own safety, they waddle forward, poking their heads to and fro in their absurd way, in spite of a string of howling dogs straining to get at them.
"Hulloa!" they seem to say, "here’s a game – what do all you ridiculous things want?" And they come a few steps nearer. The dogs make a rush as far as their leashes allow; the penguins are not daunted in the least, but their ruffs go up and they squawk with semblance of anger.… Then the final fatal steps forward are taken and they come within reach. There is a spring, a squawk, a horrid red patch on the snow, the incident is closed. Others on the mission to the South Pole were more receptive of this element of the Adélies' curiosity. Cherry-Garrard writes: Meares and Dimitri exercised the dog-teams out upon the larger floes when we were held up for any length of time. One day a team was tethered by the side of the ship, a penguin sighted them and hurried from afar off; the dogs became frantic with excitement as he neared them: he supposed it was a greeting, the louder they barked and the more they strained at their ropes, the faster he bustled to meet them. He was angry with a man who went and saved him from a sudden end, clinging to his trousers with his beak, furiously beating his shins with his flippers.… It was not an uncommon sight to see a little Adélie penguin standing within a few inches of the nose of a dog, frantic with desire and passion.
Cherry-Garrard held the birds in
The 2020 Copa Sudamericana first stage was played from 4 to 27 February 2020. A total of 44 teams competed in the first stage to decide 22 of the 32 places in the second stage of the 2020 Copa Sudamericana; the draw for the first stage was held on 17 December 2019, 20:30 PYST, at the CONMEBOL Convention Centre in Luque, Paraguay. For the first stage, the teams were divided into two pots according to their geographical zones: Pot A: 22 teams from Argentina, Chile and Uruguay Pot B: 22 teams from Brazil, Ecuador and VenezuelaThe 44 teams were drawn into 22 ties between a team from Pot A and a team from Pot B, with the teams from Pot B hosting the second leg in odd-numbered ties, the teams from Pot A hosting the second leg in even-numbered ties; this distribution ensured. Notes In the first stage, each tie was played on a home-and-away two-legged basis. If tied on aggregate, the away goals rule would be used. If still tied, extra time would not be played, the penalty shoot-out would be used to determine the winner.
The 22 winners of the first stage advanced to the second stage to join the 10 teams transferred from the Copa Libertadores. The first legs were played on 4–6 and 11–13 February, the second legs were played on 18–20 and 25–27 February 2020. Coquimbo Unido advanced to the second stage. Vasco da Gama advanced to the second stage. Emelec advanced to the second stage. Plaza Colonia advanced to the second stage. Tied 2 -- 2 on aggregate, Melgar advanced to the second stage. River Plate advanced to the second stage. Unión advanced to the second stage. Bahia advanced to the second stage. Fénix advanced to the second stage. Atlético Nacional advanced to the second stage. Sol de América advanced to the second stage. Sportivo Luqueño advanced to the second stage. Tied 2 -- 2 on aggregate, Vélez Sarsfield advanced to the second stage. Millonarios advanced to the second stage. Lanús advanced to the second stage. Deportivo Cali advanced to the second stage. Tied 1 -- 1 on aggregate, Sport Huancayo advanced to the second stage.
Tied 1 -- 1 on aggregate, Unión La Calera advanced to the second stage. Huachipato advanced to the second stage. Audax Italiano advanced to the second stage. Tied 2 -- 2 on aggregate, Independiente advanced to the second stage. Liverpool advanced to the second stage. CONMEBOL Sudamericana 2020, CONMEBOL.com
The 1997 Irish Greyhound Derby took place during August and October with the final being held at Shelbourne Park in Dublin on 4 October 1997. The winner Toms The Best won £50,000 and was trained by Nick Savva, owned by Eddie Shotton and bred by Ian Greaves; the race was sponsored by the Ireland on Sunday. At Shelbourne, 4 October: ¾, 2, 3¼, head, ½ The English challenge for the newly sponsored Ireland on Sunday Irish Greyhound Derby was strong with the 1997 English Greyhound Derby and 1997 Scottish Greyhound Derby champion Some Picture leading the ante-post betting and looking to become the first greyhound in history to achieve the modern triple crown. Toms the Best was considered a leading contender for the event. In the qualifying round Some Picture recorded a fast win in 30.24 and there were good wins for Forest Jet and Spiral Nikita. In the first round, Some Picture went faster recording 30.12 despite running wide. The 525 track record holder Cool Panther won in 30.27 and Vintage Prince recorded a fast 30.19.
Elderberry Chick set the best second round time with a 30.07 and 1995 Irish Greyhound Derby winner Batties Rocket, Vintage Prince and Spiral Nikita all won but there was a shock defeat when Some Picture lost out to Borna Best. In the quarter-finals there was a heat that contained three of the leading contenders and all three qualified with Spiral Nikita beating Some Picture and Toms the Best; the other heats were won by Batties Rocket and Dynamic Boot. Both semi-finals were won in 30.05, in the first Spiral Nikita beat Right to Apply and Toms the Best and in the second heat Vintage Prince defeated Some Picture and Jokers Run. Vintage Prince was now the favourite for the event; the triple crown dream for Some Picture was came to an end because he was slow away from the traps and found trouble running into the controversially wide seeded Spiral Nikita. However, the drawn Toms the Best, trained by Nick Savva for owner Eddie Shotton, made a good start and he was just behind Vintage Prince for most of the race before his strong finish saw him catch Vintage Prince at the finish line in a fast 30.09.
Switzerland sent a delegation of 26 athletes to compete at the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing. The stated goal was to finish the games among the top 50 nations. Swiss athletes competed in 6 sports at the Beijing games and performed as follows: 3 competitors: MenWomen 14 competitors: Men12-time Paralympic gold medallist Heinz Frei competed in cycling. Sprinter Simon Vögeli was excluded after a pre-games classification concluded that his disability did not fit Paralympic criteria. A protest by the Swiss delegation was rejected; as a consequence of that decision, Switzerland had to withdraw their respective 4 × 100 m relay team for lack of participants. Pentathlon Women 5 competitors: MenTime trials & Road races Pursuits WomenTime trials & Road races 1 competitor: Men 1 competitor: Women 3 competitors: MenWomen 2008 Summer Paralympics Switzerland at the Paralympics Switzerland at the 2008 Summer Olympics Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games Official Site International Paralympic Committee
John Patrick Hayden was an Irish nationalist politician. As a member of the Irish Parliamentary Party, he served in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 1897 to 1918 as Member of Parliament for South Roscommon, he was editor and proprietor of the Westmeath Examiner, published in Mullingar, Co. Westmeath, a member of the Irish Board of Agriculture, he was imprisoned four times by the British administration under different Coercion Acts. He was the seventh son of Luke and Mary Hayden of County Roscommon, was educated at St Comans, Roscommon. In 1912 he married daughter of Thomas Scott of Hannaville, Greenisland, Co.. Antrim. Hayden founded the Westmeath Examiner in 1882, when he was not yet 20. In his early days he made valuable contributions to Irish literature, he was Plan of Campaign of the 1880s. Like his older brother Luke Hayden, MP for South Leitrim and for South Roscommon, John Hayden supported Charles Stewart Parnell during the split in the Irish nationalist movement from 1890 over Parnell’s leadership.
As a result, the Westmeath Examiner was subjected to a clerically organized boycott, only survived commercially through a pact between Unionists and Parnellites on the Mullingar Board of Guardians, dividing advertising between pro-Parnellite and Unionist papers and excluding the clericalist Westmeath Independent. On Luke’s unexpected death in 1897, John Hayden was adopted as the Parnellite candidate to succeed him at South Roscommon, he was returned unopposed at the ensuing by-election and remained unopposed in the same seat at each succeeding general election until 1918, when he was defeated by the prominent Sinn Féiner Harry Boland by 10,685 votes to 4,233. Fitzpatrick gives a vivid account of the turbulent election campaign at South Roscommon in 1918. In spite of his role as a land campaigner, in the early 1900s Hayden was himself the target for hostile agitation headed by Laurence Ginnell, who saw him as symbolising the Irish Party’s hypocritical tolerance of ‘grazing’, the operation of large tracts of land for cattle-rearing rather than as smaller holdings for poorer farmers.
Hayden was a close associate of the leader of John Redmond. He was consulted by Redmond before he made his historic statement in the British House of Commons in August 1914 committing Irish Volunteer support for Britain and her Allies and in the First World War, he was one of the committee of six who drafted the Irish Parliamentary Party manifesto for the 1918 general election. After his Parliamentary defeat, Hayden continued to take an active part in the editorship of the Westmeath Examiner until a fortnight before his death. By the time Hayden died at the age of 91 in July 1954, he was thought to be the last survivor of the Irish Parliamentary Party which had dominated Irish politics up to 1918. Paul Bew and Conciliation in Ireland 1890–1910: Parnellites and Radical Agrarians, Clarendon Press, 1987 Dod's Parliamentary Companion, 1912 David Fitzpatrick, Harry Boland's Irish Revolution, Cork University Press, 2003 Stephen Gwynn, John Redmond’s Last Years, Edward Arnold, 1919 Irish Times, 5 July 1954 F. S. L. Lyons, John Dillon: A Biography, Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1968 Patrick Maume, The Long Gestation: Irish Nationalist Life 1891–1918, Gill & MacMillan Brian M. Walker, Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, Royal Irish Academy, 1978 Who Was Who 1951-1960
Atlantis: Hymns for Disco is the third studio album by hip-hop artist k-os. It was released in Canada on October 10, 2006, debuted at number 2 in music sales; the album was released worldwide on February 20, 2007. In the US, it reached number 152 on number 5 on the Heatseekers. "ELEctrik HeaT - the seekwiLL" – 3:38 "The Rain" – 3:51 "FlyPaper" – 4:10 "Equalizer" – 3:08 "Sunday Morning" – 3:47 "Mirror in the Sky" – 3:21 "Born to Run" – 4:48 "Valhalla" – 4:16 "CatDieseL" – 3:44 "black Ice - Hymn for Disco" – 5:05 "Chocolate Chewing Gun" "AquaCityBoy" – 2:41 "Highway 7" – 4:07 "Ballad of NoaH" – 8:59 "Chocolate Chewing Gun" US Edition "Funky Country" – 4:33 ELEctrik HeaT - the seekwiLL Sunday Morning FlyPaper Born to Run Equalizer