History of the St. Louis Rams
The professional American football franchise now known as the Los Angeles Rams played in St. Louis, Missouri, as the St. Louis Rams from the 1995 through the 2015 seasons. The Rams franchise relocated from Los Angeles to St. Louis in 1995 and their last game played at the Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis was against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers on December 17,2015, which they won, 31–23. The Rams last game as a St. Louis-based club was on January 3,2016, against the San Francisco 49ers at Levis Stadium, but the overall mediocrity of the Cardinals, combined with stadium issues, caused game attendance to dwindle. And once again the Bidwills, the family owned the Cardinals. The cities they looked at included Baltimore, New York City, Cardinals fans were unhappy at losing their team, and Bill Bidipll, fearing for his safety, stayed away from several of the 1987 home games. Their last home game was on December 13,1987, in which the Cardinals won 27–24 over the New York Giants in front of 29,623 fans on a late Sunday afternoon.
Not long after the 1987 season, Bidipll agreed to move to the Phoenix area on a deal with state and local officials. They planned to play at Arizona State Universitys Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe on a basis while a new stadium was being built. Unfortunately for the Cardinals, the savings and loan crisis derailed financing for the stadium, prior to the Rams 1979 Super Bowl season, owner Carroll Rosenbloom drowned in an accident. His widow, Georgia Frontiere, inherited 70% ownership of the team, Frontiere fired her step-son, Steve Rosenbloom, and assumed total control of the franchise. As had been planned prior to Carroll Rosenblooms death, the Rams moved from their home at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum to Anaheim Stadium in nearby Orange County in 1980. Also, Southern Californias population patterns were changing, there was growth in L. A. s affluent suburbs. Anaheim Stadium was originally built in 1966 as the home of the California Angels Major League Baseball franchise, to accommodate the Rams move, the ballpark was reconfigured with luxury suites and enclosed to accommodate crowds of about 65,000 for football.
In 1982 the Coliseum was occupied by the Los Angeles Raiders, the combined effect of these two factors was to force the Rams traditional fan base to be split between two teams. Making matters even worse, at time the Rams were unsuccessful on the field. Although it was not apparent at the time, the Rams loss in the 1989 NFC Championship Game marked the end of an era, the Rams would not have another winning season in Los Angeles for the remainder of the century, and beyond. The first half of the 1990s featured four straight 10-loss seasons, no playoff appearances, the return of Chuck Knox as head coach would not boost the Rams fortunes. Knoxs run-oriented offense brought about the end of offensive coordinator Ernie Zampeses tenure in 1993, general manager John Shaw was perceived by some to continually squander NFL Draft picks on sub-standard talent
The bench press is an upper body strength training exercise that consists of pressing a weight upwards from a supine position. A barbell is generally used to hold the weight, but a pair of dumbbells can be used. The barbell bench press is one of three lifts in the sport of powerlifting and is used extensively in training, bodybuilding. The person performing the exercise lies on their back with a weight grasped in both hands and they push the weight upwards until their arms are extended, not allowing the elbows to lock. They lower the weight to chest level, take posture with body weight resting on buttocks and upper traps whilst driving feet into the floor. Movement requires the weight to be taken at full length, lowered to upper torso, paused. The bench press has evolved over the years, from floor, bridge, at first the strict floor press was the most popular method. In 1899, using a barbell with 48 centimetres discs, George Hackenschmidt, inventor of the hack squat, rolled a barbell over his face.
This stood as a record for 18 years until Joe Nordquest broke it by 1 kilogram in 1916, around this time, new methods started gaining ground. Lifters started figuring out that strong glutes could help them get the bar from the ground to overhead and they would lie on the floor and position the bar over their abdomen, perform an explosive glute bridge movement, catapulting the bar upwards and catching it at lockout. Lifting techniques and drugs have improved over the years, a conventional bench press uses pectoralis major muscle, anterior deltoid, coracobrachialis to horizontally adduct the shoulder. It uses predominantly triceps brachii and anconeous to extend the elbows, wider hand spacing places a greater emphasis on shoulder flexion and narrower hand spacing utilizes more elbow extension. Because of this, wider hand spacing is associated with training the pectorals, the term bench press on its own is assumed to refer to a flat bench press. An incline elevates the shoulders and lowers the pelvis as if reclining in a chair and this variation is called the incline bench press. A decline bench press elevates the pelvis and lowers the head, a reverse grip bench press utilizes an underhand grip on the bar. A supinated grip externally rotates the humerus, which puts the shoulders in a more favorable position for the lift.
It emphasises the clavicular head of the pectoralis major more than a bench press. A bench press performed with the hands close together relies on the triceps to complete the pressing motion, called the close grip bench press, this variation is best performed with arms in a near-vertical position to reduce strain placed upon the wrists and shoulders
Nebraska Cornhuskers football
The Nebraska Cornhuskers football team represents the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Among the 128 Division I-A teams, Nebraska is one of ten programs to win 800 or more games. Nebraska has more victories against Power Five opponents than any program, as well as the third most victories all-time, behind only Michigan. Nebraska has the most wins and the highest winning percentage of any program over the last 50 years, ESPN ranks two undefeated Nebraska squads, the 1971 team and the 1995 team, among the top three teams in college football history. Nebraska claims 46 conference championships and five championships,1970,1971,1994,1995. The titles in the 1990s marked the first time that a team won three championships in four seasons since the Notre Dame Fighting Irish in 1946–1949. Also, the 2011–2012 Alabama Crimson Tide, the 1994–1995 Nebraska Cornhuskers, Nebraska has had five undefeated seasons in which they were not the national champions,1902,1903,1913,1914, and 1915. Between 1912 and 1916, a 34-game unbeaten streak was recorded by head coach Ewald O.
Stiehm, famous Cornhuskers include Heisman Trophy winners Johnny Rodgers, Mike Rozier, and Eric Crouch. Rodgers was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame and for the new millennium he was voted the teams Player of the Century, Rozier was likewise inducted into the hall in 2006. Bible, Bob Devaney, Biff Jones, Tom Osborne, Eddie Robbie Robinson, on June 11,2010, Nebraska ended the universitys affiliation with the Big 12 Conference and joined the Big Ten Conference beginning in the 2011 season. The Huskers team began its history as the Old Gold Knights, the name Cornhuskers first appeared in the school newspaper as We Have Met The Cornhuskers And They Are Ours referring to a 20–18 upset victory over Iowa in 1893. The term Cornhuskers was referring to Iowa in that instance, in 1899, Cy Sherman was the first person to refer to the Nebraska football team as the Cornhuskers and the team has used that name since 1900. Nebraska football began play in 1890 with a 10–0 victory over the Omaha YMCA on Thanksgiving Day, the football program started strong and experienced success from the very beginning, going twenty-eight years straight with only a single losing season.
Until the 1–7–1 losing season in 1899 in coach A. Edwin Branchs only year at the helm, george Flippin was the first African-American athlete at Nebraska and only the fifth black athlete at a predominantly white university. Because of Flippins presence on the roster, Missouri refused to play a game with Nebraska at Omaha in 1892. The result was a 1–0 forfeit, Nebraskas 4th coach, Frank Crawford was the first paid head football coach at Nebraska. Eddie Robbie Robinson and Fielding H. Yost, the sixth and seventh head coaches, were the earliest Nebraska coaches to eventually be inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame. Booth was the programs 9th leader, and had the second-best career record spanning more than a year during this era and his 1902 team went undefeated and unscored upon
University of Michigan
The University of Michigan, frequently referred to simply as Michigan, is a public research university in Ann Arbor, United States. Founded in 1817 in Detroit as the Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania,20 years before the Michigan Territory became a state, in 1821, the university was officially renamed the University of Michigan. It moved to Ann Arbor in 1837 onto 40 acres of what is now known as Central Campus, the University was a founding member of the Association of American Universities. Considered one of the foremost research universities in the United States, Michigans body of living alumni comprises more than 540,000 people, one of the largest alumni bases of any university in the world. Besides academic life, Michigans athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are known as the Wolverines. They are members of the Big Ten Conference, the University of Michigan was established in Detroit on August 26,1817 as the Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania, by the governor and judges of Michigan Territory.
Judge Augustus B. Woodward specifically invited The Rev. John Monteith and Father Gabriel Richard, Monteith became its first President and held seven of the professorships, and Richard was Vice President and held the other six professorships. Concurrently, Ann Arbor had set aside 40 acres in the hopes of being selected as the state capital, but when Lansing was chosen as the state capital, the city offered the land for a university. What would become the university moved to Ann Arbor in 1837 thanks to Governor Stevens T. Mason, the original 40 acres was the basis of the present Central Campus. The first classes in Ann Arbor were held in 1841, with six freshmen, eleven students graduated in the first commencement in 1845. By 1866, enrollment increased to 1,205 students, many of whom were Civil War veterans, Women were first admitted in 1870. U-M became the first American university to use the method of study. Among the early students in the School of Medicine was Jose Celso Barbosa, who in 1880 graduated as valedictorian and he returned to Puerto Rico to practice medicine and served in high-ranking posts in the government.
In 1920 the university reorganized the College of Engineering and formed a committee of 100 industrialists to guide academic research initiatives. The university became a choice for bright Jewish students from New York in the 1920s and 1930s. Because of its standards, U-M gained the nickname Harvard of the West. During World War II, U-Ms research supported military efforts, such as U. S. Navy projects in proximity fuzes, PT boats, and radar jamming. After the war, enrollment expanded rapidly and by 1950, it reached 21,000, as the Cold War and the Space Race took hold, U-M received numerous government grants for strategic research and helped to develop peacetime uses for nuclear energy
The Associated Press is an American multinational nonprofit news agency headquartered in New York City that operates as a cooperative, unincorporated association. The AP is owned by its contributing newspapers and radio and television stations in the United States, all of which stories to the AP. Most of the AP staff are members and are represented by the Newspaper Guild, which operates under the Communications Workers of America. As of 2007, news collected by the AP was published and republished by more than 1,700 newspapers, in addition to more than 5,000 television, the photograph library of the AP consists of over 10 million images. The AP operates 243 news bureaus in 120 countries and it operates the AP Radio Network, which provides newscasts twice hourly for broadcast and satellite radio and television stations. Many newspapers and broadcasters outside the United States are AP subscribers, as part of their cooperative agreement with the AP, most member news organizations grant automatic permission for the AP to distribute their local news reports.
The AP employs the inverted pyramid formula for writing that enables the news outlets to edit a story to fit its available publication area without losing the storys essentials. Cutbacks at rival United Press International in 1993 left the AP as the United States primary news service, although UPI still produces and distributes stories and photos daily. Other English-language news services, such as the BBC, some historians believe that the Tribune joined at this time, documents show it was a member in 1849. The New York Times became a member shortly after its founding in September 1851, initially known as the New York Associated Press, the organization faced competition from the Western Associated Press, which criticized its monopolistic news gathering and price setting practices. The revelations led to the demise of the NYAP and in December 1892, when the AP was founded, news became a salable commodity. The invention of the press allowed the New York Tribune in the 1870s to print 18,000 papers per hour.
During the Civil War and Spanish–American War, there was a new incentive to print vivid, Melville Stone, who had founded the Chicago Daily News in 1875, served as AP General Manager from 1893 to 1921. He embraced the standards of accuracy and integrity, the cooperative grew rapidly under the leadership of Kent Cooper, who built up bureau staff in South America, Europe and, the Middle East. He introduced the telegraph typewriter or teletypewriter into newsrooms in 1914, in 1935, AP launched the Wirephoto network, which allowed transmission of news photographs over leased private telephone lines on the day they were taken. This gave AP a major advantage over other media outlets. While the first network was only between New York and San Francisco, eventually AP had its network across the whole United States, in 1945, the Supreme Court of the United States held in Associated Press v. The decision facilitated the growth of its main rival United Press International, AP entered the broadcast field in 1941 when it began distributing news to radio stations, it created its own radio network in 1974
2010 NFL season
The 2010 NFL season was the 91st regular season of the National Football League. Tom Brady, quarterback of the New England Patriots, was named MVP for the 2010 season, in Super Bowl XLV, the Leagues championship game played at Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, the Green Bay Packers defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers 31–25 to win their fourth Super Bowl. Spoiling the Steelers chance for a 7th title, one week later, the Seahawks dethroned the defending champion New Orleans Saints in the Wild Card round, to become the first ever sub.500 playoff team to win a postseason game. In 2008, the New England Patriots and New York Jets each had to make trips to all four of the aforementioned West Coast teams. Specifically, those traveling to Oakland will now play at Denver. For teams scheduled to play the NFC West, those traveling to San Francisco will go to Arizona, for the 2010 season, the intraconference and interconference matchups are, The entire 2010 regular-season schedule was unveiled at 7,00 pm EDT on Tuesday, April 20.
Additionally, schedule release shows aired on both the NFL Network and as a SportsCenter special on ESPN2. The Pro Football Hall of Fame Game was held on Sunday, August 8,2010 at 8,00 pm EDT on NBC, with the Dallas Cowboys defeating the Cincinnati Bengals, 16–7 at Fawcett Stadium in Canton, Ohio. The remainder of the preseason game matchups were announced March 31,2010, among others, include the New York Giants and New York Jets facing off in the first-ever game at New Meadowlands Stadium on ESPN. The preseason game in the Bills Toronto Series featured the host Bills defeating the Indianapolis Colts in Toronto on Thursday, exact dates and times for most games were announced in April, shortly after the regular season games were announced. On March 15,2010, the NFL announced that both the New York Giants and New York Jets will play at home during the weekend to open New Meadowlands Stadium. The Giants played on Sunday with a 1 pm EDT kickoff against the Carolina Panthers, the game started at 9,15 pm Kansas City time.
While the Indianapolis Colts and New Orleans Saints had both started the year before 13–0, on October 10, the Kansas City Chiefs became the last team to lose, losing to the Colts 19–9. It would mark the first time that no NFL team reached 4–0 since 1970, when the Detroit Lions, Denver Broncos, the 2010 season featured one International Series game, played at Wembley Stadium in London. The teams for this game were confirmed on January 15,2010, with the San Francisco 49ers playing host to the Denver Broncos on October 31,2010, the 49ers won 24–16, scoring 21 points in the 4th quarter. CBS televised this game on a basis, as the Broncos were the visiting team. On the same day that the Broncos and 49ers played in London and this game was televised opposite Game Four of the World Series on Fox, a practice the league had traditionally avoided. The Saints won this game 20–10, the Thanksgiving games took place on Thursday, November 25,2010, with the Detroit Lions falling to the visiting New England Patriots, 45–24
Defensive end is a defensive position in the sport of American and Canadian football. This position has designated the players at each end of the defensive line, early formations, with six- and seven-man lines, used the end as a containment player, whose job was first to prevent an end run around his position, secondarily to force plays inside. Some teams would use both styles of end play, depending on game situations, some defensive ends play the position due to their size, they close down their gap so the running back has no hole to run through. Other ends play the position due to their speed and agility and these ends can time the snap of the ball in order to get a jump on the rush, and stop the play. Most of the time it is the job of the end to keep outside or contain. The defensive ends are fast for players of their size, often the fastest and smallest players on the defensive line and they must be able to shed blockers to get to the ball. Defensive ends are often used to cover the outside area of the line of scrimmage, to tackle ball carriers running to the far right or left side.
Since the creation of zone blitz defenses in the late 1990s, defensive ends have sometimes used in pass coverages. In the 3–4 defense, defensive ends are used primarily as run stoppers and are much larger, the position is played by a more agile or slightly undersized defensive tackle. Because of the popularity of the 3–4 defense, the value of a defensive tackle prospect that can possibly be used in this manner has increased. They are used to distract the offensive lineman on pass rushing plays to let the outside linebackers get a sack and they block screen passes and are put outside of the offensive tackles to get a sack. Some say you might as well convert a nose tackle into a 3–4 end
Arian Isa Foster is a former American football running back. He played college football at Tennessee, and was signed by the Houston Texans of the National Football League as a free agent in 2009. Foster was known for his signature Namaste bow, which he performed after scoring touchdowns. Foster holds the Texans franchise records for rushing yards and rushing touchdowns, Foster announced his retirement on October 24,2016. Foster’s father, signed with the Denver Broncos in 1982, was not able to make it through the summer, Fosters mother encouraged him to play football at the age of 7, to the dismay of Fosters father, an ex-wide receiver himself. As a former player at a level, Carl was not supportive of the idea of his son entering the sport at such a young age. Foster took to the game, telling his elementary school teacher that he intended to become a star in the NFL and his parents divorced in 2000 while he was attending Valley High School in Albuquerque, and in 2002, he moved to San Diego with his father.
Foster competed in football at Mission Bay Senior High School, where he played as a linebacker. Then-Tennessee offensive coordinator Randy Sanders and running backs coach Trooper Taylor were impressed by Foster when recruiting in San Diego, Foster chose to attend Tennessee and was part of the 2004 signing class. Foster competed on the track & field team as a sprinter and he had personal-bests of 11.24 seconds in the dash, and had a top-jump of in the high jump. He was a member of the 4 ×100 m relay squad, Note, Incomplete Foster red-shirted his first season as a Tennessee Volunteer, sitting behind Gerald Riggs Jr. and Cedric Houston on the depth chart. He was a starter at running back for Tennessee. In his 2005 freshman season, Foster earned the job following an injury to Riggs. Foster had a performance against Vanderbilt. He scored two touchdowns in the game and his total of 268 all-purpose yards was the third-highest total in school history and his sophomore season saw a slight downturn in production, as Foster was limited for the majority of the season with injuries and missed games against Marshall and Memphis.
Splitting time with LaMarcus Coker after returning from injury, Foster ended the season with just 587 rushing yards, Tennessees final game of the season was the 2007 Outback Bowl, in which Foster fumbled with ten minutes remaining deep in Penn State territory. The ball was picked up by cornerback Tony Davis and returned 88 yards for a touchdown, breaking a 10–10 tie and his junior season saw Foster take over as the main back, with Montario Hardesty coming in as a substitute. Against Florida, Foster fumbled a left-handed hand-off from injured quarterback Erik Ainge which was recovered by Gators linebacker Dustin Doe, Fosters breakout junior season resulted in a second-round grade from the draft advisory board and led him to consider leaving school
Auburn University is a public research university in Auburn, United States. Auburn was chartered on February 1,1856, as East Alabama Male College, in 1872, under the Morrill Act, it became the states first public land-grant university and was renamed as the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama. In 1892, it became the first four-year coeducational school in Alabama, in 1960, its name was changed to Auburn University to acknowledge the varied academic programs and larger curriculum of a major university. In 1964, under Federal Court mandate, AU admitted its first African American student, Auburn is among the few American universities designated as a land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant research center. The Alabama Legislature chartered the institution as the East Alabama Male College on February 1,1856 and its first president was Reverend William J. Sasnett, and the school opened its doors in 1859 to a student body of eighty and a faculty of ten. Auburns early history is linked with the Civil War and the Reconstruction-era South.
Classes were held in Old Main until the college was closed due to the war, the campus was a training ground for the Confederate Army, and Old Main served as a hospital for Confederate wounded. It sits today on the next to Samford Hall. The school reopened in 1866 after the end of the Civil War, in 1872, control of the institution was transferred from the Methodist Church to the State of Alabama for financial reasons. Alabama placed the school under the provisions of the Morrill Act as a land-grant institution and this act provided for 240,000 acres of Federal land to be sold to provide funds for an agricultural and mechanical school. As a result, in 1872 the school was renamed the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama, under the Acts provisions, land-grant institutions were supposed to teach military tactics and train officers for the United States military. In the late 19th century, most students at the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama were enrolled in the program, learning military tactics.
Each county in the state was allowed to nominate two cadets to attend the free of charge. The universitys original curriculum focused on engineering and agriculture and this trend changed under the guidance of William Leroy Broun, who taught classics and sciences and believed both disciplines were important for growth of the university and the individual. In 1892, two events occurred, women were admitted to the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Alabama. Eventually, football replaced polo as the sport on campus. The college was renamed the Alabama Polytechnic Institute in 1899, largely because of Brouns influence, on October 1,1918, nearly all of Alabama Polytechnic Institutes able-bodied male students 18 or older voluntarily joined the United States Army for short-lived military careers on campus. The student-soldiers numbered 878, according to API President Charles Thach, the vocational section was composed of enlisted men sent to Auburn for training in radio and mechanics
The Alamo Bowl is a NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision college football bowl game played annually since 1993 in the Alamodome in San Antonio, Texas. The current champions are the Oklahoma State Cowboys, since 2010 it matches the second choice team from the Pac-12 Conference and the third choice team from the Big 12 Conference. The game was known as the Builders Square Alamo Bowl, the Sylvania Alamo Bowl. The logo of the event has evolved to reflect the changes in sponsorship, on May 24,2007 the Alamo Bowl announced a partnership with San Antonio-based Valero Energy Corporation, and thus the bowls full name was changed to the Valero Alamo Bowl. The game originally gave an automatic invite to a team from the now-defunct Southwest Conference, however, in 1993, only two of the eight SWC teams finished with the necessary 6 wins against Division I-A teams to become bowl-eligible. The Alamo Bowl invited the Iowa Hawkeyes instead, the SWC was able to provide teams for the next two seasons before the conference disbanded.
During the 1996 Alamo Bowl, the Iowa Hawkeyes wore plain black helmets in honor of linebacker Mark Mitchells mother, the 2008 Alamo Bowl between the Missouri Tigers and Northwestern Wildcats went into overtime, with the Tigers defeating the Wildcats 30–23. The Nittany Lions won the game 24–17, the Alamo Bowl has sold out seven of its sixteen games. On August 28,2009, the Alamo Bowl organizers announced they had reached an agreement with the Pac-10 Conference to replace the Big Ten Conference in the Alamo Bowl. Under the terms of the agreement, the now Pac-12 Conferences second-choice team earns a bid to the Alamo Bowl, the agreement took effect beginning with the 2010 college football season. The Pac-12s second-choice team was contracted to play in the Holiday Bowl against the third choice from the Big 12. The Big 12s third choice moved to the Alamo Bowl, and the Holiday Bowl now gets third choice of team from the Pac-12 and the fourth choice from the Big 10. In the 2011 Alamo Bowl the Baylor Bears and Washington Huskies combined to score 123 points, the 2011 game was the first Alamo Bowl to feature the seasons Heisman Trophy winner, Baylors Robert Griffin III.
The Alamo Bowl has produced eight of the top 20 most-watched bowl games in ESPN history, two MVPs are selected for each game, one an offensive player, and the other a defensive player. A Fred Jacoby Sportsmanship Award recipient is named, ^β Fred Jacoby Sportsmanship Award recipients Official website
Cotton Bowl Classic
The Cotton Bowl Classic is an American college football bowl game that has been held annually since January 1,1937. Between 1937 and 2009, the game was played at its stadium in Dallas, in 2010. Following the dissolution of the SWC in 1996, the game hosted a runner-up from the Big 12 Conference, on January 2,2017, Wisconsin beat Western Michigan in the 81st edition of the game by a score of 24–16. The Cotton Bowl Classic was founded in Dallas in 1937 at the Texas State Fair Grounds, TCU of Fort Worth took on Marquette, winning 16–6, but the game lost money even though some 17,000 attended. Nonetheless, Sanford persevered, and in 1938 the game made a profit as Rice of Houston defeated Colorado 28–14 in front of a crowd of 37,000. Some 40,000 attended the 1939 match between Saint Marys College of California and Texas Tech, with the Gaels upsetting the undefeated Red Raiders 20–13. In 1940, an underdog Clemson team surprised the Boston College Eagles 6–3, in the first, attendance at this game was given as 20,000.
Later that year, a group of prominent Dallas citizens took over the staging of the game as the Cotton Bowl Athletic Association, a few months later, the CBAA became an agency of the Southwest Conference. From 1941 to 1994, the SWCs champion hosted the Cotton Bowl Classic, in 1943, The Texas Longhorns represented the SWC in their first ever bowl game against a highly ranked Georgia Tech team at the time. Prior to the game, sportswriters boasted that Texas did not belong in the league as Georgia Tech. Texas proved the public wrong by defeating the Yellow Jackets 14–7 in what was mostly a defensive battle and this Cotton Bowl was the first bowl appearance for Texas as the Longhorns would go on to appear in a record 22 Cotton Bowls, the most of any team. In 1947 LSU and Arkansas played in front of 38,000 people to a 0–0 tie in what would become known as the Ice Bowl. LSU got the better of Arkansas most of the game, in 1948 Penn State, in a bowl game for the first time in 25 years, played Dallas SMU to a 13–13 tie.
This was the first interracial game played at the Cotton Bowl, the 1953 Cotton Bowl would be a rematch of the 1951 bowl game as Texas and Tennessee played for the second time. Texas defensive stars shut out the Vols 16–0 as the Longhorns avenged the previous meeting when Tennessee beat Texas 20–14, the 1954 Cotton Bowl Classic featured one of the most famous plays in college football history. Rices Dickey Moegle began a run around end from his teams 5-yard line, alabamas Tommy Lewis jumped off the bench and tackled Moegle. The referee, Cliff Shaw, saw what happened and signaled touchdown even though Moegle was tackled at the 42-yard line, the 1957 Classic matched the TCU Horned Frogs against the Jim Brown-led Syracuse Orangemen. Brown rushed for 135 yards, scored three touchdowns and kicked three points but a fourth-quarter blocked extra point by TCUs Chico Mendoza proved the margin of victory as TCU won